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Full text of "North Carolina public school bulletin"

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in 2012 with funding from 

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation 



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as 



North Carolina State Library 
Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL 

BULLETIN 






SEPTEMBER, 1959 



RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA 



VOL. XXIV, NO. 1 



Foreign Students Studying In U. S. Increase School Boards Association 



The number of foreign students stal- 
ing in the United States has increased 
38% in the last five years, the In- 
stitute of International Education re- 
ported in a survey released recently. 

The 47,245 students from 131 coun- 
tries registered in U. S. colleges and 
universities this year represent a 9% 
increase over the number last year and 
an 86% increase over that of the 
academic year 1948-49. According to all 
available statistics the current figure 
represents the largest foreign student 
population in any country of the world. 

The post-war period has also pro- 
duced a great spurt in the exchange of 
university teachers and scholars, the 
Institute revealed in its fifth edition 
of Open Doors, an annual statistical re- 
port on educational exchange. In five 
years, the number of foreign professors 
teaching in our schools has tripled. 
American colleges and universities re- 
ported 1.937 foreign faculty members 
this year, in comparison to 635 in 
1954-55. With 1,842 American faculty 
abroad, this was the first year on rec- 
ord that more professors were imported 
than "exported." 

The sharp increase in both "export" 
and "import" faculty figures reflected 
the U. S.'s growing concern with educa- 
tion in the physical sciences. Nine 
hundred and seven, or 47%, of the for- 
eign professors brought to American 
schools this year were in this field. 
This was double the number of for- 
eign science professors here last year. 
The number of American science pro- 
fessors who went abroad to teach and 
do research was 389, 43% more than 
last year. 

"The increasing percentage of for- 
eign students attracted by our science 
courses seems to show that the United 
States is achieving new status in 
science education." said HE President 
Kenneth Holland in commenting on the 
survey. This was the first time that 
the physical and natural sciences 
placed third in fields of interest among 
foreign students. In previous years, 
it had scored fourth, fifth and even 
sixth, always trailing behind the social 
sciences, and sometimes behind mecli- 
zine and business administration. 



Has New Secretary 



Ten High Schools Added 
To Accredited List 

Ten more public high schools of the 
State were accredited by the State 
Department of Public Instruction as of 
July 1, 1959. 

These schools were: Central in Chat- 
ham County, West Davidson in David- 
son County, North Rowan in Rowan 
County, Fike Senior in Wilson city, 
and Cane River and East Yancey in 
Yancey County. Four schools, attend- 
ed by Negro students, were accredited. 
They were: Robinson Union in Pitt 
County, York Road in Charlotte city, 
Beaufort County Union in Beaufort, 
and Jackson in Jackson. 

Board Adopts Rules 
Governing Television 

Rules and regulations governing the 
administration of a program of educa- 
tion by television in the schools of the 
State were adopted by the State Board 
of Education on August 6. 

This action was taken in compliance 
with Chapter 1322, Session Laws of 
1959, which provided an appropriation 
of $25,000 for 1959-60 and $50,000 for 
1960-61 for the purpose of conducting a 
program of teaching through the use of 
television. The Board by its action set 
up criteria for both full and partial 
participation in the program. Proce- 
dures for administration of the funds 
provided by law were also established 
by the Board. 

Application for funds and services 
available are to be submitted to the 
State Superintendent of Public In- 
struction not later than October 1. 

The Program will be operated in con- 
junction with the North Carolina In- 
School Television Experiment co-spon- 
sored by the Fund for the Advancement 
of Education and the North Carolina 
Council on In-School Television. Funds 
will be apportioned to county and 
city boards of education on the basis 
of number of "classes" in approved 



L. H. Swindell has been appointed 
secretary of the North Carolina School 
Boards Association. 

Mr. Swindell, principal of the John 
H. Small High School, Washington, for 
the past 13 years, assumed office on 
September 1. He succeded Dr. William 
H. Wagoner, who is now superintendent 
of the Elizabeth City Schools. 

While serving as secretary of the 
School Boards Association, which has 
its offices in Chapel Hill, Mr. Swindell 
will take advanced work at the Univer- 
sity toward his doctor's degree. He 
holds the bachelor's degree from Wake 
Forest College and the master's degree 
from East Carolina College. Last year 
he served as president of the North 
Carolina Principals Association. 



and Regulations 
Administration 



courses being offered, and expended on 
the basis of statements of expense 
issued by the North Carolina In-School 
Television Experiment accompanied by 
paid invoices. 

A letter setting forth the rules and 
regulations was mailed by State Su- 
perintendent Chas. F. Carroll to county 
and city superintendents under date 
of August 6. 



Jenkins Elected VP 
In National Association 

Wade M. Jenkins, North Carolina's 
Director of Textbooks, was elected to 
vice-president of the National Associa- 
tion of State Textbook Directors which 
met last April in Lexington. Kentucky. 

Other officers elected were : H. A. 
Glass of Texas, president : Ben F. Mid- 
dleton of Mississippi, secretary ; and J. 
D. Robinson of South Carolina, treas- 
urer. 

The 1960 Conference of this organi- 
zation will be held in Biloxi. Mississippi. 
the third week in April. 



* 



Superintendent Cattail ScutA, . . . 

(Excerpts from address "Growing Edges in Public Education," Superintendents' Conference, 
Mars Hill, August 11, 1959) 

To be productive of desired results, education must he sensitive to the 
changes of environment in which it exists and to the developments which 
affect the society it serves. 



May we always remember that if the public school ever ceases to vibrate 
under the impact of honest and responsible criticism, its very life as a 
democratic institution will be in grave jeopardy. 



The best school on earth cannot teach all that is important, so further 
divisions of the important must be made. Hence, we reach another stage 
of decision and ask ourselves, within that which is important, what is of 
more importance? What is of most importance? 



No school can do everything for everybody but every school can do 
something for everybody. 



Aspiration toward a better program of improved education must be 
implemented through constant awareness, controlled emotions, realistic vi- 
sion, sweat and toil, and an adequate supply of that for which at times there 
is no acceptable substitute— plain American dollars in ample supply. 



The institution, the school, is important, but so is every boy and girl 
enrolled within it. The school exists primarily for the purpose of helping 
every student develop his talents and potentialities to the fullest. 



Unless a student is inwardly motivated and stimulated to develop the 
talents of which he is possessed, all else is of little value. 



It is far better to educate many students beyond the point of no return 
than to close the door of educational opportunity in the face of a slow- 
developing boy or girl whose one talent m,ay grow into two or possibly into 
five talents. 



Come what may, the teacher in the classroom is and will continue io be 
the key person in the total educational process. 



The superintendent is a general practitioner of education. He cannot 
be an expert in all areas but he can and must coordinate the efforts of many 
kinds of specialists. He is both a long-range and a short-ra,nge planner. He 
must be skilled in the art of communication. 



The administrator must make decisions, all of which are important 
and some of which are more important. The superintendent is a philosopher 
and his decisions involve value judgments. He must decide what to uphold, 
what to defend, and what to challenge. 

NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 

Official publication issued monthly except June, July and August by the State Department of 
Public Instruction. Entered as second-class matter November 2, 1939, at the post office at 
Raleigh, North Carolina, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 

CHARLES F. CARROLL 
State Supt. of Public Instruction 

Vol. XXIV, No. 1 EDITORIAL BOARD September, 1959 

L. H. JOBE, J. E. MILLER 
V. M. MULHOLLAND 



L'robably the greatest single force 
in the western world, for the last 10 
centuries, has been the drive to make 
knowledge freely accessible to all 
people. — John R. Morton. 



. . . The performance of a school 
system must be studied not only in 
the light of what it is at any given 
time, but also in terms of what it is 
becoming. And what a school system 
does must be considered not only in 
relation to what it should do under 
ideal circumstances, but also in rela- 
tion to what is possible in the actual 
circumstances. — Quality in Educa- 
tion. 



Most Americans now realize that 
our leadership, and indeed our na- 
tional survival, is being challenged 
as never before in history. Most 
Americans must be brought to realize 
that the survival and well-being of 
this nation depend no less upon the 
strength of our educational systems 
than upon the strength of our mili- 
tary establishment. — American 
Council on Education. 



The highest tax we pay is not the 
sales tax, nor the income tax, nor the 
ad valorem tax, but rather the ig- 
norance tax. — State Superintendent 
Chas. F. Carroll. 



American higher education rests 
on the two pillars of quality and 
quantity. If our democratic society 
is to survive, it must utilize fully 
the abilities of each new generation. 
To assure appropriate educational 
opportunities for students of high 
academic ability is a vitally impor- 
tant objective but not the only one. 
Our society must provide opportuni- 
ties through post-high school educa- 
tion for the maximum development 
of people with many kinds and de- 
grees of talent. Our rapidly chang- 
ing needs for skilled manpower dic- 
tate the necessity for more and bet- 
ter education at every level. Both the 
citizens to be educated and the ex- 
cellence of the educational process 
must be the shared concern of all 
institutions, public and private. — 
American Council of Education, 
1958. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Volume XXIV 



Witli this number we begin our 
24th year of this publication. Our 
first effort, as some of you will re- 
member, was a duplicated affair is- 
sued in October 1936. In a letter 
included as a part of that first edi- 
tion, State Superintendent Clyde A. 
Erwin wrote : "In line with a policy 
followed in many states, we are in- 
augurating this month the NORTH 
CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL 
BULLETIN Through this me- 
dium we hope to bring to you much 
information formerly made available 
through form and personal letters 
and conferences, with the view that 
such items as are pertinent to your 
problems will be disseminated in 
turn by you in serving to improve 
the public schools. Furthermore, we 
hope that the release of such infor- 
mation from month to month will 
serve to strengthen your relation- 



ships with this office to the end that 
mutual benefits may be received and 
the cause which we represent may be 
advanced." 

The BULLETIN lias been issued 
for 23 years, growing after three 
years into an 8-page printed publi- 
cation, later 12 pages, and now a 
regular 16-page organ. As editors, we 
are not claiming that the BULLE- 
TIN has been a sole cause of any one 
improvement made in education 
since 1936. We like to feel, however, 
that by this means we have kept you 
posted on many aspects of public 
education and that such information 
has been helpful to some readers 
and perhaps informative to all. In 
future numbers we shall continue 
to provide you with up-to-date in- 
formation concerning the public 
schools. 



Cducxxitonal H&4,eti 



Even a cursory appraisal of local 
educational assets frequently brings 
encouragement to teachers, to par- 
ents, and to students enrolled in the 
public schools of the state. This gen- 
eralized statement is particularly 
true as schools get underway 
throughout North Carolina. 

More than a million pupils are en- 
rolled in the public schools ; and ap- 
proximately 38,000 school personnel, 
most of whom are well prepared for 
their assignment, are on the job. "With 
many of these pupils and with many 
of these teachers the desire for learn- 
ing is keen. Where pupil motiva- 
tion lags, it is hoped that alert 
teachers and cooperative parents 
will do their best to quicken the 
best within each boy and girl. 

Perhaps the most significant edu- 
cational asset in North Carolina is 
the fact that public interest in edu- 
cation is at an all-time high. Many 
individual schools and local admin- 
istrative units are participating in 
a study of their curriculum. As part 
of the National Defense Education 
Act a number of schools are making 
status studies and planning four- 



year programs for the strengthen- 
ing of science, mathematics, modern 
foreign langauges, testing, and guid- 
ance. To a greater degree than ever 
before, local units are engaging in 
educational research designed for 
the improvement of instruction. 
Public interest in education is wide- 
spread and it is genuine. 

Experimentation, carefully 
planned and controlled, is gaining 
in momentum throughout the State. 
Schools are increasingly trying to 
find better ways of working with the 
academically talented, better ways 
of using test data, and more effec- 
tive ways of teaching. Experimen- 
tation is paying dividends in teacher 
growth and pupil progress. 

Evidences of the cooperative ap- 
proach to improving the quality of 
education in the State are to be 
found almost everywhere. Parent 
groups, more than ever before, are 
working with teachers and admin- 
istrators. School boards are increas- 
ingly aware of their responsibility 
for better instruction. Business and 
industrial groups are contributing 
positive ideas for improving schools. 



And in many up-to-date communi- 
ties pupils also are encouraged to 
join in the planning for better 
schools. No educational asset in the 
State is paying richer dividends 
than the ever-growing attitude of 
working together for educational 
progress. 

There are many other educational 
assets in the State. Facilities are 
being improved each year; consoli- 
dation is permitting improved qual- 
ity in education; the public schools 
and colleges are coordinating their 
efforts; and educational leadership 
at local and State levels is char- 
acterized by foresight, determina- 
tion, and cooperation. 

Recognizing these and many other 
educational assets, each administra- 
tive unit, each school, and each in- 
dividual interested in the schools of 
North Carolina should face the new 
year with the sound hope that con- 
tinued improvement in education is 
a very real probability in 1959-1960. 

What the State Board of Educa- 
tion has termed "Teacher-Pupil 
Orientation Day" meets with the 
favor of The Raleigh Times. In a 
recent editorial commenting on the 
announcement that local city and 
county schools would have the child- 
ren report on September 1, even 
though the opening day was Sep- 
tember 2, that newspaper stated. . . 
"The business of having local school 
children check in a day earlier to 
get books is a way of giving the 
taxpayer more for his money . . ." 

Continuing, the editorial states : 
"School dollars in North Carolina 
are hard to come by, and each dollar 
must be used as completely as pos- 
sible. This schedule of bringing in 
the students a day ahead of time is 
one way of making those school 
dollars do full service, since it does 
in effect provide an extra day of in- 
struction for the students. The only 
purpose for any school is to instruct 
children, and any step which pro- 
vides an extra day of instruction 
is helping meet the full purpose of 
the school." 



SEPTEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



New Staff Members Join Department 



Eleven professional staff members 
joined the Department of Public In- 
struction during the .summer, either as 
personnel for newly created positions or 
as replacements for those who retired 
or resigned. Three of the new members 
are in the division of special education: 
two in library services ; and one each 
in trade and industrial education, agri- 
cultural education, school planning, 
health and physical education, elemen- 
tary supervision, and supervision in 
mathematics. 

Seven new professional positions 
were made possible by the 1959 Gen- 
eral Assembly, and four additional po- 
sitions were created as a result of the 
State's participation in the National 
Defense Education Act. Positions made 
possible through the legislature include 
two library supervisors, one consultant 
in audio-visual aids, one consultant in 
audio-visual aids and instructional ma- 
terials, one supervisor in speech and 
hearing, one general high school super- 
visor, and one curriculum specialist. 
Funds from the NDEA may be used for 
a State supervisor in each of the fol- 
lowing areas : science, mathematics, 
modern foreign languages, and curricu- 
lum. 

Allen It. Cohen, Paul A. Peeples. and 
Mrs. Pearl Ramos have joined the staff 
of the division of Special Education. 
Allen R. Cohen 

Allen R. Cohen, consulting psycholo- 
gist, is a native of Miami. Florida, 
where he received his A. B. and M.S. 
degrees at the University of Miami. 
His graduate work in Miami and at 
George Peabody College has been in 
clinical psychology. 

Prior to joining the State Depart- 
ment, Cohen served as executive direc- 
tor of the Retarded Children's Society 
in Dade County, Florida for a year; 
as school psychologist for the Green- 
ville County (S. C. ) schools for nearly 
four years ; and as psychological con- 
sultant for the United Cerebral Palsy 
Foundation in Kentucky for two years. 
Paul A. Peeples 

Paul A. Peeples, supervisor of the 
education of the mentally retarded, re- 
ceived his A.B. degree from the College 
of "William and Mary, his M.Ed, degree 
from the University of Virginia, and 
will receive his Ph.D. from the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina in June, 19C>0. 

Peeples, a native of Newport News, 
Virginia, has taught English and 
French in Mecklenburg County, Vir- 
ginia, and English in the Jefferson 



Senior High School in Roanoke, Vir- 
ginia. Peeples has also done occupa- 
lioual therapy at Eastern State Hospi- 
tal in "Williamsburg, and while in the 
Army taught in the Army Education 
Center. 

The title of Peeples' doctoral disser- 
tation is "An Analysis of An Experi- 
mental Dormitory Counseling Pro- 
gram." 
Mrs. Pearl Ramos 

Joining the Department as supervisor 
of speech and hearing, Mrs. Pearl 
Ramos, a native of Davidson County, 
brings with her a rich background of 
training and experience. Her A.B. and 
M.A. degrees are in elementary educa- 
tion, from WCUNC and UNC, respec- 
tively. In addition, Mrs. Ramos has an 
M.A. degree from Northwestern Uni- 
versity in speech pathology. Further 
graduate work has been done at the 
University of North Carolina and at 
the University of Alabama. 

For ten years prior to joining the 
State Department, Mrs. Ramos was 
speech therapist for the Charlotte City 
Schools, and for six years she was an 
elementary teacher in Charlotte. She 
has also taught in Kannapolis, David- 
son County, at the "Woman's College, 
and at Western Carolina College. 
Mrs. Willie G. Boone 

As instructional materials specialist, 
Mrs. "Willie G. Boone will assist in or- 
ganizing and administering a Materials 
Center. In addition, she will assemble 
bibliographic aids for selection and 
evaluation of instructional and profes- 
sional materials and will assist staff 
members in locating professional ma- 
terials needed for study and research. 

Mrs. Boone received her A.B. degree 
from "Wake Forest, and her master's 
degree from the University of North 
Carolina, where she majored in library 
science. Before assuming her responsi- 
bilities on the State staff, Mrs. Boone 
was librarian at Southern High School 
in Durham County. She has had wide 
experience in North Carolina public 
schools as English teacher, school li- 
brarian, student council and library 
club sponsor. 

Leonard Johnson 

For three years before joining the 
State Department. Leonard Johnson 
was coordinator of school libraries in 
High Point. In his new position as 
State library supervisor, he will work 
throughout the State as an adviser to 
schools which are attempting to im- 
prove their library services. 



Johnson received his B.S. and M.A. 
degrees in library science at Appa- 
lachian State Teachers College. He has 
bad additional graduate preparation 
at the University of Illinois. While in 
the Army, Johnson also did special 
library work. 

Annie John Williams 

The position of supervisor in mathe- 
matics in the Department of Public In- 
struction was made possible through 
funds of the National Defense Educa- 
tion Act. Annie John Williams, former 
teacher in Durham High School, is the 
first person to hold this position. Miss 
Williams will work with both elemen- 
tary and secondary school personnel in 
a program designed to stimulate and 
improve mathematics instruction. 

Miss Williams received her bache- 
lor's degree from Greensboro College, 
and her master's degree from the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. In addition, 
she has done graduate work at North 
Carolina State College and at Duke 
University. 

Miss Williams has been active in ed- 
ucational circles in North Carolina and 
in other states. Recently she served as 
a member of the Board of Directors of 
the National Council of Teachers of 
Mathematics. Frequently she has served 
as conference and convention leader at 
State and national levels. 

Teaching experiences include posi- 
tions in Raeford, Cumberland County, 
Fayetteville, and Durham. 
Marie Haigwoocb 

Marie Haigwood, who succeeds Julia 
"Wetherington as elementary supervisor 
in the Department of Public Instruc- 
tion, served as general supervisor of 
the instructional program of Yadkin 
County for the past three years. For 
the previous seven years, 1949-1956, she 
was supervisor in the Shelby City 
Schools. Prior to this, she was em- 
ployed as a teacher in the Demonstra- 
tion School at George Peabody College. 
Miss Haigwood has also taught in Kan- 
napolis and in North Wilkesboro, as 
well as at the Woman's College and at, 
Appalachian State Teachers College. 

She earned her bachelor's degree at 
Asheville Teachers College and her mas- 
ter's degree at George Peabody College. 
William A. Underwood, J II 

William A. Underwood, III, former 
employee of Roberts Company in San- 
ford joined the Department of Public 
Instruction as an aide to A. Wade 
Martin in the department of Trades 
and Industries in the Division of Voca- 
tional Education. As equipment coordi- 
nator, Underwood will be in charge of 
determining the types and extent of 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



machinery to be installed in the Indus- 
trial Education Centers which were 
made possible by appropriations from 
the 1957 and 1959 General Assembly. 

A native of Asheboro, Underwood re- 
ceived his textile engineering degree 
from North Carolina State College, 
where he was president of his profes- 
sional fraternity and a member of the 
Tompkins Textile Council. 
L'ufus Jefferson Denny 

Rufus Jefferson Denny assumed his 
duties as district isupervisor of voca- 
tional agriculture education for district 
five, August 1. This district embraces 
twenty-four western North Carolina 
counties and includes more than one 
hundred vocational agriculture teach- 
ers. Prior to this appointment Denny 
was teacher of vocational agriculture in 
the Dunn High School for thirteen 
years. 

Denny, a native of Campbell County, 
Tennessee, received his B.S. degree in 
agricultural education from the> Uni- 
versity of Tennessee. In 1954 he re- 
ceived his master's degree from North 
Carolina State College. Denny's office 
will be in the Lawyer's Building in 
Asheville. 
J. Bradford Wiggins 

J. Bradford Wiggins, architectural 
consultant in the division of school 
planning, is a graduate of the School 
of Design, North Carolina State Col- 
lege. A native of Wilmington and a 
graduate of New Hanover High School, 
Bradford has had varied architectural 
experiences with a number of outstand- 
ing North Carolina firms. He has been 
associated, among others, with Carter 
Williams and with (J. Milton Small, 
both of Raleigh. 

As consultant in the division of 
school planning, Wiggins will assist 
members of the staff in rendering help 
to school systems planning new con- 
struction as well as those engaged in 
remodeling. 
Floyd M. Woody 

Floyd M. Woody, former principal of 
Hall Fletcher Junior High School in 
Asheville, has joined the Department 
of Public Instruction as adviser in 
health and physical education. A na- 
tive of Canton, Mr. Woody's profes- 
sional experiences have, for the most 
part, been in Western North Carolina. 
From 1952-1956 he served as instructor 
in history and geography at Lee Ed- 
wards High School in Asheville, where 
he was also head coach in basketball 
and assistant coach in football. The 
following year he was full-time dean of 
boys in Lee Edwards and for the next 
two years principal at Hall Fletcher. 



Three NDEA Publications Released 



Three publications pertaining to the 
National Defense Education Act were 
completed during the summer by State 
Department staff members with the as- 
sistance of nearly one hundred visiting 
committee members and consultants. 
The first two volumes, Administrative 
Guide, Parts I and II, are designed to 
assist those schools which participate 
in the provisions of Title III. Part I is 
Guidelines and Part II, Standards for 
Equipment and Materials. A third pub- 
lication is entitled Testing, Guidunr< 
and Counseling. 

Part I of the Admiiuistrati/ve Guide is 
designed for two purposes : ( 1 ) to 
clarify through elaboration and ex- 
planation the philosophy, highlights, 
and certain specifics of the Title; 
and (2) to bring together in a 
single convenient publication the State 
Plan for the Title, along with other 
pertinent information which may be 
useful to those desiring to participate 
in the provisions of the NDEA. 

Part II, pertaining to standards for 
materials and equipment to be ac- 
quired and for minor remodeling, 
should enable local personnel to select 
materials and equipment which meet 
the needs of local instructional pro- 
grams and which are consistent with 
the provisions of Title III and the State 
Plan. 

The Administrative Gwide, Parts 1 
and II, was cooperatively formulated by 
representative superintendents, school 
business managers, supervisors, prin- 
cipals, teachers, college personnel, mem- 
bers of the State Department of Public 
Instruction, and personnel from the 
Division of Purchase and Contract. 
Committees in the areas of audio-visual 
aids, instructional materials, science, 
mathematics and modern foreign lang- 
uages discussed topics pertinent to the 
clarification of all aspects of Title III, 
after which, smaller committees — com- 
posed of those assisting in the original 



In 1955, Mr. W T oody's basketball team 
won the State AAA championship ; and 
during the four yeai"s he coached bas- 
ketball in Triple A competition, his 
team never failed to enter the State 
tournament. He is also a former coach 
at Asheville-Biltmore College. 

Mr. Woody attended Wake Forest 
College and East Carolina College from 
which he received his A.B. degree in 
physical education and social studies. 
His master's degree is from the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. 



discussions — explored the suggestions 
of the larger committees and did the 
research and writing which seemed 
necessary. At the second meeting of 
each larger committee, suggestions of 
the smaller committees were carefully 
evaluated. The present publication 
therefore, is the r-esult of additional re- 
vision by members of the smaller com- 
mittees, in cooperation with members of 
the State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion, in accordance with final sugges- 
tions offered by the larger committees. 

Consonant with the philosophy which 
emphasizes local responsibility in de- 
termining programs for strengthening 
instruction, standards which have been 
prepared for Statewide use in con- 
nection with Title III are sufficiently 
flexible that local administrative units 
have considerable freedom in choosing 
specific items of materials and equip- 
ment of quality which are needed for 
carrying out the obpeetives of their pro- 
gram proposals. The North Carolina 
State Plan, in accordance with the 
Federal Act, provides for the annual 
revision of standards. 

These volumes were first released at 
the Mars Hill Superintendents Con- 
ference, at which time they were care- 
fully explained by a panel of State De- 
partment personnel and consultants 
who were familiar with their contents. 
Copies for elementary and high school 
principals have been mailed to all su- 
perintendents in North Carolina. Ad- 
ditional copies are available from Nile 
F. Hunt, coordinator for the NDEA. In 
t lie same mailing each superintendent 
received two copies of a new volume, 
Purchase Guide for Programs in 
Science, Mathematics, and Modem For- 
eign Languages. This publication was 
prepared by the Council of Chief 
State School Officers with the as- 
sistance of Educational Facilities Lab- 
oratories, Inc., and others. This 33(>- 
page volume is available in limited 
quantities from Mr. Hunt. 

During the third and fourth weeks 
in September regional meetings were 
held throughout the State at which 
principals, supervisors, and other in- 
terested personnel heard several mem- 
bers of the State Department explain 
the North Carolina State Plan for the 
XDEA and the details under which 
they will operate. 



SEPTEMBER. NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



Addresses By Drs. Carroll and Hobbs 
Feature Superintendents Conference 



Addresses by Superintendent Charles 
F. Carroll and Dean Marcus Hobbs of 
Duke University featured the annual 
conference of county and city superin- 
tendents held at Mars Hill College, 
August 11-14. 

Dr. Carroll in an address entitled. 
"Growing Edges in Public Education," 
emphasized the continuing necessity 
for reassessing all phases of education 
if improvement is to result. He stressed 
the significance of identifying that 
which is important from that which 
is not important, and stated that 
"no school can do everything for every- 
body, but every school can do some- 
thing for everybody." In addition, he 
emphasized the necessity for experi- 
mentation, for early identification of 
the gifted, and for continued growth 
among superintendents. 

In discussing "Changes That Science 
Is Working in Our Society and Educa- 
tion," Dean Hobbs traced man's quest 
for knowledge and the good life 
through intellectual curiosity, ex- 
perimentation, and open-mindedness. 
He expressed the conviction in his sci- 
entific analysis of progress that there 
need not be any conflict in the accep- 
tance of God as creator as one becomes 
increasingly aware of the unparalleled 
developments in science. 

In addition to these addresses, the 
conference was featured by a detailed 
explanation of Titles III, V and VIII 
of the National Defense Education Act. 
With Nile F. Hunt serving as coordina- 
tor, a panel discussed how these Titles 
may be effectively implemented 
throughout the State. Prior to this pre- 
sentation, copies of the recently pre- 
pared. Administrative Gti'ide, Parts I 
and II were distributed to all superin- 
tendents. Participating in this panel 
were Henry Shannon, Cora Paul Bo- 
mar, Vester Mulholland, Ella Stephens 
Barrett, J. M. Dunlap, Robert M. Col- 
ver, A. C. Davis, Annie John Williams, 
Wade Martin. Willis Holding, and 
Harold W. Harper. 

Sessions were also devoted to "new 
school legislation." "studies in educa- 
tion authorized by the General Assem- 
bly." and "changes in retirement laws 
and benefits." ,T. E. Miller, C. D. 
Douglas. J. L. Pierce, Charles E. Spen- 
cer, and D. .T. Dark discussed new 
school legislation ; and Superintendent 
Carroll explained the purpose of those 
special studies in education authorized 
by the Genera] Assembly. Nathan H. 



Yelton discussed changes in retirement 
laws and benefits. 

Two of the highlights of the confer- 
ence were symposiums on "What We 
Know About Your High School Gradu- 
ates," and on "Productive Ventures in 
Educational Leadership." In the first 
symposium representatives of four col- 
leges discussed what the colleges had 
learned about North Carolina's high 
school graduates ; and in the second, 
five superintendents described success- 
ful ventures in the area of improving 
schools at the local level. Participating 
in the first symposium were Dr. John 
H. Home, East Carolina College; Dr. 
John W. Shirley, North Carolina State 
College ; Dr. Carl Dan Killian. Western 
Carolina College ; and Dr. Jack Nowell, 
Wake Forest College. 

Among the "productive ventures" dis- 
cussed were "Summer Programs" by 
Jesse O. Sanderson ; "Techniques in 
Unit-wide Planning." S. H. Helton ; 
"Curriculum Development and School 
Construction," Charles C. Erwin ; and 
"Merging of Administrative Units," 
J. W. Wilson and Dr. John Otts. 

Entertainment for the conference in- 
cluded a concert by the Brevard Music 
Center Orchestra under the direction 
of James Christian Pfohl and a brief 
concert by the following members of 
the National Grass Roots Opera Com- 
pany : Miss Naomi Blake, William 
Reck, Paul Montgomery, and David 
Witherspoon. Special features were 
also arranged for the wives and chil- 
dren of superintendents. 



Vo-Ag Studies Listed 
In New Publication 

More than 100 studies in vocational 
agricultural education are described 
in a new publication of the Office of 
Education, U. S. Department of Health, 
Education, and Welfare, announced re- 
cently. 

The publication, "Summaries of 
Studies in Agricultural Education." 
supplements other listings of studies in 
this field of education published by 
the Office of Education periodically 
since 1935. 

The new publication is available 
from the Superintendent of Documents, 
U. S. Government Printing Office. 
Washington 25, D. C, at 25 cents a copy. 



English Teachers Discuss 
Effective Writing 

Discussing opportunities for creative 
writing among high school students at 
the seventeenth annual summer confer- 
ence of the North Carolina English 
Teachers Association at Appalachian 
State Teachers College, Mrs. Harriette 
Arnow, author of The Doll Maker, em- 
hasized the many possibilities for teach- 
ing effective writing through use of lo- 
cal materials and local sources. Ap- 
proximately one hundred high school 
and college English teachers attended 
this institute, July 30-31 and August 1. 

A panel on "writing problems in Eng- 
lish classes" included Drs. Lodwick 
Hartley and Jack Suberman of State 
College; Mrs. Phyllis Peacock, Need- 
ham Broughton High School; Dwight 
Blackwelder, Concord High School ; Dr. 
Justus C. Drake, Wake Forest College ; 
Dr. Frank Bowman, Duke University ; 
and Dr. Vester M. Mulholland, State 
Department of Public Instruction. In 
agreeing on the urgent need to teach 
writing more effectively, members of 
the panel and other conference partici- 
pants exchanged many profitable ideas 
on how this goal might be accom- 
plished. 

"Writing difficulties of college fresh- 
men" were discussed by Warren 
French, University of Florida ; Guy 
Owen, Stetson University ; Ruby Akers, 
Holmes Junior College ; and Dr. Fran- 
cis Cooke, Appalachian State Teachers 
College. Emphasis in this discussion 
was centered on ways whereby high 
school English teachers and college 
freshmen teachers of English might 
more effectively coordinate their efforts. 

Special interest groups in the area 
of language arts and standing commit- 
tees met during the final day of the 
conference. 

Another feature of the conference 
was a humorous talk by Charles El- 
ledge, Marion high school principal, ac- 
tor in Horn In the West, and husband 
of Mrs. Grace Elledge, editor of the 
North Carolina English Teacher. The 
Fourposter was presented by the Vil- 
lage Players on the opening night of 
the conference, and Horn in the West 
was available to all in attendance. 

Jerry Madden, instructor in English 
and drama at ASTC, spoke to a break- 
last group on ways of improving the 
quality of dramatic productions in high 
school. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Trade and Industrial Personnel Meet 






Two-hundred trade and industrial 
education personnel held their annual 
conference at Lees - McRae College in 
Banner Elk, August 24-28, under the 
direction of A. Wade Martin, State 
Supervisor of Trade and Industrial Ed- 
ucation. Those in attendance included 
diversified occupation personnel, day 
trade instructors in high school, day 
trade instructors for adults, practical 
nursing instructors, directors of indus- 
trial education centers, and counselors- 
coordinators for industrial education 
centers. 

Theme for this year's conference was 
"Curriculum Development for the 
Years Ahead." Out-of-State speakers 
who participated in this year's meeting 
included. Dr. Nelson J. Murbach, Chief 
of the Bureau of Trade and Technical 
Education, New York State Education 
Department, Dr. Joseph Nerden, Chief 
of the Bureau of Trade and Technical 
Education, Connecticut State Depart- 
ment of Education ; and Helen K. 
Powers, program specialist, Practical 
Nurse Education Section, TJ. S. Office 
of Education. Dr. J. Warren Smith, 
director of the division of vocational 
education of the State Department of 
Public Instruction, also addressed the 
conference. 

In addition to five general meetings, 
the conference operated in the form of 
a workshop with special study sessions 
composed, of the following groups : di- 
rectors and local supervisors ; counse- 
lors - coordinators ; practical nursing 
teachers ; coordinators of diversified oc- 
cupations ; and teaching personnel in 
metal trades, electrical trades, building- 
trades, drafting, and power sewing and 
looping. 

Dr. Murbach addressed the confer- 
ence on "Challenges Confronting Trade 
and Industrial Education in the Years 
Ahead"; Miss Powers on the second 
day of the conference spoke to the 
group on "The Place of the Practical 
Nursing Program in Trade and Indus- 
trial Education"; Dr. Nerden's topic 
was "Technician Training and the Na- 
tional Defense Education Act — Building 
the Technical Curriculum." 

A symposium entitled "The Contri- 
bution of Trade and Industrial Educa- 
tion to Total Education" included A. 
Wade Martin, chairman, Dr. Nelson J. 
Murbach, Dr. Joseph Nerden, Helen K. 
Powers, and Dr. Vester M. Mulholland 
and Charles D. Bates of the North 
Carolina State Department of 1 ,:Hic 
(nstruction. 



A & H Department Issues 
Booklet On N. C.'s Part 
In American Revolution 

A booklet, North Carolina in The 
American Revolution, has been issued 
by the State Department of Archives 
and History. The booklet was written 
by Hugh F. Rankin, native North Caro- 
linian, now with Tulane University. 

In a Foreword by D. L. Corbetl, 
Head Division of Publications, it is 
stated that this publication is another 
in a series on North Carolina history 
topics for the school children of the 
State and for others requesting infor- 
mation of this kind. The publication is 
illustrated by 21 pictures. A list of 
historical pamphlets available from the 
Department is also included. This lat- 
est publication is obtained at 50£ a 
copy. 



New Law Broadens 
Gas Tax Exemption 

The General Assembly of 1959 amend- 
ed section 105-449 of the General Stat- 
utes broadening the exemption of the 
State gasoline tax as it applies to of- 
ficial school business. A new subsection 
(d) was added which reads as follows: 
(d) The gasoline tax exemption pro- 
vided by this Section shall include 
gasoline sold for use in automobiles 
owned by the school boards and fur- 
nished to school superintendents to 
be used only on official business, in 
public scliool activities buses, driver 
training vehicles, bookmobiles belong- 
ing to or operated by county libraries 
and in public school trucks, vehicles 
and implements used in public school 
buildings and grounds maintenance 
and repair as well as gasoline sold 
for use in school service trucks used 
to service school buses. 
This new law, it will be observed, ap- 
plies to city units as well as county 
units in this exemption privilege. The 
law was made effective July 1, 1959. 



Supplies Available To Superintendents From State 
Department of Public Instruction 

Purchase Order forms (State funds) free 

Local School Fund Vouchers (500 in box) $10.00 

Certificates - Perfect Attendance, Merit ( Bible ) , 
Promotion, Honor, Reading Circle, 

Award (Spelling), per 1000 5.00 

Registers - Elementary and High School, each 15 

Monthly Summary Sheets (blue), pad (200) free 

Yearly Summary Sheets (white), pad (200) free 

Principal's Monthly Reports free 

High School Transcripts free 

Yearly Record Envelopes, per 1000 5.00 

Health Certificates, pad (50) free 

Report cards - Elementary and High School, per 1000 6.00 

Notice of Absence, Form C3 free 

Weekly Reports, Form C5 free 

Principal's Account Sheets - Cash Account, LI, each 03 

Distribution Ledger, L2, each 03 

Detail of Deposits, pad 15 

Statement Receipts and Dis., pad 25 

Screening and Observation Record, per 1000 10.00 

Personnel Record, per 1000 3.50 

School Employee Salary Record free 

Cumulative Record Folders, per 1000 25.00 

Manuals for Using C. R. F., with orders free 

Cumulative Record Work Sheets, per 1000 15.00 

Census Cards, per 1000. 2.50 

Application for Position free 

Contract forms - County and City free 

Account forms - Al, A2, A3, A4, A5, Bl, B2, CI, C2, 

D, C, F free 

Special forms not listed are sent out by various divisions and from 
I ho Controller's Office. 



SEPTEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



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State Board Adopts Rules and Regulations 
Re Extended Term Employment of Teachers 



Rules and regulations governing the 
use and administration of the three- 
day extended term of employment of 
academic teachers were adopted at the 
August meeting of the State Board of 
Education. 

Funds for the payment of teachers tor 
these additional three days were in- 
cluded in the appropriation for the Nine 
Months School Fund provided by the 
General Assembly of 1959 for the school 
years 1959-60 and 1960-61. The Rules 
and Regulations apply to all teachers, 
both State allotted and locally-paid. 

Extended term of employment is de- 
fined as the two days prior to and the 
one day following the regular 180-day 
term. 

According to the Board's interpreta- 
tion, "the purpose of the extended term 
of employment shall he (1) to provide 
the pupils of the public school system 
with an instructional term of 180 full 
days and (2) to provide the instruc- 
tional staff of the system with an op- 
portunity to perform activities es- 
sential to the opening and the closing 
of a school term." 

As outlined, the first day of the ex- 
tended term of employment (the first 
day of the 183 days) shall be termed 
"Teacher Orientation Day." On this 
day, such activities as the following 
may receive attention : school philoso- 
phy, policies, procedures, and require- 
ments ; organizational patterns includ- 
ing schedules : grading system : distri- 
bution to teachers of supplies, equip- 
ment, class rolls, textbooks ; and is- 
suance of State and local curriculum 
guides and record books. 

The second day shall be termed 
"Teacher-Pupil Orientation Day." On 
this day all pupils will report to the 
school for assignment to rooms and 
classes, for the issuance and procure- 
ment of textbooks and supplies, for a 
review of the daily schedule, and for 
the assignment of lessons. School buses 
will be operated on this day. 

Regular class work will begin the 
third day of the 183-day term of em- 
ployment. The third day of the ex- 
tended term of employment, however, 
termed "Evaluation Day," will be at the 
end of the school term following the 
180 days of regular classroom instruc- 
tion. On this day such activities as the 
following might be performed : teacher- 
parent conferences ; completion of per- 
manent records and reports ; collection 
of curriculum guides, handbooks, man 



uals and textbooks ; preparation of eval- 
uation summaries ; completion of inven- 
tories, and teacher-principal confer- 
ences. 

Salary vouchers for teachers for the 
first month in accordance with adopted 
regulations, shall he for 22 days of em- 
ployment. Salary vouchers for the ninth 
month shall cover 21 days of employ- 
ment. All other salary vouchers will 
be for a 20-day school month. 

Superintendents of schools have been 
furnished with a copy of the "Rules 
and Regulations." 

WUNC-TV Announces 
School-Related Programs 

School related programs will be 
broadcast each Wednesday afternoon 
beginning September 23 on WUNC-TV. 

A Study Guide giving a schedule of 
each of the seven programs arranged 
has been issued for the use of teachers 
and others who will coordinate the 
programs with class work. In a 
Foreword, State Superintendent Chas. 
F. Carroll says : "It is the sincere 
hope of the Department of Public In- 
struction that the programs outlined in 
this bulletin will be of outstanding 
value to all those who share in their 
planning, to all who participate in the 
actual presentations, and to all who 
witness them." 

The time, title, and subject area of 
the seven programs are as follows: 

12:30 p. m. -Today on the Farm, Jr. 
and Sr. High Schools 

1 :00 p. m. - Physical Education, Ele- 
mentary Schools 

1 :30 p. m. - Music in the Air, Ele- 
mentary Schools 

2 :00 p. m. - Science and Nature, Jr. 
and Sr. High Schools 

2 :30 p. m. - Art Appreciation, Ele- 
mentary and Secondary 

3 :30 p. m. - Methods for Modern 
Teachers, Teachers 

4 :00 p. m. - Career Opportunities, Jr. 
and Sr. High Schools 

The programs will end May 11, 1960. 
Xo programs will be broadcast on No- 
vember 25, and December 23 and 30. 
For further information concerning 
lliese programs write to Dr. Donald G. 
Tarbet, School of Education, University 
of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. 



Salaries of Professional 
Personnel Increased 

Salaries of all school professional per- 
sonnel were increased by action of the 
State Board of Education at its July 
meeting. These increases were within 
(he funds provided by the General As- 
sembly, and did not include non-pro- 
fessional personnel since no funds 
were provided for salary increases for 
such employees. 

Including a 3-day work-period, sala- 
ries of teachers were increased an 
average of 4.93 per cent. New salary 
schedules showing monthly rates of 
payments were adopted by the Board 
for the dishursement of State funds. 
Annual increases for regular teachers 
range from $147 to $218. Salaries of 
vocational teachers, principals, super- 
visors and superintendents were in- 
creased by a slightly less percentage 
since these employees are already paid 
on the basis of 10, 11 or 12 months. 

Pierce Elected Director 
School Building Service 

Dr. J. L. Pierce was elected to a 
Directorship of the Interstate School 
Building Service, which met August 17- 
20 at George Peabody College, Nash- 
ville. Tennessee. Dr. Pierce is director 
of the Division of School Planning, 
State Department of Public Instruction, 
having recently succeeded John L. 
Cameron in that position. 

The Interstate School Building Serv- 
ice is an organization which has as its 
purposes: (1) To promote the develop- 
ment and maintenance of adequate and 
desirable programs of state school 
plant administration; and (2) To pro- 
vide means for the exchange of ideas, 
plans and experiences by the school 
plant specialists that are members of 
this organization. 

Membership in this organization is 
limited to personnel from the U. S. Of- 
fice of Education and State Depart- 
ments of Education which includes 
members from the following seventeen 
Southeastern states ; Alabama, Arkan- 
sas, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Ken- 
tucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi. 
Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, 
South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vir- 
ginia, and West Virginia. 

Dr. Pierce attended the meeting in 
Nashville this year accompanied by two 
other members of the Division of School 
Planning staff, Edward L. Frazelle and 
Leon S. Thompson. 



10 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 






Board Allots Funds 
To Driver Training 

Allotments totaling $1,552,587.30 were 
made to county and city boards of ed- 
ucation for the administration of pro- 
grams of driver training and safety 
education in the public schools at a 
meeting of the State Board of Educa- 
tion held last June. 

These allotments were made under 
(he provisions of G. S. 20-88.1 and the 
Rules and Regulations of the Board 
adopted January 2, 1958. The law pro- 
vides for an annual tax of $1.00 for 
each motor vehicle for which a registra- 
tion fee of $10.00 or more is paid. The 
tax became effective January 1. 1958. 
The law specifies that "The State 
Board of Education shall allocate funds 
to the public high schools throughout 
the State which offer courses of driver 
training and safety education meeting 
the standards estabished by the State 
Department of Public Instruction for 
such courses." 

Amounts alloted to the several county 
and city boards on June 4 were based on 
$6.05 per pupil enrolled in high schools 
during 1958-59. 

Board Requests Reports 
On New Basal Textbooks 

Evaluation reports on basal text- 
books for possible adoption were called 
for by the State Board of Education 
at a meeting on August 6. 

The State Textbook Commission was 
requested to prepare reports in the fol- 
lowing subjects: language (series for 
grades 3-8) ; music (grades 1-8, or 1- 
6 and 7-8) ; high school science (gen- 
eral science, biology, chemistry, and 
physics), and business education sub- 
jects (typewriting, clerical practice, 
secretarial practice, one-year book- 
keeping, two-year bookkeeping, one- 
year general business, one-year busi- 
ness mathematics, and one-year busi- 
ness English). 

Three copies of each textbook sub- 
mitted for consideration must be sent 
to the appropriate members of the 
Commission before September 25, Mem- 
bers of the Commission are : Supt. 
A. B. Gibson. Laurinburg, chairman : 
Mrs. Carrie P. Abbott, Bryson City ; 
Margaret E. McGimsey, Morganton : 
Cornelia McLauchlin, Lillington ; Lloyd 
Y. Thayer, High Point; Mrs. Helen 1). 
Wolff, Greenville: Claire Freeman. 
Raleigh ; Sarah E. Hamilton, Lumber- 
ton ; Jack Horner, Charlotte; Catherine 
Whitener, Salisbury ; and Helen D. Wil 
kin. Henderson. 



Julia Wetherington Retired August 31 



Julia Wetherington, supervisor of 
elementary education in the State De- 
partment of Public Instruction, retired 
August 31, in accordance with an an- 
nouncement made by Superintendent 
Charles F. Carroll early in August. 

Miss Wetherington came with the 
Department in March, 1938, from Anne 
Arundel county in Maryland where she 
was elementary education supervisor. 

A native of Craven county, Miss 
Wetherington did preparatory work at 
Louisburg College, and then went to 
the State University. Later, she receiv- 
ed her B. S. degree from Peabody Col- 
lege. In 1938, she received her M. A. 
degree from Columbia University. A 
year later, Columbia presented her 
with a certificate recognizing her ex- 
cellent work in rural schools super- 
vision. 

Prior to her experience in Maryland, 
Miss Wetherington was employed as 
a teacher or principal in Pamlico, Pitt, 
Craven, and Northampton counties. She 
also at one time taught in Rocky Mount 
and Raleigh city schools. At one time 
she was supervisor of elementary edu- 
cation in Ashland, Ky., and taught edu- 
cation courses at the University of 
Louisville. In 1949, she and 24 other 
American educators were sent to Ger- 
many to help revive the Nazi-shattered 
school system. 

Miss Wetherington is listed in Who's 
Who Among American Women and 
Who's Who in American Education. 
She's a past president of the Raleigh 
Altrusa Club, president of Delta Kappa 
Gamma teaching fraternity, and serves 
on numerous State and National educa- 
tion and welfare committees. She once 
served as vice president of the National 
Association of State Schools Super- 
visors. 

Although Miss Wetherington's field 
was rural school supervision, she was 
especially interested in art and science. 
She headed committees which prepared 
the State Department curriculum bulle- 
tins for these two subjects. In an article 
in salute to Miss Wetherington which 
recently appeared in The Raleigh Times 
the streamer headline read : Science 
and Art are First Loves of Elemen- 
tary School Pioneer. 

Commenting upon Miss Wethering- 
ton's retirement. Superintendent Car- 
roll stated that she has achieved one of 
the most successful records of service. 
••Under her stimulation," he stated, 
"scores of schools have become accredit 
ed. I am satisfied everybody with win mi 
she has worked joins me in commending 
tier highly for outstanding performance 



of duty. It is very gratifying to know 
that she will continue to live in 
Raleigh." 

List of Approved Tests 
For NDEA Program 
Mailed To Superintendents 

A 76-page duplicated bulletin, Testa 
Approved for Purchase and Use Under 
the Provisions of the National Defense 
Education Act, 1959-1960, was re- 
cently mailed to superintendents 
throughout the State in an effort to 
assist schools which desire to partici- 
pate in the provisions of Title V(a) of 
the NDEA. 

The bulletin was prepared by an ad- 
visory committee under the direction 
of Dr. Robert Colver of Duke Univer- 
sity and James M. Dunlap of the State 
Department of Public Instruction. The 
committee was composed of college per- 
sonnel, psychologists, school superinten- 
dents, supervisors, principals, teachers, 
and State Department staff members. 
The list of tests in this publication sup- 
ersedes all previous lists, but does not 
imply that these are the only tests 
that may be used in the public schools 
of North Carolina. 

"It should be emphasized," declared 
Dr. Colver, "that, as in the past, school 
units are free to select those tests 
which are necessary to meet the ob- 
jectives of the schools. Reimbursement 
under NDEA approved plans can be 
claimed, however, only for tests se- 
lected from this list. Tests purchased 
tor counseling and guidance under the 
provisions of Section 5.31 of the North 
Carolina Plan need not lie selected 
from this list." 

Each test is thoroughly annotated as 
to purpose, general description, range 
and forms, standardization and forms, 
administration and scoring, interpreta- 
tive aids, reliability, validity, costs, 
and publisher's .scoring service. For the 
convenience of educators throughout 
the State, the Department of Public In- 
struction is maintaining for reference 
purposes m complete specimen set of 
all tests on the list. 

The bulletin is divided into four 
parts: (It Lis, of approved tests: (2i 
Some factors to consider in the selec- 
tion of tests: (31 Test summaries: and 
(It Publishers directory. 

Additional conies of this publication 
are available from Nile F. Hunt. Co- 
ordinator, NDEA, Department of Pun 
lie Instruction. Raleigh. 



SEPTEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



11 



Directors of Curriculum Hold Workshops 



More than 250 local directors of cur- 
riculum study met in two three-day 
workshops during the summer for the 
purpose of planning effective ai>- 
proaches in curriculum improvement. 
Administrators, supervisors, teachers, 
and lay personnel participated in both 
conferences, each of which was planned 
by Dr. I. E. Ready, director of the 
Statewide Curriculum Study, and mem- 
bers of his advisory committee. 

The conference held at North Caro- 
lina State College, July 20-22, as well 
as the Shaw University conference, Au- 
gust 3-5, were attended by more than 
150 and 100 educators respectively, and 
were characterized by general meet- 
ings, small-group meetings, and individ- 
ual conferences. 

The general meetings included ad- 
dresses on significant topics pertaining 
to curriculum improvement. 

At State College, Dr. J. Minor Gwynn 
of the School of Education of the State 
University discussed "Basic Principles 
of Curriculum Study" ; at Shaw Uni- 
versity Dr. M. D. Williams discussed 
the same topic. Their remarks were fol- 
lowed, respectively, by those of Dr. 
Herbert Wey of Miami University, 
Florida and Dr. S. E. Duncan, Presi- 
dent of Livingston College, each of 
whom emphasized "ways of determin- 
ing areas in need of study, procedures 
followed by schools in conducting cur- 
riculum study, and troublesome cur- 
riculum areas in need of study." 

At both workshops Dr. Allan Hui'l- 
burt of Duke University discussed "the 
importance of lay participation in cur- 
riculum study, areas in which lay peo- 
ple can make the most worthwhile con- 
tributions, and examples of lay-profes- 
sional study groups." Dr. Vester M. 
Mulholland, member of the advisory 
committee of the Statewide Curriculum 
Study, discussed for the State group 
"the resources for local curriculum 
study that are available through the 
State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion." At Shaw University, Dr. Frank 
Toliver of the State Department dis- 
cussed the same topic. In concluding 
the State workshop, Dr. Guy B. Phil- 
lips, University of North Carolina, ad- 
dressed the total group on "The Chal- 
lenge of Curriculum Study." At Shaw 
University, Dr. Ready spoke on this 
same topic. 

Small group meetings were arranged 
for superintendents, supervisors and 
unit directors of curriculum study ; for 
principals and classroom teachers; 
and for lay workshop participants. Dr. 



Kenneth Howe of the Woman's College 
supervised the latter group. 

At each workshop participants were 
expected to submit in writing a plan 
for improving the local curriculum set- 
up. Dr. Hurlburt summarized these 
plans at the State College workshop; 
Mrs. Ruth L. Woodson made the sum- 
mary at the Shaw University work- 
shop. 

"In view of the large number who 
participated in these workshops and 
the enthusiasm with which participants 
and consultants worked together, it 
seems safe to assume that these con- 
ferences were quite fruitful," declared 
Director Ready. 



New Superintendents 
Elected In 20 Units 

Twenty county and city administra- 
tive units have new superintendents. 
Fourteen of the twenty are new as su- 
perintendents and six are superinten- 
dents who have changed positions. 

The 14 units which have superinten- 
dents who are serving for their first 
year are the following : 

Morven — James W. Jenkins 

Andrews — Chas. O. Frazier 

Davidson — E. L. Brown 

Thomasville — W. S. Horton 

Graham — James A. Stanley 

Greene — Gerald D. James 

Guilford— E. P. Pearce, Jr. 

Hoke — W. T. Gibson, Jr. 

Madison — Fred W. Anderson 

Moore — R. E. Lee 

Southern Pines — Luther A. Adams 

Elizabeth City — Win. H. Wagoner 

Polk — David A. Cromer 

Wilson— Geo. S. Willard 
The six units which have superin- 
tendents who have had experience prior 
to this year are the following : 

Alleghany — J. E. Rufty, formerly 
with the Andrews city unit. 

Anson — R. O. McColluin, formerly 
superintendent of the Fairmont city 
unit. 

Camden — D. B. Burgess, superin- 
tendent of this county in 1931-33. 

Pender — B. L. Davis, formerly with 
Greene County. 

Fairmont — Joseph H. Wishou, for- 
merly superintendent of the Morven 
unit. 

Goldsboro — N. H. Shope, formerly 
superintendent of the Elizabeth City 
school unil . 



Mulholland Announces 
Orientation Conferences 
For New Principals 

Orientation conferences for new prin- 
cipals will again be held this fall 
at regional meetings throughout the 
State, according to Dr. Tester M. Mul- 
holland, who for the third successive 
year will serve as continuing chairman 
for this project. Exact plans will be 
announced shortly through State De- 
partment memoranda. 

"Preliminary indications suggest 
that there will be fewer than 125 new 
and inexperienced principals this year, 
the number that existed during each of 
the past two years," according to Dr. 
Mulholland. Plans for this years' con- 
ferences will include many of the ex- 
cellent suggestions made for improve- 
ment by participants of the last two 
years. In addition to State Department 
personnel, consultants will be chosen 
from educators in the field — superin- 
tendents, supervisors, teachers, and 
college professors. 

The planning committee, which met 
for its first meeting September 9 in 
Raleigh, will complete all details for 
the conferences within a few days. 

Miss Barrett Attends 
Work Conference 

Ella Stephens Barrett, guidance su- 
pervisor in the Department of Public 
Instruction, attended a national work 
conference in Washington, August 28- 
September 2, for the purpose of study- 
ing ways of evaluating the effectiveness 
of Title V (a) of the National Defense 
Education Act. The conference was 
siRnisored by the United States Office 
<>f Education and was attended by 
leaders in counseling and guidance 
throughout the Nation. 

The conference evolved plans, pro- 
cedures, and materials applicable to the 
determination of the effects of Title 
V (a) programs in establishing, main- 
taining, and improving guidance, coun- 
seling and testing in secondary schools. 
As these recommendations are refined, 
they will be forwarded to all states and 
schools participating in the provisions 
of Title V(a). 

According to Miss Barrett "the con- 
ference proved helpful in many ways 
and recommendations which will soon 
be disseminated should enable states 
and individual school systems to im- 
prove their counseling and guidance 
services effectively." 



12 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Geographic Society 
Will Issue Bulletin 

The National Geographic Society an- 
nounces that the first of 30 weekly is- 
sues of the GEOGRAPHIC SCHOOL 
BULLETIN for the 1959-60 school 
year will appear on October 5. 

First issue for the 1959-60 school 
year will be in subscribers' hands on 
Monday, October 5. Each Monday for 
30 weeks will bring a new, timely 
issue — with the exception of the Christ- 
mas and Easter holidays. 

The publication is obtained only by 
writing the School Service Division, 
National Geographic Society, Washing- 
ton 6, D. C. Domestic subscription rate 
is $2.00 for the thirty issues, October 5, 
1959, to May 16, 1960. United States 
subscribers may send $5.00 and receive 
the next 90 issues (three full school 
years) — an offer that saves both money 
and the bother of annual renewals. 

Department Issues 
New Publications 

A number of new publications were 
issued during the summer or will be 
issued soon by the Department of 
Public Instruction, according to L. 
H. Jobe, director of the Division of Pub- 
lications. 

Three publications have been re- 
vised and reissued. They were: Teach- 
ing in North Carolina, Fire Safety, and 
About Going to College. Three new pub- 
lications have been prepared and are 
now being printed - HomemaMng Edu- 
cation, Practical Nursing, and Excep- 
tional Children. Work has begun on the 
collection of information for the Educa- 
tional Directory for 1959-60, which will 
come out about December 1. Although 
issued by the Secretary of State the 
1959 Supplement to the Public School 
Laws was compiled in the office of 
the State Department of Public In- 
struction. 

In addition to these regular publica- 
tions, there NDEA publications have 
been issued — Administrative Guide to 
Title III : Part I, Guidelines and Part 
II, Standards for Equipment and Mate- 
rials; and Title V (a). Testing, Coun- 
selling and Guidance. For use in NDEA 
programs, the Department has dis- 
tributed a 344-page Purchase Guide 
prepared by the Council of Chief State 
School Officers. This Guide is de- 
signed to assist school administrators 
in the purchase of equipment and ma- 
terials in the sciences, mathematics, 
and modern foreign languages. 



Committee To Continue Statewide Study 

Eighteen school administrators and already under way, and for initiating 
three staff members of the State De- new and worthwhile activities. Particu- 
partment of Public Instruction have lar attention was given at this meet- 
agreed to serve on a central planning ing to planning the third annual series 
committee "whose duties will be to con- of conferences for beginning principals. 

tinue in 1959-1960 the program begun „ . . 

. ,. „ ,. . . „. , . ° „, , „ Sui>erintendents serving on the newly 

by the Coordinated Statewide Study ot . , , .,,,,> r •£ 

„, , . , . . , ,. „ .. appointed committee included Dr. L. L. 

Educational Administration, according ,, ., , —. ,. „ T , ~,. 

. s Spikes of Burlington. Dr. John Otts ot 

to a recent announcement made by _t_ , . . 

d ■ a j i. nv i t^ /-. ii * Charlotte, and A. D. Kornegay ot 

Superintendent Charles F. Carroll. A „, ... _ . . 

. .. ,. ,. ... . Statesville. Principals on the commit- 

niajonty ot the new committee have T T ., , ., . , „ 

, , , „ ... tee are Joe L. ( ashwell, president of 

served heretofore on a similar commit- ., „ . . , , _. . . » ., » t ^t-i 4 

.... , , , . .. the Principals' Division ot the NCEA. 

tee which has operated during the past ., r ,„., . , - ., », • 

. f. . ... M. L. Wilson, president of the Princi- 

tour years as the steering committee , , . . .,„„. T „ 

* it. rtoau. ■ 4. n st 4. ., pals Division of the NCTA; L. H. 

for the CSSEA project. Dr. \ ester M. .. . , „ , Tr , • „ „ , 

at iv. ii j i i. i v. • Swindell, Washington; A. H. Peeler, 

Mulholland, who has served as co-chair- „' , J? * ,_._.. 

„ ., , . ... . Greens horo : and Dr. Llovd V Thayer, 

man of the planning committee, along . ' 

with Dr. Allan S. Hurlburt of Duke s loint. 

University, for the past four years, will College personnel representing the 

now serve as chairman. * even institutions of higher learning 

The purpose of the CSSEA, often re- participating in the Project who are 

ferred to as the "Statewide Kellogg °» the committee include Drs. William 

Project," has been to improve, the qual- E - Fulmer and Ben Horton. Appalach- 

ity of educational administration ian State Teachers College; Dean 

throughout the State. "The overall ob- ^ewis C. Dowdy, A & T College, Dr. 

iective of the newlv appointed commit- William A. Stumpf, Duke University ; 

tee," declared Dr. Carroll, "will be to Dr. James H. Tucker, East Carolina 

continue the efforts of the CSSEA and College ; Dr. James C. Finney. North 

to explore new ways of improving Carolina College; Dr. Guy B. Phillips, 

school administration in North Caro- University of North Carolina; and Dr. 

]j na Kay M. Ainsley, Western Carolina Col- 

The first meeting of the new year lege. 

was held Wednesday, September 9. At Drs. Frank A. Toliver, James E. Hill- 

this time plans were reviewed for com- man, and Vester M. Mulholland repre- 

pleting all details of the four-year Kel- sent the State Department of Public 

logg project, for continuing activities Instruction on the committee. 

Appropriations For Public Education Listed 

Amounts appropriated for public education by the General Assembly of 1959 

for 1959-60 and 1960-61 were recently furnished all school superintendents by 

Controller C. D. Douglas of the State Board of Education. 

These amounts with the appropriations for 1958-59 for comparison, 

together with the appropriations for the Department, of Public Instruction for 

these years, are shown below : 

GENERAL FUND: 1958-59 1959-60 1960-61 

State Nine Months School Fund $151,341,796 $160,716,430 $164,42S,936 

State Board of Education 260,571 276,982 279,323 

Vocational Education 4.099,295 4,795,076 4,870.614 

Vocational Rehabilitation 685,796 716,692 762.035 

Purchase of Free Textbooks 2,642,057 1,839,046 2,301,522 

Purchase of Buses 2,570,750 2.388.82S 2.639,690 

Trainable Mentally Handicapped 165,000 200,066 230,159 

Loan Fund— Teacher Education 225,000 330,000 435.000 

School Plant Construction— -Adm 69,429 74,469 82.127 

National Defense Education 50,000 50,000 

T. V. Program 25,000 50.000 

Total— General Fund $162,059,694 $171,412,589 $176,129,406 

CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT FUND: 

Industrial Education Centers* 1,491.000 

Grand Total 7$1 62,059,694 $172,903,589 $176,129,406 

Public Instruction (Adm.) 467.575 526.553 533.612 



* Contingent upon voting of bonds by the people. 



SEPTEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



13 



Committees To Study College-Bound 



Special curriculum committees in the 
areas of English, mathematics, science, 
social science, and foreign language met 
at Meredith College and at Shaw Uni- 
versity, July 10-11 and July 17-18, re- 
spectively, for the purpose of initiating 
a thorough study of the high school's 
responsibility for preparing students 
for college. "This phase of the State- 
wide Curriculum Study has been made 
possible through an additional grant 
of $5,000 to the State Board of Educa- 
tion from the Richardson Foundation," 
according to Dr. I. E. Ready, director 
of the Study. 

Each committee is composed of ap- 
proximately twenty representative edu- 
cators, including subject matter special- 
ists from the high schools and colleges 
and personnel from the State Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction. Initial 
meetings of each of the five committees 
were held in two sections, one at Mere- 
dith College, the other at Shaw Uni- 
versity. Hereafter, all committees will 
meet as single units. 

"In attacking the problem of the 
high school's responsibility for the col- 
lege-bound, the Curriculum Study is 
following one of its basic principles, 
that of studying whatever problem 
areas lay and professional people feel 
should be investigated," stated Dr. 
Ready. "It should be understood," Dr. 
Ready continued, "that this special in- 
vestigai ion in no way precludes other 
investigations ; nor does this mean that 
the high school has greater responsi- 
bility for the college-bound than for 
other groups." 

At the first two-day meeting of each 
committee plans were formulated for 
carrying on the work of each commit- 
tee in terms of specific recommenda- 
tions which are expected by April 1, 
1960. These will then be presented to 
the State Board of Education through 
the Curriculum Study Advisory Com- 
mittee. 

Chairmen and secretaries of each 
group are : English, Dr. Lodwick Hart- 
ley, North Carolina State College, 
chairman, Dr. Jack Suberman, State 
College, and John W. Parker, Fayette- 
ville State Teachers College, vice-chair- 
men, and Dr. Vester M. Mulholland, 
State Department of Public Instruction, 
secretary ; mathematics, Dr. E. A. 
Cameron, University of North Carolina, 
chairman, and Mrs. Ruby B. Smith, 
Asheboro High School, secretary ; sci- 
ence, Dr. John W. Nowell, Wake Forest 
College, chairman, and Henry A. Shan- 
non, State Department of TuMic In- 



struction, secretary; social science, 
Mrs. Mary Sue B. Fonville, Broughton 
High School, Raleigh, chairman, and 
Dr. Lillian Parker Wallace, Meredith 
College, secretary; foreign language, 
Dr. Sterling A. Stoudemire, University 
of North Carolina, chairman, and Mrs. 
Tora Tuve Ladu, Broughton High 
School, Raleigh, secretary. 

1959 NCEA District 
Conventions 

Northwestern 

BOONE : Tuesday, September 22 
18 Units, 10 Counties, 2,520 Members 
Counties of Alexander, Alleghany, 
Ashe, Avery, Burke, Caldwell, 
Surry, Watauga, Wilkes, and Yad- 
kin. 

Western 

ASHEVILLE : Friday, September 25 
23 Units, 15 Counties. 2,938 Mem- 
bers 

Counties of Buncombe, Cherokee, 
day, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, 
Jackson, McDowell, Macon, Madison, 
Mitchell, Polk, Swain, Transylvania, 
and Yancey. 
South Piedmont 

CHARLOTTE: Tuesdav, September 
29 

17 Units, 6 Counties, 3,066 Members 
Counties of Anson, Cabarrus, Meck- 
lenburg, Richmond, Stanly, and Un- 
ion. 

Southwestern 

HICKORY: Friday, October 2 
15 Units, 6 Counties 2,868 Members 
Counties of Catawba, Cleveland, 
Gaston, Iredell, Lincoln, and Ruther- 
ford. 



Ventral 

LEXINGTON: Tuesday, October 6 
15 Units, 8 Counties, 2,296 Members 
Counties of Chatham, Davidson, 
Davie, Lee, Montgomery, Moore 
Randolph, and Rowan. 
North Central 

HIGH POINT: Friday. October 9 
15 Units, 6 Counties, 3,820 Members 
Counties of Alamance, Caswell, For- 
syth, Guilford, Rockingham, and 
Stokes. 
East Central 

DURHAM: Tuesday, October 13 
23 Units, 10 Counties, 3,119 Members 
Counties of Durham, Franklin, 
Granville, Harnett, Johnston, Or- 
ange, Person. Vance, Wake, and 
AVarren. 
Northeastern 

ROCKY MOUNT: Friday, October 
16 

26 Units, 18 Counties, 2,151 Mem- 
bers 

Counties of Bertie, Camden, Cho- 
wan, Currituck, Dare, Edgecombe. 
Gates, Halifax, Hertford, Hyde, 
Martin, Nash, Northampton, Pas- 
quotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell, 
and Washington. 
Eastern 

NEW BERN: Tuesday, October 20 
20 Units, 11 Counties, 2,453 Members 
Counties of Beaufort, Carteret, Cra- 
ven, Duplin, Gx*eene, Jones, Lenoir, 
Onslow, Pamlico, Wayne, and Wil- 
son. 

Southeastern 

FORT BRAGG : Friday, October 23 
20 Units, 10 Counties, 2,561 Members 
Counties of Bladen. Brunswick, 
Columbus, Cumberland, Hoke, New 
Hanover, Pender, Robeson, Sampson, 
and Scotland. 



Calendar of Professional Meetings 
Conferences, Workshops, Institutes 

1959 

October 5-7 Southestern Regional Conference on Aging, Durham 

October 8-10 Bienniel Convention N. C. Library Association, 

Durham 
October 22-24 Southern Regional Meeting of Guidance Supervisors 

and Counselor Trainers, Asheville 

November 5-6 North Carolina College Conference, Durham 

November 8-14 American Education Week 

November 15-16 N. C. Music Educators Association, Greensboro 

November 19-21 \nnual Conference of Supervisors and Directors of 

Instruction, Southern Pines 

December 3-5 North Carolina AHPER, Durham 

1960 

April 2 Annual State Meeting ACEI, Raleigh 

April 7-9 Southeastern Elementary Principals Conference, 

Asheville 



14 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



^JUe Attanstey Qetteial Ktu&l . . . 



When Plans and Specifications 
Required to be Designed by 
Architect and When by Engineer. 

In Reply To Your Recent Inquiry: 
With your letter of June 26 you en- 
closed copy of a letter from , 

Architect, inquiring whether all me- 
chanical plans for public school build- 
ings must be prepared by a licensed 
engineer. You break down ques- 
tion into the following more specific 
questions : 

"1. Under what conditions should 
plans for public school buildings have 
the seal of both a licensed architect 
and a licensed engineer? 

"2. Under what conditions should 
plans for public school buildings have 
the seal of only a licensed architect? 

"3. Under what conditions should 
plans for public school buildings have 
the seal of only a licensed engineer? 

"4. Under what conditions should 
plans for public school buildings have 
the seal of either a licensed architect 
or a licensed engineer?" 

G.S. 113-1.1. (2) is in the following 
language : 

"In the interest of public health, 
safety and economy, every officer, 
board, department or commission 
charged with the duty of approving- 
plans and specifications or awarding 
or entering into contracts involving the 
expenditure of public funds in excess 
of twenty thousand dollars ($20,000) 
for the construction or repair of public 
buildings, shall require that such plans 
and specifications be prepared by a reg- 
istered architect, in accordance with 
the provisions of chapter 83 of the Gen- 
eral Statutes, or by a registered engi- 
neer, in accordance with the provisions, 
of chapter 89 of the General Statutes, 
or by both architect and engineer, par- 
ticularly qualified by training and ex- 
perience for the type of work involved, 
and that the North Carolina seal of 
such architect or engineer together 
with the name and address of such ar- 
chitect or engineer, or both, be placed 
on all such plans and specifications." 

G. S. 143-128 provides that every of- 
ficer, board, department or commission 
charged with the duty of preparing 
specifications or awarding contracts for 
the erection, construction or alteration 
of buildings for the State, when the 
entire cost of such work shall exceed 
$15,000 must have prepared separate 



specifications for each of the following 
branches of the work to be performed : 

"1. Heating and ventilating and ac- 
cessories. 

"2. Plumbing and gas fitting and ac- 
cessories. 

"3. Electrical installations. 

"4. Air conditioning, for the purpose 
of comfort cooling by the lowering of 
temperatures, and accessories." 

G. S. 160-280 contains the identical 
provisions applicable to county and city 
Boards of Education except that the 
provisions applicable when the entire 
cost of the work shall exceed $10,000. 

It is the view of this office that the 
controlling language in G. S. 133-1.1 
(a) is the expression "particularly 
qualified by training and experience for 
the type of work involved." Therefore 
it is thought that the plans and speci- 
fications for the mechanical parts of 
the work, i.e., heating and ventilating 
and accessories ; plumbing and gas fit- 
ting and accessories ; electrical instal- 
lations ; and air conditioning and ac- 
cessories must be prepared by a li- 
censed engineer and must bear his seal. 
The plans and specifications for the 
general construction may be prepared 
by a licensed architect and may bear 
his seal only. In other words, it seems 
to have been the legislative intent in 
enacting the statute in question to re- 
quire the architect employed to prepare 
the plans and specification and to sup- 
ervise the construction of school build- 
ings to have on his staff one or more 
registered engineers who will prepare 
the plans and specifications for the 
strictly mechanical part of the contract 
and if he does not have such a reg- 
istered engineer on his staff, it is his 
duty to acquire the services of such a 
registered engineer for the particular 
job. The foregoing would seem to an- 
swer all of your specific questions. I 
am enclosing an extra copy of this let- 
ter for the use of — Attorney 

General. June 30, 1959. 

Applicability of Minimum Wage 
Law to School Employees. 

In Reply To Your Recent Inquiry: 
In your letter of June 5 you request 
the views of this office as to whether 
the recently enacted Minimum Wage 
Law is applicable to lunch room em- 
ployees in public schools. 

On May 18 in a letter to , Con- 
troller of the County Schools, 

this office expressed the view that the 



.Minimum Wage Act is applicable to 
employees in the public school system 
of the State. That conclusion was ar- 
rived at after considering the bill 
originally introduced with the act that 
finally passed. In the original act the 
definition of "employer" expressly ex- 
cluded local, county. State or Federal 
government units. As finally enacted, 
the definition of "employer" is in the 
following language : "Employer includes 
any individual, partnership, association, 
corporation, business trust, or any per- 
son or group of persons acting directly 
or indirectly in the interest of an em- 
ployer in relation to an employee." 

After further consideration of the 
matter and conferences attended by va- 
rious members of the staff of this office, 
the conclusion has been reached that 
it was not the legislative intent in en- 
acting the statute in question to in- 
clude public employees within the defi- 
nition of the term "employer." 

Answering your question directly, it 
is the view of this office that the re- 
cently enacted Minimum Wage Law is 
not applicable to lunch room employees, 
janitors, maids or any other employees 
of county and city Boards of Educa- 
tion. — Attorney General, June 26, 1959. 

Compulsory Polio Vaccination; 
Construction of Senate Bill No. 5 

In Reply To Your Recent Inquiry: 
In a letter dated April 21, 1959, you 
raised several questions as to the in- 
terpretation of the above referred to 
law which became effective March 31, 
1959. Without going into detail, I have 
reached the following conclusions: 

(1) The law is applicable only to 
children between the ages of two months 
and six years. So far as the necessity 
of polio immunization in order to enter 
school is concerned, the law would re- 
late to six-year-olds entering school for 
the first time next fall. It would not 
appy to older children who have been 
to school before. 

(2) Vaccine purchased pursuant to 
an allocation of funds from the Con- 
tingency and Emergency Fund, as pro- 
vided in the above referred to law, 
could be used only for the group of 
children covered by the act as described 
above. Of course, if the series of 
"shots" is commenced before the child 
enters school, the free vaccine could be 
used to complete the series after school 
starts. There is no authority in this 

(Continued on page 16) 



SEPTEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



15 



LOOKING BACK 



Five Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, September, 1954) 
Three persons have been added to 
the staff of the Department of Public 
Instruction: Carlton T. Fleetwood on 
June 14, and Dr. Vester M. Mulhol- 
land and Ruth Jewell on August 2 3. 
William Dallas Herring, chairman 
of the Duplin County Board of Edu- 
cation, was recognized as North Caro- 
lina's first "Man of the Year in Edu- 
cation" at the closing session of the 
annual North Carolina School Week 
recently held at the University. 

Ten Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, September, 1949) 
C. D. Douglas, Director of the Di- 
vision of Auditing and Accounting, 
was named Controller by the State 
Board of Education at a called meet- 
ing on August 16. 

Fourteen new county and city sup- 
erintendents have been elected for 
two year terms: Thomas H. Whitley, 
Morven; C. H. Abernethy, Caldwell 
County; D. N. Hix, Granville County; 
J. J. Lentz, Lee County; H. H. Bul- 
lock, Lenoir County; Elmer H. Gar- 
inger, Charlotte; D. S. Johnson, 
Rocky Mount; Earl Funderburk, 
Elizabeth City; James W. Gantt, Polk 
County; R. C. White, Randolph 
County; B. E. Littlefield, Robeson 
County; Rowe Henry, Fairmont; Dan 
S. Davis, Union County; and J. C. 
Stabler, Vance County. 

Fifteen Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, September, 1944) 
Dr. H. Arnold Perry, Associate in 
Division of Instructional Service, 
spent a week during the summer at 
the Western Carolina Teachers Col- 
lege assisting in the workshop pro- 
gram on resource-use education. 

Twenty Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, September, 1939) 
Beginning with this number, we 
are giving you a printed BULLETIN 
(Editorial) . 

Between four and five hundred 
persons including about 125 superin- 
tendents attended the annual confer- 
ence of superintendents held July 26- 
2 8 at Ridgecrest. 

On June 1, C. D. Douglas, Direc- 
tor of the Division of Finance and 
Statistics, who had been with the De- 
partment since June 15, 1920, re- 
signed to accept the position of Audi- 
tor with the State School Commis- 
sion. 



AMERICAN EDUCATION WEEK 

American Education Week will be 
observed this year from November 
8th to the 14th. This year's theme 
urges parents to "praise and ap- 
praise their schools." The annual 
event is sponsored by the NEA, the 
American Legion, the PTA, and the 
U. S. Office of Education, amoug 
others. Observance of American Edu- 
cation Week will be initiated with a 
formal proclamation by President 
Eisenhower, followed by similar an- 
nouncements from State governors 
and mayors throughout the nation. 

The daily topics, scheduled for 
this year's American Education 
Week, are as follows : Sunday, No- 
vember 8— "The Child: What Does 
Education Mean to Him ?" ; Monday, 
November 9 — "The Parents: How 
Can They Work for Better Schools" ; 
Tuesday, November 10 — "The 
Teacher : What is a Teacher?" ; Wed- 
nesday, November 11 — "The People 
Next Door : Who Are They?" ; Thurs- 
day, November 12 — "The School 
Board Member : What Are His Re- 
sponsibilities?" ; Friday. November 
13— "The Adult Citizens : How Can 
the Schools Serve Them?"; and Sat- 
urday, November 14 — "The Voter ; 
How Does He Make His Decisions 
on Education?" 



ATTORNEY GENERAL RULES 

(Continued from page 15) 
particular law to provide free vaccine 
for older children. 

( •". ) There is no requirement in the 
law that a parent who is unable to pay 
must first present the child to a physi- 
cian and then be referred to the County 
Health Director. A parent may take 
the child directly to the Health Direc- 
tor without consulting a private physi- 
cian. 

(4) The questions of the ability to 
pay is one that would be decided by 
the parent and the Health Director. 
If the parent presents a child to the 
Health Director, and states that he is 
unable to pay, I would think that the 
Health Director ordinarily would ac- 
cept such statement at its face value 
unless he had personal knowledge lead- 
ing him to believe that free treatment 
would not be in order. This is pri- 
marily a matter of health department 
policy to be worked out and followed 
in a practical manner. Any effort to 
make any extensive investigation, I am 
informed, would be more costly than 
the polio vaccine. — Attorney General. 



MAKING TODAY'S NEWS 

Forsyth — Representatives of the 
County Board of Education and the 
Winston-Salem School Board will 
meet at 3 p.m. Wednesday to begin a 
discussion of the possibilities of 
merging city and county school sys- 
tems. — Winston-Ralem Sentinel, July 
31. 

Wake — The Wake County Board 
of Education has recently taken giant 
steps toward enlarging and strength- 
ening its program of guidance and 
testing in the county schools. — The 
Raleigh Times, August 3. 

Rocky Mount — The Rocky Mount 
City Board of Education adopted a 
capital outlay budget exceeding one 
million dollars Monday night and ear- 
marked most of the funds for the 
construction of two new school units 
and the purchase of a site for a third 
school. — The Evening Telegram, July 
28. 

Northampton — Northampton 
County's Board of Education yester- 
day started a building program de- 
signed to lesson crowded conditions 
in many of the county's 13 Negro 
schools, E. D. Johnson, superinten- 
dent of schools, reported today. — The 
Daily Herald (Roanoke Rapids), Au- 
gust 4. 

Burlington — Construction has be- 
gun on the ultra-modern building 
which is to house Turrentine Junior 
High School, and contracts call for 
completion in time for the 19 60-61 
school year. — Burlington Times-News, 
August 13. 

Guilford — It finally looks as if the 
new million-dollar Lucy C. Ragsdale 
High School near Jamestown will be 
ready for occupancy when the county 
systems opening day school bell rings 
Sept. 1 — Greensboro Daily News, Au- 
gust 18. 

Mecklenburg — Mecklenburg County 
School Board members took prelimi- 
nary steps Monday toward spending 
part of the $4,075,000 they received 
in the June bond election. — The 
Charlotte Observer, August 18. 

Wilson — Sweeping improvements 
to the tune of $886,774.27 in the 
Wilson county schools during the 
past three years have enabled the 
county board of education to install 
a vastly improved curriculum. — The 
Wilson Daily Times, August 14. 



16 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



65 



North Oro!:na State Library, 

: i 3 h 
NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL 

BULLETIN 



£« 



OCTOBER, 1959 RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA VOL. XXIV, NO. 2 



Former School Planning Director Suggests 
Ways For Reducing School Building Costs 



Making long-range plans, combining 
city and county administrative units, 
combining bigb schools, calling for 
"package bids" on construction — these 
and a number of others are ways by 
which economies in school building 
costs may be effected, according to sug- 
gestions made by John L. Cameron, for- 
merly Director of the Division of School 
Planning, State Department of Public 
Instruction, in a speech before the N. 
C. Association of County Commis- 
sioners in Asheville last June 16. 

"The real cost of a school plant 
is reflected in the amount of money 
that is required per child, per year, over 
the lifetime of the building, to pro- 
vide space and equipment which facili- 
tate the teacher-learning processes," 
Cameron said. "It is not the initial 
cost of the building. Economy should 
not be confused with cheapness, nor 
will economy always be low cost. The 
criterion for measuring economy should 
be the maximum value of the plant 
for educational purposes throughout 
its lifetime." 

Methods suggested by Cameron for 
effecting school building economics 
were : 

1. Plan the organization of the 
schools and the building program 
well into the future. 

2. Combine city and county admini- 
strative units where practical. 

3. Combine high schools (in same 
cases, elementary schools) where 
practical. 

4. Secure sites in areas of predic- 
ted population growth well in ad- 
vance of actual need for the 
building. 

5. Make the school a part of a 
correlated community plan in 
order to get maximum usage 
from such facilities as audi- 
toriums, libraries, gymnasiums, 
playgrounds, and shops. 

6. Avoid use of stock plans. 

7. Choose professional help with 
care. 

8. Seek standardization of com- 
ponent parts. 

9. Keep mechanical equipment in 
line with needs. 

10. Eliminate frills, such as cupu- 
los, columns, and "gingerbread " 



11. Build of sufficient quality that 
maintenance, operation, and re- 
placement costs of the building 
will be kept to a minimum. 

12. Take bids at a favorable time. 

13. Call for "package bids" or bids 
which include the total construc- 
tion job. 

14. Become familiar with and ad- 
here to the General Statutes re- 
lating to the construction of 
public school buildings. 

15. Schedule for full utilization of 
the building. 

16. Finance, within means, on a pay- 
as-you-go basis. 

17. Watch the bond market for a 
favorable time to sell bonds. 

18. Whenever possible, have school 
facilities ready when they are 
needed. 

19. Provide sufficient funds for the 
proper operation and mainte- 
nance of the school plants. It is 
foolish to build million-dollar 
buildings and give them "flve- 
and-ten-cents" care. 

Cameron's speech was printed in 
the Weekly Bulletin, Carolinas Branch, 
The Associated General Contractors of 
America, August 6, 1959. 

N. C. School Boards Meet 
November 3 In Chapel Hill 

The annual delegate assembly of the 
North Carolina School Boards Associa- 
tion will be held in Chapel Hill on 
Tuesday, November 3, beginning at 
10:30 o'clock, according to a recent an- 
nouncement by G. P». Phillips, Consul- 
tant. 

"We are securing au outstanding ar- 
ray of speakers and discussion leaders," 
Mr. Phillips stated. "Charles S. Beed 
of the Duke Power Company in Char- 
lotte will give an illustrated lecture on 
the potential wealth and strength of 
North Carolina." 

W. W. Sutton, Goldsboro, is president 
of the Association; Howard E. Carr of 
Greensboro, vice-president ; and Lewis 
IT. Swindell of Chapel Hill, executive 
secretary. 



Many Problems Hamper 
Education Of Youth 

Teaching sleepy children who spend 
too much time viewing TV ranks high 
among teacher problems. 

A list of 142 problems hampering 
school people in educating youth has 
been prepared by Dr. Lee F. Reynolds 
at Appalachian State Teachers College, 
Boone, following a survey of 200 Tar 
Heel teachers representing twenty-five 
public schools. 

Pinpointing the problems is as im- 
portant to parents as school officials, 
states education professor Reynolds. 
What troubles a teacher usually af- 
fects students and their learning. And 
as a rule a joint effort by both parents 
and teachers is required to bring about 
corrections, opines the 31-year veteran 
of public school and college instruc- 
tion. 

As might be expected, money leads 
the 142-problem list. Low salaries 
force teachers' wives to work, dis- 
courage having children, leave little 
for clothes and recreation and cause 
worry about summer employment. Too 
many things to do in a school day be- 
sides teach, such as supervising bus 
loadings and keeping records, is in sec- 
ond place. 

Indifferent parents who show little 
concern over their children's scholastic 
progress rate high. Students' poor 
spoken English poses formidable prob- 
lems. Dealing with the poorly disci- 
plined gives many headaches. Promot- 
ing or retaining "borderline" students 
is troublesome. 

Other knotty problems include : 
Youngsters lack respect for others ; 
Working with those of low general in- 
telligence ; Too many classroom in- 
terruptions and exaggerated interest in 
extra-curricular activities as sports 
and band ; Little relief from the chil- 
dren especially for elementary teachers 
who remain continuously with 25 to 40 
little ones from beginning of school to 
its end. 

On the list, but not marked once as 
a problem is "teachers cannot choose 
where they live." "That's understand- 
able," says Professor Reynolds, "Jobs 
are so plentiful that a good teacher 
can practically pick any place in th.> 
United States he wishes to live." 

North Carolina State Library 
Raleigh 



SufLelinietidetit GaAiall &cufA . . . 

Change in, public school operations is as constant as the ebb and flow 
of the ocean tides. Hence, the point of interest about change is not that 
it is occurring, but its specific nature and the degree that is involved. 
Teacher preparation, consolidation of schools, curriculum revision, identi- 
fication of pupil abilities, guidance, teaching methods, and the like, are 
forever in process of change. 

Many changes in public school education will continue to occur under 
impact of regular operations and experiences, but fundamental and essen- 
tial improvement and strengthening will come only through an honest 
re-examination of our sense of comparative values. Until we produce greater 
evidence that we have assigned a high priority to education as an indis- 
pensable force in our entire pattern of life, we shall continue to fall short 
in the maintenance of a program commensurate with our needs, hopes, 
and ideals. 

If we genuinely want to improve American education, we can begin by 
satisfying our conscience about the degree of priority which we have as- 
signed to our children's education. What we provide for our children 
mirrors our sense of values. 

We can help education also by ashing ourselves if we are consistent in 
our customary willingness to pay market price for other services and com- 
modities and at the same time demand a sizable discount in the purchase of 
educational services. Based on the average State expenditure, the prevailing 
national price for education is approximately $325 per pupil per year from 
all sources. We in North Carolina spend approximately $210 per pupil from 
all sources. In what other purchases do we demand and obtain a discount 
of thirty-five per cent? The recent Rockefeller Brothers Report on Educa- 
tion, done with the help of some of the best minds in America, declares 
frankly that "all of the problems of the schools lead us hack sooner or later 
to one basic problem — financing." 

We might ask further this basic question, What comparative value do 
we actually attach to teachers and their work? How important is teaching? 
Does anybody claim there is any substitute for a good teacher? Again, we 
are dealing with life's basic values. 

How diligent are we in the implementation of the American declaration 
that the door of educational opportunity for every boy and girl is and 
shall be kept wide open? Do we consistently subscribe to the feeling that 
every pupil shall be housed in a safe, clean, heated, and ventilated building 
and that he shall have adequate materials with which to work? 

Change is eternally characteristic of education and is essential to growth. 
Because society vibrates, the school must do the same. New ideas, experi- 
mentation, and exploration are essential educational elements. At the same 
time, care must be exercised that surface and technical changes represent- 
ing sometimes a mere reshuffling of the unimportant do not result in as 
much harm as benefit. Proposed, changes in, anything involving children 
should be justified by research; they should be introduced gradually, 
studied carefully, evaluated honestly, and pursued intelligently. We must 
not confuse "change for the sake of change" with "change for the sake of 
progress." 



. . . to every man, regardless of his 
birth, his shining, golden opportuni- 
ty, to every man the right to live, to 
work, to be himself and to become 
whatever things his manhood and 
his vision can combine to make — 
this, seeker, is the promise of Ameri- 
ca. — Tom Wolfe. 



The teacher, more than any other 
person, must know who he is, what 
he believes, and the direction in 
which he is headed. Socrates, a mod- 
el teacher, said : "The unexamined 
life is not worth living." — The News 
Letter, Ohio State University. 



Education will never attain the 
stature it should and is capable of 
attaining unless the spirit of unre- 
mitting inquiry and the practice of 
systematic fact-gathering infiltrates 
the performance of a larger propor- 
tion of school personnel than has so 
far been the case. — Dr. Howard Y. 
McClusky, University of Michigan. 



Alaska, the 49th State, has only 
28 school districts. Correspondence 
courses are employed to provide edu- 
cation for children in some of the 
more remote parts of the State. 
Teachers salaries in the new state 
range from a minimum of $4,500 
to a maximum of $8,200, with an 
average of $6,200. 



Critical analysis of our educa- 
tional system is certainly in order, 
but mistaken efforts to place blame 
through name-calling and fault-find- 
ing should not be permitted to ob- 
scure the fact that our schools, col- 
leges, and universities are seldom 
much better or worse than their re- 
spective publics want them to be. 
The best of our institutions certain- 
ly rise above common levels of aspi- 
ration, yet the vast majority simply 
mirror the values most commonly 
held. If American education is to 
undergo a general improvement, the 
people at large must place a higher 
value upon intellectual achievement 
and must be prepared to uphold 
higher levels of educational per- 
formance. — American Council on 
Education. 

NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 

Official publication issued monthly except June, July and August by the State Department of 
Public Instruction. Entered as second-class matter November 2, 1939, at the post office at 
Raleigh, North Carolina, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 

CHARLES F. CARROLL 
State Supt. of Public Instruction 

Vol. XXIV, No. 2 EDITORIAL BOARD October, 1959 

L. H. JOBE, J. E. MILLER 
V. M. MULHOLLAND 



Att Ottt&fSicd Pa*U o]f the ^otal Pn&yiam 



A basic and well-nigh universal 
assumption in modern society is 
that educators and citizens alike de- 
sire that schools afford the richest 
experiences possible for young peo- 
ple. In order that these experiences 
— whether in mastering subject mat- 
ter or in learning fundamental 
principles of satisfactory human re- 
lations — may be continuously worth- 
while, administrators, teachers, and 
parents must forever find ways of 
improving the instructional pro- 
gram. Good schools in wide-awake 
communities have accepted this chal- 
lenge throughout the years. 

Improvement in instruction, 
though primarily the result of a uni- 
fied desire among all concerned, is 
also influenced by clearly defined 
objectives, research findings, experi- 
mentation, inter-school visitations, 
intelligent supervision, as well as 
through careful study of children 
and adolescents and the learning 
process itself. Similarly, instruc- 
tional programs may be improved 
when teaching materials of desirable 
variety, quality, and levels of diffi- 
culty are available for students and 
teachers. 



Through provisions of the Nation- 
al Defense Education Act, and in 
accordance with the North Carolina 
State Plan, Federal funds, which 
are to be matched locally, are now 
available for the strengthening of 
instruction in science, mathematics, 
modern foreign languages, guidance, 
testing, and counseling. These funds 
are designed for one purpose only 
— improvement of instructional pro- 
grams to the end that the Nation's 
defense may be strengthened. It is 
apparent, therefore, that the pur- 
pose of the NDEA parallels the pur- 
poses of good schools throughout the 
country. Educational progress is es- 
sentially the result of continuing im- 
provement in curriculum develop- 
ment and in the area of instruction. 

Since the underlying purpose of 
the NDEA is identical to basic pur- 
poses already embraced by forward- 
looking schools and communities, 
activities made possible through the 
NDEA should be regarded as an in- 
tegral part of on-going programs. 
Fundamentally, the NDEA should 
be regarded as a real opportunity 
for administrators, teachers, pupils, 
and parents to bring additional qual- 
ity to their learning experiences. 



Aamieii&faiatiue Idnit M&iXf&nA, 



Charlotte city and Mecklenburg 
county administrative units — two 
of the most populous in the State 
— are in the process of merging into 
one unit with the expectation of in- 
creased advantages in operating 
their public schools. These two units 



are growing so rapidly that it has 
become difficult to locate new 
schools and otherwise provide for 
the education of children living near 
their joining boundaries. It is be- 
lieved that a merger of the two un- 
its will eliminate this problem as 



well as many other problems which 
bave heretofore existed in a rapidly 
growing area. It is hoped, as a re- 
sult of the merger, that superior ed- 
ucational opportunities may be pro- 
vided for both city and rural chil- 
dren. 

The Charlotte - Mecklenburg mer- 
ger is not the first of this kind. The 
Wilmington - New Hanover schools 
have been operating as a single unit 
for over 40 years. Several other 
smaller city, or special charter, units 
merged following the 1929 act of 
the General Assembly abolishing all 
such units. Johnston County includ- 
ing Clayton, Smithfield and Selma 
operate one system of schools. The 
same is true of Duplin where 
Teachey and Warsaw at one time 
operated separate units. 

Proponents of consolidation say 
there are many benefits or advan- 
tages in merging administrative 
units. Some units are small, not 
much larger than many local schools 
in a number of county units. It is 
believed that administration would 
be simplified in dealing with county 
commissioners, boards, and agen- 
cies ; long-range planning, especially 
along the fringe areas of growing 
towns and cities, would be simpli- 
fied; buildings would be better pre- 
served by a single maintenance staff 
to look after plumbing, heating, and 
electrical facilities; and transporta- 
tion routes would be planned with 
less travel. Under the merged sys- 
tem, the division of the tax dollar 
would be the responsibility of the 
board of education and the pressure 
of spending local funds on a per 
capita basis rather than on the basis 
of need would be reduced. And most 
important of all, it is believed that 
improved educational opportunities 
would accrue to a larger part of the 
student population. 

These are just a few of the possi- 
ble advantages cited by proponents 
of unit-mergers. There may be some 
disadvantages, but the consolidation 
of all efforts in a county in behalf of 
all the children is a commendable 
approach to better education. 



OCTOBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



Board Takes First Step In Teacher Study 



A first step toward the making of a : 
study of teacher evaluation, rating and 
certification was taken by the State 
Board of Education at its regular meet- 
ing on September 4. 

In its resolution launching the study, 
the Board accepted a grant of $15,000 
from The Fund for the Advancement 
of Education in partial support of the 
undertaking. The proposed study will 
comply with Resolution No. 73 passed 
by the General Assembly of 1959. 

The Board's resolution reads : "The 
North Carolina State Board of Edu- 
cation accepts, with grateful apprecia- 
tion, the grant of $15,000 for expendi- 
ture within the provision of Resolution 
73 and in accordance with letter of 
grant dated August 7, 1959, pending al- 
lotment of necessary funds by the Gov- 
ernor and Council of State from the 
Contingency and Emergency Fund to 
cover costs incurred in the implemen- 
tation of this study, and with the fur 
ther undertaking t'^at the State Boaid 
of Education shall retain full and com- 
plete authority for planning, admin- 
istering, and evaluating all phases to 
the study as directed by Resolution 73." 

An Advisory Committee has been 
named to implement the study. The Na- 
tional Teacher Examination or its na- 
tionally recognized equivalent will be 
administered to the following: (1) to 
persons first applying for certification : 
(2) to persons now holding certificates 
applying for higher certifications; (3) 
to persons applying for certification in 
a different capacity than that which 
said persoD is already certified ; and 
(4) to persons nvr certified who volun- 
tarily request to take the examination. 

The General Assembly has directed 
"That specific scores of individuals 
should be regarded as confidential in- 
formation obtained for research pur- 
poses only and that no entry should lie 
made on an individual certificate or on 
any person's record as to scores 
achieved." 

Forestry Activities 

Attention is called to the bulletin en- 
titled Looking Forward To Forestry 
Activities, published by the Forest 
Service, U. S. Department of Agricul- 
ture, Washington, D. C. This is design- 
ed for Scout leaders and other persons 
working with youth and it will be help- 
ful to teachers who are stressing con- 
servation. 



Public Schools Invited 
To Visit Art Museum 

The public schools have been invited 
to visit the State Museum of Art dur- 
ing the 1959-60 academic year. 

In a letter to the principals of the 
public schools, Chas. W. Stanford, the 
Museum's Curator of Education stated, 
"Last year more than 10,000 school 
children visited the Museum, and the 
staff looks forward with pleasure to 
having an even greater number this 
year." 

The Museum, he states, will give lec- 
tures with color slides, and visiting 
groups will be provided with guides 
when visits are scheduled. In addition, 
a series of 16 television programs, 
which began September 23 over station 
WUNC-TV, are available to the schools. 
The programs may be viewed at 2:30 
o'clock each Wednesday afternoon. 

Conant To Make Study 
of Junior High Schools 

Plans for a study of the junior high 
school have been announced by Dr. 
James B. Conant, President Emeritus 
of Harvard University and former Am- 
bassador to the Federal Republic of 
Germany, as an extension of his present 
two-year study of the American public 
high school. 

Dr. Conant recently received a grant 
of $85,000 from the Carnegie Corpora- 
tion of New York to make possible an 
additional year's work. 

He and his staff will direct their at- 
tention in the first instance to the work 
of the junior high school, examining 
various procedures now in effect in 
grades 7 and 8. In addition (attention 
will be directed to the instruction in 
science throughout the 12 grades, the 
problem of the slow reader, and some 
of the special problems to be found 
in the large cities. 

Thus far in his study Dr. Conant has 
directed his attention to the compre- 
hensive high school, grades 9 through 
12. His first report to interested 
citizens, THE AMERICAN HIGH 
SCHOOL TODAY, was published in 
January by McGraw-Hill and to date 
more than 200,000 copies have been 
distributed. The report contains a de- 
tailed summary of his findings after 
visits to schools in 18 states, together 
with 21 specific recommendations for 
the improvement of public high schools. 



Principals Conference 
Will Be Held In New Bern 

The Statewide Professional Confer- 
ence of Principals will be held in New 
Bern November 4-5, according to an 
announcement by Mildred Mooneyham, 
secretary-treasurer. 

Co-chairman of the Conference are : 
V. C. Mason, District No. 5 School, 
Fayetteville, chairman of the program ; 
and W. L. Blowers, Jr., Central School, 
New Bern, chairman of local arrange- 
ments. 

A planning meeting for the Confer- 
ence was held in Fayetteville on April 
25. J. L. Cashwell, principal of Senior 
High School, Albemarle, is president 
of the Division of Principals of the 
North Carolina Education Association. 



Teens Want More Economics 
And Current Affairs 

"More science and math !" is the 
current war cry in our high schools 
. . . but what else do teenagers them- 
selves worry about not knowing? 

Economics, for one thing. Current 
affairs, for another. Five out of six 
of America's high-schoolers feel they 
don't know enough about these sub- 
jects and want to learn more. 

These are among the latest findings 
of the nation's largest teenage poll — 
the Institute of Student Opinion, spon- 
sored by Scholastic Magazines, Inc. 

Nearly half the students, moreover, 
feel they are not working up to their 
full potential— 49% of the 12,924 teen- 
agers polled admit they could be do- 
ing better work in all of their school 
courses. 

But whether they're actually willing 
to study harder is something else a- 
gain. About half the teenagers feel 
the time they now spend on homework 
is "just right" ; another 24% express 
a positive reluctance to do any more 
homework. Apparently teenage stu- 
dents will need to be better motivated 
before they're really going to learn a 
lot more. 

In the nation-wide poll just com- 
pleted, ISO also reveals teenage opin- 
ions about causes of juvenile delin- 
quency, voting age, a longer school day, 
etc. The findings are drawn from a 
scientifically selected cross-section of 
students in grades 7-12 from every 
state including Alaska. Both public 
and private schools are represented, 
with enrollments ranging from 50 to 
4,759. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Student Poll Shows 
School Term Just Right 

A student opinion poll conducted by 
Scholastics Magazines a year ago shows 
that a majority, 63.5 per cent, of the 
12,807 junior and senior high school 
students responding feel that "the days 
I spend in school per year are just 
right." 

The question : How do you feel about 
the number of days you spend in school 
per year? was submitted to 12,924 
students in 245 schools in every state, 
ranging from an enrollment of 50 to 
4,759 students. Percentages based on 
replies from 6,730 girls and 6,077 boys 
were as follows : 

Total Boys Girls 
Days per year 

just right 64.3 59.2 68.9 

Should spend fewer 

days 14.9 17.7 12.3 

Willing to spend 

few more days 11.2 11.4 11.0 

Should spend many 

fewer days 3.4 4.9 2.1 

Willing to spend 

many more days 3.0 3.1 3.0 
No opinion 3.2 3.7 2.7 

Internal Revenue Service 
Issues Tax Kits 

The Internal Revenue Service an- 
nouces that Tax Instruction Kits will 
be available again this year to teachers. 

With the forthcoming edition of 
Teaching Taxes, this Program enters 
its seventh year. More than 22,000 
educational institutions, including over 
600 in North Carolina, made use of it 
in 1959, and millions of students have 
received valuable training in Federal 
tax laws. 

Use of the Teaching Taxes Program, 
for which there is no charge, is being 
made in an increasing and more varied 
number of classes. It can be related not 
only to mathematics, bookkeeping and 
accounting, and allied subjects, but to 
civics, history, and numerous special- 
ized courses. 

The Teaching Taxes Kits contain 
blown up charts, practice forms, and 
all other material needed by the teacher 
and student. 

Each principal will receive a letter 
from the Internal Revenue Service 
early in September containing instruc- 
tions and more information about this 
free material. Orders for kits by North 
Carolina principals should be made to 
the District Director of Internal Rev- 
enue. Greensboro, N. C. 



Dr. Hillman Joins Higher Education Board 



Dr. James E. Hillman, Director of 
the Division of Professional Services, 
State Department of Public Instruction, 
has been named assistant director of 
the State Board of Higher Education 
and will assume his duties oil Novem- 
ber 1. 

In the absence of Dr. J. Harris 
Purks, a new acting director will be 
appointed. The post of assistant direc- 
tor has been vacant since Dr. Paul 
Keid resigned several years ago to re- 
turn to the presidency of Western 
Carolina College. Dr. Purks is taking 
a leave of absence as director to be- 
come a consultant of the Ford Founda- 
tion's Fund for the Advancement of 
Education till July 1, 1960. 

Dr. Hillman came to the Department 
September 1, 1923 as Director of the 
Division of Teacher Education and Cer- 
tification, redesignated as the Division 
of Professional Services in 1936. He 
received his undergraduate education 
at Berea College, having earned the 
B.Ped. degree in 1915 and the B.S. in 
1919 and A.M. in 1920. He received his 
Ph.D. from George Peabody College 
for Teachers in 1924. He was critic 
teacher at Berea in 1915-17, teacher in 
the Demonstration School of Peabody 
from 1917 to 1921, and dean of Ap- 
palachian State Teachers College from 
1921 to 1923. 

He served as secretary-treasurer of 
the North Carolina College Conference 
from 1935 to 1958, and is now president 
of that organization. He is a member 
of the National Council for Accredita- 
tion of Teacher Education, the recog- 
nized agency for accrediting teacher 
education institutions. He was the first 
president of the National Association 
of State Directors of Teacher Educa- 
tion and Certification. Currently, he is 
a member of the Committee on Teacher 
Recruiting of that Association. 

Dr. Hillman has been the author of, 
or a member of committees that pro- 
duced, a number of publications issued 
by the Department of Public Instruc- 
tion. He has also conducted a number 
of studies in the field of teacher edu- 
cation. For the past several years, he 
has annually conducted a "Supply and 
Demand Study" of teachers of the 
State. As secretary of the North Caro- 
lina College Conference, he has also an- 
nually compiled statistical information 
concerning enrollment in institutions of 
higher learning. 



Safety Circus Meaningful 
To School Children 

Traffic safety has become more 
meaningful to countless school children 
across the land because of a hard-work- 
ing police officer and his troupe of 
talented dogs. 

Known as the Officer Pressley Traf- 
fic Safety Circus, the unique show has 
played to more than 4% million wide- 
eyed youngsters throughout the United 
States. It gave 20 performances in 
North Carolina elementary schools last 
month. The show is designed to high- 
light the rules of good safety behavior, 
according to John C. Noe, Advisor of 
Safety Education, State Department of 
Public Instruction. It is sponsored by the 
State Department of Public Instruction, 
the North Carolina Motor Carriers As- 
sociation, and the American Trucking 
Association and co-sponsored by local 
police and sheriff departments. 

Instead of the usual dry lecture 
technique, kids are treated to a 40- 
minute circus, complete with music, 
performing dogs and ringmaster. Credit 
for originating the noval method of 
teaching safety to school children goes 
to Ernest E. Pressley, a police officer 
from Charlotte, N. C. He conceived 
the idea while noticing the rapt at- 
tention of neighborhood children in 
tricks performed by his pet setter. 
Pressley augmented his troupe with 
more dogs and started his tour of the 
country. 

Eight highly-trained dogs make up 
the canine cast of the Traffic Safety- 
Circus, keeping the kids glued to their 
seats by performing a great variety of 
difficult tricks. Each act points up the 
importance of traffic safety and brings 
real meaning to Pressley's slogan — 
"Walk Safe— Ride Safe— Play Safe." 

In conjunction with his traveling 
show, Pressley has organized a Junior 
Traffic Safety Club, which now has a 
membership of over 1.120,000. School 
children become eligible for member- 
ship in the club after correctly answer- 
ing a series of questions on traffic 
safety. The questionnaires are passed 
out by Pressley immediately after his 
show. 

A certificate of membership, picturing 
Officer Pressley and four of his per- 
forming dogs, is sent to each member 
of the club by the American Trucking 
Association. 



OCTOBER, NINETEEN HUNpREP ANO FIFTY-NINE 






Education Mission Report To USSR Available 



The report of the first official United 
States Education Mission to the Soviet 
Union is now available in an Office of 
Education publication, "Soviet Commit- 
in tut to Education " Commissioner of 
Education Lawrence G. Derthick an- 
nounced recently. Commissioner Der- 
thick headed the group of ten Amer- 
ican educators. 

The delegation made the trip in May 
and June, 1958, visiting approximately 
100 schools and other educational in- 
stitutions. 

"The one fact that most impressed 
us in the U. S. S. R. was the extent 
to which the Nation is committed to 
education as a means of national ad- 
vancement." the American educators 
state in a preface to the report. 

"We make no effort to compare the 
schools of the United States with those 
of the U. S. S. R., for we must measure 
the progress of each by its own sep- 
arate goals. 



"But we do emphasize that, whether 
we like it or not, competition has been 
imposed upon us by a nation of vast 
resources, people of seemingly un- 
bounded enthusiasm for self-develop- 
ment, governed by a ruling hierarchy 
which is determined to use that self- 
development to cast about the world 
the shadow of Communist domination. 

"To sense this issue at first hand is 
indeed a sobering experience. We came 
back deeply concerned about our poorer 
schools now suffering from neglect. 
But we returned with a new apprecia- 
tion and renewed faith in the American 
system as reflected in our better 
schools where citizens have cared 
enough and done enough to make the 
American ideal of a sound education 
for all come true, or nearly so." 

The 135-page report (Bulletin 1959, 
No. 16) may be obtained from the Su- 
perintendent of Documents, U. S. Gov- 
ernment Printing Office, Washington 
25, D. C, at 70c per copy. 



Raleigh Newspaper Selects Nile Hunt 
As Tar Heel Of The Week 



Nile F. Hunt, one of the new mem- 
bers of the staff of the Department of 
Public Instruction, was chosen by the 
Raleigh News and Observer as its "Tar 
Heel of the Week" for its Sunday, 
August 30, feature under this title. 

A two-column article by Charles 
Clay, with photo-portrait by Jewell 
Hardison tells the story of Hunt — his 
various educational experiences and 
present work with the schools. Beneath 
his name, he is designated as the "Mid- 
dleman For Defense Education Pro- 
gram." Hunt's present position with 
the Department is administrator of the 
National Defense Education Act. 

Hunt's story as excerpted from the 
Clay article briefly is as follows : Born 
in Tennessee, he received his B.S. de- 
gree in 1939 from East Tennessee State 
Teachers College. "Starting as an in- 
dustrial arts teacher in the High Point 
system, Hunt went up the ladder to co- 
ordinator of diversified occupations, di- 
rector of the war manpower training 
program, senior high counselor, indus- 
trial arts and vocational education su- 
pervisor, director of the veterans and 
adult education program, and principal 
of an elementary school'* — this experi- 
ence being interrupted by a 3%-year 
stretch in the Navy during World War 



II. He received his Master's degree 
from N. C. State College in 1950. 

Hunt joined the staff of the State 
Department of Public Instruction in 
1953 as coordinator of teacher educa- 
tion. He became coordinator of the 
National Defense Education Act short- 
ly after Congress passed the law in 
1958. This new venture of the Federal 
government into public education is in- 
tended to strengthen the schools ( 1 i 
in providing an adequate and compe- 
tent teaching staff. (2) in improving 
ways and means of teaching, especially 
in the fields of science, mathematics, 
and modern foreign languages and in- 
cluding improved programs of testing, 
guidance and counseling in the public 
schools, and (3) in providing the essen- 
tial equipment and materials for doing 
this work. 

A plan has been worked out for 
spending the $4,000,000 of Federal funds 
now available to North Carolina. These 
funds must be matched hy the local 
units for implementing the program. 
The program has been explained to 
local school officials in a series of 
meetings held throughout the State dur- 
ing two weeks beginning September 14. 
Applications and approvals for partici- 
pation in the programs are now being 
made. 



Department Reprints 
"About Going To College" 

A second printing of the publication, 
"About Going To College," has been 
made by the State Department of Pub- 
lic Instruction. Copies have been sent 
to the institutions of higher learning 
listed therein, and to school counselors 
and high school libraries. 

The new publication is a revision of 
the publication of the same title issued 
two years ago. The material is organ- 
ized slightly different, however, and all 
the material has been re-edited and 
brought up-to-date. A new part includes 
lists of business and trade schools and 
accredited schools of nursing for the 
benefit of high school graduates who 
might not wish to extend their formal 
education at a college or university. 

The publication is especially valuable 
for those engaged in the NDEA Pro- 
gram of Testing, Guidance and Counsel- 



BEC Distributes Report 
On Business Education 

"Business Education in North Caro- 
lina," is the title of a publication re- 
cently distributed by the North Caro- 
lina Business Education Council to the 
business education teachers, principals, 
and superintendents of the State. 

The publication is a report of a survey 
of business education in the white high 
schools of North Carolina conducted by 
the North Carolina Business Education 
Council in the spring of 195S. It repre- 
sents the most comprehensive survey of 
business education ever conducted in 
the State. The report was discussed at 
the NCEA district meetings by business 
teachers. 

The North Carolina Business Educa- 
tion Council was officially organized 
in 1956. Membership on the Council 
includes representatives from the De- 
partment of Business Education of the 
NCEA, the Superintendents and Prin- 
cipals Divisions of the NCEA, State 
supported and church-related educa- 
tional institutions with business-teacher 
education programs, the North Carolina 
Department of Public Instruction, the 
National Office Management Associa- 
tion, and Delta Pi Epsilon. 

The report was prepared by a Sur- 
vey Committee comprising the follow- 
ing: Dr. James L. White, East Caro- 
lina College; and Roscoe Allen, Mary 
Barrie, Mrs. Thadys Dewar, Carrie 
Hickman, Elna Mae Mangum, Janii 
Strickland, and Alton Wright. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



ASTC Offers 19 Courses 
To Saturday Commuters 

Nearly 200 Tar Heel teachers ami 
other educational workers from 20 west- 
ern and piedmont counties have reg- 
istered for Saturday classes at Appa- 
lachian State Teachers College, accord- 
ing to Dr. James E. Stone, director of 
the college's extension services. 

Nineteen courses are offered to the 
Saturday commuters who are seeking 
credit toward either the bachelor's or 
master's degrees for renewal of either 
the North Carolina A or G teachers 
certificates. 

Courses offered include: Audio- Vis- 
ual Aids in Education. Principles of 
Guidance in the School, Research in 
Education (offered at two different 
hours), Organization and Administra- 
tion of Secondary School, Curricu- 
lum Construction ; General Principles, 
Growth and Development of the School 
Child, Use and Interpretation of Educa- 
tional Tests and Measurements, Extra- 
curricular Activities, Investigation in 
Reading, Tools and Techniques of Guid- 
ance, Heredity and Eugenics, Improve- 
ment of Instruction of Business Sub- 
jects, Literature for Young People, 
Mathematics Seminar, Music Activities 
in the Elementary School, North Caro- 
lina History — 1663-1835, Jacksonian De- 
mocracy, American Literature, Prob- 
lems and Research in Health Educa- 
tion. 

Bethel Hill Principals 
Become Superintendents 

If you want to become a school sup- 
erintendent then first become principal 
of the Bethel Hill High School, Person 
County. At least that appeared to be 
one step on the way to becoming a sup- 
erintendent by four of the State's cur- 
rent heads of administrative school 
units. 

Two of the 14 new superintendents 
who took office July 1 were at one 
time former principals of Betbel Hill 
High School. They are James A. Stan- 
ley of Graham County, principal in 
1945, and W. T. Gibson of Hoke County, 
principal in 1941-42. 

In addition to these two new super- 
intendents, Lewis S. Cannon now super- 
intendent of the Pinehurst school unit 
was principal of Bethel Hill in 1935- 
36; and R. B. Griffin, the present sup- 
erintendent of Person County, was prin- 
cipal of Bethel Hill from 1928 to 1935. 



Peabody College Study Reveals Factors 
Affecting Teacher Morale 



Determining what factors affecl 
teacher morale was the purpose of a 
survey conducted in 20 school systems 
by the Division of Surveys and Field 
Services of George Peabody College for 
Teachers and presented by its associate 
director, Henry Harap, in an article 
in the June issue of The Nation'* 
Schools. 

Asked to estimate morale on a scale 
of three steps, good, average and low 
and to suggest what could be done to 
improve morale, what their most press- 
ing problems were and what they 
thought were their school system's 
strength and weaknesses, the teachers 
surveyed brought to light the following- 
results : 

"The most significant fact revealed in 
the tabulation of the strengths of a 
school system was the importance that 
teachers attached to good administra- 
tion. 

"The status of morale in the 20 
school systems studied varied from 
less than fair to very good, with the 
average midway between fair and good. 

"The most frequent suggestions for 
the improvement of morale showed that 
a good salary scale and reasonably 
small classes were the most potent, 
factors creating satisfactions. 

"The chief focuses of discontent were : 
large classes, poor buildings, and lack 
of a rest period, particularly in the 
elementary schools. 

"Morale was slightly higher among 
teachers in the elementary schools 
than it was amoung teachers in the high 
schools. 

"Class size was one of the most 
potent factors shaping the teacher's 
attitude toward his job. 

"The administrator tended to over- 
estimate the degree of morale among 
the teachers of his school system. He 
was not always aware of all conditions 
that determined the teachers' attitudes. 

"Sharing in decision making, where 
it existed, was rated among the strong- 
est points in the school system and 
where sharing in policy making was 
neglected, morale was adversely af- 
fected. 

"Morale was relatively lower in 
schools with poor administration. 

"Poor housing was a cause of ir- 
ritation and, conversely, a good build- 
ing created satisfaction." 

Mr. Harap also points out the survey 
revealed that "the lack of confidence 



Geographers To Convene 
In Detroit November 27-29 

The Forty-fifth Annual Convention 
of the National Council for Geographic- 
Education will convene in the Sheraton- 
Cadillac Hotel, Detroit, Michigan, No- 
vember 27th to 29th, according to Lyle 
R. Fletcher, second vice-president. 

The program this year will center a- 
round the theme of "Educational En- 
vironment and Geography Teaching" 
and is being arranged by the President, 
Dr. Adelbert K. Botts, Professor of Ge- 
ography at the State Teachers College. 
Trenton, New Jersey. The program 
scheduled for Friday and Saturday will 
feature prominent speakers from the 
fields of education, geography, and fed- 
eral, state, and local government. Field 
trips to points of interest in the De- 
troit area are planned for participants 
and the latest materials for the effec- 
tive teaching of geography will be on 
display. 

Three Tar Heel Teachers 
Win Valley Forge Medal 

Three teachers from North Carolina 
were recipients of the 1958 Valley Forge 
Classroom Teachers' Medal, according 
to an announcement made last May by 
the Freedoms Foundation at Valley 
Forge. 

Tar Heel teachers receiving the a- 
wards were Mrs. Oressa H. Hauser. 
Winston-Salem, teacher in the Oak 
Grove School, Elkin ; Mrs. Hazel B. 
Purkey, Hickory, teacher in St. Ste- 
phens public school; and Belus Smaw- 
ley, Mooresville, teacher in the Moores- 
ville Senior High School. 

These teachers were among those 
selected for their outstanding efforts 
on behalf of the American Way of 
Life. "In making these awards, it is 
the aim of the Foundation to recognize 
(he exceptional teacher who inspires 
young people to fuller recognition and 
appreciation of our Constitutional Re- 
public, as a vital personal responsi- 
bility." 

in the board of education was a cor- 
roding influence on the morale of teach- 
ers . . . and closely related to the in- 
fluence of the board of education is the 
schools," 



OCTOBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



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Study Opportunities, 
Greatest Curriculum 

Improve the opportunities for study 
and the quality of instruction in the 
different subject areas, wax mentioned 
most often by teachers in reply to an 
opinion poll conducted by Dr. I. E. 
Ready, director of the State Curricu- 
lum Study. 

The poll included opinions from 27,- 
3S1 teachers to the request : List briefly 
three improvement* whieh are needed 
to provide a better public school cur- 
riculum in North Carolina. The 82,143 
improvements listed were grouped by 
1 >r. Ready under nine major headings 
and 92 subheadings. 

The eight other group areas in order 
of frequency of mention are as follows : 

2. Improve the identification of and 
the provisions for students of dif- 
fering abilities and needs. 

3. Improve the administration and 
organization of the public schools. 

4. Improve the quality and quantity 
of teaching aids provided teachers. 

5. Reduce the work load of teachers. 

6. Provide for better home-school co- 
operation in seeing to it that stu- 
dents take better advantage of 
their educational opportunities. 

7. Improve the pre-service and in- 
service training of teachers. 

S. Make the school plant (grounds, 
buildings, equipment) more func- 
tional in promoting a good educa- 
tional program 
!>. Provide essential services to stu- 
dents, such as bus transportation 
and health services, efficiently and 
adequately. 
In the grouping by subheads, ;i tabu- 
lation shows that "reduce number of 
pupils taught" was mentioned by teach- 
ers more often among the three most 
important improvements needed. "Pro- 
vide special education teachers" ranked 
second in "mention" by teachers, and 
"group students on basis of ability" 
ranked third. Other improvements fre- 
quently mentioned in down-the-line or- 
der were : "provide more instructional 
supplies and minor equipment" (4) : im- 
prove teaching of reading (5) ; provide 
guidance counselors (6) ; promote par- 
ent-teacher cooperation to improve stu- 
dents' study habits (7) ; improve grad- 
ing, reporting, and promotion practices 

(8) : reduce teachers" clerical duties 

(9) : and provide extended school year 
for teachers (10). 

, An interesting observation is noted 
in the mentioned improvements in sub- 

10 



Quality Instruction 
Need, Say Teachers 

ject-matter areas — how they related to 
the top 34 "improvements needed." 

"Improve teaching of reading," 
ranked 5th. 

"Improve the teaching of science" 
ranked 16th. 

"Improve teaching of English" 
ranked 21st. 

"Improve teaching of mathematics" 
ranked 30th. 

Other closely related subject-matter 
improvements were mentioned in order 
as follows : 

"Provide help in music instruction," 
11th. 

"Improve libraries and employ li- 
brarians," 13th. 

"Provide help in physical education, 
health and safety instruction," 14th. 

"Improve laboratories and major 
equipment." 15th. 

"Improve provisions for basal text- 
books," 17th. 

"Provide more audio-visual aids," 
20th. 

"Provide help in art instruction." 
23rd. 

"Place reference books in class- 
rooms," 24th. 

"Improve provisions for supplemen- 
tal textbooks," 27th. 

Replies from 116 principals and 27 
supervisors to the request made to 
teachers showed the following six areas 
most frequently mentioned as needing 
improvement : 

"Special education," both principals 
and supervisors, 1st. 

"Pupils per teacher" — principals. 
2nd; supervisors, 6th. 

"Library" — principals, 3rd : super- 
visors, 10th. 

"Guidance" principals, 4th: super- 
visors, 5th. 

"Clerical belli" - principals, 5th : 
supervisors, 18th. 

"Ability grouping" - principals. 6th ; 
supervisors, 2nd. 

Science Talent Search 

To Seniors of 1960 



Open 



The Nineteenth Annual Science Tal- 
ent Search for high school seniors of 
1960 has been announced. This Search 
is conducted by Science Clubs of 
America and sponsored by the Westing- 
house Educational Foundation. 

Detailed rules and regulations may be 
secured from Science Clubs of America, 
1719 N. Street, N. W.. Washington ti, 
D. C. 



Davie Bond Issue Fails 

A proposed $1,300,000 bond issue held 
September 15 in Davie County failed 
by a vote of 2,245 to 1.785. 

The bond money was sought to pro- 
vide an auditorium-gymnasium, 14 addi- 
tional classrooms and an athletic sta- 
dium at Davie County High School, and 
a gymnasium and cafeteria at the Davie 
County Training School. 

Only three of the county's 12 pre- 
cincts voted in favor of the bond is- 
sue, Cooleemee, North Mocksville and 
Jerusalem. Rural precincts voted heav- 
ily against the proposal. 



WUNC-TV Presents 
French Lessons 

The University of North Carolina, 
with the help of the Ford Foundation, 
will offer a four-year program of 
foreign language lessons for elementary 
schools beginning in September. Les- 
sons will be telecast over Station WU- 
NC — TV (Channel 4) and are open to 
all schools. 

The schedule is as follows : 
11:00-11:15 a. m„ Mon„ Wed., and 
Fri. BEGINNING FRENCH. 
Designed for pupils in the fourth 
and higher grades in which no 
French has been taught previously. 
11:15-11:30 a. in.. Mon.. Wed., and 
Fri. SECOND COURSE IN 
FRENCH. 

Designed for pupils who viewed 
the, experimental program over 
WUNC— TV last year and for 
others who have had some French 
instruction. 
After school hours on Monday and 
Wednesday. FRENCH FOR ELE- 
MENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS. 
An in-service program for teachers 
who are using the morning pro- 
grams and for others who need 
a refresher course in French. 
INSTRUCTIONAL EQUIPMENT 
AND MATERIALS needed for the most 
effective use of the telecasts include, in 
addition to the TV receiver, the fol- 
lowing: 

Picture book for each child $ .75 

Text and manual for each 

teacher 2.00 

Tapes for full year of supplementary 

lessons 25.00 

Tape recorder and playback - infor- 
mation and prices will be supplied later. 
For Further Information write to 
Donald G. Tarbet, School of Education. 
University of North Carolina, Box 810. 
Chapel Hill, North Carolina. 

NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Auxiliary To VFW 
Conducts 25th High 
School Essay Contest 

The 25th annual National High 
School Essay Contest is announced by 
the Ladies Auxiliary to the Veterans 
of Foreign Wars. 

In connection with this year's contest, 
special awards on the state level are 
offered by the Office of Civil and De- 
fense Mobilization. OCDM will present 
a $100 U. S. Savings Bond to the first- 
place winner in each state contest. The 
usual national awards, ranging from 
a first prize of $1,000 cash and a gold 
medal to ten honorable mention prizes 
of $5 each, will be offered. 

This contest carries the endorsement 
of the National Association of Secon- 
dary School Principals. Folders describ- 
ing the contest and giving the rules may 
be obtained from local Auxiliary chair- 
man, or by writing to the Essay De- 
partment, V. F. W. Auxiliary, 406 W. 
34th St., Kansas City 11, Mo. 

National Publication 
Reviews Dept. Bulletin 

"Reference Materials for School Li- 
braries, Grade 1-12," is reviewed in the 
September number of Junior Libraries, 
national library publication publisher! 
by R. R. Bowker Co. of New York. Ag- 
nes Krarup, Director of School Library 
Service, Pittsburgh, Pa., wrote the re- 
view. 

"Prepared ;is a guide to principals, 
teachers, and librarians in North Caro- 
lina schools," the review states, "this 
excellent bulletin lists, with annota- 
tions, basic reference books and sets. 
some textbooks, and many individual 
volumes for grades 1-12, with emphasis 
on grades 7-12. It is arranged accord- 
ing to Dewey and includes a section 
of North Carolina materials, a guide 
to publishers, and an author and title 
index. The well-chosen and up-to-date 
titles are all in print. 

"In expanding a basic reference bib- 
liography to approximately 700 titles, 
the compilers have called attention to 
many text and trade books in which 
answers to school reference questions 
can be found . . . Despite the inevitable 
subjectivity of selection and omission, 
this is a useful check list even for large 
high school libraries . . ." 

This bulletin may lie secured from 
I lie State Departmenl <>r Public In- 
struction, Director of Publications, Ra 
leigh, N. O. at 50 cents a copy. 



Governor Hodges Makes Appointments 
To Three Educational Commissions 



Early last month Governor Hodges 
announced appointments to three com- 
missions created by the General As- 
sembly of 1959. 

To the Commission to Study the Pub- 
lic School Education of Exceptionally 
Talented Children, the Governor ap- 
pointed Dr. C. D. Killian, Head of The 
Department of Education of Western 
Carolina College, Cullowhee, as Chair- 
man, and the following other eight 
members : Cecil Prince, editor of the 
Charlotte Neics; State Senators Charles 

F. Blackburn of Henderson and James 

G. Stikeleather. Jr., of Asheville; Rep- 
resentatives John Hargett of Trenton 
and Hubert Humphrey of Greensboro ; 
Superintendent Thomas Gaylord of 
Swan Quarter ; Dr. Edward Cameron, 
University of North Carolina, Chapel 
Hill; and J. O. Tally, Jr. of Fayette- 
ville. 

To a five-member Commission for the 
Study of a Twelve Months' Use of Pub- 
lic School Buildings and Faclities for 
Public School Purposes, the Governor 
appointed the following: Representa- 
ative S. Glenn Hawfield of Monroe, 
Chairman ; State Senator Ernest W. 
Ross of Marion. Representative John 
Kerr, Jr. of Warrenton, Representative 
Dan L. Drummond of Winston-Salem, 
and Mayor W. G. Enloe of Raleigh. 

A third school commission, desig- 
nated as the North Carolina Commis- 
sion for the Study of Teacher Merit 
Pay and Implementation of a Revised 
Public School Curriculum, consists of 
seventeen members, the State Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction, the 
Chairman of the State Board of Edu- 
cation, and fifteen members appointed 
by the Governor. The appointive mem- 
bers, according to the Resolution cre- 
ating the Commission, were named by 
(lie Governor as follows: Representing 
the General Assembly — Senators Elbert 
S. Peel, Jr. of Williamston and Garland 
S. Garriss of Troy, and Representatives 
W. C. Harris. Jr. of Raleigh. Frank X. 
Patterson. Jr. of Albemarle, and Ed- 
ward H. Wilson of Blanche; represent- 
ing the school profession — Mrs. Hazel 
Curtright of Chapel Hill. Denimt F. 
Walker of Edenton. C. Reid Ross of 
Fayetteville, G. T. Proffitt of Lilling- 
ton. and J. L. Cashwell of Albemarle: 
representing the general public -Mrs. 
Frank Blakeney Meacham of Roanoke 
Kapids, Joseph S. Moye of Greenville, 
S. Tom Proctor of Fuquay Springs. 



Carroll Requests Data 
For End of First Month 

Blanks were sent out to all school 
superintendents last month by State 
Superintendent Chas. F. Carroll for in- 
formation concerning personnel and 
school plant facilities as of the end of 
the first month of operation. 

This is the annual fall survey which 
is being conducted this year for the 
fourth time. Superintendent Carroll re- 
quested that the questionaire be re- 
turned by October 12. 

The information requested concerns 
three aspects of school operation : (1) 
Enrollment, (2) Instructional person- 
nel, and (3) Instruction rooms. This 
information will be tabulated for the 
State as a whole, printed, and made 
available to the public. 

UNC Holds School Week 

Dr. Robert J. Havighurst, Professor 
of education at the University of 
Chicago, and Dr. Thelma Gwinn Thurs- 
tone, professor of education at the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, served as 
guest lecturers at the University's an- 
nual School Week program, June 9, 10. 
and 11. Theme of the conference, 
which was attended by more than one 
hundred school personnel, was "Meet- 
ing the Challenge of Talented Youth." 

Professor Havighurst. who has con- 
ducted research in the field of human 
development at all age levels, spoke 
three times during his stay in Chapel 
Hill on the following topics : "The 
School's Responsibility for the Academ- 
ically Talented Students." "A Feasible 
Program for Educating America's Tal- 
ented Youth," and "An Appraisal of 
John Dewey The Man.' - The latter ad- 
dress was given at a special luncheon 
sponsored by Phi Delta Kappa in honor 
of Dewey. Dr. Havighurst used the 
ease-study approach in showing that 
programs for the academically talented, 
though characterized by certain com- 
mon elements, must, after all. be highly 
individualized if they are to be success- 
ful. 



K. E. Buyer of Statesville. and Prince 
A. Simmons of Winston-Salem. Repre- 
sentative Harris was named Chairman 
of ibis Commission. 



OCTOBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



11 



literacy To Be Attacked Through Television 



The first mass attack on illiteracy by 
television among adults will he made 
in the Carolina*. Alabama and Eastern 
Tennessee within the next few months 
by The Literacy Movement in the 
Southeast. 

The movement, an outgrowth of a 
pilot program over WBTV in Charlotte 
last winter, was announced by Mayes 
Behrman, head of the Literacy Division 
of the John C. Campbell Folk School 
at Brasstown. N. C. and director of 
the Literacy Movement in the South- 
east. 

Lessons will be given as a public 
service over a special group of 10 com- 
mercial television stations which will 
cover North Carolina, South Carolina 
and the eastern third of Tennessee. The 
state educational network, with three 
telecasting outlets will cover Alabama 
for the Alabama Literacy Movement 
which will begin at the same time. 

Between now and January, when the 
first lessons will lie presented by the 
participating commercial television sta- 
tions, hundreds of volunteer workers 
will be needed to cover so wide an area. 
Behrman stated. 

In the area to he covered — North 
Carolina, South Carolina. Eastern Ten- 
nessee and Alabama — there are more 
than one million adults (25 years of 
age or over) who are classified as func- 
tional illiterates. This means they have 
had fewer than five years of public- 
schooling and, generally, have great dif- 
ficulty with even the most elementary 
reading or writing. 

There are more than 200,000 adults 
in the same area who have never had 
any formal education. In North Caro- 
lina, nearly four adults out of each 100 
have had no formal education. In 
South Carolina, five per cent of the 
adult population missed school. In Ala- 
bama, 4.5 per cent of the adults did 
not go to school at all and in Eastern 
Tennessee the percentage is 2.7. 

The specially prepared lessons arc 
based on methods divised during more 
than 30 years of literacy work in '.)'■', 
countries and in 270 languages and dia- 
lects by Dr. Frank C. Laubach, a form- 
er missionary and author of the "Each 
One Teach One" literacy plan. 

The television stations will begin pre- 
senting the lessons in January. Many 
stations will offer four of the 30-min- 
n te lessons each week, most of them 
from 6:30 to 7 a.m. on Monday. Tues- 
day, Thursday and Friday mornings. 
In Alabama the lessons Mill be offered 
in the evening. 



There are 98 lessons in the group. 
Most stations will cover them during 
a six-month period beginning in Jan- 
uary. All stations will present the same 
98 lessons in the proper order, hut some 
will offer four and others six lessons 
each week. The lessons are designed to 
teach non-reading adults to read and 
write at the high third-grade level. 

The level of reading and writing- 
achieved by the students is sufficient 
for a person to pass a test for a driv- 
er's license, to read common traffic 
and street signs easily, to read and 
write letters, to read the Bible, and to 
make normal arithmetic calculations. 

Among the nearly 1,000 persons who 
learned from the lessons offered over 
WBTV in Charlotte last winter, there 
are many who are already enrolled in 
special advanced courses which some 
communities are able to offer. In al- 
most every instance, an adult who 
learns to read and write is greatly ben- 
efited, as is his family and the com- 
munity in which he lives. 

The principal sponsoring and coordi- 
nating agency for the Literacy Move- 
ment in the Southeast by Television. 
is the John C. Campbell Folk School 
at Brasstown. 

Students who wish to learn to read 
and write pay $4 (four dollars) for 
books and writing materials they will 
use in the course and keep when it is 
finished. All other persons or groups — 
the commercial television stations, the 
volunteer teachers, the civic groups- 
who cooperate receive no pay. 

Th3 classes, organized in groups of 
10 to 15, meet each morning around a 
television set for the 30 minute telecast 
lessons. The volunteer teacher, who is 
given free special training in advance 
of the classes, helps students practice 
the lessons given by the television 
teacher, then spends another 30 min- 
utes with the students giving more in- 
struction and practice. 

To organize such classes, however, 
it is first necessary to obtain volunteer 
help for committees that will do such 
things as enlist volunteer teachers, en- 
list students, find places to hold classes, 
and find television sets. This work was 
done in the Charotte area by groups 
ranging from Lions Clubs to Chambers 
of Commerce to Home Demonstration 
Clubs. Several civic and fraternal 
groups have formally endorsed (he 
movement. 

Special announcements will be made 
in each area giving the names of 



July CAREER Had Article 
On Work of Mrs. Maley 

The July number of CAREER, a pub- 
lication issued by the State Personnel 
Department for all State employees, 
contained an article under the caption 
"She Plans A Huge Lunch." 

The "she" in this caption refers to 
Mrs. Anne W. Maley, State supervisor 
of the School Lunch Program. The ar- 
ticle points out that Mrs. Maley super- 
vises "The State's biggest food service 
project, dishing out some 550,000 plates 
a day." A few paragraphs quoted from 
the article are the following: 

"Mrs. Maley and her staff of 25 don't 
actually ladle out the food to the chil- 
dren. That is done by about 5,000 peo- 
ple in 1,762 schools throughout the 
State. But she develops, administers, 
and coordinates the program for the 
whole State. 

"The program costs about $30,000,000 
to operate each year (some .$10,000,000 
of it in Federal funds). Part of Mrs. 
Maley's job is seeing that the Federal 
funds are distributed properly among 
the schools taking part in the lunch 
program. 

"She and her staff also coordinate 
(he milk program in over 2,000 schools 
and they work closely with the State 
Agriculture Department to utilize sur- 
plus food commodities. 

"Mrs. Maley attributes the success of 
the program to the many people 
throughout the State who work with it. 
'The school people in North Carolina 
are most cooperative and nice to work 
with. They are completely interested in 
what's good for the children and 
they've promoted a good job' she said." 

Mrs. Maley came to North Carolina 
in 1944 as one of the area supervisors. 
In 1946 she was made State supervisor 
of the program. 



groups that will do various parts of the 
volunteer work. 

Television stations which will offer 
the lessons include: In North Carolina. 
AVECT-TV in Wilmington. WNCT-TV 
in Greenville, WTVD in Durham, 
WFMT-TV in Greensboro, WBTV in 
Charlotte and WLOS-TV in Asheville. 
In South Carolina, WCSC-TV in 
Charleston, WIS-TV in Columbia, and 
WBTW-TV in Florence. State WRGP- 
TV in Chattanooga, Tenn., will offer 
the lessons for Eastern Tennessee and 
extreme western counties in North 
Carolina. Alabama's Literacy Move- 
ment will be carried by the state edu- 
cational television network which has 
three outlets. 



12 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



NROTC To Select Men 

For the 14th consecutive year the 
Navy is preparing to select 1,800 young- 
men to enter college in the fall of I960 
as Midshipmen in the Regular Naval 
Reserve Officers' Training Corps. The 
Midshipmen are selected on a national 
scale, the first step being the qualifying 
examination to be administered on De- 
cember 12 this year. 

The main purpose of the Regular 
NROTC is to educate and train young 
men for ultimate commissioning and a 
career in the Naval service. 

Twenty-Two 1959 
Graduates Named 
Merit Scholars 

Twenty-two of the graduates from 
North Carolina high schools last spring 
were named among the 950 Merit 
Scholars of 1959. Seven of the 22 
received awards as Honorary Merit 
Scholars because other financial as- 
sistance did not permit them to ac- 
cept Merit Scholarships. 

Funds provided for each scholarship 
vary according to the individual need 
of the winner from a minimum of 
$100 a year to a maximum of $1500 for 
a four-year period. 

The following students were listed 
by the National Merit Scholarship Cor- 
poration as winners from North Caro- 
lina : Sylvia E. Burroughs, Edneyville 
High School ; Benet S. Kolman, Ashe- 
ville School for Boys; Brenda P. Balch, 
East Mecklenburg High School; Re- 
becca L. Boswell, Central High School 
(Charlotte) ; Thomas C. Tuttle, Senior 
High School (Greensboro) ; David B. 
Knonenfeld, Flat Rock High School ; 
Ruth E. Luck, High Point Senior High 
School ; Byran T. Ballou, Lumberton 
High School ; John N. Morris, Jr., 
Marion High School ; Ted R. Thompson, 
Mebane High School; May H. White, 
Oxford High School; Ralph C. Reid, 
East Mecklenburg High School ; Wil- 
lian A. Brantley, Cary High School ; 
David M. Chappell, Millbrook High 
School ; Linda C. Shirley, N. B. Brough- 
ton High School (Raleigh) ; David W. 
Swain, N. B. Broughton High School ; 
Claude A. Davis, Jr., Reidsville High 
School; Frederick R. Anderson, Jr., 
Rutherf ordton-Spindale High School ; 
Richard L. Wilson, Thomasville High 
School ; Archibald H. Scales, Reynolds 
High School (Winston-Salem) ; Mar- 
garet T. Stephenson, Reynolds High 
School; and William O. Wallace, Rey- 
nolds High School. 



Majority 835 College Teachers Recommend 
English Teaching Improvements In Schools 



"Improve the teaching of English" is 
recommended by 78 per cent of 835 col- 
lege teachers in first place for improve- 
ment in college preparatory training, 
according to an opinion survey recently 
conducted by the State Curriculum 
Study. 

In the survey an attempt was made 
to learn through college teacher opin- 
ion the college preparatory training 
given in English, foreign languages, 
mathematics, science, and social 
science. Questions asked were: (1) 
Please state briefly and concisely the 
scope of preparation in your subject ; 
(2) In what respects do you find the 
public schools deficient in providing 
this preparation? (3) What are your 
specific recommendations for improve- 
ment : (a) in the curriculum of the 
public schools, (b) in the scope of the 
subject-matter covered, and (c) in the 
quality of instruction? 

As an average, in answer to question 
one, the 835 college teachers thought 
that a student's preparation for college 
should be divided as follows : English 
43% ; mathematics 20% ; foreign lan- 
guages 11% ; social studies 10% ; 
science 9% ; and study habits and rea- 
soning ability 7%. 

According to these S35 college teach- 
ers average deficiencies of preparation 
are as follows: English 53%; mathe- 
matics 15% ; foreign languages 10% : 
study habits and reasoning ability 
10% ; science 6% ; and social studies 
6%. However, deficiencies for a par- 
ticular subject area varies according 
to subject. For example, the deficien- 
cies in preparation for English are 
100% in English; whereas for social 
studies, deficiencies are divided : 58% 
English, 26% social studies, and 16% 
study habits and reasoning ability. For 
science, deficiencies in preparation are : 
31% in English, 28% in math, 1% in 
foreign language, 16% in study habits 
and reasoning ability, and 24% in 
science. On the other hand, for math 
only 7% of the deficiencies are English, 
78% are math, 11% are in study habits 
and reasoning ability, and 4% in 
science. And deficiencies for foreign 
language are 22%i English and 78% 
foreign language. 

Recommendations for improvement 
in preparation of students by the pub- 
lic schools listed in order of priority 
were as follows : 

(1) Improve the teaching of English. 



(2) Raise the standards of teacher 
education, with emphasis on subject- 
matter preparation. 

(3) Provide more intensive coverage 
of the academic subjects, narrowed to 
I he essentials with higher standards of 
accomplishments required. 

(4) Improve the teaching; of mathe- 
matics. 

(5) Improve the teaching of foreign 
language. 

(6) Improve the teaching of science. 

(7) Make the teacher's job more at- 
tractive and more effective by raising 
salaries and reducing class size and 
non-teaching duties. 

(8) Improve the teaching of social 
studies. 

(9) Organize class groups on basis of 
ability. 

(10) Train students in bow to study 
and how to reason. 

(11) Reduce students extra curricu- 
la r activities. 

(12) Provide travel scholarships for 
I eachers so they can broaden their edu- 
cation by visiting foreign countries. 

Superintendents Selected 
For Mecklenburg-Charlotte 

Superintendents to head the merged 
Mecklenburg-Charlotte unit which gets 
underway in 1960-61 were recommended 
last month by a special committee. 

Dr. E. H. Garinger, Charlotte's cur- 
rent superintendent, was recommended 
as head of the merged unit; while 
J. W. Wilson, the present county sup- 
erintendent, was recommended as as- 
sociate superintendent of the combined 
system. Actual election to these posi- 
tions will be made jointly by the re- 
spective boards of education which be- 
come one board ■ — the Mecklenburg- 
County Board of Education consisting 
of twelve members, total of the present 
two boards — on July 1, 1960. 

The committee making the recom- 
mendation was composed of three mem- 
bers each from the two school boards. 
Recommendation was made at this time, 
it is learned, in order that plans for 
merger may be carried forward and that 
the superintendents might work closely 
together on the new organization. Both 
men were urged to shift some of their 
duties to other personnel in order to 
devote more time to plans for the 
merger. 



OCTOBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



13 



Administrators Favor 
Teaching Second Language 

Seven out of every ten school ad- 
ministrators responding to an opinion 
poll conducted by The Nation's Schools 
feel that a second language should be 
taught in elementary schools. 

According to the poll, which was 
published in the May issue of The Na- 
tion's Schools, 66% of the 72% who 
favored the teaching of a second lan- 
guage in elementary school agreed that 
it should be optional, and 58% were 
of the opinion that a second language 
should not be required in high schools. 

Among the respondents, the most 
popular second language to be taught 
high school students was Spanish with 
a 34% nod of approval, followed by 
French with 22%. 

"Foreign language instruction should 
begin in the fourth grade, the majority 
of respondents indicated. And 98% 
felt that the second language should be 
taught from two to four years in high 
schools, with 46% placing two years as 
the optimum. 

Governor Appoints Two 
As Members of Board 

Early in September Governor Luther 
H. Hodges appointed two members to 
the State Board of Education. 

George D. Aitken, Charlotte banker, 
was appointed to succeed O. L. Rich- 
ardson of Monroe, who had resigned. 
to represent the sixth educational dis- 
trict. Dr. Charles E. Jordan, a vice 
president of Duke University, was re- 
appointed for another eight-year term 
to represent educational district No. 3. 
Both were sworn in on September 3, 
and Mr. Aitken attended his first meet- 
ing of the Board Thursday afternoon of 
the same date. 

The State Board of Education con- 
sists of thirteen members, three of 
whom are ex officio : Lt. Governor Lu- 
ther E. Barnhardt, State Treasurer Ed- 
win Gill, and State Superintendent 
Charles F. Carroll. Other members in 
addition to the two recently appointed 
are: J. A. Pritchett of Windsor, vice- 
chairman, representing educational dis- 
trict 1 ; Wm. D. Herring of Rose Hill, 
chairman, district 2; Charles G. Rose, 
Jr. of Fayetteville, district 4 : C. W. Mc- 
Crary of Asheboro, district 5 ; It. Bar- 
ton Hayes of Lenoir, district 7 ; Gerald 
Cowan of Asheville, district 8; and Guy 
B. Phillips of Chapel Hill and H. L. 
Trigg of Raleigh, appointment from the 
State--at-large. 



In-School TV Program Enters Third Year 



The State's in-school television ex- 
periment entered its third year early 
last month with ceremonies in the 
State College studios of WTTNO-TV. 
Channel 4. 

Appearing on the program were : 
Governor Luther H. Hodges, State Sup- 
erintendent Charles F. Carroll ; Robert 
E. Lee, a commissioner of the Federal 
Communications Commission : Charles 
W. Phillips, director of the in-school 
TV experiment; Dean Pruette. chair- 
man of the executive committee of 
the experiment ; Jack Hankins. presi- 
dent of the North Carolina Association 
of Broadcasters, and other radio and 
TV executives from throughout the 
State. 

In addition, the four teachers of the 
televised courses participated in the 
exercises and conducted their regular 
classes. They were: Lois Edinger of 
Thomasville, who teaches American 
history ; Mrs. Ruth George Dobson of 
High Point, world history; Mrs. S. E. 
Denton of Columbia, S. C, physical 
science; and Mildred Crawley of Fay- 
etteville, mathematics. 

The in-school TV experiment, started 
in 1957-58 with the aid of Ford Foun- 
dation funds, is being operated this 
year with additional funds appropri- 
ated by the General Assembly. About 
18,000 students from 281 high schools 
participated in the program last year. 

Stations carrying the courses this 
year, in addition to WTJNC-TV, include 



WNCT, Greenville, channel 9: WECT. 
Wilmington, channel 6; WITN, Wash- 
ington, channel 7; WSJS-TV, Winston- 
Salem, channel 12; WSOC-TV, Char- 
lotte, channel 9; WBTV, Charlotte, 
channel 3; and WBTW, Florence, S. C, 
channel 8. 

Speaking at the exercises, Governor 
Hodges- called the TV experiment "an 
exciting adventure." The televised 
courses, he declared, may be "part of 
the answer" in providing excellence in 
teaching and an adequate number of 
teachers for the State's rising' school 
population. 

According to Charles Phillips, TV 
classes range in size from a minimum 
of 90 students to 216. He predicted an 
enrollment of 20,000 students during 
the current year. 

Teachers of 50th State 
Receive Salary Boost 

Teachers of Hawaii have achieved a 
S900 across-the-board increase, effective 
when school opened in September. This 
boost in salary is the biggest in island 
history for the school teachers and 
represents about a 20% raise in the 
average salary. The new salary sched- 
ule is : B.A. Degree $4,020-$6,000, in 12 
annual increments, and the M.A. De- 
gree $4.320-.$6.400 in 12 annual incre- 
ments. 



Calendar Of Professional Meetings 
Conferences, Workshops, Institutes 

October 26-29 National Rehabilitation Association, Boston, Mass. 

October 30 \nnual Convention, N. C. Society for Crippled 

Children, Burlington 

November 1-7 ' hildren's Book Week 

November 4-5 X. C. Principal's Conference. New Bern 

November 5-6 Xorth Carolina College Conference, Durham 

November 7-10 National Science Teachers Association, Washington, 

D. C. 

November 8-14 Vmerican Education Week 

November 10-14 \nnual Convention American Speech and Hearing- 
Association, Cleveland, Ohio 

November 15-16 X. C. Music Educators Association, Greensboro 

November 19-21 Vnnual Conference of Supervisors and Directors of 

Instruction, Southern Pines 

November 19-21 1 1th Annual Special Education Conference, Raleigh 

November 19-21 Regional Conference, State Supervisors of Guidance, 

Raleigh 

December 3-5 North Carolina AHPER, Durham 



14 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



^Ihe Attabwetf, Qeneftal (lulei, . 



Workmen's Compensation 

In Reply To Your Recent Inquiry: 
We are in receipt of your letter of 
June 9, 1959, enclosing two letters 

from , Superintendent of Public 

Instruction of County, and re- 
questing our opinion as to the applica- 
bility of the Workmen's Compensation 
Act to school lunch room employees. 

G. S. 115-160, as the same appears in 
the 1957 Cumulative Supplement to the 
North Carolina General Statutes, Vol- 
ume 3A, provides in part: "The pro- 
visions of the Workmen"s Compensa- 
tion Act shall be applicable to all 
school employees . . . The county and 
city administrative units shall be lia- 
ble for workmen's compensation for 
school employees, including lunch room 
employees whose salaries and wages 
are paid by such local units from local 
or special funds. Such local units are 
authorized and empowered to provide 
insurance to cover such compensation 
liability and to include the cost of such 
insurance in their annual budgets." 
Clearly, the mandate of this statute is 
that the local county and city admini- 
strative units shall be liable for work- 
men's compensation for all lunch room 
employees. Further, the premium for 
workmen's compensation insurance 
shall be paid for out of local funds, 
the cost of such insurance to be an 
item in the annual budget of the local 
unit. 

G. S. 97-2, in defining the various 
terms used in the Workmen's Compen- 
sation Act, provides in Subsection 1 
thereof that the term "employment" in- 
cludes "employment by the State and 
all political subdivisions thereof, and 
all public and quasi-public corporations 
therein and all private employment in 
which five or more employees are regu- 
larly employed in the same business 
or establishment . . ." The import of 
this provision is that all employees of 
the State, political subdivisions thereof 
and quasi-public corporations therein 
are covered by the provisions of the 
"Workmen's Compensation Act" irre- 
spective of the number of employees 
which they might have. The provision 
relating to five or more employees ap- 
plies only to private employment. 

Considering together the above 
quoted provisions of our law relating 
to workmen's compensation benefits, it 
is the opinion of this office that school 
lunch room employees are covered by 



the provisions of the Workmen's Com- 
pensation Act and that local school 
units must provide for such coverage 
with the purchase of workmen's com- 
pensation liability insurance. 

letter to , dated June 

S, 1959, indicates that a compensable 
accident has already occurred at the 

School in County and 

that the County Board of Edu- 
cation has failed to purchase work- 
men's compensation insurance covering 
school lunch room employees. This 
claim should be handled in the same 
manner as if the County Board of Edu- 
cation was covered by workmen's com- 
pensation insurance except that the 

County Board of Education 

shall be liable for all payments to the 
extent provided for in the Workmen's 

Compensation Act. Should the 

County Board of Education need guid- 
ance in the mechanics of processing 
this claim through the Industrial Com- 
mission, we would suggest that they 
contact Mr. C. D. Douglas, Controller 
of the State Board of Education, since 
he has had considerable experience in 
workmen's compensation matters. — At- 
torney General. June 15, 1959. 

Beer; Authority of Board of 
Education as to Consumption on. 
School Property: Conveyance 
of School Property. 

In reply to your recent inquiry: Dr. 
Charles F. Carroll, State Superinten- 
dent of Public Instruction, has for- 
warded to this office for reply copy of 
your letter of August 4 in which you 
pose the following questions : 

"1. Is there a State law which pro- 
hibits the consumption of alcoholic 
} leverages on public school property? If 
so. does the law include beer? 

"2. If such a law does not exist, is 
it within the legal authority of a gov- 
erning board of education to adopt sucli 
a regulation pertaining to its property? 

"3. A few years ago the 

City Board of Education acquired ad- 
ditional property for its Person School. 
A portion of this acquisition is adja- 
cent to a Negro cemetery. We have 
learned that one or more graves are 
located on our school property. Two 
questions arise: Is it legal for us to 
deed a certain parcel containing these 
graves to the Negro cemetery organiza- 
tion as a gift from the Board of Edu- 
cation? Also, is it legal for us to dis- 



pose of such public property by .sale 
under the existing conditions without 
going through the usual procedures of 
public sale? 

As to your first question, G. S. 18-51 
provides that it shall be unlawful for 
any person to drink alcoholic beverages 
or to offer a drink to another person 
at the place where the same is pur- 
chased from a county *tore or on any 
public road or street. This same sec- 
tion provides that it shall be unlawful 
for any person to become intoxicated 
or to make any public display of any 
"intoxicating beverages" at any ath- 
letic contest or other public place in 
North Carolina. G. S. 18-60 defines 
"alcoholic beverages" as including bev- 
erages containing more than 14% of 
alcohol by volume. This definition does 
not include beer, wines or ales contain- 
ing a lower alcoholic content than 14%. 
You will note that the first part of 
G. S. 18-51 uses the term "alcoholic 
beverages" while the last part of the 
section uses the term "intoxicating 
beverages." In the case of STATE v 
WELCH, 232 NC 77, our Supreme 
Court held that the term "intoxicating 
liquors" includes the more restrictive 
term "alcoholic beverages" and the 
terms are not synoymous. Therefore it 
is thought that it is unlawful to con- 
sume beer at any athletic contest or 
other public place within the State. 

As to your second question, our Su- 
preme Court held in the case of COG- 
GINS v BOARD OF EDUCATION, 223 
NC 763, that local school authorities 
have the inherent power to make rea- 
sonable rules and regulations for the 
discipline, government and management 
of the schools and pupils within their 
districts. Therefore it is thought that 

the City Board of Education 

has the authority to make a regulation 
prohibiting pupils from consuming beer 
on the school property whether school 
is actually in session or not. I assume 
the question might arise at athletic 
contests. G. S. 18-87 provides that no 
license shall be issued for the sale of 
beer or wine upon the campus or prop- 
erty of any public or private school or 
college in this State. 

As to your third and fourth ques- 
tions, G. S. 115-126 points out the pro- 
cedure for the sale of surplus school 
property. A 1959 amendment to that 
section authorizes county and city 
boards of education to dedicate por- 
( Continued on page 16) 



OCTOBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



15 



LOOKING BACK 



Five Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, October, 1954) 
"Athletics in the Public Schools" 
is the newest bulletin issued by the 
Department of Public Instruction, 
and is currently being distributed 
throughout the State. 

The history of teacher certification 
in North Carolina dates back to 1897, 
when the State Board of Examiners 
was enacted, according to Dr. James 
E. Hillman, Director of the Division 
of Professional Service for the State 
Department of Public Instruction, 
who recently made a study of this 
subject. 

Ten Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, October, 1949) 
A. C. Davis, Assistant to C. D. 
Douglas, who was recently appointed 
Controller for the State Board of Ed- 
ucation, was named by Mr. Douglas 
to succeed himself as Chief Auditor. 

A resolution relative to the resig- 
nation of Paul A. Reid as Controller 
was passed by the State Board of Ed- 
ucation at its September 1 meeting. 

Fifteen Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, October, 1944) 
Ralph J. Andrews, Coordinator of 
the High School Victory Corps in the 
Division of Instructional Service, has 
accepted a commission as captain in 
the Medical Administrative Corps. 

After a lapse of three years time, 
the annual conference of school su- 
perintendents, sponsored by the De- 
partment of Public Instruction, was 
resumed this summer with the meet- 
ing being held at Duke University, 
Durham, on July 11-13. 

Twenty Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, October, 1939) 
T. Carl Brown, who for the past 
eight years has had varied experience 
as teacher, coordinator of diversified 
occupations, Educational Adviser in 
the C.C.C., and selling in the retail 
and specialty fields, has been added 
to the Division of Vocational Educa- 
tion as Supervisor of Distributive 
Education. 

H. Arnold Perry, Associate in the 
Division of Instructional Service, has 
been granted a leave of absence for 
a year of graduate study at Teachers 
College, Columbia University. 



Marks Of An 
Educated Man 

1. Correctness and precision in 
the use of the mother 
tongue. 

2. Refined and gentle manners. 

3. Power and habit of reflec- 
tion. 

4. Power of growth. 

5. Possession of efficiency, or 
the power to do. 

These may be filled in by : 
scholarship, literary power, me- 
chanical skill, professional zeal 
and capacity, business compe- 
tence, or social and political 
leadership. Included in the con- 
tents, however, should be the 
fundamental elements of the 
Great Tradition which is civili- 
zation, and its outstanding rec- 
ords and achievements in human 
personality, in letters, in science, 
in the fine arts, and in human 
institutions. — Nicholas Murray 
Butler. 



ATTORNEY GENERAL RULES 

(Continued from page 15) 
tions of lands owned by such boards as 
rights-of-way for public streets, roads or 
sidewalks. However, I find no authori- 
zation for the conveyance of such prop- 
erty for cemetery purposes. It is my 
view that the only way to legally con- 
vey this property to the cemetery asso- 
ciation in question is to advertise the 
same for sale under the provisions of 
G. S. 115-126. It is very doubtful that 
any one would bid on the property ex- 
cept the cemetery association. It seems 
to me that under all the circumstances, 
the Board of Education would be justi- 
fied in accepting a bid slightly higher 
than the expenses of the advertisement 
and sale including the attorney's fee. 

If this office can render further as- 
sistance in this connection, please do 
not hesitate to call upon us. — Attorney 
General. August 19, 1959. 

Burke Issues Year Book 

Burke County has issued a Year 
Book of the schools for 1959-60. A fea- 
ture of this year's publication is a brief 
sketch and pictures (except one) of 
"Burke County's Pioneers in Educa- 
tion." In addition the publication in- 
cludes the usual material found in 
school handbooks — calendar for the 
year, lists of personnel, salary sched- 
ules, and other similar information. 



MAKING TODAY'S NEWS 



Catawba — Plans for the $400,000 
Industrial Education Center in Ca- 
tawba County were approved Thurs- 
day night by the Industrial Educa- 
tion Center Steering Committee and 
County Commissioners which gives 
the green light for the project. — Ob- 
server-News-Enterprise, Newton, Sep- 
tember 18. 

Sampson — In a meeting held here 
(Clinton) Wednesday, school officials 
voted unanimously to create a con- 
solidated school district in the south- 
ern part of Sampson County. — Wil- 
mington Nevis, September IS. 

Thomasville — An $83,660 building 
permit was issued yesterday for the 
construction of the new Turner Street 
Elementary School. — Uifih Point En- 
trf prise, September 24. 

Burlington — Industrialists and ed- 
ucators will join in ceremonies Wed- 
nesday officially opening the Burling- 
ton Education Center. — News and 
Observer, September 27. 

Currituck — The State Board of Ed- 
ucation yesterday approved the allo- 
cation of $105,623.13 in State funds 
for the construction of an addition 
to Currituck High School. — Neivs and 
Observer, October 2. 

Rocky Mount — The city board of 
education Monday night decided to 
go ahead with plans to build a Negro 
junior high school. — The Evening 
Telegram, September 29. 

Alexander — Taylorsville High 
School Friday was placed on a year's 
probation by the athletic conference 
of which it is a member and told to 
reach a decision on its football pro- 
gram within ten days. — Forest City 
Courier, September 21. 

Guilford — With a student body of 
some 337 students, the Guilford 
County Industrial Education Center 
is off on another year of training lo- 
cal residents to earn a livelihood. — 
High Point Enterprise, September 27. 

Wake — The Wake County Board of 
Education voted to ask the State 
Board of Education to make a survey 
in eastern Wake County to determine 
the advisability of consolidating four 
high schools. — Cliapel Hill Weekly, 
October 9. 



16 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



6f 



Raleigh 
NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL 

BULLETIN 






oS 



NOVEMBER, 1959 



RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA 



VOL. XXIV, NO. 3 



Mooresville Principal 

Dr. William J. Scott, principal of 
Mooresville High School, has been 
named to direct the study of teacher 
evaluation, rating and certification 
authorized by the General Assembly 
of 1959. 

Dr. Scott was named to head the 
staff whicn will make the study by the 
State Board of Education on Novem- 
ber 5 up > < recommendation of the Ad- 
visory Committee appointed by the 
Board to conduct the study. A member 
of the Committee, Dr. Scott will be re- 
placed when he assumes his new duties 
in Raleigh on December 1. 

In accordance with the law, the 
State Board was directed to make the 
study and to appoint an Advisory Com- 
mittee in conducting their study of 
"Teacher Evaluation, Rating and Certi- 
fication." Specifically, the Board was 
directed "to administer the National 
Teacher Examination or its nationally 
recognized equivalent (1) to every ap- 
plicant when said applicant shall first 
apply for certification as a teacher, 
supervisor, principal, superintendent or 
other professional status related to in- 
struction in a school in North Caro- 
lina ; (2) to every applicant who shall 
apply for higher class of certificate 
then (sic) the certificate then held by 
said applicant; (3) to every applicant 
who shall apply for a certificate in a 
different capacity than that in which 
the applicant is certified at the time of 
making said application; (4) to every 
professional employee of the public 
schools who, being certified prior to the 
ratification of this Resolution (No. 73), 
shall thereafter voluntarily request to 
take said examination . . ." 

Scores made by those taking the ex- 
amination are to be regarded as con- 
fidential information for research pur- 
poses only and are not to be entered on 
the records of any individual person. 
The Board is directed to report its 
findings with recommendations to the 
1961 General Assembly. 

Members of the Advisory Committee, 
other than Dr. Scott, are the follow- 
ing: Dr. Roland R. Morgan, superin- 
tendent, Mooresville City Schools ; 
Chairman; J. E. Huneycutt, superin- 
tendent, Rockingham City Schools; 



To Make Teacher Study Am. Home Ec. Association 

™ u «, ^4. Issues # New Directions 1 

Ruth Hoyle, supervisor, Elizabeth City . „„„,, 

Schools; Grace Coppedge principal, ^ J—* ™ -REC- 

North Mam Elementary School Mt. 0bjectives „ is the title of a uew bro _ 

Airy ; Lois J. Lambie, president, N. C. chure recently issued by the American 

Classroom Teachers Association, Ra- Home Economics Association, 

leigh ; Lois Edeinger, teacher and vice- The brochure was prepared by the 

president of the N. C. Education Asso- Committee on Philosophy and Objec- 

ciation ; E. E. Miller, principal, Smith tives of Home Economics, appointed by 

High School, Fayetteville ; C. J. Barber, President Catherine T. Dennis three 

president, N. C. Teachers Association, years ago in preparation for the fifti- 

Garner ; W. W. Sutton, president, N. C. eth anniversary of the Association. 

School Boards Association, Goldsboro; According to the Foreword by Coni- 

R. B. Jordan, member, Board of Direc- mittee Chairman Dorothy D. Scott, the 

tors, N. C. County Commissioners As- committee in reviewing the past fifty 

sociation, Mt. Gilead ; Mrs. J. Z. Wat- years "found that far more had been 

kins, president, N. C. Congress of Par- accomplished than the founders would 

ents and Teachers, Charlotte ; Hon. have dreamed possible." 

Watts Hill, Jr., member, 1959 House of The brochure is divided into several 

Representatives, Durham ; Hon. Hugh parts : What Is Home Economics ? ; The 

Johnson, Jr., member, 1959 House of Home Economics Profession Today ; 

Representatives, Rose Hill ; Hon. David Home Economics and Today's Fami- 

J. Rose, member 1959 Senate, Golds- lies ; and Challenges : Present and Fu- 

boro ; Dr. Hugh Holman, head, Depart- ture. 

ment of English, U. N. C, Chapel The brochure is available from the 

Hill ; and Dr. Kenneth Howe, dean, Association headquarters, 1600 Twen- 

School of Education, Woman's College, tieth St., N.W., Washington 9, D. C. at 

U. N. C, Greensboro. 50 cents a copy. 

Schools Spend $151 Million In State Funds 

For the school year 1958-59, the pub- crease was due largely to an increase 

lie schools cost the State $151,049,- in school enrollment, thus necessitating 

633.97. This was the amount spent from the employment of more teachers, 

the State Nine Months School Fund, as Nearly 87 cents of each dollar of this 

shown by the Report on Audit of this fund were for the object of instruc- 

fund recently released by the State tional service. This included salaries 

Board of Education. paid classroom teachers, principals and 

This Audit, made by A. C. Davis, Di- supervisors, and $1,154,486.12 for in- 

rector of the Division of Auditing and structional supplies. 

Accouuting, gives a breakdown of this The term "auxiliary agencies," the 

expenditure by objects, as follows: next highest percentage for which 

Objects these funds were spent, included trans- 

fnTtrSclionarservice-:: Il'lsJs&Be"! ^ rta «on costs (5.44%), libraries 

Operation of plant 7,890,386.03 (.34%), and school health (.28%). 

lJfxma?y a a!eLi-esT-::Z::::::: g.lH&lioe Operation of plant (5.22%) included 

On a percentage basis, a comparison "'ages paid janitors, costs of fuel, 

of expenditures by objects for the past water, light, power, janitor's supplies, 

three years shows the following: :iucl telephones. 

1956-57 1957-58 1958-59 General control, which is the admin- 
General control 1.72 1.67 1.63 istrative cost, includes salaries and 

^se^ce^L-.- 85.68 86.53 86.96 travel paid superintendents, salaries 

Operation of plant .. 5.48 5.34 5.22 paid clerical assistants and property 

A!fxinary a alenciesl^o| _6J_37 6.11 clerks in the superintendents' office, 

100.00 100.00 100.00 Per diem and travel of county boards 

As compared with 1957-58, the ex- of education, and other office expense, 

penditures for 1958-59 were nearly Less than two cents of each dollar was 

three million dollars larger. This in- spent for this purpose. 



(Excerpts from remarks made at the dedication ceremonies of the Birthplace of Charles 
B. Aycock, November 1, 1959.) 

An unknown, author once addressed this irrefutable admonition to men, 
women, and children of all generations: "A people who have not the pride 
to record their history will not long have the virtue to make history that 
is worth recording." 

We North Carolinians have a history of which we can be truly proud. 
And, thank God, as evidenced here today, we are exercising and will con- 
tinue to exercise the pride to record it. Temporary setbacks in matters 
historical, including the acquisition and restoration of sites, will delay but 
must not defeat us in the mission to which we have committed ourselves. 

It is particularly important that history be recorded and that historical 
restorations be made as soon as possible after events have occured. In. 
this way, obviously, greater accuracy and authenticity can be assured. 
Today's opening of this shrine bears out this assertion. Assembled here 
are many men and women who in varying degrees can utter with pro- 
priety the words of the Roman poet, Vergil, "All of these things I saw 
and a part of them I was." 

History was made and recorded on this sacred site one hundred years 
ago today with the birth of Charles Brantley Aycock. History is being 
made and recorded today as representative North Carolinians and others 
come reverently and appreciatively to this place to participate in the com- 
memoration of the birth of this man to whom every North Carolinian is 
indebted in some manner. 

Because Charles Brantley Aycock achieved remarkably in many and di- 
verse fields of interest, it would appear to be logical to assume that we who 
have assembled here today have done so for many and diverse reasons. 
But I am confident there is one common, bond that draws all of us together 
and that is our recognition of the eternal contribution he made to the 
cause of public education. Like Diogenes, he knew that the foundation of 
every state is the education of its youth. 

Charles Brantley Aycock's commitment to public education was total 
and unconditional. He gave due notice to every citizen of this State that 
if elected governor he would give priority to education; that education 
would require more money; and that more money would necessitate higher 
taxes. He "pledged the State, its strength, its heart, its wealth, to universal 
education." He moulded public sentiment for education. Governor Ay- 
cock, said his chief Superintendent of Public Instruction. (Joyner), "was 
the first governor in the South, and perhaps in the nation, to make education 
the slogan of his gubernatorial campaign and the chief aim of his entire 
administration." 

Forceful, zealous, and consecrated as Governor Aycock was with respect 
to public education, it is not likely that his own stature could have be- 
come so enhanced had he not had the implementing assistance of another 
whose name also is and always will be synonymous with public education 
—James Yadkin Joyner, whom Governor Aycock appointed State Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction in 1902. 

Dr. Joyner also moulded public sentiment for education. He helped 
give birth to a Statewide system of public high schools, to a program of 
vocational education, to a compulsory school attendance law, and to a 
longer school term. He, too, breathed something into this State's system 
of education that will endure. In vision, spirit, thought, and deed, Gov- 
ernor Aycock and Dr. Joyner comprised an ideal team! 



/In cMai4A. 

Fourteen cents an hour — that is 
what the State spent last year per 
pupil for operating the public 
schools. 

Total expenditure for the year 
from the Nine Months School .Fund 
was $151,049,633.97. Based on pu- 
pils in average daily attendance, this 
figures $155 per year, $17.26 per 
month, .863 per day, or .144 cents 
per hour. 

In other words, the taxpayer pro- 
vided funds in the average amount 
of 14 cents every hour for the edu- 
cation of each child in daily school 
attendance. This 14 cents included 
all school activities paid from the 
State fund named, and not includ- 
ing any State administration, cost of 
vocational education, free textbooks, 
cr transportation. If these latter 
items were included, the expendi- 
ture would be about one cent more, 
or 15 cents an hour. 



A teacher is more powerful than 
the atom. — Magnolia Chamber of 
Commerce, Arkansas. 



It is our duty, as educators, to 
see that every child has as substan- 
tial an educational foundation as is 
possible for him to absorb. — Ger- 
trude M. Cox, Director, Institute of 
Statistics, 1ST. C. State College. 



THIEVES OF CLASSROOM TIME 

(Continued from page 3) 

grams represent sincere and dedi- 
cated causes, and yet they take the 
time of the teacher and the time of 
rhe student away from regular class- 
room instruction. 

It is not the merit of these vari- 
ous topics, observances, or activities 
which is at stake. Superintendents, 
principals, teachers and boards of 
education have the problem of de- 
ciding what properly belongs in the 
school day, and what does not. The 
line of decision may be fine between 
what is worthy and what is most 
worthy. At any rate, here are areas 
where careful consideration must be 
given in relation to time-values. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 

Official publication issued monthly except June, July and August by the State Department of 
Public Instruction. Entered as second-class matter November 2, 1939, at the post office at 
Raleigh, North Carolina, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 

CHARLES F. CARROLL 

State Supt. of Public Instruction 

Vol. XXIV, No. 3 EDITORIAL BOARD November, 1959 

L. H. JOBE, J. E. MILLER 
V. M. MULHOLLAND 



Vte o/ Q&uce. 



North Carolina's public school 
law (Section 115-146) was amended 
by tbe General Assembly of 1959 to 
permit the use by principals and 
teachers in the public schools of 
"reasonable force in the exercise of 
lawful authority to restrain or cor- 
rect pupils and maintain order." 
Prior to the enactment of this a- 
mendment, teachers were charged by 
law "to maintain good order and 
discipline in their respective 
schools," without indicating any 
method or "how" procedures. The 
new legislation spells out the duty 
or authority of teachers and princi- 
pals in this respect by specifying 
that the "use of reasonable force" 
is permitted in correcting pupils and 
maintaining order. 

Educators differ in their opinions 
as to the use of force (corporal 
punishment, it is now often called). 
Such opinions were discussed re- 
cently in an article appearing in 
Strengthening Democracy, published 
by the New York City Board of Ed- 
ucation. In this article, Mr. Maloff, 
the author, poses these questions : 
(1) Will the use of force improve 
the department of disruptive pu- 
pils? (2) Does the use of force help 
establish classroom order needed for 
learning? (3) What hazards are cre- 
ated for the teacher when corporal 
punishment is authorized? 

As to the first question, Mr. Mal- 
off states : Socially acceptable be- 
havior is never taught to children 
by severe punishment. Authorities 
on delinquency have found that 
delinquents generally come from 
homes in which force and coercion 
are the rule. Studies confirm the 
view that force begets violence. 
Psychiatrists and guidance workers 
tell us that socially acceptable be- 
havior is the function of positive 



forces. Eorce may compel tempo- 
rary compliance, he says, but in get- 
ting this compliance the teacher 
surrenders any hope of reaching the 
pupil through accepted guidance 
techniques . . . The democratic 
school, no less than the democratic 
society, can hardly seek compliance 
through force. 

As to the second question, Mr. 
Maloff says : The use of force 
against any pupil tends to destroy 
relationships with all pupils . . . 
They will resent teachers who exer- 
cise their prerogatives too freely, or 
who use force on the weak and ap- 
pease the big and strong. Teachers 
are agreed that pupils can learn 
only in a classroom free from an- 
tagonism, fear, and anxiety. In a 
favorable classroom atmosphere, 
teachers cement relationships with 
pupils by tempering firmness with 
kindness, and by exercising author- 
ity without requiring submission. 

As to hazards created, Mr. Maloff 
points out that in some schools and 
situations, open "warfare" may re- 
sult between pupils and teachers. 
Then, too, he says, the use of force 
might result in legal action contest- 
ing the "reasonable" aspect of the 
force exercised. And in conclusion, 
he states that "experience and re- 
search have proven beyond a doubt 
that : instruction is possible only 
where -wholesome relationships pre- 
vail . .".As teachers, we must eschew 
those punitive practices of the past 
that impaired adjustment and im- 
peded learning. 

Whether we agree with the opin- 
ions of Mr. Maloff or not it is ap- 
propriate to suggest that teachers 
and principals be in agreement as 
to the school's policy on the use of 
reasonable force in disciplinary ac- 
tions. 



*7/ueaed oj 

The two-day orientation period 
provided this year for the first time 
has been received with exceptional 
favor throughout the State by both 
teachers and administrators. It is 
expected that the day provided for 
the end of the school term will be 
received with equal favor. These 
three days will go a long way to- 
ward stopping the "thief" who has 
been taking much time from the in- 
structional program of the class- 
room. Whether these three days are 
sufficient to "close the door" com- 
pletely is not yet apparent. Suffice 
it to say that the use of the two first 
days has been found to be a means 
whereby much classroom time is re- 
tained for the benefit of the chil- 
dren. 

There are still other potential 
"thieves of classroom time." Some 
of these have excellent reputations 
and operate justifiably under the 
protection of the law. Eor example, 
there are certain legal compulsions 
affecting the curriculum : first, the 
teaching of special topics — Amer- 
icanism, alcoholism and narcotism, 
fire-prevention, and others ; and sec- 
ond, the observance of special days 
— North Carolina Day, Temperance 
or Law and Order Day, Arbor Day, 
Veterans Day, Memorial Day, and 
birthdays of Washington, Lee and 
Jackson. These teachings and ob- 
servances are good; but unless they 
fit into the curriculum as a part of 
the regular instructional program, 
they become time-consumers that 
may deprive students of the more 
important aspects of learning. Par- 
ticipation in such activities may 
provide valuable experiences to chil- 
dren, but they are time-consuming 
and may be easily extended beyond 
their worth. 

Another class of "petty thieves" 
is to be found in the activities spon- 
sored by various pressure groups 
and drives. Among these are: Seal 
sales, fund collections, essay con- 
tests, public-speaking contests, re- 
leased time activities, and many 
others. All these projects and pro- 

( Continued on page 2) 



NOVEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



A. B. Combs Retires As Division Director 



A. B. Combs, Director of the Division 
of Elementary and Secondary Educa- 
tion of the State Department of Public 
Instruction, retired October 30. 

Mr. Combs came with the Depart- 
ment in 1927 as Assistant High School 
Supervisor. He became Assistant Di- 
rector of the Division of Instructional 
Service in 1933, and in 1953, upon the 
death of Dr. J. Henry Highsmith, he 
was appointed to head the reorganized 
Division of Elementary and Secondary 
Education. 

Mr. Combs is a graduate of Wake 
Forest College, A.B. 1910, where he re- 
mained as an instructor of Latin and 
to get his A.M. in 1911. He took grad- 
uate work at Columbia University and 
George Peabody College. 

Prior to coming with the Depart- 
ment, he had a number of years of ex- 
perience in the public schools. From 
1911 to 1913, he was instructor in 
mathematics and Latin in the Eliza- 
beth City High School; from 1913 to 
1918, he was principal of the Bryson 
City High School; and from 1918 tc 
1927, he was principal of the High 



School and Assistant Superintendent of 
the Elizabeth City Schools. He served 
one year, 1928-29, following a year with 
the Department, as Superintendent of 
the Andrews City School unit. During 
the summers of 1919-24, he served as 
director of summer schools for teachers 
of Pasquotank and Swain Counties. 

Mr. Combs has held a number of po- 
sitions in professional organizations. 
Among these are : Chairman of a Com- 
mittee for a Course of Study in Latin, 
Coordinator of the Committee for Part 
V of the bulletin, Building a Better 
Southern Region Through Education, 
Chairman of the North Carolina Com- 
mittee on Secondary Schools of the 
Southern Association of Secondary 
Schools and Colleges and Honorary 
member of the Zeta Chapter of Delta 
Pi Epsilon. He is also a member of 
the North Carolina Education Associa- 
tion the National Education Associa- 
tion the American Association of School 
Administrators, the National Associa- 
tion of Secondary School Principals, 
the National Association of State High 
School Supervisors, and the Society for 
the Advancement of Education. 



Freeman, Hunt, Shannon Take New Positions 



Dr. J. P. Freeman, Nile F. Hunt and 
Henry A. Shannon were appointed No- 
vember 2 to new positions in the State 
Department of Public Instruction by 
State Superintendent Charles F. Car- 
roll. 

Dr. Freeman succeeds Dr. James E. 
Hillman who retired as Director of the 
Division of Professional Service to be- 
come Assistant Director of the Board 
of Higher Education. He received his 
A.B. and M.A. degrees from Wake 
Forest College and his doctorate from 
George Peabody College. Title of his 
dissertation was "The Responsibility of 
the State Department for Teacher Edu- 
cation and Certification." He came to 
the Department in 1948 as assistant to 
Dr. Hillman with specific duties of rat- 
ing and classifying public school per- 
sonnel. Prior to his coming to the De- 
partment, Dr. Freeman served as 
teacher and principal in Bladen County 
and as an instructor at the University 
of Chattanooga. 

Mr. Hunt received his B.S. degree 
at East Tennessee State College, his 
M.S. at North Carolina State College, 
and did graduate work in school ad- 



ministration and supervision at the 
University of Maryland. Since joining 
the State Department in 1953, he has 
served as coordinator of Teacher Edu- 
cation and Director of the National 
Defense Education Program. Prior to 
these assignments, he had experience 
as teacher, guidance director, and prin- 
cipal in the High Point City Schools. 

Mr. Shannon succeeds Mr. Hunt as 
Director of the National Defense Edu- 
cation Program. He joined the Depart- 
ment in 1949 as State Supervisor of 
Science and Mathematics. He received 
the B.S. degree from Appalachian State 
Teachers College, the M.Ed, degree at 
the University of Missouri, and did ad- 
ditional graduate work in science and 
mathematics at Ohio State University. 
Before coming to the Department, Mr. 
Shannon taught science at Mineral 
Springs and Gastonia. 

In commenting on these new appoint- 
ments, Superintendent Carroll stated, 
"all three of these persons are well 
qualified to take over the work of their 
predecessors. I am sure that there will 
be no break in the work that each will 
be responsible for in their new posi- 
tions." 



Aycock Birthplace Restored 
As Shrine To Education 

The birthplace of North Carolina's 
Educational Governor has been re- 
stored as a shrine to universal educa- 
tion. Dedication ceremonies were held 
November 1, 100th anniversary of his 
birth, with leading State officials par- 
ticipating. 

Colonel William T. Joyner of Ra- 
leigh delivered the dedication address. 
He was introduced by State Superin- 
tendent Chas. F. Carroll. State Treas- 
urer Edwin Gill, representing Governor 
Hodges, accepted the historic site on 
behalf of the State. Acknowledgement 
and thanks from the Aycock family 
was made by the Governor's namesake 
and youngest son, Charles B. Aycock, 
Kinston attorney. 

Excerpts from Colonel Joyner's ad- 
dress were the following: "It was Ay- 
cock's theory that the fate of a de- 
mocracy depends upon the intelligence 
and the character of its electorate; 
that the franchise, that is, the right to 
vote, is not a natural right of mere 
manhood, but is a high privilege to be 
earned . . . Aycock held that as a min- 
imum basic qualification to vote, a man 
must have a heritage of civic respon- 
sibility and self-restraint or the begin- 
ning of an education. 

"During his administration (1901- 
1905), the State adopted and enthusi- 
astically started universal education. 

"And in this program, Aycock vig- 
orously opposed discrimination, success- 
fully blocking a move to devote white 
taxpayers money to white schools and 
Negroes' tax to Negro schools. 

"Aycock continued his support of 
universal education years after he left 
office, and had the subject on his lips 
when he fell dead of a heart attack 
while speaking in Alabama in 1912." 

The "equal opportunity" words for 
which Aycock is most often remem- 
bered were contained in a speech which 
he prepared but never delivered as a 
candidate for the U. S. Senate. Colonel 
Joyner quoted these words: "Equal! 
That is the word! On that word I 
plant myself and my party — the equal 
right of every child born on earth to 
have the opportunity 'to burgeon out 
all that there is within him' !" 

The interior of the restored home is 
furnished much as it was a century 
ago. The site and buildings thereon 
will be included as one of the State's 
historic sites, administered by the 
State Department of Archives and His- 
tory. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Former Staff Member 
Honored At Party 

A. S. Brower, Duke University treas- 
urer, was honored in a testimonial 
party held in late September. 

State treasurer Edwin Gill, speaker 
at the event stated that Brower's serv- 
ices to the state represented "the noble 
concept of a fine civil servant's giving 
a formative character to our govern- 
ment." 

Brower was a member of the Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction from 1912 
to 1925, when he became comptroller 
of N. C. State College. In 1931 he was 
named director of the Division of Pur- 
chase and Contract, where he served 
until 1937 when he joined the Duke 
staff. He served as a member of the 
State Board of Education from 1943 
to 1957. 

Reports Show Schools 
Are Getting Better 

On the basis of what principals say 
on their annual reports, teachers and 
principals are making efforts to im- 
prove the schools in a number of con- 
crete ways. 

A few of the trends learned from re- 
ports made last year are as follows : 

"We are participating in the State 
Curriculum Study by investigating our 
entire curriculum." 

"All elementary teachers were 
brought into a study to have our high 
school accredited by the Southern As- 
sociation." 

"Our professional study will be de- 
voted to our library, since we are be- 
ginning a new central library this 
year." 

"We are using the ten art prints and 
the State art bulletin to improve our 
art program." 

"We used Future Teachers when pos- 
sible to help the first grade teachers." 

"It was interesting to note the im- 
provement in the samples of handwrit- 
ing in the spring with that in the fall." 

"In studying our curriculum, item III 
on my annual report helped me to look 
at a balanced experience for each 
pupil." 

"Faculty meetings are held each 
Monday afternoon. A committee of 
three teachers is appointed to suggest 
topics for professional study. Teachers 
and principals have conferences with 
supervisors in planning for improve- 
ment in curriculum." 



Twenty-four Ag Students Honored At Meet 



Twenty-four top-ranking North Caro- 
lina members of the Future Farmers of 
America received the American Farmer 
Degree, the nation's highest FFA hon- 
or at the National FFA Convention 
which was held October 12-15 in Kan- 
sas City. 

The Tar Heel farm youths were hon- 
ored for outstanding achievements in 
farm, home, and community improve- 
ment projects. They previously were 
awarded Carolina Farmer Degrees, top 
honor of the State FFA Association. 

Honorary American Farmer Degrees 
were conferred upon two outstanding- 
North Carolinian leaders in the field of 
agricultural education. They were J. K. 
Coggin of Cary, retired faculty member 
in the School of Education at North 
Carolina State College, and W. S. Boyd, 
teacher of vocational agriculture at 
Central High School, Cumberland 
County. 

North Carolina FFA members receiv- 
ing the high honor were : 

Donald C. Williamson of Route 3, 
Clinton, Herring FFA Chapter; Alton 
B. Jackson, Jr. of Route 1, Dunn, 
Mingo Chapter: James E. Strickland 
of Route 1, Dunn, Mingo Chapter; 
Lindsey G. Tuttle of Route 1, Stone- 
ville ; Murray A. Corriher of Route 1, 
China Grove, Landis Chapter ; Emerle 
F. Stephenson, Jr., of Route 1, Como, 
Murfreesboro Chapter. 

James A. McLamb of Route 1, Wade, 
Central Chapter; Elton Allen of Route 
1, Godwin, Central Chapter ; Wythe 
Godwin of Route 1, Wade, Central 
Chapter; Jerry E. Sykes of Route 1, 
Godwin, Central Chapter ; Bobby L. 
Roger of Route 1, Troutman ; Edgar L. 
Boyd of Route 1, Pinetown, Bath Chap- 
ter. 

Charles E. Colson of Route 1, Nor- 
wood ; William E. Fouts of Route 4, 
Franklin ; Ray Ritchie of Route 3, 
China Grove, Landis Chapter ; Phil 
James of Route 2, Waynesville ; Henry 
L. Everett of Route 2, Kinston, Wheat 
Swamp Chapter ; Rupert O. Jones of 
Route 6, Reidsville. 

Raphael Williams of Route 3, Marsh- 
ville, Wesley Chapel Chapter ; James 
M. Floyd, Jr. of Route 6 Lexington ; 
John M. Raymer, Jr. of Route 2, Hunt- 
ersville, North Mecklenburg Chapter ; 
J. Robert Cooke of Route 2, Hunters- 
ville, North Mecklenburg Chapter; Vin- 
net J. Willis of Route 1, Mars Hill; 
and Dwight E. Tripp of Route 3, Dunn, 
Coats Chapter. 



Miss Dennis Helps Write 
Rural Education Yearbook 

Chapter 13 of "Vocational Education 
tor Rural America," 1958-59 Yearbook 
of the Department of Rural Education 
of the National Education Association 
was prepared by Catherine T. Dennis, 
supervisor of home economics, North 
Carolina State Department of Public 
Instruction. 

Miss Dennis served on the Yearbook 
Advisory Committee of twelve, which 
prepared the publication. Chapter 13 
is entitled, "Homemaking — Its Contri- 
butions and Opportunities." 

Principals And Teachers 
Responsible For Children 
Complying With Polio Law 

Responsibility for not accepting chil- 
dren for admission to school is, by the 
poliomyelitis immunization law, placed 
on the principal and teacher. 

This point was made in a recent 
memorandum to county and city super- 
intendents by Charles E. Spencer, Di- 
rector, School Health Coordinating 
Service, joint agency of the State De- 
partment of Public Instruction and the 
State Board of Health. 

Mr. Spencer also pointed out that 
"the law (enacted by the General As- 
sembly of 1959) applies only to stu- 
dents entering school for the first time. 
Quoting from a letter from Dr. Jacob 
Koomen, Jr., of the State Board of 
Health, Mr. Spencer emphasized the 
importance of every child being im- 
munized. Unlike immunizations for 
smallpox, whooping cough and dip- 
theria, immunizations for polio, accord- 
ing to Dr. Koomen, "is specific to the 
individual." Circulation of the agent is 
not reduced as in these other diseases. 
Therefore, for protection in the case of 
polio, each person must be immunized. 

The law reads : "No principal or 
teacher shall permit any child to at- 
tend a public, private or parochial 
school without the certificate . . ." ex- 
cept where the physician certifies that 
such vaccination or immunization may 
be detrimental to a child's health, or 
where the parents or guardian of a 
child are bona fide members of a recog- 
nized religious organization whose 
teaching's are contrary to the practices 
required, 



NOVEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



Semifinalists Named In Scholarship Contest 



A major hurdle in the competition 
for the 1060 Merit Scholarships was re- 
moved last month for 308 of the State's 
most brilliant high school seniors. As 
high scorers on the National Merit 
Scholarship Qualifying Test (NMSQT). 
they are named Semifinalists in the 
1959-G0 academic competition conducted 
by the National Merit Scholarship 
Corporation. These 30S seniors repre- 
sent 113 high schools. 107 p\iblic and 6 
non-public. 

A total of 10.000 semifinalists were 
selected from each of the 50 states, as 
well as Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands 
and the Canal Zone. Last spring, over 
half a million high school students 
from 14,500 high schools took the 
NMSQT, the nationwide examination 
testing education development. The 
number of Semifinalists selected is pro- 
rated according to state population. 

On December 5, 1959, the semifinal- 
ists will take another rigorous exam- 
ination, the Scholastic Aptitude Test of 
the College Entrance Examination 
Board, which will further confirm 
their high performance on the NMSQT. 
This second test will be given in test- 
ing centers throughout the U. S. Those 
who repeat their high scores on the 
second test will become Finalists. 

John M. Stalnaker. President of Na- 
tional Merit Scholarship Corporation 
which conducts the annual talent hunt, 
predicts that over 95% of the Semi- 
finalists will get past the second hurdle 
— the December 5th examination- -and 
become Finalists. 

In the final phase of the competi- 
tion, high school grades, extra-curricu- 
lar activities, school citizenship, and 
leadership qualities of the students 
will be evaluated along with the scores 
on the tests. 

All Finalists will receive Certificates 
of Merit attesting to their high ability ; 
and all colleges and universities will be 
notified, thus enabling these students 
to be considered for a wide range of 
other awards. Studies made of an ear- 
lier program reveal that more than 40 
per cent of the Finalists group were 
helped directly or indirectly in obtain- 
ing scholarship assistance. 

Each Merit Scholarship is a four- 
year award covering the four under- 
graduate college years and each award 
carries a stipend tailored to the need 
of the individual winner. Stipends 
]\-tve been averaging about .$730 a year. 
For students who already possess finan- 
cial resources which will enable them 
lo attend tbe college of their choice, 



awards of $100 a year are granted. For 
students who will require financial. as- 
sistance, awards may reach a maxi- 
mum of $1500 per year. 

The colleges chosen by Merit Schol- 
ars also receive cost - of - education 
grants ranging to $500 per year to help 
defray the actual costs of educating 
the students. 

Finalists designate the colleges they 
wish to attend and the course of study 
rhey plan to pursue leading to one of 
the usual baccalaureate degrees. 

The competition is open to students 
in any public, private or parochial high 
school in the United States and pos- 
sessions. 



School Men Visit Russia 

Sixty-three American school admin- 
istrators, AASA President Martin Es- 
sex among them, flew from New York 
on October 4 for a month's on-the-scene 
look at Russian schools. Stops will in- 
clude Leningrad, Moscow, Tbilisi, and 
Kiev ; other visits. Berlin, Warsaw. 
Helsinki, and Copenhagen. During a 
five-day stay in Moscow, the schoolmen 
will visit the Kremlin, a collective farm 
and school, and the Academy of Peda- 
gogical Sciences. Leningrad sightseeing 
will include a boarding school and Pav- 
lov Institute. 

Tour directors will lie George S. 
Counts, professor emeritus of educa- 
tion. Teachers College. Columbia Uni- 
versity, and William IT. E. Johnson, 
professor of education. University of 
Pittsburgh. 



School Health Funds 
Used Largely For 
Correcting Defects 

The greater portion of State funds 
expended during 1958-59 for the Child 
Health Program provided by the State 
Board of Education was for correcting 
defects, according to a recent audit of 
the Nine Months School Fund. 

Out of each dollar of the $414,821.11 
total amount expended, the audit 
showed that 96 cents went for the cor- 
rection of defects of teeth, eyes, ton- 
sils etc. Diagnosis costs totaled $8.- 
117.83, about 2 cents of each dollar 
spent in this program, and another 2 
cents for the salaries of health educa- 
tors, nurses, audiometer technicians, 
and nurses travel. 



State Will Celebrate 
300th Birthday In 1963 

Plans have been initiated to cele- 
brate North Carolina's 300th birthday 
in 1963 by the appointment of a Com- 
mission by Governor Luther H. Hodges. 

Commission members are : Hugh E. 
Winslow, Rocky Mount, Chairman ; 
Henry Belk, Goldsboro ; Winston 
Broadfoot. Hillsboro ; Dr. H. H. Cun- 
ningham, Elon College : Dr. Chalmers 
G. Davidson, Davidson ; Lambert Davis 
and Paul Green, Chapel Hill ; Mrs. Ing- 
lis Fletcher, Grayson Harding and Mrs. 
William D. Holmes, Jr., Edenton ; Mrs. 
Kanno A. Lehto, Wilmington ; Mrs. 
Harry McMullen. Washington ; Dr. 
Paul Murray, Greenville; James G. W. 
McClamrock, Greensboro ; Ben Dixon 
MacNeil, Buxton ; Gilbert T. Stephen- 
son, Pendleton : George M. Stephens, 
Asheville; J. E. Winston, Hertford; 
Mrs. Robert Grady Johnson, Burgaw ; 
and Dr. Robert H. Spiro, Black Moun- 
tain. 

Dr. Charles F. Carroll, State Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction ; Wil- 
liam P. Sanders, Director of the De- 
partment of Conservation and Develop- 
ment ; and Dr. Christopher Crittenden, 
Director of the Department of Archives 
and History, are ex officio members of 
the Commission. 



Predictions For 1987 

Education 30 years from now will 
represent the nation's "biggest and 
most important business." This is the 
prediction of U. S. Commissioner of 
Education Lawrence G. Derthick. The 
commissioner's prediction was among 
those of educators, included among 
forecasts made by 150 other national 
leaders for sealing in a time capsule in 
a new $2,225 million building for LOOK 
magazine in Des Moines. Predictions 
cover the year 1987 but were authorized 
for release at the building dedication 
on December 12. 

Major changes in the 30-year period, 
as foreseen hy the educators, included : 
more rigorous standards of admission 
to institutions of higher learning; 
heightened prestige and rewards for 
teaching as a profession ; more two-year 
community colleges ; expansion of adult 
education ; increased federal support of 
universities : and schools and colleges, 
serving both youth and adults, operat- 
ing on around-the-clock schedules 
twelve months a year. — ■ Education 
U. S. A. 



NORTH CAROIINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Federal Office Has 
Adult Education Materials 

The Office of Education has issued 
two brochures giving information con- 
cerning adult education. 

In a letter to State Superintendent 
Carroll, E. Glenn Featherston, Assis- 
tant Commissioner, states that these 
brochures may be used in developing 
plans for the Friday, November 13, 
Theme, "The Adult Citizen, How Can 
the School Serve Them?" of American 
Education Week. 

The two brochures are entitled : 
"Fact Book on Adult Education" and 
"Adult Education in American Educa- 
tion Week, November 8-14, 1959." Other 
materials useful in the celebration of 
American Education Week may be ob- 
tained from the National Education As- 
sociation, Washington 6, D. C 

Theme for this year's celebration of 
American Education Week is : "Praise 
and Appraise Your Schools." 

Retirement Mandatory 
At Age 65 Unless . . . 

Retirement of State employees, mem- 
bers of the State Teachers' and State 
Employees' Retirement System, is man- 
datory on July 1 following his sixty- 
fifth birthday unless his employment 
is extended a year by the Board of 
Trustees of the Retirement System in 
accordance with a request of his em- 
ployer. Employment may be continued 
upon annual recommendation and ap- 
proval. 

This was the gist of a memorandum 
released last month by Nathan H. Yel- 
ton, Executive Secretary of the State 
Retirement System. The new regula- 
tion is based on legislation enacted by 
the General Assembly of 1959. This 
law reads : 

"(2) Effective July 1, llKJO. any mem- 
ber in service shall automatically bo 
retired as of July 1. 1960, if he has 
then attained the age of sixty-five 
years, otherwise as of the subsequent 
July first coincident with or next 
following his sixty-fifth birthday : 
Provided that upon the recommenda- 
tion of his employer made on such 
form and under such conditions as 
the board of trnstess may require, 
and with the approval of the board 
of trustees, any such member may 
continue in service for one additional 
year following each such annual 
recommendation and approval." 



ECC Vice-President Asked Principals to Help 
Get Colleges Out Of Remedial Education 



Dr. Le<i W. Jenkins, Vice President 
of East Carolina College, appealed to 
high schools to "help get the colleges 
out of the remedial education business" 
in an address in New Bern, November 
4. at the Statewide Principal's Con- 
ference. Dr. Jenkins urged a tighten- 
ing up of standards in the high schools 
so that graduates will be adequately 
prepared for work on the college level. 

"Remedial work in English and 
mathematics does not belong in the 
colleges," he told North Carolina prin- 
cipals attending the conference. Col- 
lege entrance examinations, he said, 
should be administered at the end of 
the junior year with the understanding 
that all students with deficiencies in 
English, mathematics, or sciences be 
given remedial work in the senior year 
of the senior high school. 

Quoting Galileo's statement that you 
cannot teach a man anything but can 
only help him find it for himself, Dr. 
Jenkins said : "The student is not go- 
ing to find much if he cannot read ef- 
fectively. The teacher can teach until 
she is blue in the face without the 
child's setting many of the world's 
treasures, for most of them are stored 
in books and must be dug from books. 

"If we want our children to build 
defenses against Communism, as they 
most certainly should," lie continued, 
"we must send them to 'Das Kapital' 
'Communist Manifesto' to learn some- 
thing of the meaning of this ugly ide- 
ology." 

Urging principals to insist on a 
strong reading program in their 
schools, he said : "The child who cannot 
read well is cut off from much of the 
world's beauty and most of its knowl- 
edge . . . Because of this deficiency he 
becomes a mental cripple dependent 
upon others for bits of knowledge that 
they may care to dispense to him." 

Methodology becomes insignificant. 
Dr. Jenkins said, if the product is 
shoddy. "We should," he maintained, 
"try to avoid being in the position 
where we look at our beautiful schools 
and our physically healthy children and 
t hen have to say that the operation 
was successful but the patient died." 

In conclusion, he appealed to prin- 
cipals to "get the students in their 
schools to learn with a burning desire 
to amount to something. "The love for 



success can be taught if principals will 
recognize that the education of the 
heart is just as important as the edu- 
cation of the mind." 

Former School Head 
Receives Duke Doctorate 

Ben L. Smith, who retired in 195!> 
as superintendent of the Greensboro 
city schools, was granted the honorary 
degree of Doctor of Laws last June by 
Duke University. 

Dr. and Mrs. Smith toured Europe 
for six weeks during April and May. 
the tour being financed by teachers, 
employees, and friends of the schools. 
Dr. Smith reported on this trip to the 
Greensboro teachers in September. 

Eason Leaves Franklinton 

F. H. Eason, superintendent of the 
Franklinton city administrative unit, 
has resigned to become Comptroller of 
the new Methodist College at Fayette- 
ville. He takes over his new duties on 
January 1, 1960. 

Eason, son of the late F. M. Eason, 
a former superintendent of Camden 
County, became superintendent of the 
Franklinton school unit in 1951. 

Upon graduation from Wake Forest 
College in 1935, Eason taught and 
coached at the John Graham High 
School, Warren County during 1935-36. 
In the fall of 1936, he went to the 
Fuquay Springs High School, Wake 
County, as teacher and coach. Then 
in 1941 he became principal of the 
Littleton High School, Warren County, 
where he stayed until 1951. 

Eason is a member of the North 
Carolina Education Association, a life 
member of the National Education As- 
sociation, and a member of the Amer- 
ican Association of School Administra- 
tors. 

A Methodist, Eason is a former Sun- 
day school teacher and General Super- 
intendent. He is presently serving as 
a member of the Official Board of the 
Franklinton Methodist Church, as pres- 
ident of the board of trustees and as a 
certified lay speaker of the Raleigh 
District. 

Eason's successor at Franklinton has 
not yet been named. 



NOVEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



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'Good Teacher' Prime Reason For Increase 
In High School Science Enrollments 



A survey by Columbia University's 
Teachers College among 1,000 alumni 
shows these reasons are most fre- 
quently mentioned for increasing en- 
rollments in high school science 
courses : 

1. Good teacher. 

2. Advice from well-staffed and pre- 
pared guidance department. 

:!. Encouragement from administra- 
tive sources within the school. 

4. Home background conducive to 
study of science. 

5. National publicity on the need for 
scientifically trained personnel. 

0. Good opportunities apparent in in- 
dustry. 

Most frequently mentioned reasons 
for declining high school science en- 
rollments : 

1. Poorly prepared or uninteresting 
teacher. 

2. Subject is too difficult, takes too 
much time, yields poor grades, 
conflicts with extra - curricula! 
preferences. 

::. Students have a poor elementary 
school background for science. 

4. Inadequate guidance procedures in 
the school. 

5. Poor physical facilities. 



Eight Tar Heel Students 
Win Scholastic Awards 

Eight North Carolina teen-age artists 
won awards in Scholastic Magazines 
Art Awards Contest conducted last 
spring. Three of the eight winners were 
awarded gold medals for outstanding 
work in art : Kenneth R. Williams, 
Mangum School, Durham County, for 
a textile design ; Jonathan Baylin, Carr 
Junior High School, Durham, for a 
lead pencil drawing; and John Tyndall. 
Curry High School, Greensboro, for 
textile and general designs. 

Two of the eight Tar Heel winners 
received Hallmark Honor prizes of 
$100 each ; James Harrington, C. M. 
Eppes High School, Greenville, for 
a transparent water color ; and Bar- 
bara Collins, Jamestown High School, 
Guilford County, for an art piece in 
mixed media. 

Three others received Honorable 
Mention : E. B. Roberts, Jr., Mangum 
School, Durham County, for a textile 
design ; David Layton, Jamestown 
High School, for a general design ; and 
Twinkie Short, Needham Broughton 
High School, Raleigh, for an art 
piece in mixed media. 



A Thankless Job 



JOB CLASSIFICATION : Ken Tredwell, the WBT-WBTV exec, took 
note of our latest business dictionary the other day and sends this as bor- 
rowed from that famous writer "anon" : 

WHAT'S A supervisor? 

If he's pleasant, he's too familial-. 

If he's sober-faced, he's a sour-puss. 

If he's young, he doesn't know anything. 

If he's old, he's an old stiff. 

If he belongs to a lodge, the members expect favors. 

IF HE GOES to church, he's a hypocrite. 

If he doesn't, he's a heathen. 

If he drinks, he's an old souse. 

If he doesn't, he's a tightwad. 

If he talks to everybody, he's a gossip. 

If he doesn't, he's stuckup. 

IF HE INSISTS the rules of the office be kept, he's too particular. 

If he. doesn't, he's careless. 

If he looks around, he's snoopy. 

If he doesn't, he's unobservant. 

If he tries to settle all complaints, he must have the wisdom of 
Solomon. 

If he worries about them, be will soon have ulcers. 

To be a supervisor you must have the patience of .Tub, 

I he skin of a rhinoceros, the cunning of a fox, the 

courage of a lion, be blind as a bat and silent as a sphinx. 



State Receives Machines 
For Training Centers 

A million dollars worth of Govern- 
ment-owned machine tool equipment 
has been loaned to North Carolina for 
training defense workers under the In- 
dustrial Education Program. 

Nine big transport truck loads of ma- 
chine tools were delivered to the Trade 
and Industrial Center in Winston-Salem 
on October 24. where classes were 
already under way in temporary quar- 
ters until a building now under con- 
struction is completed. Classes are pro- 
vided in basic, intermediate and ad- 
vanced electronics, electronics mathe- 
matics, principles of transistors, and 
sheet metal drafting. Classes are ex- 
pected to start soon in basic electricity 
(aircraft) and machine shop blue print 
reading. 

More than 800 adults enrolled in the 
program last year. Albert Johnson is 
director of the program. 

Teachers Will Pick 
Principal Of The Year 

For the second consecutive year, 
American classroom teachers will pick 
the "Principal of the Year." 

The award winner, an outstanding 
man or woman, will be announced ear- 
ly next year by Arthur C. Croft Publi- 
cations of New London. Conn., sponsor 
of the award. 

Basic requirement is that every nom- 
inating statement be prepared and sub- 
mitted by classroom teachers in the 
building in which the principal serves. 
Nominating statements should he type- 
written and between 500 and 1,000 
words. All statements must include 
names of teachers, titles, and addresses. 
Deadline for nominating statements is 
December 15, 1959. 

"We established this award to honor 
the individuals who are often the for- 
gotten men and women of American 
education," said John Escher, Croft 
Publisher. "The principal is the key 
person in every school. We have asked 
teachers to do the nominating because 
they are the ones who know their prin- 
cipal best." Last year's winner was 
John T. Warburton. Principal of Gross- 
mont High School. Grossmont, Cali- 
fornia. 

For more information about the 
"Principal of the Year" award for 1980, 
write Allan Amenta, Editor, Executive 
Services, Arthur C. Croft Publications, 
100 Garfield Avenue, New London, Con- 
necticut. 



10 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Orientation Days Valued 
Highly By Superintendents 

"Contributed to a smoother better 
organized school opening;" "we were 
off to a full day of teaching on the 
first day of the 180-day term ;" "the 
days were profitably used ;" "this year 
general morale seemed much better"— 
these are typical comments made by 
school superintendents concerning the 
two orientation days for which teach- 
ers were paid this school year for the 
first time. 

The General Assembly of 1059 ap- 
propriated funds for paying teachers 
for an extended term of three days in 
addition to the regular 180-day school 
term. Under State Board of Education 
regulations two of the three days were 
to be used prior to the opening of the 
regular term and the other at the close 
of the term. The first two extended 
term days were designated "Teacher 
Orientation Day" and "Teacher-Pupil 
Orientation Day." 

Reports from the superintendents 
and their comments indicate that, these 
two days were "extremely valuable and 
worthwhile." 

On "Teacher Orientation Day", held 
on various days from August 20 to 
September 7 in the 174 administrative 
units less than one per cent of the 38,- 
S88 instructional personnel were ab- 
sent and nearly half of these 338 had 
substitutes. 

This day was devoted to the follow- 
ing activities : 

1. Planned with new teachers, stall' 
committees, officers of professional or- 
ganizations, principals and bus driv- 
ers, student committees, parent-teacher 
committees, safety patrols, etc. 

2. Issued class rolls, instructional 
supplies, books, teaching materials, rec- 
ord books, receipt books, insurance 
forms, register sheets, teachers' guide 
books, promotion lists, curriculum bul- 
letins, etc. 

3. Explained school organization and 
administration in unit, school sched- 
ules, changes in school laws, supervis- 
ory and special services available from 
central office, fire drill procedure, 
lunchroom program, new classes and 
courses being offered, bus routes, aims 
and objectives of school, collection of 
textbook fees, grading system, policies 
of board of education, unit's handbook 
for teachers, in-service training pro- 
gram for year, school calendar, etc. 

4. Assigned teachers to rooms, stu- 
dents to homerooms, teachers to com- 



Japan's High Schools Offer English Instruction 



Nearly all high schools in Japan of- 
fer English instruction, and 8 out of 
10 pupils study English, according to 
a report on education in Japan recently 
issued by the Office of Education. 

The study reports in detail on Japa- 
nese education through three epochs — 



mittees, bus duty, extra-curricular du- 
ties to teachers, etc. 

5. Discussed loading and unloading 
of buses, handbooks, homework, daily 
schedules, discipline, guidance, recrea- 
tion, safety regulations, curriculum 
study, lesson plans, plans for student 
assemblies, use of tests, lunchroom op- 
erations, school publicity, teachers' re- 
sponsibilities, better attendance, plans 
for assignment of practice-teachers, 
participation in NDEA programs, etc. 

G. Checked furniture, supplies, perm- 
anent records, etc. 

7. Collected teachers' certificates, 
health certificates, withholding tax- 
forms, etc. 

8. Arranged bulletin board displays. 

9. Showed film "And Gladly Teach." 
On the second day, "Teacher-Pupil 

Orientation Day", 958,433 of the 1,- 
039,485 children enrolled on the first 
day of the 180-day regular school term 
were present: and a majority (75,233) 
of those not present on "Teacher-Pupil 
Orientation Day" were in city units 
where in many instances a pre-school 
day is held earlier for new school en- 
( rants. 

On this day, the following activities 
were carried out : 

1. Held student assemblies to ex- 
plain purpose of the day, a "walk- 
through" fire drill, conferences with 
parents, individual school faculty meet- 
ings, etc. 

2. Registered new students. 

3. Assigned lessons for first day of 
school. 

4. Issued textbooks, supplies, and 
materials to students. 

5. Reviewed daily schedules and 
school practices and policies. 

6. Collected fees for books, insur- 
ance, special courses, etc. 

7. Prepared class rolls, bulletin 
boards, library displays, etc. 

S. Reported number students en- 
rolled, size of classes, etc. 

9. Turned in fees collected, insurance 
reports, etc, 



Initial Modernization Epoch, 1872-1937 : 
Wartime Epoch, 1937-1945 ; and Democ- 
ratization Epoch, 1945 to the present. 

The study was conducted for the Of- 
fice of Education by Dr. Ronald S. 
Anderson, Associate Professor in the 
School of Education, University of 
Michigan. The teaching of English in 
Japan, Dr. Anderson's report points out, 
received special impetus between 1949 
and 1953 when about 275 Japanese 
teachers were given training in modern 
linguistic research in American uni- 
versities under the sponsorship of the 
U. S. Department of Defense. A little 
later, the Office of Education and the 
Department of State made it possible 
for more than 100 additional teachers 
to participate in training programs in 
the United States. Many of these 
teachers have since gone home to teach 
in the secondary schools or to be- 
come teacher consultants in English. 

The teaching of science has recently 
gained enhanced attention in Japan, 
the report notes. Late in 1957, the 
Japanese Ministry of Education an- 
nouced a three-year plan for increasing 
by 8,000 the number of science majors 
in Japan's schools of science and tech- 
nology. 

The Japanese Science Education 
Council, advisory to the Ministry, has 
urged the stressing of science educa- 
tion at the elementary and lower sec- 
ondary school levels. Special class- 
rooms for science education are pro- 
vided by 30 per cent of the elementary 
schools, 47 per cent of the lower secon- 
dary schools, and 49 per cent of the 
upper secondary schools, but a short- 
age of science equipment and of quali- 
fied science teachers is reported. 

Since 1958, an hour a week has been 
required in Japanese elementary schools 
for morals education. The same instruc- 
tion has been in effect in secondary 
schools since early in 195S. 

"The schools of Japan are working 
to prepare free individuals for citizen- 
ship in a State which is committed to 
democracy, a State rich in tradition 
and modern in outlook." Dr. Anderson 
reported. 

The rei>ort on education in Japan 
( Bulletin 1959, No. 11) may be ob- 
tained from the Superintendent of 
Documents, U. S. Government Printiii-' 
office, 'Washington 25. D. C, at $1.25 
per copy. 



NOVEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



11 



High School of Tomorrow Described 
In Publication, "Images of the Future 



Images of the Future, A New Ap- 
proach to the Secondary School, recent 
publication of the National Association 
of Secondary-School Principals, is mak- 
ing history throughout the country. In 
it are presented bold, imaginative, yet 
realistic ideas which have possibilities 
of revolutionizing teaching at the sec- 
ondary level. 

The 48-page bulletin was prepared 
by the Commission on the Experimen- 
tal Study of the Utilization of the Staff 
in the Secondary School, and was fi- 
nanced by the Ford Foundation. Copies 
may be secured without charge from 
Dr. J. Lloyd Trump, 200 Gregory Hall, 
Uibana, Illinois. 

Theme of this publication is implied 
in the opening remarks : "A superior 
school today may be an inferior school 
a decade from now — -unless bold, imagi- 
native steps to improve quality are 
taken." 

The school envisioned in this bulletin 
is neither rural, urban, nor suburban; 
it is smaller than today's larger schools, 
larger than the existing smaller ones. 
The student body and faculty represent 
a hypothetical average. Consequently, 
the proposals included will need to be 
adapted to specific situations. The 
ideas presented in this publication are 
not unique and untried ; nearly every 
proposal may be found today in cer- 
tain American schools. 

Predictions included in the volume 
include the following: 

• The secondary school of the fu- 
ture will not have standard 
classes of 25 to 35 students meet- 
ing five days a week on inflexible 
schedules. Both the size of the 
groups and the length of classes 
will vary from day to day. Meth- 
ods of teaching, student group- 
ings, and teacher and pupil ac- 
tivities will adjust to the pur- 
poses and content of instruction. 
No longer will one teacher en- 
deavor to be in charge of all of 
a class' activities in one subject. 
Instead, teaching will be organ- 
ized to be more efficient and 
more effective. There will be 
more individual responsibility for 
learning. Flexibility of grouping 
will be a key characteristic; in- 
dividuals will not necessarily be 
placed in a single group for an 
entire year, nor for a semester. 

• The secondary school of the fu- 
ture will place more emphasis on 



training students to check their 
own progress. Teachers will have 
more time to plan their work, con- 
duct conferences, and plan posi- 
tive programs of evaluation. It 
is possible that no bells will ring 
in the school of the future. An 
underlying purpose of the school 
will be to develop ability to 
study, think, and solve problems, 
in contrast to today's emphasis 
on memorizing facts. 

• The secondary school of tomor- 
row will have several types of 
instructional personnel : profes- 
sional teachers, instruction assis- 
tants, clerks, general aides, com- 
munity consultants, and staff 
specialists — all this on budgets 
no larger than are necessary for 
current stereotyped programs and 
with professional teachers averag- 
ing $2,000 per year more than is 
currently paid. 

• The secondary school of tomorrow 
will emphasize closer relations 
between students and teachers. 
Efforts will be made to develop 
more independent study. The 
teacher will be more and more a 
consultant and less and less a 
taskmaster. 

• The secondary school of the fu- 
ture will be characterized by flex- 
ibility in administration and su- 
pervision. The school will recog- 
nize individual differences in 
teachers and utilize them accord- 
ingly. There will be heavy em- 
phasis on superior teaching. The 
fetish of uniformity that seems 
to be dooming the teaching pro- 
fession to mediocrity will be dis- 
carded. 

• Educational facilities in the fu- 
ture will be as different as will 
be the learning activities planned 
for the students. Study halls as 
they are now known will not 
exist; instead there will be 
study-resource rooms where stu- 
dents may read, listen to and 
view tapes, observe films and 
slides, work on self - teaching 
and self - appraisal machines, use 
science and other equipment, 
think, write, and participate in 
other more or less individual 
study activities. 

• The secondary school of the fu- 
ture will play a much more active 
role in recruiting, screening, and 



training its personnel, even before 
they become staff members. 

• Students who leave the secondary 
school of the future will find it 
easier to make the transition to 
other schools or to jobs. 

• School and community relations 
will become increasingly inte- 
grated, community resources will 
be utilized more frequently by 
students. Education will be a con- 
tinuous process. 

• The school's accomplishments will 
be measured in terms of the pur- 
poses for which it was estab- 
lished. The future secondary 
school will use achievement tests 
in subject matter as only one 
measure of success. Evaluation in 
the future school will be broader 
and deeper, involving more per- 
sons and things ... A research 
point of view will be an essential 
characteristic of the professional 
staff. It will be trained in tech- 
niques of doing effective research 
in the local setting. 

The final chapter of this bulletin en- 
titled, "Next Steps," indicates what 
every community and every type school 
might do if improvement is sincerely 
desired. 

In this publication is a challenge 
tvhich has possibilities of revolution- 
izing secondary education. Those who 
are timid, unimaginative, fearful, or 
satisfied with the status quo should 
never peruse or study this bulletin. 
All others interested in better high 
school education will revel im, the fresh, 
dynamic, yet realistic ideas incorpo- 
rated in this volume. At this juncture 
one is reminded of a statement by 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, "Once a man's 
mind is stretched by a new idea, it 
never returns to its former dimen- 
sions." 

Carroll Cites Law Re 
Itinerant Photographers 

Itinerant photographers and their 
agents must have a license to practice 
the profession before they may enter 
into financial arrangement with school 
children or with a school according to 
North Carolina law. 

A copy of the law, section 105-48.1 of 
the General Statutes, has been mailed 
to all school superintendents by State 
Superintendent Charles F. Carroll. In 
his letter to superintendents, Superin- 
tendent Carrol requests the superinten- 
dents to call the cited reference to the 
attention of principals. 



1? 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Volunteer Teachers Wanted 
For Teaching Non-Readers 

Volunteer teachers are wanted to 
help in the teaching of non-reading a- 
dults in a combination TV-personal in- 
struction program sponsored by the 
John C. Campbell Folk School. The 
program will begin early in January. 

Nine commercial TV stations will 
telecast a series of 98 thirty-minute 
free lessons to these non-reading adults 
living in North Carolina. The volun- 
teer teachers will agree to help in 
homes of such adults where television 
sets are available. Persons interested 
in helping with the program should 
notify their county home economics 
agent or write Mayes Behrman, John 
C. Campbell Folk School, Brasstown, 
N. C. 



"U. N. In Space Age" Is 
Title For H. S. Study 

"The United Nations in the Space 
Age" has been selected as the subject 
for discussion in the High School 
World Peace Study and Speaking Pro- 
gram for this school year, according 
to a recent announcement by E. R. 
Rankin, director of the program, Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. 

All North Carolina high schools are 
invited to participate in this program 
which is sponsored annually by the Ex- 
tension Division of the University. A 
booklet giving details of the program 
may be secured from the Extension 
Division. 

Since the program's inauguration 13 
years ago, a total of 2,469 high schools 
have participated. 

Both Governor Hodges and Stale 
Superintendent Carroll have endorsed 
the program. "I wholeheartedly com- 
mend this study and speaking programs 
and hope that a larger number of our 
high school students will participate in 
the program this year," the Governor 
said. 

Superintendent Carroll stated, "at no 
time in history has there been greater 
need for young people to gain clearer 
understanding of the United Nations 
and the service it can render toward 
maintenance of peace and the better- 
ment of life throughout the world. A- 
gain I commend this program for its 
efforts in encouraging high school stu- 
dents to become more intelligent citi- 
zens." 



National Association Releases TV Series 



The National Education Association, 
in company with 50 affiliated state ed- 
ucation associations, entered the tele- 
vision field last month with a new 13- 
week series of half-hour films entitled 
"The School Story." 

"The School Story" will be available 
to television stations in 261 major TV 
markets during the 1959-60 school year. 
Viewers of the series will see many 
important issues in education explored 
— -from how first-graders learn reading 
skills to the curriculum program of a 
comprehensive high school to the mis- 
sile laboratories of a great university. 

Each affiliated state education as- 
sociation will handle bookings on TV 
stations in its state. It is anticipated 
that most stations will hook "The 
School Story" once a week for 13 
weeks during the school year. To give 
the stations maximum flexibility in 
bookings, 16 films have been made a- 
vailable. 

Included in "The School Story" se- 
ries will be the following films : 

"How Good Are Our Schools, Dr. 
Conant Reports," based on the best- 
selling book, The American High 
School Today. 

"Right Angle," the 1959 film pro- 
duced by NEA and state affiliated as- 
sociations, which tells how the public 
schools develop children's individual 
differences. 

"The Big Classroom," a new film 
showing how the learn-as-you-go ap- 
proach of NEA-sponsored tours enables 
teachers to bring back new firsthand 
knowledge to their classes. 

"The Golden Key," which reveals the 
influence a teacher has on his stu- 
dents. In the film, Lee A. DuBridge, 
president of the California Institute 
of Technology and a 1959 Golden Key 
award winner, takes his former physics 
teacher, O. H. Smith, through the fab- 
ulous facilities of Caltech. 

"Plan for Learning," the story of 
what happened when one community 
needed to build a new school. 

"Report on Tomorrow," which shows 
how closely business examines the ed- 
ucational facilities of an area into 
which it might expand. 

"Pursuit of Wisdom," which shows 
how scholarship is nurtured and em- 
phasizes that it must be used to bene- 
fit mankind. 

"They Grow Up So Fast," a dra- 
matic episode which points up the 



values of a good program of physical 
education. 

"TV : New Frontier in Learning" 
shows how a "live" teacher can use 
classroom television to add an exciting 
new dimension to education. 

Other titles include: "A Shoebox 
Full of Dreams," adapted from the 
popular A Desk for Billie; "And Gladly 
Teach" ; "Freedom to Learn" ; "Not By 
Chance"; "Mike Makes His Mark"; 
"Crowded Out" ; "Skippy and the 3 
R's." 

State's H. S. Teachers 
Eligible For Fellowships 

North Carolina public high school 
teachers are once again eligible for 
John Hay Fellowships. 

The John Hay Fellows Program will 
recognize excellence among public high 
school teachers and will stress the im- 
portance of the humanities by award- 
ing 80 Fellowships for 1960-61. Win- 
ners of these Fellowships will study for 
a year in the humanities at one of the 
following universities : California, Chi- 
cago, Columbia. Harvard, Northwest- 
ern, and Tale. They will receive stip- 
ends equal to their salaries during the 
fellowship year. In addition, travel 
expenses and tuition will be paid. 

The 80 John Hay Fellows will be se- 
lected from academically sound high 
schools which are interested in break- 
ing educational locksteps and in mak- 
ing effective use of the time and talents 
of their outstanding teachers. Appli- 
cants should have had at least five 
years of high school teaching experi- 
ence and should be not more than fifty 
years old. 

Subjects such as languages, litera- 
ture, history, music, and the fine arts 
are usually included in the humanities, 
and teachers of these subjects are in- 
vited to apply. In addition, applica- 
tions from teachers in other disciplines 
who wish to study in the humanities 
will be accepted. 

The John Hay Fellows Program was 
established in 1952 by the John Hay 
Whitney Foundation of New York City. 
Since July, 1958, it has been supported 
by a grant from the Ford Foundation. 

Interested teachers should communi- 
cate with Dr. Charles R. Keller, Direc- 
tor, John Hay Fellows Program. 9 
Rockefeller Plaza. New York City, New 
York. 



NOVEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



13 



State Insurance Fund Continues Growth 



The Public School Insurance Fund 
continues to grow, according to recent 
statement released by the Division of 
Insurance, State Board of Education. 

The Fund was established by the 
General Assembly of 1949 and has been 
operating for ten years. Insurance in 
force at the end of the first year a- 
mounted to $41,943,735.26. Ten years 
later, June 30, 1959, following an an- 
nual increase, insurance in force 
amounted to $274,527,650.00. At pres- 
ent 97 of the 174 administrative units 
have a part or all of their school insur- 
ance with the Fund. 

For the year ended June 30, 1959, 
the Fund's income totaled $745,877.45. 
Its expense amounted to $618,638.31, 
leaving a balance accruing to profit 
of $127,239.14. The Fund is self-sus- 
taining; that is it operates without 
State appropriations. 

During its 10-year history, only twice 
has the loss from fire, etc.. exceeded 
earned premiums. This was for the 
years which ended June 30, 1953 and 
June 30, 1959. 

The following is a statement of in- 
come and expense for the year ended 
June 30, 1959: 

Income: 

Earned insurance premiums. $546,126.23 

Earnings on investments 69,751.22 

Recovery on reinsurance 130,000.00 

Total income $745,877^45 

Expense: 

Fire and other losses $570,467.49 

Reinsurance premiums 10,878.20 

Administrative cost 37,292.62 

$618,638.31 
Excess : 
Income over Expense. 



$127,239.14 



Flag Contractors Named 

Four contractors from which United 
States and North Carolina flags may 
lie purchased have been named. 

The Department of Administration, 
Purchase and Contract Division, has 
named the American Flag and Banner 
Co., Clifton, N. J. ; Annin Co., Verona, 
N. J. ; Louis E. Stilz and Bros. Co., 
Philadelphia, Pa. ; and Valley Forge 
Flag Co., Inc., New York, as the 
sources from which schools and other 
State agencies may fill their needs for 
flags. Prices depend on size and ma- 
terial. Certifications have been sent to 
the 174 school superintendents. 



Lenoir H. S. Reduces 
Size Of English Classes 

Lenoir High School has reduced the 
size of its classes in English to an 
average of 22 students per teacher, a 
range from 18 to 27, according to prin- 
cipal Henry C. McFadyen. 

This has been done by the employ- 
ment of an additional English teacher 
through the use of local funds and for 
the express purpose of improving in- 
struction in writing. 

"While we believe that smaller 
classes will almost automatically result 
in better teaching we are not leaving 
it to chance," Mr. McFadyen states. 

"Careful plans have been made for 
the assignment of frequent short 
themes, all of which will be checked 
and returned to the student ... In addi- 
tion to the regular writing assignments, 
each student will write on class three 
'trial themes', one in September, one 
in January, and the last in early May. 
In each case he will be asked to write, 
without help of any kind, the best 
short paper he can on one of several 
previously assigned subjects . . . For 
this first year we will be content to 
see how much improvement we can 
bring about through reduced class size 
and increased individual attention." 



National Teacher Exam 
To Be Held Feb. 13, 1960 

The National Teacher Examinations, 
prepared and administered annually by 
Educational Testing Service, will be 
given at 160 testing centers throughout 
the United States on Saturday, Feb- 
ruary 13, 1960. 

At the one-day testing session a can- 
didate may take the Common Exami- 
nations, which include tests in Pro- 
fessional Information, General Culture, 
English Expression, and Non Verbal 
Reasoning: and one or two of twelve 
Optional Examinations designed to 
demonstrate mastery of subject matter 
to be taught. The college which a can- 
didate is attending, or the school sys- 
tem in which he is seeking employment, 
will advise him whether he should take 
the National Teacher Examinations 
and which of the Optional Examina- 
tions to select. 

A Bulletin of Information (in which 
an application is inserted) describing 
registration procedures may be ob- 
tained from college officials, school 
superintendents, or directly from the 
National Teacher Examinations, Edu- 
cational Testing Service, 20 Nassau 
Street, Princeton, New Jersey. Com- 
pleted applications, accompanied by 
proper examination fees, will be ac- 
cepted by the ETS office during No- 
vember and December, and early in 
January so long as they are received 
before January 15, 1960. 



Calendar of Professional Meetings 
Conferences, Workshops, Institutes 



November 19-21 Annual Conference of Supervisors and Directors of 

Instruction, Southern Pines 

19-21 11th Annual Special Education Conference, Raleigh 

19-21 Regional Conference, State Supervisors of Guid- 
ance, Raleigh 

26 Thanksgiving 

3-5 North Carolina AHPER, Durham 

8-10 Superintendents' Conference. Durham 

24-25 State Christmas Holidays 



November 
November 

November 
December 
December 
December 

1960 

January 1 State Holiday 

Feb. 27 - March 2 National Association of Secondary School Prin- 
cipals, Portland, Oregon 

March 1-4 National Association of State Consultants in Ele- 
mentary Education, Washington, D. C. 

March 27 - April 2 White House Conference on Children and Youth, 

Washington, D. C. 

April 2 Annual State Meeting ACEI, Raleigh 

April 7-9 Southeastern Elementary Principals Conference, 

Asheville 



14 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



^Ue Atta>M,e4f, Qettelal Ruled . . . 

Tort Claims Ac* as Applied to decides the matter, the various county 

Motor Vehicles Other than School and city Boards of Education operating 

o such service vehicles secure liability 

insurance for their protection. 

Tn Reply To Your Recent Inquiry: Since writing the letter to Mr 

At a meeting of the Transportation I have been advised that Hearing Corn- 
Committee of the State Board of Edu- missioner Thomas has intimated in a 

cation last Thursday I was requested County case that he would prob- 

to elaborate somewhat on the letter ably hold that the Tort Claims Act is 

from this office to Mr , Superin- applicable to the regular school buses 

tendent of , under date of August only and that the Industrial Commis- 

24, 1959 ; and to suggest to the State sion might decline to take jurisdiction 

Board of Education procedure to be of a case involving one of these other 

followed as to the application of the types of vehicles. However, Hearing 

Tort Claims Act to motor vehicles other Commissioner Shufford has stated t<> 

than school buses, until the next ses- the writer that in view of the uncer- 

sion of the General Assembly. tainity of the construction that might 

In my letter to Mr I called l>e placed upon the Act by the Supreme 

attention to the fact that G. S. Court, the Commission will be willing 

143-300.1 provides that the North Caro- to approve settlements of such cases 

Una Industrial Commission would have until the General Assembly meets 

jurisdiction to hear and determine tort again. Mr. Shufford stated that he has 

claims against any county or city discussed the matter with Mr. Thomas 

Board of Education, which claims arise ; md Commissioner Mercer but that he 

as a result of any alleged negligent had not had an opportunity to discuss 

act or omission of any driver of a the situation with Chairman Bean and 

school bus who is an employee of the Commissioner Peters who were both 

county or city administrative unit of out of the city when I discussed the 

which such Board is the governing matter with Mr. Shufford last week, 
body, and which driver was at the time Under all the circumstances, I see no 

of such alleged negligent act or omis- position that the State Board of Edu- 

sion operating a public school bus in cation can consistently take except to 

the course of his employment by such suggest to county and city Boards 

administrative unit or such Board. In of Education that they carry liability 

that letter I pointed out that the cru- insurance on the vehicles in question; 

cial question is whether in a test case but in cases in which such insurance 

our Supreme Court would define the is not carried, it seems to me that the 

term "public school bus'' as being lim- State Board will be justified in paying 

ited to the regular buses used for the claims in which a settlement has been 

transportation of pupils or whether the reached between the county or city 

term by construction might be enlarged Board of Education involved and the 

to include gasoline trucks, wreckers claimant and after the settlement has 

and service trucks employed in connec- ll(> e» approved by the Industrial Com- 

tion with the operation of the regular mission.— Attorney General, October 6, 

school buses. 1959. 

In my letter to Mr. .... I called Transportation; Assignment of 

attention to the case ot TURNER v. dm 

BOARD OF EDUCATION, 250 NC Ku P lls 

456, in which our Supreme Court held In Reply To Your Recent Inquiry: 

that a person employed by a city Board Dr. Charles F. Carroll, State Superin- 

of Education to do maintenance work tendent of Public Instruction, has for- 

on the city school grounds is not an warded to this office for reply a copy 

employee of the State and therefore is of your letter of October 7. In your 

not covered by the Tort Claims Act. I letter you state that the County 

also call attention to the provisions of Board of Education has been requested 

G. S. 115-53 which authorizes county to permit an extension of a 

and city Boards of Education to waive County school bus route into 

their governmental immunity from tort County in order to transport one 

liability by securing liability insurance. slightly retarded child to the 

You will recall that it was my sug- Elementary School in County, 

gestion that until the Supreme Court the plan being for the child to attend 



the public school for part of the day 
and then go to the home of a private 
tutor for individual instruction for the 
remainder of the day. You pose the 
following questions : 

"1. Does the Board of Education of 

County have the legal right to 

permit a County bus to travel a 

road already covered by a County 

bus in order to provide transportation 
for one retarded child to another school 
in another county in order to enable the 
child to receive private instruction 
from a private tutor for n part of the 
day in the tutor's home? 

"2. Should this bus be permitted to 
extend its route, could it deny bus 
transportation to other children living 
on the route wdio might demand it?" 

G. S. 115-186 points out the proce- 
dure to be followed in the establish- 
ment of bus routes. While the statute 
contemplates transportation of pupils 
to the schools of the administrative 
unit establishing the route. I find noth- 
ing in the statute limiting the route 
to the county in which the school 
served by the bus is located. Therefore 

it is thought that the County 

Board of Education cannot control the 

routing of school buses by the 

County Board of Education since the 
highways are controlled by the State 
and not by local administrative units. 

However, a County bus has no 

right to transport to the County 

Schools a pupil who has not been as- 
signed to a County School in 

conformity with the provisions of G. S. 
115-163 and G. S. 115-176. 

As you know, G. S. 115-163 provides 
that pupils shall ordinarily attend a 
school within the administrative unit 
in which they reside. However, that 
Section provides that pupils residing in 
one administrative unit may be as- 
signed either with or without the pay- 
ment of tuition to a school located in 
another administrative unit upon such 
terms and conditions as may be agreed 
in writing between the Boards of Edu- 
cation of the administrative units in- 
volved and entered upon the official 
records of such Boards. G. S. 115-176 
contains substantially the same pro- 
vision. 

From the foregoing it will be seen 
that the County Board of Edu- 
cation does not have the authority to 

(Continued on page 16) 



NOVEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



15 



LOOKING BACK 



Five Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, November, 1954) 

State Superintendent Charles F. 
Carroll told a House Education sub- 
committee last month that North 
Carolina would soon be unable to 
provide school construction funds to 
alleviate the increasing overcrowding 
in the State's public schools. 

Catherine T. Dennis, Home Eco- 
nomics Supervisor in the State De- 
partment of Public Instruction, re- 
cently returned from Paris, where 
she attended the International Home 
Economics Federation Council meet- 
ing. 

Ten Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, November, 1949) 

Homer A. Lassiter, a staff member 
of the Division of Instructional Serv- 
ice, is available to give some special 
assistance to schools interested in do- 
ing more about resource education. 

C. H. Jourdan, a well-trained and 
experienced engineer, has been em- 
ployed in the Controller's office, Di- 
vision of Plant Operation, it is an- 
nounced by C. D. Douglas, Control- 
ler, State Board of Education. 

Fifteen Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, November, 1944) 

Dr. Bess Goodykoontz, Assistant 
U. S. Commissioner of Education, 
visited the office of the State Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction on 
October 18 and at a gathering of staff 
members of all departments made an 
informal talk in which she told of 
the latest developments from Wash- 
ington as to public education. 

There are 97 science clubs in 
North Carolina that are affiliated 
with Science Clubs of America, which 
is an organization dedicated to the 
development of science talent. 

Twenty Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, November, 1939) 

On October 12th the Board of 
Trustees of the Elizabeth City State 
Teachers College elected Harold L. 
Trigg, member of the Division of Ne- 
gro Education, as President of that 
Institution to succeed the late Presi- 
dent John Henry Bias. 




TUBERCULOSIS 

WITH 

CHRISTMAS 

SEALS 




ti"£.i£'< f ,"i I T 

ON LETTERS AN*P PACKAGES „'„.„ M 



ATTORNEY GENERAL RULES 

(Continued from page 15) 

refuse the County Board of Ed- 
ucation the right to have one of its 
buses travel a public highway or a 
road in County for the trans- 
portation of pupils to County 

Schools. 

As to your second question, if a 
County bus travels the high- 
ways of County, it will have no 

right to transport to County 

Schools any pupils residing within the 

County Administrative Unit 

who have not been assigned to a 

County School in conformity with the 
provisions of G. S. 115-163 and G. S. 
115-176. While you do not say so in 
just so many words, I take it that the 
defective child in question has been as- 
signed by the County Board of 

Education to the School and has 

been accepted by the _.... Board of 

Education in compliance with the stat- 
utes above referred to. 

I note that you state in your letter 
that if the County bus trans- 
ports the pupil in question it will mean 
additional mileage of 6.8 miles per day. 
It may be that the State Board of Edu- 
cation would be justified in declining 
to pay for this additional transporta- 
tion and the County Board of 

Education would be required to do so 
out of local funds. 

I am taking the liberty of sending a 
copy of this letter to Superintendent 

— Attorney General, October 14, 

1959. 



MAKING TODAY'S NEWS 



Forsyth. A recommendation on 
consolidation of city and county 
schools will be made "by next 
spring," Chairman Fred D. Houser of 
the Forsyth Board of Education said 
last night. — Winston-Salem Journal, 
Oct. 20. 

Raleigh. The new Leroy Martin 
Junior High School, located just off 
Ridge Road, will be officially dedi- 
cated in ceremonies to be held Sun- 
day, Nov. 1, at 3:30 p.m., Raleigh 
Superintendent Jesse O. Sanderson 
announced today. — The Raleigh 
Times, Oct. 22. 

Wake. A survey of high schools in 
eastern Wake County with an eye to 
the pros and cons of consolidation 
was begun today by a six-man team 
led by Dr. J. L. Pierce, head of the 
Division of School Planning of the 
State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion. — The Raleigh Times, Oct. 22. 

Surry. A survey on the Surry 
County schools, conducted June 9-10 
by a committee from the Division of 
School Planning of the North Caro- 
lina Department of Public Instruc- 
tion, recommends that two new cen- 
tral high schools be established. — 
Mt. Airy Times, Oct. 16. 

AVayne. The birthplace of Charles 
B. Aycock — who was widely known 
as North Carolina's educational govr 
ernor — will be opened near here 
(Fremont) Nov. 1, the Charles B. Ay- 
cock Memorial Commission an- 
nounced. 

Buncombe. Sites for a consolidated 
high school and a new elementary 
school involving a total of some 67 
acres and $9 00,000 were approved 
yesterday by the Buncombe County 
Board of Education. — Asheville 
Times, Oct. 24. 

Surry. Surry County voters ap- 
proved a two-million-dollar county 
school bond issue yesterday by a 
margin of more than 2 to 1. — Win- 
ston-Salem Journal, Oct. 28. 

Durham. The City Board of Edu- 
cation adopted plans Monday night 
for a $4,850,000 building program — 
the largest ever launched here (Dur- 
ham). — Btatesville Record and Land- 
mark, Oct. 21. 

Guilford. Alamance High School 
has a brand new school activity bus 
as a result of a community drive that 
began about six week ago. — Greens- 
horo Daily News, Oct. 24. 



16 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



as 

pM0 



North Carolina State Lorary 
Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL 

BULLETIN 



H ■?'"/ A/ 



DECEMBER, 1959 RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA VOL. XXIV, NO. 4 



North Carolina Schools Have Made Progress 



North Carolina has made tremendous 
progress in public education since 
1949, according to a recapitulation of 
some evidences of this progress by the 
State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion : 

1. School enrollment has increased 
by 200,000 children — from 893,745 to 
approximately 1,116,000 today. This has 
necessitated the employment of more 
instructional personnel — from 29,134 
in 1948-49 : > 38,155 last year (1958-59). 

2. More pupils are transportated at 
public expense — 400,000 in 1948-49; 
more than 500,000 in 1958-59. 

3. "WW transportation and consoli- 
dation, there are fewer and larger 
schools : there were 2,852 elementary 
schools in 1949 ; in 1959 there were ap- 
proximately 2,000. High schools de- 
creased from 958 to less than 900, with 
schools having 12 or more teachers in- 
creasing from 136 to more than 300. 

4. Provision for the employment of 
supervisors of instruction was made in 
1949. Last year State funds were used 
to employ 232 persons in this field, and 
56 others were employed and paid from 
local funds. 

5. Beginning in 1949 by special ap- 
propriation, a school health program 
was inaugurated. Under this program 
thousands of chronic remedial defects 
of children have been found and rem- 
edied. 

6. In addition to supervisors, the in- 
structional program has been strength- 
ened at a number of other points : 

a. Special education for the hand- 
icapped got under way in 1949 
and is now an integral part of 
the school program with more 
than 14,000 children enrolled in 
special classes of speech, mentally 
retarded, crippled, visual defects 
and hard of hearing. The State is 
now paying the salaries of 206 
teachers in these areas. 

b. A new program of driver train- 
ing and safety was authorized by 
the General Assembly of 1957. 
This program is now under way 
and reaching this year approxi- 
mately 75 per cent of the eligible 
pupils. Progress in this area is 
greater than for any other state. 

c. Last year the State Board of 
Education provided for the estab- 



lishment of 18 Industrial Educa- 
tion Centers throughout the State. 
Eight of these Centers are in op- 
eration this year. New buildings 
for these centers represent an in- 
vestment of nearly 8 million dol- 
lars. 

d. An experimental program of 
television in the schools began 
two years ago with the help of 
Ford Foundation funds. This 
program was considered success- 
ful as an aid to classroom in- 
struction, with the result that the 
General Assembly of 1959 made 
an appropriation of ,$25,000' for 
1959-60 and $50,000 for 1960-61 
toward the continuation of this 
activity. 

e. The basic course of study has 
also been strengthened. Instruc- 
tion in music and elementary sci- 
ence is markedly improved. In- 
struction in high school subjects 
— especially science, mathematics, 
and modern foreign languages — 
is expected to improve rapidly 
with the inception of the Nation- 
al Defense Education Program 
now getting under way in the 
schools. The use of library, au- 
dio-visual, testing and guidance 
personnel in the instructional 
process is taking on new life also 
this year. The number of persons 
devoting half-time or more to 
counseling and guidance increased 
from 35 last year to 171 this year. 
The number of full-time school 
librarians is now 469, having in- 
creased from 213 in 1948-49. 

f. A part of this picture is the ex- 
tended term provision of three 
days for which teachers will be 
paid in addition to the 180-day 
term for organization and plan- 
ning before school opens and for 
making reports, etc. at the end 
of school. This provision has al- 
ready proved its value, according 
to reports of school administra- 
tors. 

7. The number of graduates from 
the public high schools increased from 
30,485 in 1949-50 to more than 40,000 
last year. 

8. The General Assemblies of 1949 
and 1953 each provided $50,000,000 for 



Israel's School Head 
Studies N. C. Education 

Abraham Melamed, minister of edu- 
cation from Israel and currently a 
UNESCO fellow in the United States, 
spent four days, December 14-17, with 
officials of the State Department of 
Public Instruction becoming acquainted 
with the organizational patterns in 
North Carolina, trends in curriculum 
development, and techniques of teacher 
preparation. 

One day was spent visiting through- 
out the Department; one day, in the 
Raleigh public schools ; one day, at 
East Carolina College; and one day, 
visiting North Carolina State College, 
Duke University, and the University 
of North Carolina. Hosts for the dis- 
tinguished guest from Israel were Ev- 
erette Miller, Nile Hunt, Homer Las- 
siter, George Maddrey, and Vester M. 
Mulholland. 

Minister Melamed expressed satis- 
faction in all types of educational prog- 
ress which he observed in North Caro- 
lina, especially the State's efforts to 
work with all types of pupils and to 
prepare with increasing effectiveness 
all types of teachers. "My visit to 
North Carolina has been one of the 
highlights of my travels in the United 
States. I think your State has possi- 
bilities of demonstrating to the nation 
many superior educational practices." 



the construction of new school build- 
ings throughout the State. This $100,- 
000,000 in State money has been 
matched by local funds to the extent 
of $300,000,000, with the result that the 
value of school property increased 
from $231,000,000 in 1949 to more than 
$600,000,000 at present. 

9. The General Assembly of 1949 
authorized the State Board of Educa- 
tion to establish a Public School In- 
surance Fund. As of June 30, 1949, 97 
of the 174 school administrative units 
were provided with an insurance cov- 
erage of $275,000,000. 

10. Another area operated in connec- 
tion with the public schools is the 
Lunch Program which began in 1943. 
This Program has grown annually un- 
til at present 92,000,000 lunches are be- 
ing served 550,000 children from a total 
of 1.764 schools. 



(Excerpts from "Greetings", Special Education Conference, Raleigh, November 19-21, 1959.) 

In the decade 1949-1959 the public school special education program 
in North Carolina has grown from one serving 2,161 pupils to a program 
serving 14,709 children. When we add to this latter figure the number of 
children in, trainable-level classes, we have a total of 15,255 children re- 
ceiving special education and training during the 1958-59 year. 

The number of special education teachers increased from 54 to 279 
in this same period. In addition, there were 49 teachers of trainable chil- 
dren last year. 

Under the impetus of the National Defense Education, Act, county and 
city administrative units are employing psychometrists. This improved con- 
dition should do much to alleviate the increasing testing burden required 
by special education services. I am glad to note also, of course, that we 
now have four professional persons at the State level in the field of special 
education, whereas 10 years ago there was only one person. 

In order to render the necessary service to the vast number of children 
requiring it, we must continue to give due consideration to the two basic 
needs: (1) sufficient funds and (2) qualified teaching personnel. For money 
we must necessarily look to local and State sources, and for qualified per- 
sonnel we must look primarily to the colleges and universities. 

Looking ahead in the realm of special education for both the edu- 
cable and the trainable, I see an almost unlimited future if we will con- 
tinue to build upon three basic foundations: 

1. We must busy ourselves constantly in identifying the children needing 
these types of services. Only through constant attention to the matter 
can we know our needs and opportunities. 

2. We are making significant progress in the preparation of personnel 
for special education. We are particularly pleased with the manner 
in which many of the institutions of higher learning in North Caro- 
lina are engaging in this phase of the total program. But we cannot 
afford to let up in these efforts. Instead, there is n,eed to re-double 
our efforts in behalf of qualified personnel, because demand for com- 
petent personnel continues to exceed the supply. 

3. We must continue to make sure that qualitative achievement on the 
part of the children whom we serve is paramount to the number 
served. Every minute of every day must be productive insofar as 
our program of instruction and training is concerned. 

Finally, if I know North Carolina at this particular time, I would say that 
the social conscience of its people is in ferment. North Carolinians today 
in increasing numbers are not content to permit human need, especially 
on the part of children, to be neglected. The ideal of human justice is in 
operation in this State as never before. If you and I and all others in- 
terested in helping the handicapped children can show the people that 
there is need in the realm of special education, and training, I am con- 
fident that the necessary support will be forthcoming. 



9*t Jlasuf&i ScUaold, 

It is generally agreed that stu- 
dents in larger high schools have 
wider opportunities in the selection 
of subjects they will study than 
those in small schools. It has not 
been so clearly indicated, however, 
until a recent study was made show- 
ing the number of high schools of- 
fering advanced mathematics. 

In this study it was found that 
the larger the school in terms of stu- 
dents enrolled, ranging from fewer 
than 100 to 1,000 and above, the 
greater the percentage which offered 
advanced mathematics courses. 

It is believed that a study con- 
cerning other subject areas would 
show similar results ; that is, that the 
larger the school, the greater the op- 
portunity for the student to take 
either advanced work in a particular 
subject or to take additional work in 
another field. Such opportunities 
for North Carolina boys and girls 
are being gradually extended year 
by year as consolidation of high 
schools takes place. 

In 1944-45 there were 978 public 
high schools, 73 of the number hav- 
ing 12 or more teachers ; today there 
are approximately 900 high schools 
with more than 300 of the number 
having 12 or more teachers. This, 
in another way, indicates that op- 
portunities for high school students 
are widening. 

A LONGER SCHOOL DAY? 

(Continued from page 3) 

this would give more rest periods for 
younger children. School provides 
place where pupils are working. 
Longer day gives time for other 
activities. Opportunity for varied 
program. And many others, mostly 
favorable to a longer day, provided 
it is used to the advantage of the 
pupil. And this seems to be the 
"secret" of the proposal — its value 
(the longer day) would depend on 
whether the program is intelligently 
conceived including a variety of con- 
tent that would prevent boredom 
and weariness, especially in the 
lower grades. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 

Official publication issued monthly except June, July and August by the State Department of 
Public Instruction. Entered as second-class matter November 2, 1939, at the post office at 
Raleigh, North Carolina, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 

CHARLES F. CARROLL 

State Supt. of Public Instruction 

Vol. XXIV, No. 4 EDITORIAL BOARD December, 1959 

L. H. JOBE, J. E. MILLER 
V. M. MULHOLLAND 

*Ja SttoetUftkeH, and OmpAave, 



These words have become almost 
classic in recent months, particular- 
ly in North Carolina where quality 
instruction is being emphasized at 
the State level, at the local level, 
and through every organization and 
agency interested in the improve- 
ment of the schools. Perhaps the 
one most important conclusion 
drawn concerning better schools dur- 
ing the past year or two is the fact 
that quality education, for the most 
part, is a homegrown product. Im- 
provement in schools can never be 
dictated from Raleigh or Wash- 
ington; instead, improvement is 
grounded in the basic faith and de- 
termination of local citizens that 
schools shall fit the changing needs 
of its citizens. 

Since the primary purpose of the 
NDEA and the State Curriculum 
Study is the strengthening of cur- 
riculum offerings and the im- 
provement of instruction, activities 
planned in connection with either 
project will likely be similar. In- 
deed, improvement of instruction 
may also be the goal of activities 
which are independent of the NDEA 
or the State Curriculum Study. The 
most obvious advantage for schools 
which are participating in the op- 
portunities afforded by the NDEA 
and which are cooperating with the 
State Curriculum Study is that ef- 
forts can readily be coordinated to- 
ward the same identical goal — 
strengthening of the curriculum and 
improvement of instruction. Except 
in certain minor matters, activities 
and experiences in these major un- 
dertakings will invariably overlap. 

Wherever one goes in North Caro- 
lina today the same objective seems 
to loom increasingly large in the 
minds of educators and laymen a- 

DECEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



like; namely, that education shall 
meet the demands of a rapidly 
changing society and that desirable 
changes in education must come 
from careful evaluation and plan- 
ning at the local level. Such changes 
may be stimulated through advisory 
and study committees, through par- 
ticipation in the State Curriculum 
Study, or through activities pertain- 
ing to the NDEA. Though the 
source of stimulation is important, 
the most significant fact to remem- 
ber is that strengthening the cur- 
riculum and improving instruction 
must be a never-ending process in- 
volving all those interested in better 
schools and an improved quality in 
living. 

A Jloncfesi Ecltaal jbcuf,? 

Dr. Lloyd E. Blauch, assistant 
commissioner of higher education of 
the U. S. Office of Education, has 
stated that the schools' work should 
be done the way the world's work is 
done — from nine to five. Excluding 
time for lunch and recess, this fig- 
ures about six hours in the class- 
room. 

North Carolina's school law (Sec- 
tion 115-36) provides that "the 
length of the school day shall be de- 
termined by the several county and 
city boards of education for all pub- 
lic schools in their respective ad- 
ministrative units, and the minimum 
time for which teachers shall be em- 
ployed in the schoolroom or on the 
grounds supervising the activities of 
children shall not be less than six 
hours." It will be noted that this 
provision relates to teacher-employ- 
ment and not to pupil instruction. 

Dr. Blauch contends that "a full 
day" at the school would permit a 



great increase in the schools' effi- 
ciency and effectiveness. The school 
would provide the best environment 
for homework, he points out. Every- 
one would be doing the same thing; 
there would be supervision ; and ref- 
erence books would be available. 
The longer day, Blauch contends, 
would also give counselors a chance 
to get in much more work with stu- 
dents. He further states that many 
students are at a disadvantage at 
home because of no place to study, 
atmospheres not conducive to study, 
and distractions such as radio and 
television. 

Not all teachers and school ad- 
ministrators will agree with Dr. 
Blauch. Some will. 

In North Carolina, several years 
ago, an attempt was made to find 
out what teachers, principals, super- 
visors, and superintendents thought 
about this topic. Returns from 1,281 
people from these groups were re- 
ceived from 1,740 requests scattered 
throughout the State. Responses as 
to the ideal length of the school day 
ranged from three hours to seven 
hours. (School day was interpreted 
to include the time intervening from 
"tardy time in the morning and the 
dismissed time and included lunch 
and activity periods" prior to school 
dismissal for the day.) Median re- 
sponses were as follows : 
First grade pupils — 5 hours 
Second grade pupils — 5% 
Third grade pupils — 5% hours 
Other elementary grades — 5% hours 
High school students — Q x /-2 hours 

Dr. Blauch does not break his pro- 
posal down into these groups. It 
would appear from the North Caro- 
lina survey, however, that about 50 
per cent of school people would a- 
gree with him as his idea applies 
to high school. But in the grades, 
the great majority seem to think 
that less than a six-hour day is suf- 
ficient. 

It will be noted that no pupil or 
parent opinion was included in the 
State survey. There are a number 
of factors to be considered in length- 
ening the day, which were brought 
out, however. Some of them were : 
Bus transportation presupposes 
some schedule for all pupils, but 

(Continued on page 2) 






Nation's School and College Enrollment 
Will Reach 46,480,000 This School Year 



The Nation's school and college en- 
rollment, Increasing for the 15th con- 
secutive year, will reach an all-time 
high of 46,480,000 in the school year 
1959-60, Commissioner of Education. 
Lawrence G. Derthick, announced re- 
cently. ( See North Carolina survey 
elsewhere in this edition.) 

This is an increase of 1,940,000 over 
the 44,540,000 enrollment for the 1958- 
59 school year. 

Commissioner Derthick estimated 
that a total of 1,563,000 teachers will 
be needed in both public and non-public 
school's in the coming year, whereas the 
number presently qualified is 1,368,000. 

Making up this total supply are 1.- 
248,000 teachers expected to continue 
in service ; 97,000 newly trained teach- 
ers ; and 23,000 teachers formerly em- 
ployed with substandard credentials but 
now fully trained and certified. A part 
of this shortage will be met by former 
instructors returning to service, but 
the number cannot be determined. 

"The deficit of teachers will mean, 
in many communities, over-large classes 
or the employment of teachers without 
adequate training, or both," Commis- 
sioner Derthick said. "In many in- 
stances, it will also mean curtailing 
the number of subjects offered." 

Last year, elementary and secondary 
schools were 182,000 teachers short of 
the total need. 

Intensifying the scarce supply of 
teachers, Commissioner Derthick said, 
is the teacher-turnover rate of 10.9 per 
cent, which represents the proportion 
of teachers who leave the profession 
each year. Studies in progress confirm 
this rate as being more accurate than 
the 7.5 per cent formerly utilized in 
calculating teacher shortages. 

The Commissioner pointed out that 
one out of every four persons in the 
United States is now attending school, 
from kindergarten through college. Last. 
October, 89.2 per cent of boys and girls 
14 through 17 years of age were en- 
rolled in secondary schools and colleges. 
Ten years ago, 81.8 per cent were en- 
rolled. 



57 Business Schools 
In State Are Licensed 

Fifty-seven business schools located 
in North Carolina and one located in 
Georgia are licensed to do business in 
Ibis State. 

A business school, according to law 
"is one which teaches any or several 
of the subjects usually taught in a busi- 
ness or commercial school or which 
may be needed to train youths or a- 
dults for office work, accounting, gen- 
eral clerical, telegraphy, communica- 
tions, distribution, or other business 
or government positions." Before such 
a school may operate in North Caro- 
lina, it must secure a license to open 
and conduct such a school. This li- 
cense is issued annually. Solicitors for 
such schools must also secure licenses 
to be renewed each year. 

A list of the licensed business schools 
and their solicitors for 1959-60 may be 
secured from T. Carl Brown, State De- 
partment of Public Instruction, Ra- 
leigh, N. C. 

Anticipated enrollments for the 1959- 
60 school year in public, nonpublic and 
miscellaneous elementary and secon- 
dary schools are estimated, by grade 
levels, to be 33,460,000 in kindergarten 
through Grade 8 and 9,240,000 in 
Grades 9 through 12, compared with 
32,010,000 and S.94O.000, respectively, 
last year. 

Institutions of higher education ex- 
pect a total enrollment of 3,780,000 as 
compared with 3,590,000 last year. 

Commissioner Derthick warned that 
swelling enrollments and their attend- 
ant problems are likely to continue for 
many years. Four years from now, he 
said, the school-age population — pupils 
5 through 17 years of age — will proba- 
bly go as high as 48.8 million or 13 per 
cent more than at present. 

Approximate school and college en- 
rollments in recent years are shown 
below : 



School- Year 


Kindergarten through 


Grades 9 


Higher 






Grade 8 


through 12 


Education 


1929-30 




23,740,000 


4,812,000 


1,101,000 


1939-40 




21,127,000 


7,130,000 


1,494,000 


1949-50 




22,207,000 


6,453,000 


2,659,000 


1958-59 


(Est.) 


32,010,000 


8,940,000 


3.590,000 


1959-60 


(Est.) 


33,460,000 


9,240,000 


3,780,000 



Materials List Available 
To Language Teachers 

Teachers of modern foreign lan- 
guages, supervisors, and administrators 
will be interested in a new publication, 
Materials List for Use by Teachers of 
Modern Foreign Languages, prepared 
and published by the Modern Lan- 
guage Association of America, pur- 
suant to a contract with the U. S. Of- 
fice of Education. The 85-page booklet, 
edited by Douglas W. Alden of Prince- 
ton University, contains 1,717 items 
with pertinent information about their 
purpose and suitability for the various 
levels of instruction. This publication 
is intended as a companion piece to 
the Purchase Guide prepared by the 
Council of Chief State School Officers. 

This Materials List is open ended, 
thereby permitting additions, deletions, 
and other changes in annual supple- 
ments ; it identifies materials actually 
found useful by modern foreign lan- 
guage teachers in the classroom ; it is 
a selective list but by no means a 
frozen list ; items appearing in the list 
with information about sources, pub- 
lishers, and prices are for identifica- 
tion, and not for exclusive endorse- 
ment. 

The Materials List is classified in 
three major categories: by divisions, 
by levels, and by categories of ma- 
terials. 

Materials of instruction in modern 
foreign languages which are eligible 
for purchase for local projects include 
films, filrnstrips, slides, magnetic tapes 
and discs, phonograph records, and 
other audio-visual materials. Certain 
printed materials are also eligible, such 
as maps, charts, picture dictionaries, 
foreign magazines, supplementary read- 
ers, and other books for enrichment or 
supplemental use in teaching a modern 
foreign language. Excluded, however, 
are textbooks, workbooks, and labora- 
tory manuals for class use by individ- 
ual pupils. 

The officers and members of the 
MLA hope this initial list will be use- 
ful to teachers of French, German, 
Italian, Russian, and Spanish. 

This publication appears to be one of 
the most useful yet to be published' 
relative to materials available under 
the National, Defense Education Act. 
Copies arc available at fifty cents each 
from Modern Language Association, 
Foreign Language Program Research 
Center, 70 Fifth Avenue, New York 11, 
N. Y. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Board Authorizes 
Re-Examination Committees 

Committees to re-examine the regula- 
tions governing teacher allotment, sal- 
ary schedules, and organization pat- 
terns were authorized by the State 
Board of Education at its December 
meeting. 

These committees were recommended 
by the Board's Policy Committee. They 
will work with the staff and the State 
Board of Education in the preparation 
of data for the development of future 
programs. 



Curriculum Study Issues 
Guide In Industrial Arts 

Intended as a resource for curricu- 
lum improvement, A Guide to Curricu- 
lum Study in Industrial Arts was dis- 
tributed in December to educators 
throughout North Carolina by Dr. I. E. 
Beady, director of the Statewide Cur- 
riculum Study. This 54-page bulletin 
was prepared by Dr. Ivan Hostetler, 
head of the Department of Industrial 
Arts, North Carolina State College, and 
Dr. Talmadge B. Young, associate pro- 
fessor in industrial arts, NCS, recog- 
nized authorities in this area. 

Emphasis throughout this bulletin is 
on general education, differences be- 
tween industrial arts and vocational 
education, and the place of industrial 
arts in education. Sectional headings 
include the following: "What Is Indus- 
trial Arts?"; "What Is the Present 
Status of Industrial Arts in North 
Carolina ?" ; "What Are the Contents of 
the Curriculum in Industrial Arts?"; 
"The Organization of the Industrial 
Arts Program" ; and "Summary, Pro- 
posals, and Becommendations." 

Sub-sections include discussions on 
such topics as these: "Experimentation 
and Problem Solving" ; "Group and In- 
dividual Projects" ; "Originality and 
Creativeness" ; "Industrial Arts for the 
Girls" ; "Industrial Arts for the Aca- 
demically Talented" ; Industrial Arts 
for the Slow Learner" ; and "Labora- 
tory or Shop." 

Here is another excellent curriculum 
guide — prepared by experts and based 
on a survey of recent literature, prac- 
tices, and experimentation in the area 
of industrial arts. Congratulations to 
Dr. Ready, the authors, and all those 
■who will profit from the use nf this 
bulletin. 



Six Professional Conferences in State 
Engage Interest of Many Educators 



Among the professional meetings of 
Hie late fall, six were of particular in- 
terest to educators throughout the 
State. A number of State Department 
personnel participated in these confer- 
ences. 

The tenth annual supervisors confer- 
ence, whose theme was "Newer Em- 
phases in Education in North Caro- 
lina," was featured by two addresses, a 
panel, and five study groups. Dr. Ben- 
jamin S. Patrick, Jr.. of Winston-Salem 
and Superintendent Craig Phillips of 
Winston-Salem were the guest speak- 
ers. The panel included Dr. C. D. Kil- 
lian, who discussed " The Proposed 
Study of the Education of the Gifted" ; 
Nile F. Hunt, "The National Defense 
Education Act" ; Dr. Durell Ruffin, 
"Southern Association Cooperative Pro- 
gram in Elementary Education" ; and 
Esther M. Eaton, "The Teaching of 
Modern Foreign Languages." 

Study groxips were arranged for 
mathematics, guidance and testing, 
science, foreign language, and South- 
ern Association program for elemen- 
tary schools. Mrs. Grace C. Efird, 
president of the division of supervisors 
and directors of instruction, presided 
at the general sessions. 

The North Carolina State School 
Boards Association convention was 
highlighted by an illustrated address 
by C. S. Reed, vice president of the 
Duke Power Company : by a sympo- 
sium, "The Story of North Carolina 
Moving Ahead" ; and a series of table 
discussion groups on "Needs of Educa- 
tion as a Result of Expansion." Par- 
ticipating in the symposium were 
Robert E. Giles, Dr. George Simpson. 
W. R. Henderson, and Dr. D. W. Col- 
vard. President W. W. Sutton of Golds- 
boro presided. 

The North Carolina College Confer- 
ence, with Dr. James E. Hillman as 
president, transacted its annual busi- 
ness during the two-day meeting and 
heard a panel discuss, "Teaching Col- 
lege Freshmen." Another feature of 
the program was an address by Dr. 
Ordway Tead, vice president of Harper 
and Brothers on "Assuring Learning 
Through Teaching in the First Two 
Years of College." 

One of the regional meetings held in 
North Carolina during the fall was that 
of the National Association of Guid- 
ance Supervisors and Counselors Train- 



ers, which took place in Asneville, with 
Chairman Robert M. Colver of Duke 
University in charge. Featured on this 
program was an address by Frank 
Sievers of the U. S. Office of Educa- 
tion on "Guidance and Testing Activi- 
ties of the L T . S. Office of Education" 
and an address by Ralph Bedell of the 
U. S. Office on "Emerging Implications 
of Counseling and Guidance Training 
Institutes for the Training of Secon- 
dary School Counselors." Dr. W. D. 
Perry discussed "Counselor Certifica- 
tion in the Southern Region." 

"Quality Teaching" was the theme 
of the southern regional meeting of the 
Associated Public Schools Systems 
which met in Chapel Hill. Four ad- 
dresses highlighted this gathering: 
"Adaptability As An Evidence of Qual- 
ity Teaching," by Dr. Paul Mort of 
Columbia University ; "Today's Chal- 
lenge to Teaching," President W. H. 
I'lemmons of Appalachian State Teach- 
ers College ; "Quality Schools," by Dr. 
Dwight Rich, president of APSS, Lan- 
sing, Michigan ; and "The Master 
Teacher," by the Honorable Edwin 
Gill, Treasurer of the State of North 
Carolina. Dr. Joe McCracken, superin- 
tendent of schools in Spartanburg, 
S. C, presided. 

In the eleventh annual special edu- 
cation conference on education for ex- 
ceptional children emphasis was placed 
throughout the three-day Raleigh meet- 
ing on "Curriculum Development." 
More than 300 participants worked 
with State, regional and national lead- 
ers in all phases of special education. 
Conference chairman was Felix S. 
Barker of the Department of Public 
Instruction. (See additional story in 
this issue.) 

Reading Clinic To Be Held 
At Temple University 

The Seventeenth Annual Reading In- 
stitute at Temple University will be 
held in Philadelphia, January 25 
through January 29, 1960, inclusive. 
The theme will be "Current Trends in 
Reading." 

Further information may be obtained 
by writing to : The Reading Clinic, De- 
partment of Psychology, Temple Uni- 
versity, Philadelphia 22. Pennsylvania. 



DECEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



80-90 Beginning Principals Participate 
In Regional Orientation Conferences 



Between 80 and 90 new and inexperi- 
enced principals attended the eight re- 
gional conferences arranged for begin- 
ning administrators earlier in the fall. 
Superintendents had indicated that 
there were approximately 150 begin- 
ning principals in the State this year. 
These one-day orientation confer- 
ences were held under the sponsorship 
of the Department of Public Instruc- 
tion, the Division of Superintendents, 
and the two Divisions of Principals, 
The Central Planning Committee for 
Improving Educational Administration, 
appointed by Superintendent Charles F. 
Carroll to carry on the work initiated 
by the Coordinated Statewide Study of 
Educational Administration, assisted in 
planning these conferences. For the 
third successive year Dr. Vester M. 
Mulholland served as program chair- 
man and coordinator of these confer- 
ences. 

Meetings were held in Lumberton, Al- 
bemarle, Burlington, Salisbury, States- 
ville, Asheville, Goldsboro, and Green- 
ville. More than 100 consultants — con- 
sisting of experienced principals, super- 
intendents, supervisors, and college 
and State Department personnel — also 
participated, as did a number of prin- 
cipals and assistant principals who had 
been doing administrative work for 
several years. 

Common items on each agenda in- 
cluded the following : Resources and 
Services of the State Department of 
Public Instruction ; Statutory Respon- 
sibility of the Principal ; What a 
Teacher Expects of a Principal ; Lead- 
ership Responsibilities of Principals : 
For Supervision of Instruction, For Hu- 
man Relations, For In-Service Growth, 
For Curriculum Study ; Question-and- 
Answer Period ; and Ingredients of Ed- 
ucational Leadership — A Summary 
Statement. A package of more than 
twenty items, collected by Dr. Mulhol- 
land, was distributed to those in at- 
tendance. 

Evaluation of the conferences by pa r- 
ticipants indicates that they were of 
considerable benefit to those in attend- 
ance and that arrangements should be 
made for such conferences to include 
more people and be held over a longer 
period of time. 

Highlights of these eight conferences 
bave been summarized in a special bul- 
letin which was distributed in Decem- 
ber to superintendents, beginning prin- 



cipals, and others participating in the 
conferences. These bulletins are avail- 
able from Dr. Vester M. Mulholland, 
State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion. 

David E. Day, principal of the Mor- 
ven High School, assisted Dr. Mulhol- 
land in preparing this bulletin. 

Board Members Commend 
Elimination of Activities 

Elimination of undesireable activi- 
ties in the schools was commended by 
members of the State Board of Educa- 
tion at its December meeting. 

Efforts on the part of citizens, local 
school board members, and local school 
officials to eliminate many activities 
and programs in conflict with sound 
and effective educational practices were 
commended. Cited were the limitation 
of the number of athletic events and 
fund raising activities. A number of 
the units, it was pointed out, were 
drawing up resolutions with respect to 
such activities. 

E.C.C. President Takes 
Position In Washington 

Dr. John D. Messick, president of 
East Carolina College for the past 
twelve years, recently began his duties 
as vice director of the National Com- 
mission on Special Education and Re- 
habilitation in Washington, D. C. 

Dr. Messick resigned his position as 
East Carolina president October 23, but 
will continue in office until January 7, 
the date on which his resignation be- 
comes effective. Until then, he will di- 
vide his time between his duties at 
E.C.C. and those in Washington. 

A three-member committee of the 
East Carolina Board of Trustees has 
been named to recommend a successor 
to Dr. Messick. Appointed to serve on 
this group by Board Chairman J. Her- 
bert Waldrop of Greenville were Henry 
Belk of Goldsboro, chairman ; Charles 
H. Larkins of Kinston, and Henry Og- 
lesby of Grifton. 

Appointed as consultants to this 
group, also by Mr. Waldrop, are Dr. 
E. R. Browning, director of the East 
Carolina department of business edu- 
cation, representing the faculty, and 
Z. W. Frazelle of Kenansville, repre- 
senting college alumni. They are non- 
voting membei's of the committee. 



McDaniel Succeeds Eason 
As Franklinton School Head 

Jesse L. McDaniel has been elected 
to succeed F. H. Eason as superinten- 
dent of the Franklinton city admin- 
istrative unit, effective January 1. Ea- 
son recently resigned to become comp- 
troller of the new Methodist College 
at Fayetteville. 

McDaniel has been principal of the 
Creedmoor High School, Granville 
County, for 1958-59 and this year. He 
is a graduate of East Carolina College 
with the B.S. degree in 1949 and the 
M.A. in 1950. He has had other experi- 
ence as a principal in Carteret, Bertie 
and Orange county schools. 

Hon. Claude L Love Dies 
Board Passes Resolution 

Hon. Claude L. Love, Assistant At- 
torney General, died suddenly at his 
home in Raleigh on November 11. As 
a member of the Attorney General's 
staff for the past several years, Mr. 
Love's assignment was the public 
schools. Before he took up the practice 
of law, he had engaged in public school 
work as teacher and principal in Bun- 
combe County. 

In respect to his memory, the State 
Board of Education passed the follow- 
ing resolution: 

"With a background of public 
school and legal experience, the Hon- 
orable Claude L. Love was equipped 
with an unusual knowledge of school 
law. Supporting his keen insights in 
the area of his chosen specialization, 
Mr. Love was affectionately re- 
spected throughout the State. The 
sincerity of his love for people who 
were seriously dedicating their tal- 
ents to public education endeared him 
to the many school administrators 
and school board attorneys who fre- 
quently sought his services. Clarity 
and accuracy characterized his legal 
interpretations ; integrity and purity 
were reflected in his personality ; and 
plain devotion to duty symbolized his 
concept of citizenship. 

"In gratitude for his life and for 
his services to public education, the 
State Board of Education hereby re- 
cords its indebtedness to the Honor- 
able Claude L. Love, Assistant At- 
torney General, State of North Caro- 
lina, with the request that copies of 
this statement be sent to the family 
and to the press." 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



George R. Herbert Speaks 
To State Department NCEA 

Dr. George R. Herbert, president of 
the Research Triangle Institute, spoke 
to the NCEA unit of the Department of 
Public Instruction at its winter meet- 
ing, December 14. More than fifty 
members and guests enjoyed this pro- 
fessional-social affair. 

Dr. Herbert, in explaining the pur- 
pose and organization of the Research 
Triangle Institute, envisioned ways 
whereby the public schools as well as 
the institutions of higher learning in 
the State might become participants 
and beneficiaries of this imaginative 
undertaking. 

"Throughout the nation there is in- 
terest in this project which has so 
many possibilities for coordinating a- 
vailable know-how for the improvement 
of life, liberty, and the pursuit of hap- 
piness. The project and the public 
schools can be mutually helpful," de- 
clared Dr. Herbert. 



Project To Improve School Administration 
Results in Specific Progress in N. C. 



Three School Planning 
Conferences Announced 

A series of three School Planning 
Conferences were recently announced 
for the week of January 11-15, 1960. 
Conferences will be held at Asheville 
beginning the evening of January 11 
and all day January 12, at Winston- 
Salem beginning the evening of Jan- 
uary 12 and all day January 13, and 
at Goldsboro beginning the evening of 
January 14 and all day January 15. 

Dr. Shirley Cooper, associate secre- 
tary of the American Association of 
School Administrators, will be the fea- 
tured speaker at the evening sessions 
at the Asheville and Winston-Salem 
conferences. Dr. W. D. McClurkin, ex- 
ecutive secretary of the National Coun- 
cil on Schoolhouse Planning, will speak 
at the evening session of the Goldsboro 
conference. 

Topics to be discussed at the all day 
sessions are : Inspection and Super- 
vision Educational Planning; Building 
Costs ; Planning Mechanical Services ; 
Site Development ; NDEA ; and others. 

These conferences are sponsored by 
the Division of Superintendents of the 
North Carolina Education Association, 
the North Carolina Chapter of The 
American Institute of Architects ; and 
by the Division of School Planning of 
the State Department of Public In- 
struction. 

DECEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



After four years' operation in the 
State, the Coordinated Statewide Study 
of Educational Administration officially 
ended October 31, 1959. In an effort to 
continue certain aspects of the work 
initiated by the CSSEA, Superinten- 
dent Charles F. Carroll has appointed 
a central committee of 19 persons to 
find ways of continually improving ed- 
ucational administration in the State. 

Co-chairmen of the CSSEA project 
in North Carolina, for which Kellogg 
funds amounting to $25,000 were allo- 
cated, were Dr. Allen S. Hurlburt and 
Dr. Vester M. Mulholland. This partic- 
ular project, sponsored by the State 
Department of Public Instruction, in 
an effort to pool ideas and coordinate 
activities among the seven institutions 
of higher learning in North Carolina 
which prepare administrators, has re- 
sulted in a number of positive results, 
according to Superintendent Carroll in 
his preface to the fourth annual report 
of the CSSEA. 

"Much has been accomplished 
through this coordinated and coopera- 
tive effort. Those responsible for pre- 
paring administrators have gained much 
through sharing, through experimenta- 
tion, and through long-range planning. 
Administrators themselves have found 
the four annual spring conferences in- 
formative and stimulating. Orientation 
conferences for beginning principals 
have met with wide acceptance. Com- 
mittees working on special sub-projects 
have paved the way for continued 
progress in the whole areas of improved 
preparation for educational administra- 
tors. The Charlotte and Statesville 
workshops for prospective administra- 
tors have proved of great value. 
Throughout the State there are en- 
couraging signs that administrators of 
the future will be increasingly creative, 
well educated, and competent in all 
phases of educational leadership." 

Sub-projects have included efforts to 
improve certification practices relative 
to administrators ; efforts to assist be- 
ginning principals during their first 
months on the job ; efforts to orient 
prospective administrators in Charlotte 
and in the area surrounding States- 
ville ; efforts to develop a filmstrip and 
accompanying script on duties of ad- 
ministrators which might be useful in 
high schools, colleges, and civic orga- 
nizations ; efforts to discover ways of 
releasing time for the teaching princi- 



pal in order that some attention might 
he given to improvement of instruc- 
tion ; efforts to examine carefully cur- 
ricular offerings for administrators in 
the participating colleges and to find 
ways of improving these when desira- 
ble ; and efforts to disseminate perti- 
nent reports, summaries, and articles 
pertaining to educational administra- 
tion. 

In commenting on the four-year proj- 
ect, Co-Chairman Hurlburt states in 
the fourth annual report that though 
all sub-projects did not meet with suc- 
cess, the major purposes envisioned 
were partially achieved : Considerable 
teamwork among institutions and pro- 
fessional organizations concerned with 
the preparation of school administra- 
tors and teamwork with the Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction did result; 
preparation programs in some of the 
participating institutions were im- 
proved ; the development of interdis- 
cipline understanding and effort in 
program development was initiated ; to 
an appreciable degree the State has 
been kept abreast of national develop- 
ments in administration ; and in a 
noticeable manner there has been stim- 
ulation for local program improvement 
and research. 

Ten Month School Year 
Vetoed In Texas Survey 

Texans take a dim view of a ten 
month school year, finds the Texas Poll 
— an opinion sampling organization. In 
response to a proposal which suggested 
adding one more month to the present 
nine month school year, 62 per cent of 
1,000 "representative men and women" 
thought the idea was not good. Only 
29 per cent sanctioned the proposal, 
and the remaining nine per cent failed 
to muster an opinion either way. The 
main reason for the negative vote : 
children need a three-month vacation. 
This reason was cited by 67 per cent 
of the respondents who have children 
in school, and who voted against the 
proposal. Even 59 per cent of those 
without children in school, and voting 
against the extra month, relied on the 
same reason. According to the survey, 
about six per cent disapproved the idea 
because of the fear of increased taxes 
and added costs in such a plan. — School 
Boards. 



North Carolina Stare Liorary 
Raleigh 






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Hunt and Mulholland Explain NDEA 
In Special Article for News Bulletin 



An article prepared fry Dr. Vester 
M. Mulholland and Nile F. Hunt in 
which the National Defense Education 
Act is carefully explained appeared in 
the November issue of the NCEA Neics 
Bulletin, 31,500 copies of which were 
distributed during the late fall. 

In this article each title of the 
NDEA which pertains to the schools 
of North Carolina and to the Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction is analyzed : 
money available is discussed ; and the 
comprehensive nature of NDEA along 
with its specific purposes are also in- 
troduced. In addition, Mulholland and 
Hunt discuss the flexibility of the 
State Plan, the importance of status 
studies, how to plan a four-year pro- 
gram, and the place of materials in 
improving instruction. 

One section of the article deals with 
philosophy relative to standards ; an- 
other, with the academically talented ; 
and another, with explanation. 

In concluding the article, the authors 
state : "The NDEA can be more sig- 
nificant than any school legislation 
ever enacted : it spans many areas ; it 
has the possibility of reaching large 
numbers of students and teachers at all 
levels of education ; it gives particular 
promise of identifying and helping the 
alert ; it has provisions for encouraging 
more persons to enter the teaching pro- 
fession ; it provides for balanced pro- 
grams of instruction ; it provides for 
the acquisition of materials and equip- 
ment ; it makes provision for in-service 
growth among teachers ; it provides ex- 
panded opportunities for training tech- 
nicians or skilled workers in scientific 
or technical fields ; and most import- 
ant, it stresses local responsibility for 
quality education. 

"As this concept of shared responsi- 
bility for improving instruction is un- 
derstood and accepted, there is every 
reason to believe that quality educa- 
tion will be more and more in evidence 
in North Carolina and throughout the 
Nation. The National Defense Educa- 
tion Act is simultaneously a tremen- 
dous opportunity as well as a great 
challenge. 

Copies of this issue of the News Bul- 
letin are available through the offices 
of the North Carolina Education Asso- 
ciation, 111 West Morgan Street, Ra- 
leigh, according to Dr. W. Amos 
Abrams, editor. 



Three New Handbooks 
Received By SDPI 

Recent North Carolina handbooks 
which have come to the attention of 
the State Department of Public In- 
struction include those from Burling- 
ton, Lenoir City Schools, and the Cas- 
well County Schools. Though similar 
in many ways, these handbooks have 
their own individual characteristics. 

Better Schools for Burlington, the 
title of the Burlington 100-page hand- 
book, has a number of special features, 
among them sections on the following 
topics : school board policies ; public re- 
lations ; school statistics ; philosophy 
and curriculum ; professional study 
program and in-service training; and 
substitute teacher regulations. Super- 
intendent Spikes in his foreword em- 
phasizes the value of this quotation : 
"Every individual has a right to an 
education which fits him with skills to 
make a living and with a philosophy 
to make a life — an education which 
gears the newcomer into the contribu- 
tions of the past and draws interest 
lor the future." 

The Lenoir Q-uidc, among other sec- 
tions, includes the following : work- 
books ; fees ; cumulative records ; dis- 
cipline ; community activities and pub- 
lic relationships ; group loyalty and 
school gossip; suggestions for getting 
started ; the instructional program ; 
and promotion policies. 

The Handbook from Caswell County 
states that lay people have been assist- 
ing in school planning for many years 
and that this interest is greater now 
than ever before. Policies of the county 
board of education are included in the 
Handbook, along with other sections, 
such as philosophy, the health correc- 
tion program, Statewide educational 
interests for 1959-60, suggested school 
committees and their responsibilities, 
filmstrips, and cooperating agencies. 

Each of these bulletins was coopera- 
tively prepared and each will doubtless 
be of great value to those who use 
them. Congratulations to three more 
administrative units wfiiich have chosen 
this medium of communication and in- 
spiration as a means for improving in- 
struction. 



Carroll's Mars Hill Talk 
Sent To Superintendents 

Mimeographed copies of Superinten- 
dent Charles F. Carroll's address to 
school superintendents entitled, "Grow- 
ing Edges in Public Education," were 
distributed early in December to city 
and county superintendents and a num- 
ber of other interested personnel. 

In this address, which has been fre- 
quently quoted in recent months, Dr. 
Carroll stresses the significance of 
preparation and in-service growth ; 
changes with impact on education ; sat- 
isfactory community relations ; determ- 
ining what is important to teach ; the 
significance of improved teaching; the 
importance of research and constant 
experimentation ; and the place of test- 
ing, guidance, and counseling in the 
school program. 

It was in this address which Super- 
intendent Carroll insisted that "the 
school has specific, not residual func- 
tions, limited and not boundless respon- 
sibilities and obligations. No school 
can do everything for everybody but 
every school can do something for 
everybody." 

Mathematics Lectures 
Available To High Schools 

North Carolina is one of the states 
which has been selected for participa- 
tion in a Visiting Lectures Program to 
Secondary Schools, sponsored by the 
Mathematical Association of America. 

Lectures on mathematical topics and 
conferences with students and faculty 
will be provided under the program. 
Dr. Norman Smith of the University 
of Wyoming has been designated as the 
lecturer for North Carolina. In general 
he will spend a day in a school. 

The general aims of the program 
are: (1) to strengthen the mathematics 
program of secondary schools, (2) to 
encourage cooperation between college 
and secondary - school mathematics 
staffs, (3) to provide the mathematics 
staffs and students in secondary school 
with an opportunity for personal con- 
tacts with productive and creative 
mathematicians, and (4) to aid in the 
motivation of secondary school students 
to consider careers in mathematics and 
the teaching of mathematics. 

Dr. Smiths' itinerary is being ar- 
ranged by Dr. Thomas D. Reynolds of 
Duke University. Administrative units 
desiring the services of the mathemat- 
ics lecturer should contact Dr. Reyn- 
olds. 



10 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Withholding Income Taxes 
To Be On Monthly Basis 

By action of the State Board of Edu- 
cation in agreement with the State De- 
partment of Revenue, "county and city 
boards of education shall report and 
pay monthly to the North Carolina 
Department of Revenue income taxes 
withheld from salaries and wages of 
employees paid by the office of super- 
intendent of schools." 

This action was taken by the Board 
at the December meeting. In accord- 
ance with an act passed by the General 
Assembly of 1959, the withholding of 
individual income taxes from salaries 
and wages for all employees becomes 
effective January 1, 1960. This simply 
means that employees are authorized 
to deduct from each individuals check 
(monthly in the case of all school em- 
ployees) an estimated amount of in- 
come tax which shall be sent to the 
State Department of Revenue to be 
credited to each individual's annual in- 
come tax account. Bach individual will 
file as heretofore his income tax re- 
turn on which he will specify the year- 
ly total that has already been withheld 
from his salary. 



Cora Paul Bomar Attends 
National Committee Meet 

Cora Paul Bomar, supervisor of 
school library services for the De- 
partment of Public Instruction, recent- 
ly attended a meeting of the Federal 
Relations Committee of the American 
Library Association in Chicago. This 
committee is composed of seven mem- 
bers from various sections throughout 
the country representing all types of 
library service. Miss Bomar is the 
school library representative. 

At the Chicago meeting, the commit- 
tee, working in cooperation with the 
U. S. Office of Education and the ALA 
president, considered Federal library 
legislation for possible introduction at 
the termination of the Library Services 
Act in 1961. 

"This meeting was significant in view 
of the fact that participants were af- 
forded time to evaluate carefully all 
proposals for possible legislation that 
might be introduced into Congress two 
years from now," declared Miss Bomar. 
"And since every phase of library serv- 
ice was represented, the committee 
feels this session was quite profitable." 



Improvement of Education Administration 
Goal of Central Planning Committee 



For the purpose of continuing activi- 
ties begun by Coordinated Statewide 
Study of Educational Administration 
and for the purposes of initiating other 
efforts for the improvement of educa- 
tional administration, Superintendent 
Charles F. Carroll recently appointed 
a central planning committee of nine- 
teen representative educators. Included 
on this committee are personnel from 
the seven colleges which offer graduate 
work in administration, from the di- 
vision of superintendents, the two prin- 
cipals' associations, and the State De- 
partment of Public Instruction. 

Dr. Vester M. Mulholland, who 
served along with Dr. Allan Hurlburt 
as co-chairman of the CSSEA, has been 
appointed chairman of the new com- 
mittee by Superintendent Carroll. 

Other members of the committee in- 
clude the following : 

Dr. William E. Fulmer, Appalachian 
State Teachers College ; Dr. Ben Hor- 



ton, Appalachian State Teachers Col- 
lege ; Dean Lewis C. Dowdy, A. & T. 
College; Dr. W. A. Stumpf, Duke Uni- 
versity ; Dr. James H. Tucker, East 
Carolina College ; Dr. James C. Finney, 
North Carolina College; Dr. Guy B. 
Phillips, University of North Carolina; 
Dr. Ray M. Ainsley, Western Carolina 
College ; A. D. Kornegay, Superinten- 
dent, Statesville city schools ; Dr. L. E. 
Spikes, President, Superintendents' As- 
sociation ; Joe L. Cashwell, President, 
Principals' Division, NCEA ; M. L. Wil- 
son, President, Principals' Division, 
NCTA ; L. H. Swindell, North Carolina 
State School Boards Association ; A. H. 
Peeler, Principal, J. C. Price School, 
Greensboro. 

Dr. Lloyd Y. Thayer, Principal, High 
Point Junior High School ; Dr. John 
Otts, Asst. Superintendent, Charlotte 
city schools ; Dr. Frank A. Tolliver, 
Department of Public Instruction ; and 
Dr. James E. Hillman, State Board of 
Higher Education. 



Annual Statewide Principals' Conference 
Attracts More Than 400 To New Bern 



More than 400 principals and other 
educators attended the Statewide prin- 
cipals' conference in New Bern early 
in November. Joe L. Cashwell of Albe- 
marle, served as president of the Di- 
vision of Principals of the NCEA dur- 
ing the past year. State Department 
members participating in the program 
included Nile F. Hunt, Dr. Vester M. 
Mulholland, Miss Cora Paul Bomar, 
Henry A. Shannon, and Miss Ella 
Stephens Barrett. 

Guest speakers included Horace I. 
Seeley, assistant treasurer of the Caro- 
lina Power and Light Company, who 
gave the banquet address, "Poems That 
Tell a Story" ; Dr. Leo W. Jenkins, rice 
president of East Carolina College, 
who spoke on "Current Trends in the 
High Schools" ; Dr. Foster E. Gross- 
nickle, co-author of the Winston Arith- 
metic Program, who discussed, "Mod- 
ern Trends in the Teaching of Arith- 
metic" ; and Dr. Kenneth E. Howe, 
who spoke on, "New Dimensions in Ed- 
ucational Leadership." 

Six panel groups met twice each. 
thereby affording those in attendance 
opportunity to attend two panels. Top- 
ics for the panel groups included the 



following : "Current Trends in Junior 
High School Organization and Admin- 
istration," "Toward More Effective 
Administration," "Implications of the 
National Defense Education Act for Lo- 
cal Schools," "Curriculum Committees 
Study the College Preparatory Respon- 
sibility of High Schools," "Current 
Trends in Public Education — ■ Group- 
ing, Testing, and Promotions," and 
"Good Practices in Handling School 
Discipline." 

During the conference, tours were ar- 
ranged for Tryon Palace, the Marine 
Base at Cherry Point, and the Have- 
lock District Schools. 

V. C. Mason, principal District Five 
Schools in Fayetteville served as chair- 
man of the State Conference Planning 
Committee ; and W. L. Flowers, prin- 
cipal of the Central School in New 
Bern, served as chairman of the local 
arrangements committee. 

The Principals' Division of the 
NCEA is to oc commended once again 
for its well-planned and well-executed 
annual conference, 'flic program was 
timely; participants were well-pre- 
pared; and local arrangements were 
handled- superbly. 



DECEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



11 






Salary Supplements Are Paid In 51 City 
And 16 County Administrative Units 



Salary supplements, in addition to 
salaries paid in accordance with the 
State salary schedule from State funds, 
are paid from local funds to teachers 
in 51 city and 16 county administrative 
units. 

This is learned from a recent survey 
made by the North Carolina Education 
Association, a digest of which was pre- 
sented in the NCEA News Bulletin for 
November. 

In four of the 10 county units, ac- 
cording to this survey, the supplements 
are paid only in certain districts where 
special taxes have been voted, and not 
to teachers of the entire county. 

Average supplement paid in all 67 of 
the 174 units ranges from .$50 to $1,209 
annually in city units and from $75 to 
$890.40 in county units. Average an- 
nual supplement paid to all teachers 
employed in the 174 units is $130.21. 
In reality, the majority of teachers re- 
ceive no supplement and the average 
supplement paid in the 67 units is 
greater than $130.21. Average salary 
paid teachers from State funds during 
1958-59 was $3,621.35. Average for the 
current year is $3,815.57. 



County units which provide supple- 
ments are the following: Burke (Val- 
dese district only), Cabarrus, Craven, 
Cumberland, Currituck, Dare, Durham, 
Forsyth, Gaston (Districts — Belmont, 
Bessemer City, Dallas, Flint Groves, 
Lowell, Lucia, Myrtle, Mount Holly, 
N. Belmont, Banlo, Robinson, S. Gas- 
tonia, Stanley, and Victory), Guilford 
(Districts — Allen Jay, Guilford, James- 
town, and Oak View), Lincoln, Meck- 
lenburg, Moore (Aberdeen District), 
New Hanover, Onslow, and Pasquotank. 

City Units : Albemarle, Asheboro. 
Asheville, Burlington. Chapel Hill, 
Charlotte, Clinton, Concord, Durham, 
Edenton, Elizabeth City, Elkin, Fay- 
etteville, Gastonia, Goldsboro, Greens- 
boro, Greenville, Hamlet, Henderson- 
ville, Hickory, High Point, Kannapolis, 
Kings Mountain, Kinston, Leaksville, 
Lenoir, Lexington. Lincolnton, Lumber- 
ton, Mooresville, Morganton, Mount 
Airy, New Bern, Newton - Conover, 
North Wilkesboro, Pinehurst, Raleigh, 
Reidsville, Roanoke Rapids, Rocking- 
ham, Rocky Mount, Salisbury, Sanford, 
Shelby, Southern Pines, Statesville, 
Tarboro, Thomasville, Washington, 
Wilson, and Winston-Salem. 



Student Interest In Science Burning 
In Western North Carolina 



The Science Department of Appala- 
chian State Teachers College has figur- 
atively lit all Bunson burners to fire 
up student interest in science in West- 
ern North Carolina. 

Dr. F. Ray Derrick, head of the 
biology department, recently announced 
that two grants have been applied for 
from the National Science Foundation 
to further scientific study in Western 
North Carolina. One application is to 
support a course for high school science 
teachers and the other is for courses 
for high school students. Both are for 
the 1900 summer school session. 

Last month, a chartered bus load of 
Charlotte high school students were 
conducted on a field trip to get first- 
hand knowledge of the tools and tech- 
niques used in the study of ecology 
(relations between living things and 
their environment). 

The held trip was a direct result of 
a panel discussion held November 4 at 
Hie Children's Nature Museum in Char- 



lotte, conducted by Drs. F. Ray Der- 
rick, I. W. Carpenter and J. F. Ran- 
dall, all of the ASTC biology depart- 
ment. 

Dr. Derrick said that some of the 
instruments demonstrated on the field 
i rip were a pH meter which can test 
the acidity and alkilinity of water; 
an increment borer used to determine 
the age of trees; and a deep water 
sampler used to determine the organic 
content and chemical makeup of water 
at different levels. 

At Blowing Rock schools, also last 
month, Dr. Carpenter and Joe T. Ed- 
minsten showed simple scientific laws 
with simple inexpensive equipment. 
Carpenter and Edminsten recently 
completed a demonstration at Cove 
(reek School. 

Common articles, such as ordinary 
tin cans, gallon jars, spools and card- 
board, were used in their demonstra- 
tion. Over 200 pupils from the 5th 
to the 8th grades saw the demonstra- 
tion at Cove Creek. 



New State Bird Book 
Available Next Year 

A new addition of the book "Birds 
of North Carolina", is expected from 
the printer early next year, according 
to Harry T. Davis, Director N. C. State 
Museum. 

Mr. Davis advises that the book, first 
published in 1942, has been revised 
with the addition of better illustra- 
tions. The book will sell for $5.00 each 
after March 1, 1960. On orders placed 
before that date, however, the book 
may be obtained at the special pre- 
publication price of $4.00 per copy. 

Official orders, no money, should be 
sent to Museum Extension Fund, Box 
2281, Raleigh, N. C. When the books 
are available, purchasers will be noti- 
fied to send payment. 

Dept. of Labor Sponsors 
Work-Experience Programs 

The U. S. Department of Labor is 
circulating a "Memo to Employers" re- 
questing their cooperation with local 
school superintendents in work-experi- 
ence programs for high school students. 

This effort by the Department is in- 
tended to stress the importance of em- 
ployer cooperation with the schools in 
work-experience programs as a part of 
the annual Stay-in School Campaign. 
About 40 per cent of the youth drop 
out of school before graduation from 
tiigh school without occupational train- 
ing, often before guidance is offered 
and without knowledge of where guid- 
ance and placement services are avail- 
able. 

Work-experience programs provided 
by business and industry in cooperation 
with the schools have a tendency to 
keep youth in school. For many young- 
sters such programs — 

• Awakens them to the importance 
of schooling. 

• Stimulates them to go on to train- 
ing in the skilled trades or appren- 
ticeships. 

• Encourages them to finish high 
school. 

By providing work opportunities 
through school-supervised work-experi- 
ence programs, employers give many 
students the realistic training they 
need and want. 

Additional copies of the "Memo to 
Employers" may be secured from Ar- 
thur W. Motley, Director, Bureau of 
Labor Standards, U. S. Department of 
Labor, Washington 25, D. C. 



1? 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Bulletin Lists Resources 
And Services of SDPI 

A mimeographed bulletin entitled, 
"Resources and Services Available 
Through the State Department of Pub- 
lic Instruction," prepared by Dr. Ves- 
ter M. Mulholland with the assistance 
of other Department personnel, is now 
available for those interested in this 
information. The bulletin includes per- 
sonnel, publications, and services which 
are currently available through the De- 
partment. 

Sub-sections of the bulletin include 
the following: personnel currently a- 
vailable ; additional staff authorized by 
the 1959 General Assembly ; additional 
staff permissible under provisions of 
the NDEA ; publications available ; ma- 
terials center; resources developed 
through provisions of the NDEA ; ways 
in which personnel in the State Depart- 
ment operate ; areas of service ; types 
of services; and organization of the 
Department. 

This publication has been distributed 
to beginning principals and a limited 
number of other educational personnel, 
but is available to any interested per- 
son on request. 

Board Approves Funds 
For Building Additions 
In Union County 

Applications for funds totaling $201,- 
791.84 were approved by the State 
Board of Education for school building 
additions in Union County at its No- 
vember meeting. 

The funds are to be used in con- 
structing additions to the East Union 
($90,000) and Western Union ($111,- 
791.84) schools, and are from the 
1953 State School Plant Construction 
and Improvement Fund. 

The Board also approved a request 
from the Dare County Board of Edu- 
cation "that the $2,582.55 balance, to 
our credit in the State School Plant 
Construction and Improvement Fund of 
1953 be approved for use in purchasing 
shop equipment for the Manteo High 
School." 

Loans from the Literary Fund were 
approved for the addition of two class- 
rooms at Sugar Loaf School in Alexan- 
der County, $6,900; and for the addi- 
tion of seven classrooms, library and 
auditorium at the Hamilton School, 
Martin County, $108,000. 



Fleetwood Appointed Program Auditor 
For NDEA in N. C. State Department 



Carlton Fleetwood, associate adviser 
in safety education for the State Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction for the past 
five and a half years, became program 
auditor for the National Defense Edu- 
cation Act as of December 1. In this 
position Fleetwood will assist Henry 
Shannon, coordinator of the NDEA, in 
working with individual schools rela- 
tive to programs and projects designed 
at the local level. 

"Though certain duties in this posi- 
tion will necessarily evolve as the 
NDEA program develops," Shannon 
stated, "it will be the purpose of the 
coordinator and the program auditor to 
assist schools in coordinating their 
NDEA efforts with other on-going 
school activities in the most effective 
manner possible. The NDEA should 
never be regarded as something apart 
from the realization of regular school 
objectives. Instead, opportunities af- 
forded through the NDEA should be 
regarded as ways of supplementing and 
enriching that which schools are at- 
tempting to accomplish. In processing 
projects, Mr. Fleetwood and I shall at 
all times be conscious of this philoso- 
phy : the fundamental purpose of the 
NDEA is to improve instruction." 

Before coming to the State Depart- 
ment as an adviser in safety education, 
Fleetwood was a teacher and later 
principal in St. Pauls. He is a grad- 
uate of East Carolina College, from 
which institution he also has his Mas- 
ter's degree in education administra- 
tion. Additional graduate work, pri- 
marily in psychology, has been done at 
North Carolina State College. 



Why Teachers Leave 

In a recent bulletin, Estimates of 
School Statistics, published by the re- 
search division of the NEA, the rea- 
sons why teachers leave a position are 
itemized. 

Twenty per cent move to another 
state, while 32 per cent leave because 
of marriage or family reasons. Only 
14 per cent retire or leave the pro- 
fession because of disability, while 12 
per cent seek other types of employ- 
ment. The remaining 22 per cent leave 
to attend college, perform military 
duty, travel, because they are dissatis- 
fied with teaching, and other miscel- 
laneous reasons. — Kansas Schools. 



Larger Schools Offer 
Greater Opportunities 

The larger the school, the greater the 
opportunity for the student. 

Educators have been saying this for 
years, because they know it is true. 
To prove the statement by facts, how- 
ever, is more convincing to the average 
person. And this has been done in a 
recent study by the State Department 
of Public Instruction. 

This study relates to the number of 
public high schools of the State offering 
advanced mathematics — solid geometry, 
trigonometry, and advanced algebra. 
According to a study of 829 high 
schools, it was found that 243 or 29.3 
per cent of the number offered advanced 
math in 1958-59. It was found further 
that as the size of the school increased 
in terms of students enrolled, the 
greater the per cent offering advanced 
math. 

More specifically, the findings were 
these : 

In 95 schools having fewer than 
100 students, only 4, or 4.2 per cent, 
offered advanced math. 

In 267 schools having 100-199 stu- 
dents, 33 or 12.4 per cent, offered ad- 
vanced math. 

In 186 schools having 200-299 stu- 
dents, 43, or 23.1 per cent, offered ad- 
vanced math. 

In 102 schools having 300-399 stu- 
dents, 37, or 36.3 per cent, offered ad- 
vanced math. 

In 64 schools having 400-499 stu- 
dents, 35, or 54.7 per cent, offered 
advanced math. 

In 35 schools having 500-599 stu- 
dents, 22, or 62.9 per cent, offered 
advanced math. 

In 65 schools having 600-999 stu- 
dents, 54, or 83.1 per cent, offered 
advanced math. 

And in 15 schools having 1000 or 

more students, all 15, 100 per cent, 

offered advanced math. 

In commenting on this study, State 

Superintendent Chas. F. Carroll stated, 

"I am sure that this situation relative 

to mathematics is typical, and that a 

similar situation obtains for other basic 

subjects — science, English, and social 

studies." 



DECEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



13 






Forty-one NDEA Title III Projects Approved 



Forty-one National Defense Educa- 
tion Act, Title III, projects have teen 
approved as of December 11, 1959, 
according to Henry A. Shannon, NDEA 
Coordinator for the State Department 
of Public Instruction. 

These 41 projects, Mr. Shannon 
stated, represent 13 administrative 
units, seven county and six city. 
Twenty-two of the projects are in the 
area of science, ten in math, eight in 
foreign language, and one in audio-vis- 
ual materials for science and math. 

The projects approved include par- 
ticipation by 230 elementary schools, 
160 high schools, and five junior high 
schools. They will require an estimated 
expenditure of $177,254.20 divided 50- 
50 between the NDEA and local funds. 

The 13 units for which projects have 
been approved are : Bertie, Cleveland, 
Gates, Guilford, Lenoir, Orange, and 
Transylvania county units ; and Albe- 
marle, Kinston, Greenville, Laurinburg, 
Lenoir, and Pinehurst city units. Parts 
of applications from 24 other units 
have teen received and will be pro- 
cessed just as rapidly as they can be 
completed, Mr. Shannon stated. 

Under the National Defense Educa- 
tion Act, Title III funds are provided 
for the improvement of the teaching 
of science, mathematics and modern 
foreign languages in the public schools. 
According to Shannon, "The excellences 
of the materials received in the State 
office show that much careful thought 
has been given to the development of 
four-year programs for improving in- 
struction in these areas." 



English Will Be Taught 
In All Argentine Schools 

English soon will be taught in all 
elementary schools in Argentina, ac- 
cording to Dr. Lius R. MacKay, Min- 
ister of Education and Justice. 

English is presently taught only in 
Argentina's secondary schools. "By be- 
ginning English in elementary grades, 
students will be able to go beyond sim- 
ple exercises in vocabulary and gram- 
mar," Dr. MacKay stated. "I sincerely 
believe that a poem of Whitman or a 
page of Melville's writings can do more 
for the United States in Latin America 
than the routine celebration of a na- 
tional holiday or the conventional for- 
malities of diplomatic relations," he 
said. 



U. S. Teachers Take Part 
In Exchange Program; 
One North Carolinian 

Five hundred and sixty-four teachers 
from the United States and 39 other 
areas of the world are taking part in 
the 1959-60 teacher exchange program, 
Lawrence G. Derthick, U. S. Commis- 
sioner of Education, announced recent- 
ly. Only one of the 564 is a North Caro- 
linian. She is Mrs. Jean B. Bennett of 
Vance School, Asheville. She has gone 
to Essex, England, as a teacher in the 
Rayleigh County Junior School. Francis 
T. Bernard has taken her position in 
the Asheville school. 

"This brings to nearly 5,500 the num- 
ber of teachers from the United States 
and 64 other countries who will have 
participated in this Office of Education 
program since its inception 14 years 
ago," Commissioner Derthick said. 

"These exchanges are a part of the 
Department of State's International 
Educational Exchange Program. They 
are an important contribution to the 
people-to-people effort to build interna- 
tional understanding and goodwill 
through education." 



Greenville High Students 
Choose Their Subjects 

What subjects do high school stu- 
dents choose in meeting the require- 
ments for graduation? 

With a total enrollment of 650 stu- 
dents, the Rose High School in Green- 
ville is perhaps typical of the 75 white 
schools of the State having a student 
body of 600 or more students. For 
graduation, Greenville students must 
complete 18 units of work. 

This year the 650 students enrolled 
are taking the following subjects : 

English — 650 students 

Mathematics — 554 students 

Sciences — 450 students 

History — 424 students 

Health & Phys. Ed.— 327 students 

Foreign Languages — 301 students 

Commercial subjects — 242 students 

Home Economics — 170 students 

Music — 165 students 

Band — 73 students 

Shop — 70 students 

According to Superintendent J. H. 
Rose, a course in second year biology 
has been added to the curriculum this 
year. He also states that the school of- 
fers freshman college algebra to 63 
seniors. Over 67 per cent of the grad- 
uates attend college. 



Calendar Of Professional Meetings 
Conferences, Workshops, Institutes 

January 1 State Holiday 

January 30 Joint Meeting, National Council of Teachers of 

Mathematics and the Mathematics Association 

of America, Chicago 

February 13-17 92nd Annual Conference, AASA, Atlantic City 

February 13-17 National Meeting, Dept. of Home Economics, 

Atlantic City 
Feb. 27-March 2 National Association of Secondary School 

Principals, Portland, Oregon 
Feb. 29-March 4 Annual Convention Audio-Visual Instruction 

Department NCEA, Cincinnati 
March 1-4 National Association of State Consultants in 

Elementary Education, Washington, D. C. 
March 2-4 Annual Meeting American Association of Junior 

Colleges, Louisville 

March 6-10 Annual Conference, ASCD, Washington, D. C. 

March 27-April 2 .White House Conference on Children and Youth, 

Washington, D. C. 

April 2 Annual State Meeting ACEI, Raleigh 

April 7-9 Southeastern Elementary Principals Conference, 

Asheville 

May 22-25 National PTA Congress Convention, Philadelphia 

June 19-22 UNC School Week, Chapel Hill 



14 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



^Ue AttofrHMf Qe+ielal Ruled, . . . 



Supplemental Budget; 
Transfer of Funds; Paving 
Assessments. 

In reply to your recent inquiry: 
Dr. Charles F. Carroll, State Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction, has for- 
warded to this office for reply a copy 
of your letter of September 23 in which 
you write : 

"The local school has a supplemental 
tax of 50c on the $100 valuation origi- 
nally passed 'to supplement the eight- 
month school term and to provide the 
ninth month.' A tax controversy with a 
large corporation is now being compro- 
mised and a sizeable sum of money rep- 
resenting three or four years of back 
taxes should be received in a few days. 
The money can be used in any of our 
funds, but certain items of equipment 
are needed badly and they are clearly 
Capital Outlay items. When this 
money is received, our budget will be 
amended to cover the additional in- 
come and proposed balancing expendi- 
tures. Our question is : Under what 
conditions, if any, may local budgets 
be amended to transfer funds from 
Current Expense to Capital Outlay or 
vice versa? Is there any other prac- 
tical way to achieve our purpose? 

"Also, we are assuming that paving 
assessments levied against school prop- 
erty by the City represent legal obli- 
gations and we would like to pay them 
with the back taxes referred to above. 
Could these expenses be properly clas- 
sified either as 'Improvement of 
Grounds' under Capital Outlay or as 
'Repairs to Buildings and Grounds' un- 
der the Current Expense budget? As- 
suming that the paving assessment a- 
gainst the school is legal and proper, 
is the accrued interest also legal and 
proper? If so, could it by mutual con- 
sent of the authorities be waived? 

"Our final question concerning No. 
115-90 in the 1959 Supplement to the 
North Carolina Public School Laws. 
Are we correct in assuming that all 
local fund vouchers must be signed by 
the Board chairman, Board secretary, 
and treasurer of the local school fund? 
For several years our local checks have 
been signed only by the chairman and 
secretary. Was there an effective date 
when the change should have been 
made?" 

As to your first question, Mr. C. D. 
Douglas, Controller of the State Board 



of Education, advised that the supple- 
mental tax in question was voted in 
1933 pursuant to the statute codified, 
until 1955, as G. S. 115-361. That stat- 
ute authorized the voting of a supple- 
mental tax for current expense pur- 
poses "to supplement the eight month 
school term and to provide the ninth 
month." That statute has now been 
superceded by G. S. 115-116 (a) which 
provides that a tax may be voted by 
a city administrative unit "to supple- 
ment the current expense funds from 
State and county allotments and there- 
by operate schools of a higher standard 
by supplementing any item of expendi- 
ture in the school budget." This Sub- 
section further provides that such 
funds may be used to employ addition- 
al teachers other than those allotted 
by the State to teach any grades or 
subjects or for kindergarten instruc- 
tion, and for making the contribution 
to the Teachers' and State Employees' 
Retirement System of North Carolina 
for such teachers, or for any object of 
expenditure. Even under that broad 
language it is thought that even now 
such funds may be used for current 
expense purposes only and not for 
capital outlay purposes. 

G. S. 153-120 provides that in making 
the budget for a new fiscal year, any 
surplus in each fund on hand shall be 
taken into consideration. If there 
should be a surplus in the supplemen- 
tary tax fund at the end of the cur- 
rent fiscal year, it might be possible 
to reduce the supplemental tax rate for 
the next fiscal year, but I find no au- 
thorization for the transfer of these 
supplemental current expense funds 
voted upon the city unit to the Capital 
Outlay Budget. The primary responsi- 
bility for providing Capital Outlay 
Funds is upon the county as a whole 
while the funds in question are supple- 
mental Current Expense Funds of the 
City Administrative Unit. 

As to your second question, our Su- 
preme Court held in the case of Ra- 
leigh v Public School System, 223 NC 
316, that lands owned by a county or 
city Board of Education and used ex- 
clusively for public school purposes are 
liable for assessments for street im- 
provements made by a municipality. 
G. S. 160-90 provides that the govern- 
ing body of a municipality may remit, 
cancel or adjust the interest or penal- 
ties on paving assessments. 



G. S. 115-78A (4) provides that re- 
pairs and replacements of furniture 
and instructional apparatus, and re- 
pairs and replacements of heating, elec- 
trical and plumbing equipment are Cur- 
rent Expense items. This Subsection 
also provides that the cost of repairs 
to buildings and grounds also consti- 
tutes a Current Expense item. While 
it is a borderline question, it seems to 
me that your Board of Education and 
the Board of County Commissioners 
would be justified in considering the 
paving assessments levied against the 
school property in question a Current 
Expense item rather than a Capital 
Outlay item. Therefore the supple- 
mental funds in question might prop- 
erly be used for that purpose. 

As to your third question, G. S. 115- 
90 (2) has provided since 1955 that in 
city Administrative Units the warrants 
and vouchers shall be countersigned by 
the Treasurer of the Administrative 
Unit. — Attorney General, September 25, 
1959. 

Public Utilities; High School 
Activity Busses; Jurisdiction of 
Utilities Commission. 

In reply to your recent inquiry: 
Mr. Claude Love has referred your let- 
ter of May 14, 1959, relating to school 
activity busses, to me for reply. 

You state that an agreement has 
been reached between two schools in 
separate administrative units whereby 
one school allows the other to use its 
bus when convenient in return for the 
same favor from the other school when 
circumstances permit. You ask whether 
or not this type of arrangement con- 
travenes any policy or regulation of 
the Utilities Commission. 

I know of no law or regulation which 
would make this type of arrangement 
subject to regulation by the Utilities 
Commission. If, however, one unit 
leased a school activity bus to another 
unit, then perhaps the transaction 
would be subject to regulation. Where 
the two schools simply permit each 
other to use their busses at convenient 
times, I do not believe there would be 
any question of regulation. I should 
point out, however that this type of ar- 
rangement may create some very diffi- 
cult problems relating to insurance 
coverage on the busses. — Attorney 
General, June 23, 1959. 



DECEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE 



15 



LOOKING BACK 



Five Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, December, 1954) 
Charles H. Warren of Raleigh, 
State Director of Vocational Rehabil- 
itation in the Department of Public 
Instruction, was elected president- 
elect of the National Rehabilitation 
Association at the annual meeting of 
the organization in Baltimore, Md., 
Tuesday, October 26. 

J. Warren Smith, Director of Vo- 
cational Education in the State De- 
part of Public Instruction, has just 
returned from San Francisco, where 
he attended the convention of the 
National Association of State Direc- 
tors of Vocational Education, of 
which he served as president during 
the past year. 

Ten Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, December, 1949) 
A. L. Teachey, Supervisor of the 
Veterans Farmer Training Program 
of the Division of Vocational Educa- 
tion, was appointed by the State 
Board of Education on November 3 
to the position of State Supervisor 
of Vocational Agriculture Education, 
effective December 1, 1949. 

State funds totaling $71,199,564.18 
were spent for operating the public 
elementary and secondary schools 
during the year 1948-49, according 
to the report on expenditure of such 
funds recently released by the State 
Board of Education. 

Fifteen Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, December, 1944) 
Miss Ethel Perkins, native of 
Reidsville, and teacher in the Lexing- 
ton Schools, was elected secretary- 
treasurer of the North Carolina Edu- 
cation Association at a meeting of 
the board of directors on Saturday, 
November 4. 

Wade M. Jenkins, principal of the 
Massey Hill School, Cumberland 
County, for the past 11 years, has 
been selected superintendent of 
schools of Union County, December 
1, it is learned. 

Twenty Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, December, 1939) 
Dr. James E. Hilhnan was re- 
elected secretary-treasurer of the 
North Carolina College Conference, 
which met at Greensboro on October 
24-25. 



THE [NEW] MARCH OF DIMES 





THE NATIONAL FOUNDATION 



Haiti's Percentage 
Of Illiteracy High 

Haiti's percentage of illiteracy, 89.5, 
is the highest for 16 Latin American 
countries, the Office of Education re- 
vealed recently in announcing comple- 
tion of a report, "Education in the Re- 
public of Haiti," just completed by its 
International Education Division. 

Progress continues, however, to be 
made in reducing this figure. Expan- 
sion and improvement in the vocational 
and trade school program is in prospect 
and the problem of rural school needs 
may be met, it is claimed, by setting 
up a great many small schools, proper- 
ly spaced geographically, to meet the 
need of the dense population in this 
land of mountains and comparatively 
few roads. 

An estimated 600,000 children of ele- 
mentary school age are out of school 
largely because there are no school 
buildings in which to house them, the 
report shows. There is also a serious 
shortage of textbooks, and most par- 
ents in any event are too poor to buy 
them for their children. The report 
also noted that most Haitian teachers 
quit the profession while still young, 
after teaching an average of only 8 
years. Most teachers have only elemen- 
tary school education. 

The Government of Haiti finances 
certain parochial and private schools 
in whole or in part, but the operation 
of these schools is largely the respon- 
sibility of the church or the private 
organization concerned. The Haitian 
public school system is centralized un- 
der the Ministry of National Educa- 
tion. The Minister of National Educa- 
tion is directly responsible to the Presi- 
dent of the Republic. 

The report is one of a series made 
by the Office of Education in compli- 
ance with a Congressional mandate to 
investigate problems and achievements 
of educational authorities in other 
countries. The publication may be ob- 
tained from the Government Printing 
Office, Washington, D. C. The price 
is 70 cents. 



MAKING TODAY'S NEWS 



Cleveland. Principals of county 
schools Wednesday began the compli- 
cated task of preparing the schools 
for consolidation next fall. — Shelby 
Daily Star, Nov. 19. 

Thoinasville. One of the more or 
less intangible side effects to form 
a new, larger school district which 
would include Pilot and Fairgrove, 
is that it brought to mind the pos- 
sibility of consolidating all Davidson 
County school districts. — High Point 
Enterprise, Nov. 22. 

Pender. A study of the curriculum 
of the schools of the county will be 
the highlight of the year of the Citi- 
zens Committee for Better Schools, 
stated President Billy Lewis today. — 
Wallace Enterprise, Nov. 19. 

Anson. Anson County high school 
students will ride "express" busses to 
a new consolidated high school near 
here when it opens next September. 
— Olwirlotte Observer, Nov. 20. 

Guilford. Consolidation of three 
rural Guilford school areas embrac- 
ing nine high schools is to be dis- 
cussed at a meeting tonight of the 
Guilford County PTA Council. — 
Greensboro DaMy News, Dec. 2. 

Surry. Surry Superintendent of 
schools J. Sam Gentry indicated this 
week that the two consolidated 
schools to be built in Surry with the 
county's share of the recently-voted 
$2 million bond issue will be built 
simultaneously. — Elkin Tribune, Nov. 
26. 

Johnston. Dr. Charles F. Carroll, 
State Superintendent of Public In- 
struction, declared in a speech at 
Four Oaks Monday night that favora- 
ble results in the tax supplment elec- 
tions in five Johnston County School 
districts December 5 could advance 
the cause of education throughout 
North Carolina. — Smithfi&ld Herald, 
Nov. 24. 

Chatham. The old Moncure School 
property will be sold at public auc- 
tion on the premises on Dec. 18, be- 
ginning at 11 a.m., it is announced 
by J. S. Waters, County Superinten- 
dent of Schools. — Chatham News, 
Nov. 26. 



16 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



G5 
f/Zf/f 



North Carolina State Library 
Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL 

BULLETIN 



/y 



0, 



« 



°Q 



JANUARY, 19SO 



RALEIGH. NORTH CAROLINA 



VOL. XXIV, NO. 5 



U. S. Office of Education Fall Survey Indicates 
Continuing Needs Concerning Classrooms 



Results of the Office of Education's 
sixth annual fall survey of public- 
school enrollment, teachers, and school- 
housing, released late in December by 
U. S. Commissioner of Education Law- 
rence G. Derthick, indicate a nation- 
wide shortage of 132,400 public elemen- 
tary and secondary school classrooms. 
"This shortage," Commissioner Der- 
thick said, "was reported to the Office 
of Education by the education depart- 
ments of 50 states and the District of 
Columbia in the sixth annual fall sur- 
vey of public school enrollment, teach- 
ers, and schoolhousing. A year ago the 
State departments of education report- 
ed a shortage of 141,900 classrooms." 

The number of additional classrooms 
needed to accommodate pupils enrolled 
in excess of normal capacity increased 
from 65,800 to 66,400 over the past year. 

Classrooms needed to replace obso- 
lete facilities dropped from 76,100 to 
66,000. Three quarters of this decline, 
however, was due to a large reduction 
in figures reported by one state, Ala- 
bama, which reduced its 1958 figure of 
10,000 to 2,400 this year. 

"The classroom need has lessened in 
about three-fifths of the states," Com- 
missioner Derthick said. "The survey 
showed, however, that the shortage in- 
creased in the remaining states. 

"The number of pupils in excess of 
normal classroom capacity rose from 
1,850,000 to 1,883,000. This is an acute 
problem, since, as it has been pointed 
out many times, it is not only the act- 
ual number of pupils in excess of nor- 
mal classroom capacity who suffer from 
overcrowding, but also all other pupils 
who share the same crowded school 
quarters with them." 

The Office of Education survey indi- 
cates that the number of classrooms 
built between the fall of 1958 and the 
fall of 195!) was approximately 70,000. 
This was a decrease of 2.9 per cent 
from the 72,100 constructed between 
the fall of 1957 and the fall of 1958. 

About 62,700 classrooms are sched- 
uled for completion during the current 
school year. This would be a decrease 
of 10.4 per cent from the 70,000 com- 
pleted during the 1958-59 school year. 



The states reported that approxi- 
mately 16,400 classrooms were aban- 
doned during 1958-59, chiefly because 
of obsolescence of buildings and re- 
organization and consolidation of 
school districts. 

During the previous year 17.400 class- 
rooms were abandoned. 

The total number of classrooms in 
the fall of 1959 was 1,285,600. 

"Enrollments, meanwhile, continue 
to rise," the Commissioner of Educa- 
tion points out. "The nation-wide sur- 
vey recorded 35.3 million full-time pu- 
pils as enrolled in public elementary 
and secondary schools this fall. Twenty- 
four million were enrolled in elemen- 
tary schools, and 11.3 million in secon- 
dary schools. The over-all enrollment 
was 1.2 million or 3.5 per cent greater 
than it was a year ago." 

The Office of Education survey 
showed 1,367,000 full-time and part- 
time classroom teachers this year in 
the Nation's public schools, 840,000 at 
(lie elementary level and 527,000 at the 
secondary level. This is a gain of 61,- 
000 or 4.6 per cent over the 1958 total. 

State departments of education re- 
ported in the survey that 98,800 full- 
time teachers have not met full certifi- 
cation standards for teaching. This 
total is an increase of 5,900 or 6.3 per- 
cent over that of last year. It repre- 
sents 69,500 elementary school teach- 
ers, and 29,300 secondary school 
teachers. 

The proportion of teachers with sub- 
standard certificates, however, went up 
only slightly, from 7.1 per cent of the 
Nation's total teaching staff reported 
.i year ago, to 7.2 per cent currently. 

Last year's figures in this annual Of- 
fice of Education survey were based on 
reports from 48 states and the District 
of Columbia. The 1958- figures, for pur- 
poses of comparison witli 1959 figures, 
were adjusted to include Alaska and 
Hawaii. 

Information for American Samoa. 
I he Canal Zone, Guam, Puerto Rico, 
and the Virgin Islands, also reported 
in the survey, is not included in the 
national totals. 



Better Schools Agency 
Terminates Activities 

The National Citizens Council for 
Better Schools has terminated all its 
activities, according to John Hersey, 
chairman of the Interim Board of Trus- 
tees of the organization. 

Action was taken by the Interim 
Board which has been meeting fre- 
quently during the past three months 
to determine whether the Council 
should continue operations and, if so, 
to find the best methods of doing the 
job that remains to be done in the field 
of citizen activity for school improve- 
ment. The initial goals of arousing 
citizen interest and helping communi- 
ties organize for school improvement 
have, according to the board, substan- 
tially been achieved through the work 
of the Council and its predecessor, the 
National Citizens Commission for the 
Public Schools. International events, 
such as the focus on Russian accom- 
plishments in science and mathematics, 
have also helped arouse citizen interest 
in the schools. 

Since public response to the advertis- 
ing campaign for better schools is at an 
all-time high, the Council has desig- 
nated the National School Boards Asso- 
ciation, 1940 Sheridan Road, Evanston, 
Illinois, as depository of materials pro- 
duced by the Council which will be re- 
quested by the public for some time to 
come. These materials include hun- 
dreds of case histories of successful 
citizen committee activity as well as 
factual booklets on a wide variety of 
school problems. 

In closing its doors, the Council 
leaves behind it many accomplishments 
in the area of citizen efforts for school 
improvement. Since 1949, many of the 
shortage problems plaguing the schools 
have been met and the emphasis has 
now shifted to quality, Hersey stated. 
State and local citizens' committees 
now number 18,000 while only 17 ex- 
isted in 1949. National organizations, 
such as Kiwanis, the League of Women 
Voters, Junior Chamber of Commerce, 
and many others, now have active pro- 
grams and projects for education, many 
of them instituted in cooperation with 
tbe National Council. 



Su^nintendetit GaAtoUl Sayi . . . 



All too often professional school personnel have been compelled to be 
preoccupied with phases of educational operations which, while definitely 
essential, should not be permitted to consume time and energy rightfully 
belonging to the instructional program. 

The administrator who serves as a virtual transportation director, con- 
struction superintendent, or maintenance engineer is performing important 
services, but is he doing so at the expense of basic educational leadership 
that can and should result in the improvement of teaching by teachers and 
learning by children? 

The principal who devotes hours each day to such managerial and pro- 
motional functions as lunchroom operations, athletics, transportation, pro- 
curement and distribution of supplies and materials, bookkeeping and other 
clerical activities, is engaged in, doing that which somebody must do, but 
at what cost to the chief purpose (instruction) for which the school exists? 

Studies have revealed that the average public school teacher has a 
work week of approximately 48 hours, about 30 of which are devoted 
to actual teaching. Some of the 18 hours of non-teaching time could not 
be wisely delegated to another person even if such a person were avail- 
able. How relevant many of these non-teaching hours are to the primary 
functions of the teacher, namely, to help develop individual boys and 
girls, is not always properly appraised. It appears, however, that in too 
many instances some of the non-teaching duties and activities are detracting 
from the efficiency of the teacher. 

If instruction is to receive the attention to which it is entitled, there 
must be adequate personnel for both professional and non-professional 
duties within the school and also within the system of which each school 
is a part. Of equal importance is maximum and wise utilization of per- 
sonnel. This involves organizational and administrative planning and study, 
and every school system wanting to improve its instructional program can 
do no better than to study the manner in which its professional personnel 
are both permitted and compelled to expend their best energies and 
efforts. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 

Official publication issued monthly except June, July and August by the State Department of 
Public Instruction. Entered as second-class matter November 2, 1939, at the post office at 
Raleigh, North Carolina, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 

CHARLES F. CARROLL 
State Supt. of Public Instruction 

Vol. XXIV, No. 5 EDITORIAL BOARD January, 1960 

L. H. JOBE, J. E. MILLER 
V. M. MULHOLLAND 



The best teacher is not life — but 
the crystallized and distilled experi- 
ence of the most sensitive, reflective, 
and observant of our human beings, 
and this experience you will find 
preserved in our great books and no- 
where else. — Nathan M. Pusey. 



It is the business of a man to dis- 
cover reality, and having discovered 
it, to hand it on to his fellows. — 
Belloc. 



The school must become the shrine 
and sanctuary in which democracy 
prepares its victories for the future. 
— Max Freedman, Washington cor- 
respondent for The Guardian, Man- 
chester, England. 



Education offers the best hope for 
upping North Carolina's national 
ranking of 46th in per capita in- 
come. — W. H. Plemmons, president 
Appalachian State Teachers College. 



It is by means of education that 
we learn to recognize our responsi- 
bilities to accept them, and to be ef- 
fective in handling them. — Franklin 
P. Hawkes, director, Division of 
University Extension, Massachusetts 
Department of Education. 



The public school system is the 
basic institution for preserving and 
improving our American way of 
life. — Maryland Report, Education 
for Our Times. 

OLD CERTAINTIES 

(Continued from page 3) 

tures of these broad types of group- 
ing. The pros and cons of television 
in the classroom leave many educa- 
tors wondering what is best. And so 
it goes with many aspects of edu- 
cation. 

Old certainties have their merits 
and should not be discarded just for 
the sake of new emphases; yet old 
certainties must forever be re-exam- 
ined in terms of modern research 
and experimentation. Educators 
should not be the last to recognize 
that progress is possible only when 
there is intelligent fusion of that 
which has been found worthy of con- 
tinuance with that which seems to 
give promise of improvement. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



JtotHXHjewe&uA, 9n What IOga^I? 



"If teachers know that homogene- 
ous groups are not homogeneous, 
then experiments in this type of 
grouping are fine!" 

These words from a well-known 
educator increasingly reflect current 
attitudes toward grouping, whether 
homogeneous or otherwise. As teach- 
ers, parents, and administrators ac- 
cept the philosophy of individual 
differences in planning for all edu- 
cational experiences, teaching — more 
and more — becomes personalized. 
Research indicates that individual- 
ized and group assignments have 
been respected in good schools for 
hundreds of years and that efforts 
at individual motivation have char- 
acterized quality teaching equally 
long. 

Wherever homegeneous grouping- 
is being tried today, whether in 
North Carolina or in other states, 
educators are striving through this 
medium to find ways of strengthen- 
ing instruction through pupil self- 
analysis, self-motivation, and self- 
determination. The degree to which 
the individual is understood and 
moves forward with purpose and in 
accordance with his peculiar abili- 
ties determines whether homogene- 
ous grouping has value or is merely 
a fashionable educational whim. 

In homogeneous groups students 
are as unlike as in heterogeneous 



groups, a fact which teachers, par- 
ents, and administrators often over- 
look because certain common char- 
acteristics are so pronounced. 

Homogeneous groups are homoge- 
neous only in limited ways, but these 
similarities may be sufficiently im- 
portant to warrant more and more 
experimentation with this type of 
grouping. Certainly, everyone who 
feels strongly that the apparent vir- 
tues in homogeneous grouping make 
it worth trying should continually 
ask this question, "Homogeneous in 
what ways?" For, until teachers, 
parents, and administrators realize 
where homogeneity ends and indi- 
vidual strengths, weaknesses, inter- 
ests, and aspirations become pro- 
nounced, homogeneous grouping has 
no chance of improving tbe indi- 
vidual learning situation. 

Charles Bisch recently expressed 
pithily a powerful idea which has 
hearing on any type of grouping: 
"There is nothing so unequal as the 
equal treatment of unequals." Learn- 
ing is individual and takes place best 
when teacher and pupil purposes co- 
incide. Whatever the grouping, suc- 
cess depends upon application of the 
best that is known relative to observ- 
ing, testing, counseling, cooperative 
planning, evaluation, and the pro- 
cesses of learning. 



W 



% Striae, la Seek, lo- Qind" 



Educational research has much to 
offer educators at all levels; and it 
behooves administrators, supervi- 
sors, and teachers to keep abreast of 
what research has to say by way 
of improving instruction. That 
which is customary and traditional 
is, in many instances, quite excel- 
lent; on the other hand, that which 
is customary and traditional often 
should be modified in view of tbe 
findings of educational research. 

Educators should be increasingly 
critical of themselves and their 
methods, trying at all times to see 
to it that the best which is known 
about learning be applied in the 

JANUARY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



classroom. To a great extent, this is 
also the responsibility of school pa- 
trons. Tradition need not impede 
progress, for much of tradition is 
good; but unacquaintance with 
the results of modern educational re- 
search can impede progress, for 
much of this is also good. 

Much educational research never 
reaches those who might profit from 
it most. Sometimes this research is 
lengthy and is not widely dissemi- 
nated through publications which 
teachers and administrators read 
regularly. Sometimes this research 
is technical in its interpretations, 
thereby causing some educators to 



bypass its implications. Often, ad- 
ministrators, supervisors, and teach- 
ers postpone using the findings of 
educational research by considering 
other matters more important. 

In many ways educational re- 
search is a state of mind. To some, 
the very phrase suggests time-con- 
suming effort on insignificant facets 
of the total program; to others, the 
phrase suggests the fountainhead 
from which comes valid ideas for 
continuing growth and progress. 

Gradually, educators are recogniz- 
ing the worth of research at all 
levels of education; and some ad- 
ministrative units are actually in- 
cluding funds for research in their 
budgets. More and more profession- 
al staff meetings are centered a- 
round the critical sharing of recent 
research findings; increasingly ad- 
ministrators and supervisors feel it 
their responsibility to keep up to 
date relative to educational re- 
search; and in many communities 
local research is being encouraged. 

Progress in education, no less than 
in industry, is dependent upon the 
eternal search for that which is true, 
appropriate, and effective. 

Old Gesdaudiel 

and Afeia Cmfz/taded. 

How can educators capture the 
positive features of diverse points of 
view ? 

Much is heard nowadays about 
the lack of knowledge as to what 
constitutes effective class size. Im- 
plications are rather pointed that 
large classes in certain areas and in 
certain situations are no handicap 
to quality education. At the same 
time much is being made of individ- 
ualized instruction, small group 
work, and the personalized guidance 
approach to learning. Teachers, ad- 
ministrators, and parents need to 
know the positive features in each of 
these philosophical concepts. Simi- 
larly, the virtues of homogeneous 
and heterogeneous grouping are be- 
ing widely discussed throughout the 
nation; yet very few educators or 
laymen seem to have clarified their 
thinking relative to the positive fea- 
( Continued on page 2) 






More Students Take Mathematics In 1958-59 



More students took mathematics in 
195S-59 than during any year in the 
50-year history of the public high 
schools of the State, according to a re- 
cent study by the Department of Public 
Instruction. 

Of the 260,443 students enrolled in 
schools during the year, 174,202 took 
courses in mathematics. Increases are 
evident in each of the branches taught. 



Within the past five years high school 
students taking math increased from 
58.6 per cent to last year's 66.8 per cent 
of the total enrollment. 

The following table shows the num- 
ber of schools for white students offer- 
ing the various branches of mathemat- 
ics and the number of students enrolled 
in each branch : 



PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS-MATH ENROLLMENT 



Mathematics 
U ranches 



So. Schools 
53-54 58-59 



General Math 71S 766 

Algebra I 823 902 

Algebra II 537 632 

Plane Geometry 60S 637 

Solid Geometry 62 193 

Trigonometry 53 164 

Advanced Algebra 33 91 

Total Students taking Math 

Total High School Enrollment 

Per Cent Taking Math 

Twelfth Grade Enrollment 

Number Taking Advanced Matht 

Per Cent Taking Advanced Math 



No. 


Students 




53- 


H 58-59 


% Increase 


42,551 


*54,855 


28.9 


42,604 


57,117 


34.1 


17,856 


28,502 


59.6 


15,187 


24,416 


60.8 


1,026 


3,312 


222.8 


1,069 


3,475 


225.1 


777 


2,525 


225.0 


121,070 


174,202 


43.9 


206,563 


260,443 


26.1 


58.6 


66.S 


8.2 


37,991 


46,100 


21.3 


2.872 


9,312 


224.2 


7.6 


20.2 


12.6 



*Includes 4,16Ii in General Math II. fSolid Geometry. Trigonometry and Advanced Algebra. 



As this table shows, the number of 
■students taking math increased from 
121,070 in 1953-54 to 174,202 in 1958-59, 
an increase of 43.9 per cent. Largest 
number of students in 1958-59 took Al- 
gebra I. Pewest number took Advanced 
Algebra. 

The number of students taking ad- 
vanced mathematics (Solid Geometry, 
Trigonometry, and Advanced Algebra) 
increased during this five-year period 
from 2,872 to 9,312, 224.2 per cent. As 
related to twelfth grade enrollment, 



where advanced math is offered, the 
percentage increased from 7.6 in 1953- 
54 to 20.2 in 1958-59. 

It will be observed also from the 
table that the number of schools offer- 
ing each branch of mathematics has in- 
creased ; and this fact, of course, gov 
erns to a very large extent the number 
of pupils taking a certain branch. 
Then, too, one unit of math is required 
for high school graduation ; this is us- 
ually Algebra I or General Math. 



The Teacher's Creed 

I believe in boys and girls. The men and women of a great. 
tomorrow. 

I believe in the curse of ignorance, in the efficiency of schools, 
in the dignity of teaching and in the joy of serving others. 

I believe in the lessons taught not so much by precept as by 
example ; in the ability to work with the hands as well as to think 
with tlie head ; in everything that makes life large and lovely. 

I believe in beauty in the school room, in the home, in daily life 
in and out of doors. In laughter, in love, in faith, in all ideals and 
distant hopes that lure us on. 

I believe that every hour of every day we receive a just reward 
fur all we are and all we do. 

I believe in the past and in its lessons : in the present and its 
opportunities; in the future and its promises. 

— Author Unknown. 



Funds From NDEA Assist 
Many Schools in Testing 

Reports from 149 of the 174 county 
and city administrative units, or 86 
per cent, indicate that standardized 
tests were administered to 149,994 stu- 
dents in grades 0-12 in 1958-59. This 
figure means that 64.4 p. cent of stu- 
dents enrolled in these grades were 
tested once or more in 195S-59. 

Approximately 200,000 tests were ad- 
ministered to high school pupils last 
year, and of this number approximately 
150,000 were paid for with funds made 
available through the National Defense 
Education Act, according to James M. 
Dunlap, who assisted with this phase 
of the testing program. 

According to project application 
forms, one or more tests were admin- 
istered to 52,592 ninth-grade pupils ; 
40,903 tenth-grade pupils; 35,188 elev- 
enth-grade pupils: and 21.257 twelfth- 
^rade pupils. 

Pinehurst Inaugurates 
Enrichment Program 

A program to enrich the curriculum 
of high school students who make ex- 
cellent grades and have time for more 
studying has been inaugurated in the 
Pinehurst city administrative unit. 

Under the plan these "excellent" stu- 
dents will be assigned additional work 
by their teachers. For example, Eng- 
lish teachers Mill assign additional 
themes or research work. Mathemat- 
ics teachers will give more advanced 
work, as well as teachers in other de- 
partments — commercial, history, sci- 
ence, industrial arts, and home eco- 
nomics. 

According to Superintendent Lewis 
S. Cannon, "Students who do extra 
work will have the information placed 
on their college applications and work 
recommendations. Students who make 
an 'A' average for the year will also 
receive a special letter similar to an 
athletic award. This black 'P' (Pine- 
hurst) letter will have the word 
HONOR on it and may be worn on a 
sweater." 

This new plan, Supt. Cannon stated, 
is arranged to encourage and challenge 
the academically-talented students. 

Other programs of this nature are 
provided in Winston-Salem, Greens- 
boro, Charlotte, Raleigh, and perhaps 
other units. Both Winston-Salem and 
Greensboro, in addition, have special 
classes for gifted children. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



School Planning Division 
Issues Minimum Guidelines 

For use in (.-becking plans and speci- 
fications covering the heating, plumb- 
ing and electrical aspects of school con- 
struction, the Division of School Plan- 
ning has issued a bulletin entitled 
"Minimum Mechanical Guidelines." 

This bulletin is to be used as a mini- 
mum checklist for the review of me- 
chanical plans and specifications by en- 
gineers, architects and superintendents. 
The Guidelines were formulated by en- 
gineers from the Department of In- 
surance, the State Board of Education, 
State Board of Health, and the State 
Department of Public Instruct ion. 

". . . this is only a minimum list," 
it is pointed out, and "no attempt has 
been made to cover all items, nor to 
include all items in the Building Codes. 
It remains the legal responsibility of 
the designing engineer to provide plans 
and specifications which comply in ev- 
ery aspect with the Codes." 

Robert M. Fink Joins 
State Board of Health 

Dr. Robert M. Fink, formerly educa- 
tion supervisor in mental health, and 
working with the State Department of 
Public Instruction and the State Board 
of Health, is now mental health con- 
sultant for the State Board of Health 
with offices in the building of the lat- 
ter agency. This change in responsi- 
bilities and in activities became effec- 
tive December 1, 1959. 

In his present position, Dr. Fink will 
spend his time in promoting the mental 
health program of the State Board of 
Health. "Specifically," he stated, "the 
entire mental health staff desires to 
Work more extensively than ever be- 
fore with the Department of Public In- 
struction. Likewise, we hope to pro- 
mote closer relationships between local 
mental health services and local school 
systems — to the degree that schools de- 
sire this more active and closer rela- 
tionship." 

It is certainly good to know that the 
excellent services of Dr. Fink will stiill 
be available to the State Department 
of Public Instruction and also to the 
public schools of the State. Continua- 
tion of the close working relations be- 
tween the SDPI and the State Board 
of Health should restclt in ever-increas- 
ing progress in the whole area of men- 
ial health. 



U. S. Office Offers MFL Fellowships 



The U. S. Office of Education an- 
nounced recently that it will award be- 
fore April 30, 1960, nearly 400 federal- 
ly-financed Modern Foreign Language 
Fellowships, authorized under Title VI 
of the National Defense Education Act. 

Purpose of these fellowships, for 
graduate study during the summer of 
1960 and the 1960-61 academic year, is 
to increase the number of teachers of 
85 foreign languages seldom taught in 
the United States, but which are 
spoken by millions of people through- 
out the world. 

Lawrence G. Deri hick. U. S. Com- 
missioner of Education, stated that first 
preference in awarding fellowships will 
be given to students studying Arabic, 
Chinese, Hindi. Japanese. Portuguese, 
Russian, and Urdu. 

Emphasis will also be given to Ben- 
gali, Burmese, Finnish, Hebrew (Mod- 
ern), Hungarian. Indonesian - Malay, 
Khlaka. Korean. Marathi, Persian, Pol- 
ish, Serbo-Croatian, Singhalese, Swa- 
liili, Tamil, Telegu, Thai, and Turkish. 



Candidates for the language fellow- 
ships should apply to universities of- 
fering advanced training in any of the 
85 langauages for which the Commis- 
sioner of Education has declared there 
is a national need. Deadline for re- 
ceipt of applications from the graduate 
schools is February 15, 1960. 

Fellowships will carry stipends rang- 
ing up to $2,700, plus tuition and fees. 
The graduate Fellow will receive travel 
allowances and allowances for depen- 
dents. 

Students who apply for fellowships 
must give reasonable assurance that 
upon completion of their graduate lan- 
guage training they will either teach 
their specialized language in college or 
will use their language competency in 
another public service field. 

Language fellowship awards will not 
be given for study of French, German. 
Italian, or Spanish. These languages 
are taught at Language Institutes. 
Thirty-six such established for this pur- 
pose during the summer of 1960. 



Noted Educator From Israel Impressed 
With Many Features In State's Schools 



Dr. Abraham Melamed, inspector of 
education in the Ministry of Education 
in Israel and also superintendent of 
schools in Jerusalem, spent four days 
in North Carolina late in December vis- 
iting public schools, colleges, and the 
State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion. The chief purpose of Dr. Mela- 
med's visit was to observe teaching 
methods and the use of aids and to 
learn more about techniques of in-serv- 
ice education. 

Before leaving North Carolina Dr. 
Melamed indicated that he was greatly 
impressed with the "dedication and 
seriousness of purpose among teachers 
and administrators. I have found that 
North Carolina educators are working 
with great diligence and determination 
toward an improved school system. 
This, of course, is exciting to me." 

During his four-day stay in the State, 
Dr. Melamed visited with the Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction, the Raleigh 
city schools, East Carolina College, 
Duke University, the University of 
North Carolina, and North Carolina 
State College. 



Dr. Melamed, sponsored by UNESCO, 
is the author of a book entitled, The 
Project Method. He speaks six lan- 
guages fluently, among them French. 
Portuguese. German, Hebrew, Russian, 
and English. He was educated in Is- 
rael at the Hebrew University, the Uni- 
versity of London, and Goldsmith Col- 
lege. 

In his remarks to the State Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction Dr. Mela- 
med indicated that the education sys- 
tem of Israel is highly centralized ; that 
the curriculum, though fixed, is some- 
what flexible ; that women teachers 
far outnumber men teachers; that 
teacher preparation is extremely inad- 
equate, especially in the outlying drs- 
t ricts : and that one of the greatest ed- 
ucational problems is that inherent in 
tbe conglomeration of the many lan- 
guages within the country. In Israel 
there are approximately 500,000 pupils 
and 125,000 teachers. 

Of particular interest to Dr. Melamed 
is North Carolina's system of transpor- 
tation and safety education. The low 
incidence of disciplinary problems also 
impressed Dr. Melamed. 



JANUARY, NINETEEN HUNDREp AND SIXTY 



Thirty-One Administrative Units Get State 
Aid For Television Experiment 



State aid totaling $25,000 has been 
allotted to 31 school administrative 
units for continuing their experimental 
programs in educational television. 

The allotments were made by the 
State Board of Education at its No- 
vember meeting. The appropriation of 
$25,000 was made by the General As- 
sembly of 1959. For 1960-61 the appro- 
priation is $50,000 for this purpose. 

Programs in television in the public- 
schools began in 1957-58, with funds 
contributed by the Fund for the Ad- 
vancement of Education. The Founda- 
tion will continue to contribute to the 
experiment on a limited basis during 
1959-60. 

The funds, both State, local, and 
from the Fund, are expended by par- 
ticipating county and city boards of 
education for payment of the salaries 
of competent teachers, for the admini- 
stration of the program, for the opera- 
tion of the studio, for the salaries of 
personnel employed at the studio, for 



the purchase of materials, for the cost 
of operating a transmitter, and for 
other costs necessary for operating the 
program. 

Units and amount allotted each arc 
as follows : 



Counties: Bladen, $789.47; Chatham, 
$789.47; Greene, $526.31; Guilford, 
$263.16; Lenoir, $526.31; Mecklenburg, 
$1,842.11; Onslow, $263.16; Person, 
$526.32; Union, $263.16; Wake, $1,- 
842.11; and Washington, $1,052.63. 

Cities: Asheville, $526.31; Kings 
Mountain, $263.16; Shelby, $263.16; 
New Bern, $263,16; Fayetteville, $2,- 
105.26; Durham, $1,578.95; Winston- 
Salem, $789.47; Cherryville, $263.16; 
Greensboro, $1,842.11; High Point, $1,- 
315.79; Sanford, $263.16; Kinston, 
$526.31 ; Lincolnton, $263.16 ; Charlotte, 
$3,157.89 ; Rocky Mount, $526.31 ; Salis- 
bury, $526.32; Clinton, $263.16; Albe- 
marle, $789.47; Elkin, $526.32; and 
Monroe, $263.16. 



Television Programs On Teaching English 
To Feature Individual Motivation 



Four weekly in-service television pro- 
grams in language arts will begin Wed- 
nesday, February 24, 3:30 p.m. over 
Channel 4, according to Dr. Vester M. 
Mulholland, coordinator of these pro- 
grams. This is the second series in lan- 
guage arts sponsored by WUNC-TV ; 
last year there were five programs. 

"Creative Expression Through Writ- 
ing. Grades 1-3" is the theme of the 
February 24 program, which is being- 
planned by Jerry Melton and a group 
of Raleigh teachers with the assistance 
of Dr. Mulholland. This program will 
emphasize techniques and materials 
which might be used in a balanced 
writing program in the primary grades. 
Consideration will be given to readi- 
ness, motivation, related experiences, 
and individual differences. 

The second program, March 2, "De- 
veloping a Climate for Creative Writ- 
ing in Grades 4-6," will be in charge 
of Mrs. Bernice Wade, elementary su- 
pervisor in Chapel Hill. Emphasis will 
be placed on how a climate conducive 
to creative writing can be developed in 
the upper elementary grades. 



"Improving Reading in the Junior 
High School," scheduled for March 9, 
will be in charge of Mrs. Isabelle Pil- 
low, educational consultant for Hough- 
ton-Mifflin Company. Emphasis will be 
placed on developing reading and study- 
ing skills with suggestions for the prac- 
tice of these skills through literary se- 
lections, magazine articles, and news- 
paper stories. 

In charge of the fourth program will 
be Mrs. Sara La Foy and Mrs. Phyllis 
Peacock of the Needham Broughton 
High School in Raleigh. Topic for this 
program is "Suggestions for Teaching 
English to the Academically Talented. 
Grades 9-12." Emphasis in this pro- 
gram will be placed on who are the 
talented and what are their character- 
istics, along with the psychology of 
challenging students. Particular atten- 
tion will be given teacher-pupil plan- 
ning as a sound basis for motivation. 
Grouping, use of committees, correla- 
tion, and experimentation will be dis- 
cussed. A group of talented students 
will also be used on this program. 



Girl Scouts Organization 
Has Many Materials 

Schools interested in forming girl 
scout troops or assisting in such or- 
ganizations may obtain materials from 
the National Headquarters of Girl 
Scouts of the U.S.A., 830 Third Ave., 
New York 22, N. Y. A list of such ma- 
terials may be obtained from Mrs. 
Thomas J. Ford, advisor on School Re- 
lations. 

Kennon Writes Article 
For National Journal 

Mary Frances Kennon, associate 
supervisor of school library services for 
the Department of Public Instruction, 
contributed a ten-page article to the 
November issue of The Bulletin of the 
National Association of Secondary 
School Principals, whose theme for 
the entire issue is "The Effective Sec- 
ondary School Library." 

Miss Kennon's article, entitled "Li- 
brary Service in the Twelve Grade 
School," deals with goals of library 
service, planning for library service, 
patterns of library service, personnel, 
hours of service, student library assis- 
tants, supervisory programs, and rela- 
tionhips with the community. Emphasis 
in this article pertaining to union 
schools is on variety in patterns of li- 
brary service and upon the fact that 
"there is no substitute for qualified, 
full-time personnel at the individual 
school level." Miss Kennon also stresses 
ways whereby the library in the union 
school can serve the entire community. 

In view of Statewide emphasis on 
improving libraries, the importance of 
this particular issue of the Bulletin 
cannot be overstated. Chapters deal 
with "standards for school library pro- 
grams," "school libraries and the 
NDEA," "programs in action," "the 
principal and the library," "school li- 
brary personnel," "school library quar- 
ters," "school library materials," "the 
teacher and the library," "the student 
and the library," "the public library 
and the school library," and "present- 
ing the school library." Copies of this 
issue should be available to all schools 
which are now trying to improve their 
library facilities and services. 

Perhaps one of the most significant 
chapters in this issue is that entitled, 
"The Secondary School Mathematics 
Library: Its Collection and Use." A 
ten-page bibliography is part of this 
chapter. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Engineer E. L Frazelle 
Leaves Department 

Edward L. Frazelle, engineer with 
the Division of School Planning, State 
Department of Public Instruction, re- 
signed his position with the Depart- 
ment as of December 31, 1959. Fra- 
zelle, whose chief responsibility was 
that of consultant relative to electrical 
installations in new and remodeled 
buildings, indicated that he would like- 
ly accept work in Alabama or Virginia 
within a short time. 

More Handicapped Persons 
Restored To Employment 

A record number of 4,369 handi- 
capped North Carolinians were restored 
during 1958-59 to employable and pro- 
ductive status through services ren- 
dered by the Division of Vocational 
Rehabilitation, State Department of 
Public Instruction. 

Chas. H. Warren, Director of the 
division, reported recently to Dr. Chas. 
F. Carroll, State Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, that 13,073 disabled 
and handicapped persons received serv- 
ices during the year, and that the di- 
vision now has ready for employment 
850 persons. There are also 61 persons 
not included in the 4,369 who are in 
employment and are undergoing final 
adjustment to the job, Mr. Warren re- 
ported. 

The number rehabilitated indicates 
an increase of 832 cases, 22.8%, over 
last year's record. 

According to Mr. Warren "The di- 
vision is experiencing an ever-increas- 
ing cooperation from the various volun- 
teer agencies and communities through- 
out the State. Rehabilitation of a dis- 
abled person is not something which is 
done for a community but must be 
achieved by the community itself. Re- 
habilitation comes from the commun- 
ity's concern for the dignity, worth, 
and recognition of its own members. 
When the community fails, it usually 
is the result of a lack of knowledge 
about the disabled person, lack of 
knowledge of what can be done for 
him, and the absence of the organiza- 
tion and cooperation necessary to mo- 
bilize community resources in his be- 
half." 

A professional counselor from the Di- 
vision of Vocational Rehabilitation is 
available to coordinate such community 
effort. 

JANUARY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



Primary Reading Program In Reidsville 
Described In New School Publication 



"The Primary Reading Program" of 
the Reidsville city schools, cooperative- 
ly developed during the past three 
years, emphasizes individual readiness 
and provides for eight levels of func- 
tional instruction, according to a re- 
cent bulletin published by the Reids- 
ville public schools. 

According to the brochure, it is the 
purpose of the "primary reading pro- 
gram to provide a program in reading 
that will (1) develop each pupil's lan- 
guage abilities to the highest level of 
which he is capable, (2) provide a pro- 
gram by which the information and 
skills leading to word mastery might 
be taught with continuity, consistency, 
and with objectivity, (3) provide a 
program in which instruction can be 
differentiated in terms of the needs, 
interests, and capacities of the learn- 
ers." 

"The Primary Reading Program" is 
composed of eight levels, beginning at 
the pre-reading level and continuing in 
a systematic language growth pattern 
through the entire primary reading pro- 
gram. Each child progresses from one 
level to the next level at a rate equal 
to his capacities and accomplishments. 
It is felt that a pupil is properly placed 
when he can "function adequately with 
teacher guidance and, at the same 
time, meet enough challenge to stimu- 
late further growth." 

Sections of the bulletin include "in- 
structional reading level," "the directed 
reading activity," "independent reading- 
level," "differences in readiness for 
reading," "appraisal of readiness," and 
"development of readiness." In the lat- 
ter section the authors emphasize that 
"readiness for instruction in reading 
does not imply a single factor, but a 
proper balance of all the readiness fac- 
tors. A child might be ready for one 
type of instruction in reading and not 
ready for another type." 

A major portion of this 27-page bul- 
letin gives suggestions for materials 
and activities for each of the eight 
reading levels embraced in the "Pri- 
mary Reading Program." The number 
of new words to be found in each basic 
and each parallel book suggested for 
each of the eight levels is included as 
part of the over-all information. 
Throughout the bulletin stress is placed 
on the selection and use of materials 
and on meeting the needs of individual 
students. Progress reports which take 



cognizance of the current emphases in 
reading have also been devised. 

Teachers, principals, consultants, and 
parents worked on this program for 
two years before initiating it. Those 
interested in this descriptive brochure 
should write to Superintendent C. C. 
Lipscomb, Reidsville. 

Congratulations to all those in Reids- 
ville whose foresightedness and coope- 
rative endeavors have resulted in a 
reading program tvhich g<ives promise 
of bringing increased skill and pleasure 
in reading to pupils throughout the 
system. 



Students Of I.E. Centers 
May Get Service Deferment 

Students attending industrial educa- 
tion centers may get deferment to class 
II-A, according to a Circular Letter 
No. 111-108 issued by Colonel Thomas 
H. Upton, State Director, Selective 
Service System, to all local boards. 

Students taking courses, which are 
offered to prepare individuals for en- 
tering into trade and industrial pur- 
suits, either as technicians or as skilled 
craftsmen — pre-employment courses — 
may request deferment. Students tak- 
ing courses to up-grade themselves as 
employed workers in their particular 
occupation are not eligible for defer- 
ment. 

There are 18 industrial education 
centers located in the following coun- 
ties : Alamance, Buncombe, Catawba, 
Cumberland, Davidson, Durham, For- 
syth, Gaston, Guilford, Lee, Lenoir, 
Mecklenburg, New Hanover, Randolph, 
Rockingham, Wake, Wayne, and Wil- 
son. A student of one of these centers 
desiring deferment from selective serv- 
ice must file with his local board prior 
to the date an order to report for in- 
duction is issued a written request for 
deferment. This request must contain 
a signed statement from the director 
of the industrial education center (1) 
that the registrant is a full-time pre- 
employment student, attending school 
at least 15 hours weekly, (2) that he 
is making satisfactory progress, and 
(3) the date he entered upon his pres- 
ent course of instruction and the date 
he should normally complete the pres- 
ent course. 



North Carolina Stare Horary 
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President Research Triangle Institute 
Speaks To State Department Personnel 



Stressing the fact that "research is 
the key to tomorrow," George R. Her- 
bert, president of the Triangle Research 
Institute, spoke to the NCEA unit of 
the State Department of Public In- 
struction at its December meeting. 
"Without doubt.*' declared Herbert, 
"the Southeastern states constitute an 
important area in the Nation's on-com- 
iug era of opportunity. Fortunately, 
North Carolina among these states has 
the desire and the ability to take the 
lead in technological development. In 
addition to the 'natural' and 'devel- 
oped' environment in North Carolina, 
the State's greatest assets are enthusi- 
asm for progress and belief that growth 
and progress are possible." 

Herbert, formerly of the Stanford Re- 
search Institute, indicated that possi- 
bilities for industrial and economic ex- 
pansion over a long-range period in 
North Carolina are unprecedented. 
"Primarily the State is interested in in- 
dustries with growth potential or tech- 
nically based industries." 

Three separate organizations, each 
working closely with the others, con- 
stitute North Carolina's major effort 
to improve the economic situation with- 
in the State. These are : 1. The Re- 
search Triangle Foundation of North 
Carolina, 2. The Research Triangle 
Park, and 3. The Research Triangle 
Institute. As president of the latter 
non-profit organization, Herbert de- 
clared its major purpose as that of de- 
veloping and building a permanent re- 
search staff which might effectively 
engage in contract research for govern- 
ment and private business. At present 
the Institute has approximately 50 em- 
ployees engaged in more than $500,000 
in research contracts. Though there 
are nine similar research institutes in 
the United States at the present, there 
is every indication, according to Presi- 
dent Herbert, that the North Carolina 
institute may in time become one of 
the largest and most useful in the Na- 
tion. 

"Industrial research," declared Her- 
bert, "is one of the Nation's great busi- 
nesses. In 1957 more than seven billion 
dollars and more than 500,000 individ- 
uals were involved." 

The Research Triangle Park is a 
tract of 4.600 acres on which industrial 
laboratories may be constructed as 



companies desire to purchase acreage 
and locate in this area. 

The Research Triangle Foundation 
of North Carolina, the parent organi- 
zation, aims at improving economic 
conditions in the State by attracting 
diversified industry to North Carolina, 
thereby creating greater job opportuni- 
ties and in turn improving standards of 
living. Herbert stressed the great ob- 
ligation which the communities of Dur- 
ham, Chapel Hill, and Raleigh have for 
helping this new program succeed in 
all parts of the State. "The State as 
a whole believes in the worth of this 
project. In 70 days more than a million 
and a half dollars were subscribed by 
individuals, corporations, and firms 
which had faith in the soundness of 
this approach." 

Miss Cora Paul Bomar, president of 
I lie NCEA unit presided over the meet- 
ing, and Superintendent Charles F. 
Carroll introduced the guest speaker. 

The Department of Public Instruc- 
tion is indeed grateful to Mr. Herbert 
for his excellent presentation of a topic 
which vitally affects education through- 
out the State. 

NSBA-NEA-AASA 
Committee Study 
Teacher Competency 

A joint committee comprising repre- 
sentatives from three national school 
organizations has been formed to study 
teacher competency. 

Representative from the National 
School Boards Association, the Depart- 
ment of Classroom Teachers of the Na- 
tional Education Association, and the 
American Association of School Admin- 
istrators comprise the committee. At 
a meeting held last November, the com- 
mittee agreed that an attempt should 
be made to answer the following four 
questions — in the light of "what is best 
for children in the schools" : 

1. What are the factors that determ- 
ine teacher competency? 

2. What are the factors that determ- 
ine effectiveness of the competent 
teacher? 

3. How can effective teaching be 
evaluated? 

4. How can effective teachers be 
given recognition in (a) self-realiza- 
tion, (b) respect-status, (c) salaries, 
and (d) other forms? 



6,000 Paperbound Books 
Currently Available 

According to the latest edition of 
"Paperbound Books in Print," by R. R. 
Bowker and Company, more than 6,000 
paperbound titles are currently avail- 
able. This extensive bibliography in- 
dexes titles according to publisher 
(more than 100 of these) and author, 
and has a selective subject index. This 
book is available at $2.00, or $3.00 for 
a subscription for two semi-annual is- 
sues. 

With a definite trend toward the use 
of more paperbacks in central libraries 
and in classroom libraries, and with 
increasing emphasis on the acquisition 
of personal libraries, this comprehen- 
sive volume will likely be of more and 
more service to librarians, classroom 
teachers, and supervisors. 

W. W. Peek Joins SDPI 
Staff As Statistician 

William W. Peek, a native of Mars 
Hill and North Carolina educator for 
23 years, joined the State Department 
of Public Instruction as statistician 
January 1. He succeeds Henry C. West, 
who resigned one year ago. 

Peek received his B. S. degree from 
Western Carolina College after attend- 
ing Mars Hill Junior College ; and later 
received his M. S. degree from the Uni- 
versity of Tennessee. After serving as 
football coach at Marshall High School, 
Peek became principal of the Walnut 
and Marshall High Schools, where he 
remained until 1950, when he became 
superintendent of the Madison County 
Schools. This position he held for nine 
years. Last fall Peek became principal 
of Farmington Elementary School in 
Davie County. 

During 1942-46 Peek served in the 
Armed Services, primarily as a captain 
and instructor in the Quartermaster 
School at Fort Lee, Virginia. He was 
graduated from the Command and Gen- 
eral Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, 
Kansas. 

Peek is married to the former 
Blanche Tweed of Marshall. The Peeks 
are living at 1520 Carr Street. 

In commenting on Peek's acceptance 
of the position of statistician, Superin- 
tendent Carroll stated, "The Depart- 
ment is fortunate in having an educa- 
tor whose experiences as a superinten- 
dent so eminently qualify him for the 
position of statistician." 



10 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Conference On Talented 
To Be Held At Duke 

A two-day conference on academical- 
ly talented children will be held at 
Duke University February 25-26. 

The conference is being planned by 
the North Carolina Health Council and 
is open to all interested professional 
and lay people of the State. According 
to Dr. W. P. Richardson, chairman of 
the Council's Coordinating Committee 
on Handicapped Children, "we intend 
to draw upon some of the outstanding 
leaders in the nation and State as par- 
ticipants and counselors. We will be 
aided by the forces already at work in 
North Carolina on behalf of gifted 
young people, including the State 
Board of Education and the newly 
established Governor's Study Commis- 
sion." 

U. S. Office Reports 
More Students In College 

Fall enrollment of full-time and part- 
time students in the Nation's colleges 
and universities at the beginning of the 
1959-60 scholastic year reached the all- 
time high of 3,402,297, the U. S. Office 
of Education announced recently. 

The 1959 fall enrollment exceeds that 
of 1958 by 143,741 or 4.4 per cent. 

This was the eighth consecutive year 
that new records were set in fall en- 
rollments. The number of students en- 
rolled in college for the first time rose 
to 826,969, a jump of 5.9 per cent or 
45,894 over the fall of 1958. 

The 1959 fall enrollees included 2,- 
173,797 men and 1,228,500 women, com- 
pared with 2,110,426 men and 1,148,130 
women in the fall of 1958. 

Of the first-time enrollees this fall 
490,622 were men and 336,347, or 40.7 
per cent, were women. In the fall of 
1958, 468,625 of the new enrollees were 
men and 312,450, or 40.0 per cent, were 
women. 

The survey includes all degree-credit 
students. These are students whose cur- 
rent program consists principally or 
wholly of work leading toward at least 
a bachelor's degree. Reported enroll- 
ments include both resident and exten- 
sion degree-credit students, full and 
part-time, studying either in the day 
or in the evening. 

Of the more than 1900 institutions 
listed in the Higher Education section 
of the U. S. Office of Education Direc- 
tory, giving degree-credit programs, al! 
were included in the survey. 



More Students Enroll 
In Driver Education 

Driver education took a sharp spurt 
upward in 1958-59 with an enrollment 
of 37,000 students, more than 50 per 
cent of eligible drivers. This marked 
increase was due to the financial as- 
sistance realized from revenue pro- 
vided by the $100 annual levy against, 
drivers of motor vehicles. 

Look at the chart at the right ! This 
chart shows graphically the progress of 
driver education in North Carolina dur- 
ing the past ten years. In 1948-49, as 
the chart shows, driver instruction was 
offered to 1900 students in 44 schools. 
Ten years later, in 1958-59, instruction 
in driver education was given to 37,000 
students in 705 schools. 



The first four years of the chart 
show a rise in experimental activities 
in learning how to offer driver instruc- 
tion in schools. When these experi- 
mental activities closed, it caused the 
slump as indicated in the fourth year. 
From the fourth year forward, a grad- 
ual increase in schools offering driver 
education is noted until the sixth year 
when a plateau during the 6-8 years. 
This stabilization indicates the maxi- 
mum level of the program when fi- 
nanced with local funds. During the 
ninth year, 1957-58, the program ex- 
perienced new life from anticipated ac- 
tion of the 1957 General Assembly in 
providing State financing. The tenth 
year shows the situation in 1958-59, 
and the broken line indicates expected 
participation by 52,000 students in the 
program during the current year. 



DRIVER EDUCATION IN NORTH CAROLINA 1949-1959 



NUMBER 
STUDENTS 
OP BE&. 
DRIVERS 
AGE 

70,000 


1 

o 
5 


1 
PS 


J 
: € 

- S 


M 

rr S 


ft U 


r* ti 

r C 


> * 
ft u 

IT S3 


ft h 

r «3 


ft u 

r Q 


£5 






PERCENT 

OP 
STUDENTS 

100% 


65,000 


























75% 


60,000 


























55,000 


























56,000 
























i 


50% 


45,000 
























9 

ft 


40,000 
























$ 


35,000 






















l» 


30,000 






















/ 




25% 


25,000 






















/ 




80000 






















/ 




15,000 




















jr 




J 




0% 


10,000 






J 


M 


^ 




A 


M 




( 






5.000 






/ 




\ 


^ 













4 


r*f 






1 1 









12345678710 



JANUARY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



11 



Three New Publications Issued By 
Department of Public Instruction 



Three new publications were issued 
by the State Department of Public In- 
struction during November. 

Titles of these new bulletins are: 
Educational Directory, 1059-60 ; Excep- 
tional Children \in North Carolina ; and 
Homemakiny Education, Grades Nine 
Through Twelve. 

The Directory is issued annually. 
This year's edition, bound with a yel- 
low cover, includes both public and non- 
public schools under the name of the 
administrative unit in which they are 
located. The price to persons not en- 
gaged in school work is $1.00 a copy. 

The bulletin on Exceptional Chil- 
dren, bound in a two-color cover (yel- 
low and green), was prepared by the 
staff engaged in special education serv- 
ices. A revision of duplicated bulletins 
issued in 1953 and 1057. it includes 
policies and procedures concerning the 
operation of classes for handicapped 



children. It is distributed free to those 
persons engaged in services for excep- 
tional children. 

HomeinaJciwg Education is a 228-page 
course of study publication prepared 
by home economics teachers and the 
homemaking education staff of the Di- 
vision of Vocational Education. This 
publication is divided into four sec- 
tions: About Philosophy and Beliefs, 
About the Instruction Program, About 
Vocational Acts, and About Teaching 
Aids. "Although this bulletin was pre- 
pared primarily as a guide for home 
economics teachers," State Superinten- 
dent Carroll states in the Foreword, 
"it is hoped it will prove helpful to all 
personnel who work closely with these 
teachers in developing a more effective 
program of hoinemaking education in 
tbe public schools of North Carolina." 
Copies arc available at 75c each. 



120 New Teachers Indicate Reactions 
To College Preparation and Supervision 



One hundred and twenty beginning 
teachers in thirty-eight administrative 
units in North Carolina responded to a 
questionnaire administered by M. G. 
Isley of the Berryhill School in Meck- 
lenburg County relative to the effec- 
tiveness of their college preparation for 
teaching responsibilities and relative to 
the effectiveness of supervision during 
their first year as teachers. Replies 
were anonymous in an effort not to 
identify specific colleges or supervisors. 

Beginning teachers indicate "that the 
colleges are doing a good job in pre- 
paring them for teaching, especially in 
the areas of instruction, classroom 
management and the disciplining of 
students, understanding child growth 
and development, planning with pupils, 
organizing the physical features and 
equipment of the classroom, and for in- 
service growth and professional devel- 
opment," according to Principal Isley. 

At the same time beginning teachers 
express "a need for more training in 
reporting to pupils and reporting 1o 
parents, in working with gifted and re- 
tarded pupils, in making administra- 
tive reports and other clerical duties, 
in acquiring techniques for working 
with faculty members, and in confer- 
ring with parents in discussing pupil 
progress." 



According to Isley, "an alarming 48 
per cent of beginning teachers reported 
that the colleges they attended offered 
no training in working with gifted and 
retarded pupils: 42 per cent said their 
colleges offered no help in planning 
the year's work in relation to tbe State 
Course of Study ; 4." per cent said their 
colleges offered no help in keeping class 
record books, keeping cumulative rec- 
ords, and other clerical duties; and 50 
per cent said their colleges offered no 
help in acquiring techniques in holding 
conferences with parents in discussing 
pupil progress." 

During their first year of leaching 
less than 50 per cent of the teachers 
felt that they received adequate help 
from their principal or supervisor in 
the areas of instruction, classroom 
management and discipline, child 
growth and development, planning with 
pupils, physical organization of the 
classroom, in-service growth, public re- 
lations, and staff relations. A majority 
of the beginning teachers who reported 
their reactions indicated that they re- 
ceived adequate help from their prin- 
cipal or supervisor in making admin- 
istrative reports and other clerical du- 
I ies. 



Success In High School 
Indicates College Success 

Students who make better grades in 
high school usually make better grades 
in college. There are some exceptions, 
but these are few. 

Based on records of freshmen en- 
rolled at Wake Forest College in 1957- 
58, it was found that 234 freshmen who 
were in the first quarter of their high 
school class were distributed in college 
as follows : 

Quality Points Number Per cent 

2-3 66 28.2 

1-2 107 45.7 

below 1 61 26.1 

A total of 107 freshmen who were in 
the second quarter of their class in 
high school were distributed in college 
as follows: 

Quality Points Number Per cent 

2-3 2 1.9 

1-2 22 20.6 

below 1 83 77.5 

Daily Pupil Expenditure 
Lower In N. C. Cities 

Daily expenditure per pupil in av- 
erage daily attendance is lower in 
North Carolina cities than for cities for 
the nation as a whole, based on a re- 
cent sampling by the U. S. Office of 
Education. 

In N. C. cities of 100,000 or more 
population, only Charlotte qualified and, 
was sampled. Daily pupil expenditure 
in 1957-58, the year the sampling was 
made, was .$1.53, whereas the median 
daily expenditure for all cities sampled 
in this group was .$1.89. 

In cities having a population of from 
25,000 to 99,999, Asheville, Raleigh and 
Kocky Mount were sampled. In these 
cities the daily expenditure per pupil 
was $1.27 in Asheville, $1.19 in Raleigh 
and $1.15 in Rocky Mount. Median for 
all cities sampled in this group was 
$1.76. 

In cities with populations between 
10,000 and 24,999, four units were sam- 
pled as follows: Concord $.97, Kinston 
$1.09, Sanford $.81, and Statesville $1.12. 
Median for this group for the nation 
was $1.64. 

In a fourth group of cities having 
populations between 2,500 and 9,999, 
Asheboro, Newton-Conover, and South- 
ern Pines were taken from North Caro- 
lina. Their daily pupil expenditures 
were $1.09, $1.05 and $1.28, respective- 
ly. Median for all cities in this group 
was $1.69. 



12 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



UN Association Announces 
High School Contest 

The 34th annual High School Con- 
test on the United Nations will be held 
on Thursday, March 3, 1960, according 
to a recent announcement by the Amer- 
ican Association for the United Nations. 

Study material for the examination 
will be sent to schools in the form of 
a booklet entitled, "WE THE PEO- 
PLES . . .", to be purchased for 50c if 
more than one copy is ordered. Teach- 
ers register their students for the ex- 
amination. 

Registration closes February 12, 
1960. Information, study booklets, ex- 
aminations and directions may be ob- 
tained from the American Association 
for the United Nations, 345 East 46th 
Street, New York 17, N. Y. 

National prizes include a trip to 
Europe sponsored by the American 
Youth Hostels and The Experiment in 
International Living, or $500, and a 
trip to Mexico, also in cooperation with 
American Youth Hostels, or $200. Lo- 
cal and state awards vary with each 
community and are listed in the Con- 
test announcements sent to schools 
throughout the country during United 
Nations Week, Oct. 18-24. 

Tay!or Joins Department 
As Rating Supervisor 

John Arthur Taylor, native of Union 
County, joined the Department of Pub- 
lic Instruction January 5 as supervisor 
of teacher rating, a position formerly 
held by Dr. J. P. Freeman, who is now 
director of the Division of Professional 
Services. 

Taylor came to the Department from 
the principalship in Waxhaw, Union 
County, where he had been for three and 
a half years. Prior to this position he 
was teacher-principal-assistant superin- 
tendent in Franklinton. 

Taylor's undergraduate work was 
done at Wingate Junior College and at 
Wake Forest College, where he re- 
ceived his A. P. degree. His M.ED, de- 
gree was earned at the University of 
North Carolina with a major in admin- 
istration. 

Married to the former Hilda Funder- 
burk of Union County, the Taylors 
have twin boys who are now two and 
a half years old. The family lives ;il 
2324 Derby Drive, Raleigh. 

Taylor served in the Army as an MP 
and had occupation duty in Japan, 
where he was stationed at Camp Drake 
near Tokyo. 



E.C.C. Will Sponsor Study Tour of Europe 



East Carolina College will sponsor 
during the surmner months of 1960 a 
tour of Europe which will combine 
travel with study. Directed by Mrs. 
Myrtle B. Clark of the Wahl-Coates 
Laboratory School on the campus, the 
tour, according to plans, will take 32 
people to nine European countries dur- 
ing June and July. 

The itinerary covers thirty-five days 
of travel beginning June 9. Atlantic 
crossings, beginning and ending at Idle- 
wild Airfield in New York, will be 
made by jet aircraft. Countries to be 
visited include Scotland, England, 
Switzerland, Italy, Austria, Germany. 
Belgium, Holland, and France. 

Special events of the tour will in- 
clude operas at Paris and Rome ; a 
play at the Shakespeare Memorial 
Theater at Stratford ; visits to Ver- 
sailles and Oxford ; the Passion Play at 
Oberammergau ; a cruise on the Rhine ; 
and drives through the Dolomites, up 
the Arne and the Mozelle valleys, and 
over the Scottish Highlands from Edin- 
burgh to Glasgow. Museums and art 
galleries and other places of interest 



will be visited in such cities as Rome. 
Florence, Venice, and Munich. 

Those enrolled as students on the 
travel-study tour will, on completion 
of requirements, receive nine quarter 
hours of graduate or undergraduate 
credit, according to the type of work 
done. At East Carolina for a short 
orientation period as the tour begins, 
each student will select a topic for in- 
tensive research on ;i particular phase 
of the trip. 

Lectures, seminars, and sharing of 
knowledge gained by students in their 
research projects will be among educa- 
tional advantages of the tour. Special 
lectures at UNESCO in Paris and at 
the universities of Rome. Heidelberg, 
London, and Munich have been ar- 
ranged. An evaluation of the tour will 
be made by students on their return to 
(he campus in Greenville in July. 

Further information about the tour, 
including a travel schedule and a list 
of suggested topics for individual study 
by student-tourists, may be obtained 
from Mrs. Clark, 409 Holly Street, 
Greenville, N. 0. 



State College To Televise Algebra and 
Trigonometry Beginning In February 



Beginning in. February, through the 
facilities of WUNC-TV, Channel 4, the 
Mathematics Department at, State Col- 
lege will televise a course in college 
algebra, model 1960, according to a re- 
cent announcement by Dr. John W. 
Cell, Head, Dopnrtment of Mathemat- 
ics. 

The course will be based generally 
on the material recommended by the 
Begle Committee for senior high school 
study. The purpose of the course is to 
provide opportunity for many high 
school seniors in the Channel 4 area 
lo broaden their mathematical back- 
ground ; for some actually to pursue 
the course for credit; for high school 
leachers who may wish to broaden 
themselves professionally by coming a- 
breast of what is being done in this 
country to solve this program of needed 
change ; aud for high school seniors 
with special talent for review v»nrposes. 

This television teaching, made pos- 
sible by a grant from the Ford Foun- 
dation, is assured for a 3-year period. 



It is not contemplated that this will 
be a permanent program, but rather 
that its purpose will have been attained 
at the end of the 3-year period as more 
high schools begin the teaching of more 
mathematics and as more teachers re- 
ceive an inspiration to do something 
about the problem of training more and 
bettor students in mathematics. 

In the summer of 1960, Dr. Cell 
stated, it is planned to follow college 
algebra by a course in trigonometry in 
which the same philosophy of depth of 
subject matter and maturity of stu- 
dents will be stressed. The televising 
of advanced algebra aud trigonometry 
will give students in high schools with 
only three yenrs of mathematics an 
opportunity to supply the fourth year. 
Students who register for these courses 
with the Extension Division, North 
Carolina State College, pay a nominal 
fee. If they pass an examination, they 
will be given credit for these courses 
and advanced standing in the curricu- 
lum of their choice at North Carolina 
State College. 



JANUARY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



13 



300 Educators Attend 
Of Division of School 

"The superintendent and education- 
al leadership" served as the theme of 
the winter meeting of the division of 
superintendents of the NCEA which 
was held in Durham, December 8-12. 
More than 300 educators attended this 
professional conference, over whose 
general meetings Dr. L. E. Spikes of 
Burlington presided. 

Addresses were given by Dr. Martin 
Essex, president AASA ; Dr. Hollis A. 
Moore, Jr., executive secretary, Com- 
mittee for the Advancement of School 
Administration ; and Willis Holding, 
Jr., State director, Division of Pur- 
chase and Contract. Dr. Essex dis- 
cussed ways of improving the superin- 
tendency at the local level ; Dr. Moore 
addressed the group on "Looking To- 
ward the Professionalization of School 
Administrators" ; and Mr. Holding 
spoke on "School Purchasing Including 
NDEA Materials." 

Other participants on the program 
included Superintendent Charles Er- 
win of Rowan County and Dr. John 
Otts of the Charlotte city schools, who 
spoke on "The Responsibility of the 
Superintendent for a Quality Program 
of Instruction." Discussion on this 
topic was led by Dr. William H. Cart- 
wright of Duke University and Dr. 
Arnold Perry of the University of 
North Carolina. 

Superintendent Fred Smith of the 
Wake County schools led a discussion 
on the legislative program for 1961 ; 
and Superintendent C. A. Furr of Car- 
barrus county led the discussion rela- 
tive to school purchasing. 

The final half day of the conference 
was devoted to committee reports and 
business. 

No Soliciting In School 
Without Permission 

"No person, agent, representative or 
salesman shall solicit or attempt to sell 
or explain any article of property or 
proposition to any teacher or pupil of 
any public school on the grounds or 
during the school day without having 
first secured written permission and 
consent of the superintendent, principal 
or person actually iu charge of the 
school and responsible for it." 

This is the law, Section 14-238 ot tbe 
General Statutes of North Carolina. 

14 



Winter Meeting 
Superintendents 

Dr. W. H. Plemmons Heads 
N. C. College Conference 

Dr. W. H. Plemmons, president of 
Appalachian State Teachers College, 
was elected president of the North 
Carolina College Conference at the 39th 
meeting of the group in Durham No- 
vember 5-6. 

He succeeds Dr. James E. Hillmau, 
Assistant Director, State Board of 
Higher Education, who was elected 
secretary-treasurer of the Conference. 
Budd E. Smith, President of Wingate 
Junior College, was elected vice-presi- 
dent. 

Dr. Plemmons was recently named 
chairman of the Cooperative Study 
Group of Teachers Educational Cur- 
ricula. This study is being conducted 
by public and private colleges and uni- 
versities which have teacher edneation 
programs. 

Supt. Carroll Elected V-P 
Council of CSSO 

Superintendent Charles F. Carroll 
was elected second vice-president of the 
Council of Chief State School Officers 
at its winter meeting in Boston, No- 
vember 10-14. 

In this organization the first vice- 
president is always the retiring presi- 
dent and the second vice-president is 
president elect, thereby preserving a 
unique and desirable continuity. 

Oliver Hodge, superintendent of pub- 
lic instruction in Oklahoma, was named 
president for 1960; and retiring presi- 
dent, G. E. Watson of Wisconsin, be- 
comes the Council's first vice-president. 



Loan Fund Available 
To Prospective Teachers 

Seniors who plan to teach in the pub- 
lic schools of the State may secure aid 
from the North Carolina Prospective 
Teachers' Loan Fund. The Fund is ad- 
ministered by the State Department of 
Public Instruction. 

Approximately 300 scholarship Loans 
are awarded each year to residents of 
North Carolina. The awards are in the 
amount of $350 for each regular school 
term and $75 for a summer term. In 
awarding loans consideration is given 
to such factors and circumstances as : 
aptitude, purposefulness, scholarship, 
character, financial need, and areas or 
subjects in which the demands for 
teachers are considered greatest. Re- 
cipients of awards may attend any 
North Carolina college or university, 
public or private, which offers teacher 
preparation or work leading to teacher 
pi-eparation. 

Application forms may be secured 
from the Prospective Teachers' Schol- 
arship Loan Fund, State Department of 
Public Instruction, Raleigh, N. C. The 
application must be filed prior to 
March 15, 1960. 

Superintendent Carroll will succeed to 
the presidency of the Council in 1961. 
Superintendent Carroll has served on 
the Board of Directors of the Council 
for the last four years. 

In a resolution concerning financial 
support of public education, the Coun- 
cil of Chief State School Officers called 
for a "sizeable increase in federal as- 
sistance to the states for education." 
The Council emphasized the fact that 
federal support should be made avail- 
able to states in such a way that state 
and local control of education would 
be strengthened. 



Brotherhood Week 
February 21-28, 1960 

Brotherhood Week will be observed February 21-28 throughout the 
nation. This Week is sponsored annually by The National Conference 
of Christians and Jews. 

Purposes of the observance are: (1) Rededication to the basic ideals 
of respect for individuals and peoples, (2) practical steps which people 
can make to promote an understanding and realization of these ideals, 
and (3) enlistment of contributing members in year-round activities to 
build brotherhood everywhere. 

According to Dora Lee Allen, Regional Director, with offices in 
Greensboro (906 Southeastern Building), Brotherhood Week observance 
can be fully integrated into regular classroom activities. Program sug- 
gestions may be procured from Miss Allen. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



^Ue AttoJutey Qea&kal dul&i . . . 






Municipalities; Zoning Ordinances. 

In reply to your recent inquiry: 
Dr. Charles F. Carroll, State Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction, has for- 
warded to this office for reply a copy 
of your letter of July 9, on the above 
subject. In your letter you state that 

the City Board of Education 

owns a house and lot across the street 

from High School. The house 

was formerly used as a home for a 
custodian but has been vacant for some 
time. The Board of Education has re- 
cently used the rooms for storage of 
surplus and unused school furniture. 
In addition there is a double garage 
which is being used for night storage 
of two automobiles provided under a 
loan agreement with local automobile 
dealers and in use in your driver train- 
ing program. The Board has also used 
this garage for storage of other school 
vehicles. You then pose the following 
question : "Is the school system bound 
by zoning restrictions as indicated in 
the copy of the letter from the City 
Building Inspector that is attached?" 
With your letter you enclosed copy of 
a letter from the City Building In- 
spector stating that the zoning ordi- 
nance of the city has zoned the prop- 
erty in question for residential pur- 
poses. 

G. S. 160-172 provides that for the 
purpose of promoting health, safety, 
morals or the general welfare of the 
community, the legislative bodies of 
cities are empowered to regulate and 
restrict the height, number of stories 
and size of buildings and other struc- 
tures, the percentage of lot that may 
be occupied, the size of yards, courts 
and other open spaces, densities of pop- 
ulation and the location and use of 
buildings, structures and land for trade, 
industry, residence or other purposes. 
In the case of KINNEY v SUTTON, 230 
NC 404, our Supreme Court held that 
a zoning ordinance covering all land 
within the municipality and separating 
commercial and industrial, districts of 
the city from those set apart for 
residences, schools, parks, libraries, 
churches, etc., and which is uniform 
and operates alike on all territory 
within the respective zones, bears a 
reasonable relation to the health, safe- 
ty, morals and general welfare of the 
entire community and is a valid and 
constitutional exercise of the delegated 
police power of the municipality. In 



the same case it is held that a party 
attacking the constitutionality of such 
an ordinance has the burden of show- 
ing that the restriction bears no sub- 
stantial relation to the public health, 
safety, morals or general welfare of 
the community. To the same effect are 
In Re PARKER, 214 NC 51; and 
ELIZABETH CITY v AYDLETT, 201 
NC 602. In Rhyne on Municipal Law, 
Section 32-47, page 949, it is stated that 
schools may be legally excluded from 
residential districts by zoning ordi- 
nances. 

While I find no North Carolina case 
directly in point, it is the view of this 
office that the public school system is 
bound by valid zoning restrictions of a 
municipality. Of course I have not seen 

a copy of the Zoning Ordinance, 

therefore it is my suggestion that you 
have your attorney discuss the matter 
with the City Attorney. If this office 
can then render any assistance to either 
the City Attorney or the Attorney for 
the City Board of Education, we shall 
be most happy to do so. — Attorney 
General, July 20, 1959. 

Tort Liability of Local 
School Authorities. 

In reply to your recent inquiry: 
In your letter of November 4 yon state 
that for a number of years your High 
Schools have sponsored a Home Com- 
ing parade on the last hour of the 
school day. You point out that the 

business parts of the towns of _ 

and are approximately one and 

one-half miles apart. You refer to a 
recent decision of the Supreme Court 
concerning tort claims and seek the 
views of this office as to whether your 
Board of Education would be respon- 
sible for life and limb or any damages 
that might occur in connection with 
such a parade and whether after the 
parade is officially ended the Board of 
Education would have legal responsibili- 
ties for those students who might con- 
tinue the parade in another community. 

In the case of SMITH v HEFNER, 
235 NC 1, our Supreme Court held that 
the Trustees of a school administrative 
unit are not liable to be sued in tort, 
there being no statutory liability there- 
for. Since that decision was handed 
down by our Supreme Court the statute 
now codified as G. S. 115-53 was enacted. 



That section provides that a coun- 
ty or city Board of Education by se- 
curing liability insurance is authorized 
to waive its governmental immunity 
from liability for damages by reason 
of death or injury to person or prop- 
erty caused by the negligence or tort 
of any agent or employee of such Board 
of Education when acting witbin the 
scope of his authority or in the course 
of his employment. Such immunity is 
deemed to have been waived only to 
the extent of liability insurance car- 
ried. 

In the case of BETTS v JONES, 203 
NC 590, our Supreme Court held that 
a public officer is ordinarily not li- 
able personally for the exercise of his 
official discretion or judgment in mat- 
ters within the scope of his authority, 
but he may be personally liable if he 
acts in such matter corruptly or ma- 
liciously. 

I do not know to what decision of 
our Supreme Court you refer to in 
your letter. As you know the Tort 
Claims Act of 1951, now codified as 
Article 31, Chapter 143 of the Gen- 
eral Statutes, waives governmental im- 
munity as to torts committed by em- 
ployees of various State agencies, while 
the employees are acting within the 
scope of their employment and in the 
performance of their prescribe du- 
ties. The statute now codified as G. S. 
143-300.1 extends this liability to coun- 
ty and city Boards of Education as 
to the negligence of the driver of school 
bus, but in no other case. You may 
have in mind the case of TURNER v 
BOARD OF EDUCATION, 250 NC 456, 
decided by our Supreme Court on June 
12, 1959. In that case our Supreme 
Court held that a person employed by 
a city Board of Education to do main- 
tenance work on the city school 
grounds is not an employee of the 
State. Therefore it was held that the 
State Tort Claims Act has no appli- 
cation to an act of negligence on the 
part of such a local employee. 

I have read in a school publication 
(hat the Supreme Court of Illinois re- 
cently reversed a long line of decisions 
and discarded the theory of govern- 
mental immunity as to members of lo- 
cal Boards of Education. However, 
North Carolina has not yet taken such 
a position. It is the view of this office 
that the cases of SMITH v HEFNER, 
(Continued on page 16) 



JANUARY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



15 



LOOKING BACK 



Five Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, January, 1955) 
A total of $114,459,146.25 was 
spent by the public schools from the 
State's Nine Months School Fund 
during 1953-54, according to a state- 
ment recently issued by the Control- 
ler's office of the State Board of Edu- 
cation. 

North Carolina's 28,576 State-allot- 
ted classroom teachers were paid an 
average annual salary of $3,106.46 
from State funds during 1953-54, ac- 
cording to calculations based on the 
audit of expenditures from the State 
Nine Months School Fund. 

Ten Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, January, 1950) 
Dr .Clyde A. Erwin was highly 
commended for his statesmanlike 
leadership of the National Council of 
Chief State School Officers at the an- 
nual convention of these oficers 
meeting recently at Biloxi, Miss. 

Two hundred and eighty - nine 
schools of the State provided driver 
instruction during 1948-49, it is 
stated by John C. Noe, Adviser in 
Safety Education for the State De- 
partment of Public Instruction. 

Fifteen Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, January, 1945) 
Dr. W. P. Jacocks, Coordinator for 
the School-Health Coordinating Serv- 
ice, State Department of Public In- 
struction and State Board of Health, 
will meet with principals and teach- 
ers of the city school system 
(Shelby) at 4:30 p.m. Thursday, 
Superintendent Walter E. Abernethy 
announced today (November 29). 

According to a tabulation by coun- 
ties of the vote last November on the 
State Board of Education amendment 
to the Constitution, the amendment 
passed in 87 counties, tied in one, 
and failed in 12. 

Twenty Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, January, 1940) 
By recent action of the United 
States Congress, an amendment has 
been made to the Federal Income Tax 
Laws, which includes employees of 
all political divisions of the nation 
under the classification of "Individ- 
ual Taxable." This has been inter- 
preted to include all local, State, and 
Federal employees — school teachers, 
principals, and superintendents. 



Six Mistakes Of Man 

The Roman philosopher and states- 
man, Cicero, said it 2,000 years ago, 
and its still true today. The "six mis- 
takes of man" are: 

1. The delusion that iudividual ad- 
vancement is made by crushing others. 

2. The tendency to worry about 
tilings that cannot be changed or cor- 
rected. 

3. Insisting that a thing is impossible 
because we cannot be changed or cor- 
rected. 

4. Refusing to set aside trivial pret- 
ences. 

5. Neglecting development and re- 
finement of the mind, and not acquir- 
ing the habit of reading and study. 

0. Attempting to compel other per- 
sons to believe and live as we do. 

North Carolina's 1963 
School-Age Population 
Predicted At 1,330,000 

School-age population for North Caro- 
lina is estimated to be 1,330,000 in 1963 
by the National Industrial Conference 
Board, Inc., of New York. 

This estimate is 132,000 greater 
than the 1,198,000 school-age popula- 
tion as of July 1, 1957. It represents 
an increase of 11 per cent from that 
date. School-age population includes all 
those 5 to 17 years of age. The 1963 
projection assumes that migration will 
continue at 1950-57 levels. North Caro- 
lina's aggregate estimated change of 
132,000 in population during this 1957- 
1963 period ranks 20th among the 50 
states; the per cent of change (11%). 
however, ranks 41st. Predictions are 
that by 1963 one-fourth of the nation's 
total population will be of school age 
as compared with one-fifth in 1950. 



(Continued from page 15) 
supra, and BETTS v JONES, supra, 
still constitute the law of North Caro- 
lina on this subject. Therefore it is 
thought that the members of your City 
Board of Education would not be held 
liable in tort for an injury to person 
or property occurring in such a parade 
as you mentioned in the absence of 
proof that the Board of Education 
acted corruptly, maliciously or exceeded 
their authority in allowing such a pa- 
rade. — Attorney General, November 6, 
1959. 



MAKING TODAY'S NEWS 



Granville. Granville county voters 
last Saturday approved by a large 
majority a school bond issue for $1,- 
250,000 . . . County schools will re- 
ceive $750,000 of the amount and 
Oxford schools will get $500,000. 
JTcnderson Dispatch, December 7. 

Haywood. A special committee of 
laymen, headed by Kim McNeil, was 
named by the Citizens Committee for 
Better Schools here Thursday to 
study reports of the State Study Com- 
mittee, and other factors, relative to 
a site for a proposed consolidated 
central high school for Clyde, Crab- 
tree-iron Duff and Fines Creek. 
Waynesville Mountaineer, December 7. 

Wayne. Decision to purchase land 
for a consolidated high school for 
Pikeville, Nahunta and Eureka was 
reached yesterday by the Wayne 
County Board of Education. Golds- 
horn News-Argus, December 8. 

Rutherford. In response to a re- 
quest from Superintendent J. J. Tarl- 
ton and the Rutherford County 
Board of Education, the State Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction arranged 
for a survey of Rutherford County 
Schools on Sept. 22-2 3 with particu- 
lar reference to the establishment of 
a new central high school to serve 
pupils from the Cool Springs, Sun- 
shine and Ellenboro Districts. Forest 
City Courier, December 7. 

Chapel Hill. The Chapel Hill 
Board of Education Monday night 
agreed to call another election on the 
merging of the White Cross School in- 
to the Chapel Hill Administrative 
School District. Durham Herald, De- 
cember 8. 

Guilford. The possibility of consoli- 
dating nine county high schools into 
three large ones was discussed last 
night at a meeting of the Guilford 
County PTA Council. Greensboro 
Record, December 3. 

Stanly. Consolidation of high 
schools in the Stanly County admin- 
istrative unit and all facets and con- 
templations of what it involves will 
be the subject of a public hearing at 
10 a.m. Thursday, December 17, in 
the courtroom in the Stanly court- 
house in Albemarle. Stanly News 
and Press, December 15. 



16 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



G5 



Raleigh 
NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL 

BULLETIN 






FEBRUARY, I960 RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA VOL. XXIV, NO. 6 



Committee of 21 Tackles Major Problems 
Of Allocation of Personnel and Salaries 



A 21 - member committee, appointed 
by the State Board of Education, be- 
gan work January 28 on problems per- 
taining to allocation of personnel and 
salaries paid educational personnel at 
the local level. Members of this com- 
mittee — eight superintendents, five 
principals, three supervisors, and five 
teachers — were invited by Superin- 
tendent Charles F. Carroll to serve on 
"this important committee not by vir- 
tue of your particular position as much 
as by the fact that you are an educa- 
tor capable of seeing the whole opera- 
tion and not a mere segment thereof." 

Questions which this committee must 
resolve during its weekly meetings over 
a period of several months include the 
following according to Superintendent 
Carroll: What personnel are and 
should be allotted from State funds? 
What criteria shall govern the allot- 
ments? What shall be the conditions 
of employment of personnel? What 
compensation shall be attached to the 
several categories of personnel? What 
organizational patterns do we have in 
the schools of the State? and Should 
there be change in some of these pat- 
terns? 

Committee members include Superin- 
tendents C. A. Furr, Cabarrus County 
Schools ; F. D. Byrd, Jr., Cumberland 
County Schools; J. C. Manning, Martin 
County Schools ; Jason B. Deyton, 
Mitchell County Schools; Charles C. 
Erwin, Rowan County Schools L. E. 
Spikes, Burlington City Schools; J. H. 
Rose, Greenville City Schools ; and 
E. C. Funderburk, Asheville City 
Schools. Principals include J. L. Cash- 
well, Albemarle Senior High School ; 
Howard E. Bernhardt, College Park 
School, Hickory ; Henry J. Beeker, 
Four Oaks School ; C. J. Barber, Gar- 
ner School; and Claude C. Warren, Mt. 
Tirzah School, R'ougemont. The three 
supervisors on the committee are Mrs. 
Grace C. Efird, Winston-Salem City 
Schools ; Mrs. Blanche S. Reitzel, Ire- 
dell County Schools ; and Mrs. Una H. 
Jones, Vance County Schools. The five 
teachers serving as committee members 
include Lois Lambie, Lois Edinger, 
Hazel Jordan, John H. Rlackmon, and 
Mary V. Grant. 



NCC Receives Grant 
For Special Education 

A grant of $6,325.00 has been made 
to the North Carolina College Summer 
School by the Mary Reynolds Babcock 
Foundation for its program for handi- 
capped children, mentally retarded 
children, slow learners, and children 
with speech disorders, according to 
Joseph H. Taylor, director of the sum- 
mer school. 

This special grant provides for 30 
scholarships at $100.00. Participants 
are expected to hold a B.A. or B.S. de- 
gree and be interested in teaching men- 
tally retarded children or those with 
speech defects. 



Nearly 400 Attend 
Planning Conferences 

Nearly 400 persons attended the 
three school planning conferences held 
early in January at Asheville, Winston- 
Salem, and Goldsboro. 

A similar program was provided at 
each conference. These consisted of an 
address by either Dr. Shirley Cooper, 
Associate Secretary of the American 
Association of School Administrators, 
or Dr. W. D. McClurkin, Director, Di- 
vision of Surveys and Field Services, 
George Peabody College for Teachers, 
and various discussions. These latter 
were concerned with (1) Inspection 
and Supervision, (2) the National De- 
fense Education Act, (3) Educational 
Planning, (4) Planning Mechanical 
Services, (5) Site Development, and 
(6) School Building Costs. 



Students Take More Subjects Than Required 



High school students take more sub- 
jects than are required for graduation 
in most schools. 

This was learned from a recent sur- 
vey by Dr. I. E. Ready, Curriculum 
Study, State Board of Education. From 
this study Dr. Ready found that dur- 
ing the 1958-59 school year the average 
number of subjects taken per student 
was 4.8. Continued at this rate for the 
four years of high school he pointed 
out, the average student will complete 
19.2 units before he graduates. This is 
an increase of 3.2 units over the stan- 
dard 16 units required for high school 
graduation. 

Of the five required subjects — Eng- 
lish, social studies, science, mathemat- 
ics, and physical education and health 
— representing 10 units, Dr. Ready 
found that the average number of units 
actually taken was 13.73. He also 
found that although students had 6 
elective units, the average units in elec- 
tive subjects was 5.47. 

A comparison of required and actual 
units studied follows : English 4-4.11 ; 
social studies 2-3.00 ; science 2-2.61 ; 
mathematics 1-2.59 ; physical education 
and health 1-1.42. The largest increase 
is in mathematics (1.59 units), the 
next is social studies (1 unit), and the 
third largest is science (.61 units). 



Dr. Jenkins 7 Inauguration 
Set For May 1 3 

Inauguration of Dr. Leo W. Jenkins 
as President of East Carolina College 
will take place Friday, May 13. Cere- 
monies will be held in the College Sta- 
dium at 11 a.m. 

President William Friday of the 
Greater University of North Carolina 
has accepted an invitation to make the 
inaugural address. 

The inaugural program will extend 
over the week of May 9-13. Included 
among events will be athletic contests, 
programs of music and drama, and 
various social affairs. 

Dr. Jenkins was elected to the presi- 
dency of East Carolina College by the 
Board of Trustees January 5 and as- 
sumed his new duties at once. He suc- 
ceeds Dr. John D. Messick, president, 
of the college from 1947 to January 6, 
1960, who resigned to accept a position 
in Washington, D. C, as assistant di- 
rector of the National Committee on 
Special Education and Rehabilitation. 
Dr. Jenkins joined the college staff as 
dean in 1947 and became vice president 
in charge of instruction in 1955. 



(Excerpts from address, Fire Safety Through Sound Planning, made before Annual 
Conference of American Association of School Administrators, Atlantic City, February 13-17) 

Responsibility for school safety rightfully belongs to school authorities; 
and, as is stated in the recent AASA bulletin, Safety, Sanity, and the 
Schools, with which each of us is familiar, "school officials dare not re- 
linquish to others the responsibility for the over-all welfare of each child 
while he is in school". Providing for a child's safety is even more funda- 
mental to his welfare than providing for his education. 

It seems to me that sound planning for fire safety depends, to a great 
degree, upon three kinds of planning: educational, psychological, and 
technological. As an educator, I submit the basic proposition that sound 
educational planning is absolutely essential to school safety. 

In planning for fire safety, it is necessary that persons concerned be 
included in the several phases of the over-all planning. This concept of 
planning suggests that architect, superintendent, school board members, 
principals, teachers, pupils, parents, and members of the custodial staff 
have— at the proper time and in appropriate combinations— an opportunity 
to share in formulating standards and policies for fire safety. 

Achieving wholesome attitudes toward fire safety is dependent upon 
well-conceived plans for accomplishing this definite goal. Attitudes can 
be developed. 

Administrators and their boards must demand safe schools and tax- 
payers must be willing to spend money to achieve this end, whether fa- 
cilities are new or of the remodeled variety. 

So long as a school building is in use, there is no justification for its 
not being safe. 



Nothing is more significant than good housekeeping procedures within 
a school system. The obvious trash may be hauled away regularly; but 
the "borderline" stuff— old paper, packing boxes, materials and equipment 
which "might" be useful again some day— these things too readily accumu- 
late. The demand of school personnel for more storage space must be 
coupled with the warning that such spaces must be carefully maintained. 

Frequent inspections of schools should be arranged: daily by the cus- 
todial staff and principals; somewhat less frequently by other inspectors. 
Regularly scheduled inspections by engineers and periodic visits by local 
fire department personnel should also be encouraged. 

A genuine concern for safety from fire invariably finds expression in 
efforts to develop effective techniques for evacuating buildings quickly. 
Fire drills must be realistic and not militaristic; they must be imaginative 
and not routine. 

In all our planning, consideration must be given the possibility of hu- 
man error because too often the human element proves to be the weakest 
link in the chain. From the first conference between architect and ad- 
ministrator to those who use the buildings daily, the importance of the 
human element in the total situation must be stressed constantly. 

NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 

Official publication issued monthly except June, July and August by the State Department of 
Public Instruction. Entered as second-class matter November 2, 1939, at the post office at 
Raleigh, North Carolina, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 

CHARLES F. CARROLL 

State Supt. of Public Instruction 

Vol. XXIV, No. 6 EDITORIAL BOARD February, 1960 

L. H. JOBE, J. E MILLER 
V. M. MULHOLLAND 



We should not make our educa- 
tional system a crash program in 
an international race for a special 
kind of brain. — James P. Mitchell, 
Secretary of Labor. 



A nation has no right to take ad- 
vantage of teachers' willingness to 
serve. — Arthur S. Flemming, Sec- 
retary of Health, Education and 
Welfare. 



Popular government without pop- 
ular education is a prologue to a 
force or a tragedy. — James Madi- 
son. 



ISText to acquiring good friends, 
the best acquisition is that of good 
books. 



It is always the minorities that 
hold the key of progress; it is al- 
ways through those who are una- 
fraid to be different that advance 
comes to human society. — Raymond 
B. Fosdick. 



Quality education is the thing- 
most needed in the schools of the 
State at the present time. — I. E. 
Ready, Curriculum Study. 



Education does not mean teaching- 
people what they do not know. It 
means teaching them to behave as 
they do not behave. It is not teach- 
ing the youth the shapes of letters 
and the tricks of numbers, and then 
leaving them to turn their arithme- 
tic to roguery, and their literature 
to lust. It means on the contrary, 
training them into the perfect ex- 
ercise and kingly continence of their 
bodies and souls. It is a painful, 
continual and difficult work to bo 
done by kindness, by watching, by 
warning, by precept, and by praise, 
but above all — by example. — John 
Rnskin. 



NO ANSWERS 

(Continued from page 3) 

of the 22,933 would have gone to 
college and were qualified for college 1 
if they had been properly moti- 
vated, or, had the financial ability? 
These questions deserve answers. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



QtcuoiHf Adnu4uAtfaUanA, 



Demands upon educational ad- 
ministrators are increasing with 
overwhelming rapidity, yet relative- 
ly few administrators are allowing 
themselves to become overwhelmed 
by such demands. Instead, school 
leaders are finding ways of better 
preparing themselves for adminis- 
trative positions; they are taking 
advantage of the many in-service ap- 
proaches to continuing growth ; and 
they are actively searching for ways 
to cope with change. 

The task of being well prepared 
for administrative responsibilities, 
the task of keeping up-to-date in 
one's knowledge and skills, and the 
task of constantly adapting one's 
self to the job are made possible pri- 
marily through the administrator's 
self-determination, but also througb 
the constant cooperative efforts of 
universities, departments of educa- 
tion, and various professional organ- 
izations. 

Disciplined in-service education is 
primarily the responsibility of each 
educational administrator. The de- 
termination to remain alive and a- 
lert is individual. As a result, much 
of that which results in continued 
growth must be individually initi- 
ated and independently pursued. 
The 1960 Yearbook of the AASA 
observes that some administrators 
find difficulty in continuing their 
formal education; that others seem 
unable to attend workshops, semi- 
nars, and conferences ; that some sel- 
dom visit other schools; but that 
none should find it impossible to set 
up purposeful reading programs. 
"Professional reading is still the 
most efficient and reliable resource 
for systematic in-service growth." 

Continued learning is essential to 
a learned profession, and univer- 
sities and colleges are increasingly 
assuming responsibility for assisting 
educational administrators in their 
programs of in-service education. 
Sponsoring cooperative study coun- 
cils, workshops, seminars, local or 
regional research, school surveys, as 
well as graduate study are among 
the many approaches used by insti- 
tutions of higher learning for assist- 



ing school administrators. "Apart 
from professional reading and for- 
mal graduate study, the most prom- 
ising in-service opportunity is the 
small, informal professional group, 
meeting regularly to exchange chal- 
lenging ideas, viewpoints, and ex- 
periences." 

State departments of public in- 
struction, through well-planned ef- 
fort to assist inexperienced as well 
as experienced administrators, are 
likewise assuming more and more 
obligation for helping the adminis- 
trator become an educational states- 
man, not merely a manager. Simi- 
larly, professional organizations at 
the local and national level — by 
strengthening their standards, by 
sponsoring worthwhile activities, 
and by disseminating effective litera- 
ture — are assuming a more signifi- 
cant role than heretofore in help- 
ing administrators develop positive 
qualities of educational leadership. 

Adequacy in administration is 
based on many competencies which 
forever must be sharpened and kept 
up-to-date. As in-service programs 
develop for this — whether individ- 
ually planned or sponsored by uni- 
versities, departments of education, 
or professional agencies — they must 
at all times be highly differentiated, 
supersensitive to needs, and aware of 
the many disciplines out of which 
our modern complex of education is 
formulated. 

*1Ue, fyust Motive 

At the beginning of school and 
during the early years, the child is 
motivated to a great extent by the 
play instinct. All children like to 
play, so it is perfectly natural that 
this instinct be utilized by teachers 
in the early stages of the learning 
process. In fact, encouragement has 
been given to this method of acquir- 
ing further knoAvledge by the writ- 
ers of textbooks. Fun With Dick and 
Jane, Days of Fun, Time to Play, 
Here We Play, Play With Us, Fun 
With Us, Just For Fun, Good times 
Today and Tomorrow, and other 



similar titles are typical of pre-prim- 
ers, primers and first year reading 
books. It is fundamentally sound to 
resort to the play instinct as a moti- 
vation device for teaching. Gradual- 
ly, however, children begin to realize 
that "learning" is a serious business, 
that studying is not all fun and play, 
that in order to succeed in school, 
in college, and in life, one must 
study hard and apply his abilities to 
the tasks at hand. This is not to de- 
ny the pleasure element in learning. 
It is folly, indeed, to take the posi- 
tion that there is no pleasure to be 
had in school and in life itself. On 
the other hand, the greatest fun is a- 
chieved when a child discovers that 
learning is fun. 

No A*ti4AJ&lA 

There were approximately 43,000 
graduates of the public high schools 
in 1959. This number is 15,000 
greater than the number who grad- 
uated ten years ago. The yearly fig- 
ures indicate the increasing desire 
for boys and girls to obtain the min- 
imum of a high school education. 

But there is more to the story 
than this mere fact of graduation 
from high school. What becomes of 
these graduates of our high schools ? 

A recent survey (facts presented 
elsewhere in this publication) shows 
a distribution of these graduates as 
to college entrance, etc. Of the total 
42,954 who graduated in 1959, 14,- 
420 entered college. This is 33.5 per 
cent. What became of the others? 
3,351 (8.3 per cent) enrolled in 
trade schools, business schools, and 
nursing schools; 2,050 (4.8 per 
cent) entered military service. The 
remaining 22,933, more than 50 per 
cent, are unaccounted for, and it is 
assumed that they secured employ- 
ment of some kind. In other words, 
for these 22,933, a high school edu- 
cation marks the end of their formal 
education. Tbere are other ques- 
tions which might be raised concern- 
ing these 43,000 graduates. How 
many of those who entered college 
will drop out before they finish for 
various reasons ? How many of those 
who entered military service will 
eventually enter college? How many 



FEBRUARY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



Units Employ More Instructional Personnel 



Number of instructional personnel 
employed and paid salaries from local 
funds in 195S-59 was 52.9 per cent 
greater than in 1953-54, an increase 
greater during this period than for 
either State-allotted or vocational in- 
structional personnel. 

In 1953-54 local units employed 1,229 
instructional personnel: tive years lat- 
er, 1,879 such personnel were employed. 
In 1953-54 a total of 30,401 State-al- 
lotted instructional personnel were em- 
ployed; this number increased to 34,- 
8S7, or 14. S per cent greater, in 1958- 
59. During the same period vocational 
personnel increased from 1,273 to 1,389, 



'.).! per cent increase. Total increase 
from 1953-54 to 1958-59 was 5.252. or 
16.0 per cent. 

In the State-allotted group, as shown 
in the table below, it should he noted 
that by percentage the teacher high 
school group increased greater than the 
elementary, whereas in the classified 
principals group the elementary per- 
centage was greater. As a whole, the 
percentage of State-allotted high school 
personnel increased (21.6%) much 
more than the elementary (12.9%). 

Total enrollment during the five-year 
period increased by 119,391, from 968,- 
066 to 1,087,457, or 12.3 per cent. 



Enrollment and Instructional Personnel 



1953-51 1958- 

Enrollment 968,066 

State-allotted Teachers 28,576 

Elementary 22,2S4 

High School 6,292 

Classified Principals 1,565 

Elementary 686 

High School 879 

Total State-Allotted 30,401 

Elementary 22,970 

High School 7,171 

Supervisors 260 

Vocational 1.273 

Local 1,229 

Total "32J903" ~~ 38,155" 



Increase 

No. % 



1,087,457 

32,906 

25,049 

7,857 

1,749 

888 

861 

34,887 

25,937 

8,718 

232 

1.389 

1,879 



119,391 

4,330 

2,765 

1,565 

184 

202 

—18 

4,486 

2,967 

1,547 

—28 

116 

650 



12.3 

15.2 

12.4 

24.9 

11.8 

29.4 

—2.0 

14.8 

12.9 

21.6 

—10.8 

9.1 

52.9 



5,252 



16.0 



An Effective School Board Member 

1. Has affection for, and interest in, children — all children, every- 
body's children, coupled with a strong belief in democracy and in 
the importance of free public education. 

2. Has vision and courage and enthusiasm. 

3. Has time to devote unstintingly to his job as a school director. 

4. Must be able to listen to all sides of a question and make decisions 
free from emotions and prejudices. 

5. Is friendly, likes people, and is able to appreciate the points of 
all segments of society. 

6. Should have interest enough in public schools to become thoroughly 
informed concerning the school program and school support. 

7. Possesses the ability to work as a member of a team with other 
board members. 

8. Is free from undue pressure from any group — has no "ax to grind." 

9. Is a respected leader in his community. 

10. Is a person with ability and common sense. 

11. Distinguishes between policy making and administration and re- 
frains from attempting to function in the area of policy execution. 

12. lias complete integrity. 

13. Recognizes the importance of good public relations. 

14. Is willing and able to take criticism. 

— Mrs. Fred A. Radke, Washington State. 



Writing Skills Stressed 
In N. C. English Journal 

Among other articles in the fall is- 
sue of the North Carolina English 
Teacher are two which may have un- 
usually wide appeal to those who do 
not subscribe to this magazine : "Senior 
English for Superior Students," by Mrs. 
Phyllis Peacock of Needham Broughton 
High School in Raleigh ; and "Lenoir 
High School Reduces Class Size to Im- 
prove Writing Instruction." by Prin- 
cipal Henry C. McFadyen. In each of 
these articles emphasis is placed on 
the vital importance of learning the 
skills of writing, a fact which indepen- 
dent study groups throughout the State 
have pointed out in recent months. 

Mrs. Peacock stresses that students 
need not more but more challenging 
activities ; that new ways of treating 
traditional materials must be found ; 
that emphasis on power-to-do, and not 
accumulation of facts is important ; 
that students should be challenged to 
do extensive and intensive reading; 
and that a great variety of written 
work is essential if students are to 
gain power in analyzing, organizing, 
and thinking creatively. 

Stress is also placed in the article 
on the possibilities of student lectu- 
rettes on intensive reading, conversa- 
tion circles, reading logs, superior stu- 
dents as clinicians, group scripts and 
productions, independent honor proj- 
ects, and enriching experiences. 

McFadyen states that any school can 
reduce the size of its English classes 
when the community and the school 
board consider small English classes 
basic to learning the skills which are 
expected to be taught in English 
classes. In Lenoir "our principal con- 
cern has been to make it possible for 
teachers to do a more effective job of 
teaching writing . . . Careful plans 
have been made for the assigning of 
frequent short themes, all of which 
will be checked and returned to the 
student. A great deal of this writing 
will be done in class, when the teacher 
will have time to talk to individual stu- 
dents as the others are writing. Most 
of a student's writing throughout the 
year will be kept in an individual fol- 
der to enable him to note his progress 
and to check on habitual errors." It 
is hoped, declared McFadyen, that 
through more individual attention to 
pupils writing will be greatly improved. 

Single copies of the magazine are 
available through Dr. E. H. Hartsell. 
Box 1050, Chapel Hill. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Medical Advisory Board 
To Make Statewide Survey 
Of Handicapped Children 

A survey of the handicapped chil- 
dren of the State is being made by the 
Medical Advisory Board in cooperation 
with the State Department of Public 
Instruction. 

The survey includes all persons under 
21 years of age who have physical 
and/or mental handicaps. 

In a recent letter. State Superinten- 
dent Charles F. Carroll has requested 
the cooperation of classroom teachers 
in reporting the names and identifying 
the handicaps of children known to 
them. Roy Sizeinore has been employed 
by the Medical Advisory Board to con- 
duct the study. 

Gastonia Principal 
Compares Student With 
Non-Student Drivers 

Student drivers are superior to non- 
student drivers in requiring passengers 
to remain seated while the bus is in mo- 
tion, in not taking chances in passing 
another vehicle, and in giving proper 
signals for stopping and turning. 

This is what R. B. Carothers, prin- 
cipal of the Ashley High School, Gas- 
tonia, found as the result of a recent 
study conducted while at Florida State 
University. In his study, Mr. Carothers 
compared student and non-student driv- 
ers in six counties in North Carolina 
and six others in South Carolina. 

Non-student drivers, Mr. Carothers 
found, were superior in four respects. 
They required substitute drivers and 
buses less frequently, were less often 
late to school, and got a better response 
from passengers when they gave in- 
structions. 

Student drivers, on the other hand, 
were found better in not getting angry 
or excited, in getting along well with 
passengers, and in being honest and 
personally clean. Non-student drivers 
were slightly superior in economy of 
operations and maintenance of buses. 

Mr. Carothers pointed out in his 
study that the non-student drivers were 
paid an average of $779.76 per month, 
whereas student drivers received an av- 
erage of only $29.24, more than $750' a 
month less. He stated that schools 
throughout the nation could save at 
no loss in efficiency or safety a total 
of $60 million a year by employing stu- 
dent bus drivers. 



N. C. Solons Express Views On Federal Aid 



North Carolina's two senators, Sam 
.1. Ervin, Jr., and B. Everett Jordan, 
say they will vote for federal aid to 
school construction if no undesirable 
"strings" are attached. 

However, according to Don Oberdor- 
fer, Washington correspondent for the 
Charlotte Observer, "there is scant sup- 
port among North Carolinians in the 
House for federal aid to education. For 
varying reasons," he reported in a re- 
cent article, "most N. C. congressmen 
declined to join the State's U. S. sena- 
tors" in this matter. 

Based on a poll of eight of the 12 
House members, sentiment appeared 
negative on the question of aid to 
school construction. In summary : 
Jonas and Durham leaned in favor of 
such aid ; Barden, Alexander, Bonner, 
Kitchen and Lennon leaned against ; 
and Whitener was definitely against. 
Representatives Hall, Cooley and Scott 
were out of town and Rep. Fountain 
could not be reached. 

Some of the views of these congress- 
men as reported by Mr. Oberdorfer, 
were the following: Representative 
Jonas "did not commit himself but said 
President Eisenhower's plan to aid 
school bonds 'sounds more reasonable, 
more feasible and more practical' than 
any other he's heard. As a general prin- 
ciple, Jonas said, he had no objection 
to federal school aid as long as local 
control of schools is maintained. 

"Carl Dui-ham said he would support 
'some reasonable measure for school 
building.' He noted that his home town 
of Chapel Hill seems to be growing too 
fast to issue bonds. 'People must be 
ready for some sacrifices and perhaps 
higher taxes,' Durham said. 

"The only Tar Heel congressman 
flatly against any federal aid to educa- 
tion plan is Rep. Basil Whitener of 
Gastonia. He said any federal aid 
'would mean the first step toward fed- 
eral controls' and would get his sure 
opposition. 

"Rep. Graham Barden of New Bern, 
chairman of the House Committee on 
Education and Labor, said he doesn't 
want to see federal controls of schools. 
'There hasn't been much agitation on 
me for school aid this time.' Barden 
said. 

"Barden's committee chairmanship 
gives him a key role in the school bat- 
tle. He and another Southern Demo- 
crat voted with the Republicans on the 
Education Committee to try to scuttle 
the Murray-Metcalf school aid bill in 



the last session of Congress. It went 
to the Rules Committee despite their 
opposition, but is in deep freeze there. 

"Rep. Hugh Alexander of Kannapolis 
says he wouldn't want to take a firm 
position until he sees the bill but 'as 
a matter of principle I would much 
prefer that the states handle education 
themselves.' 

"Rep. Herbert Bonner of Washing- 
ton, N. C, says he wants to keep 
schools 'within the hands of the states.' 
He says he hasn't yet studied the Sen- 
ate school construction bill. 

"Rep. Paul Kitchen of Wadesboro 
says his position depends on how the 
school proposal is written but that he 
is opposed to the principle of federal 
education aid. 'If children are going to 
go uneducated without it. I might have 
to vote for it, however,' he said. 

"Rep. Alton Lennon of Wilmington 
says he'll 'sit on the sidelines' until he 
can be convinced that the state won't 
have to integrate the schools to get 
the aid money. Lennon 'doesn't doubt 
the NAACP will make this effort'." 

Philippines To Conduct 
"Operation School Lift" 

"Operation School Lift" is the title 
of a proposed school-to-school materials 
exchange program between the states 
of the United States and the Republic 
of the Philippines. 

The proposal has been presented to 
the commissioners and superintendents 
of education of the various states for 
implementation. In view of the fact 
that the North Carolina State Superin- 
tendent has no "authority to commit 
the schools or local school administra- 
tive units" to such a program, publicity 
is being given in this article in order 
that interested schools may communi- 
cate directly with the official school 
head of the Philippines — Mr. Benigno 
Aldana, Department of Education, Bu- 
reau of Public Schools, Manila. 

Briefly, the proposal envisions edu- 
cational materials assistance to some 
4,125,000 school children and their 120,- 
000 teachers, supervisors, and admin- 
istrators. It would also hope to broaden 
the cultural and social relationship be- 
tween the schools of the Philippines 
and those of the United States. 

Names of schools will be furnished 
to schools in the United States for the 
exchange of materials. 



FEBRUARY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



Carroll and Freeman To Represent SDPI 
At 1960 White House Conference On Youth 



Superintendent Charles F. Carroll 
and Dr. J. P. Freeman, director of pro- 
fessional services in the State Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction, have been 
appointed delegates to the 1960 White 
House Conference on Children and 
Youth by Governor Luther H. Hodges, 
and each has received a personal in- 
vitation to participate by President 
Dwight D. Eisenhower. 

A total of 70 delegates will represent 
North Carolina at this Golden Anni- 
versary Conference, March 27-April 1 ; 
and 24 additional North Carolinians 
representing national organizations or 
serving on the President's Advisory 
Committee have also been invited to 
participate in this Conference, which 
is held once every ten years. 

"Each Conference has had significant 
influence on developments for children 
and Youth," according to Governor 
Hodges. "This year's Conference will 



provide the rallying point for a con- 
certed attack on virtually every prob- 
lem that influences the well-being of 
children and youth. It will focus on 
promoting opportunities for children 
and youth to realize their full poten- 
tial for a creative life in freedom and 
dignity." 

Dr. Guy B. Phillips of the University 
School of Education, Chapel Hill, 
served as chairman of the nominating 
committee. Other members were Mrs. 
James Z. Watkins, Mrs. H. Jack 
Sharpe, Jr., and Edward L. Rankin, Jr. 

North Carolinians serving on the Na- 
tional White House Conference Commit- 
tee are Dr. Ellen Winston, Miss Harriet 
L. Tynes, and Miss Jacqueline Daise. 

State Senator Elbert S. Peele, Jr. 
and Representative Grace T. R'oden- 
bo'.igh were also included in the North 
Carolina delegation. 



Instrumental Music Questionnaire Reveals 
Interesting Data In 60 City Units 



Eighty-four marching bands current- 
ly operate in 60 of North Carolina's 74 
city administrative units, according to 
data collected relative to instrumental 
music by Superintendent Wilmer Jen- 
kins of Hickory. 

Six of these marching bands are in 
elementary schools; 22, in junior high 
schools ; and 56, in senior high schools. 
In sixteen units pupils are charged for 
music instruction and in 41 units they 
are not. Charges vary from $1.00 to 
$5.00 per month and from $1.00 to 
$10.00 per semester. 

In twelve school systems pupils pur- 
chase their own instruments ; in 38 sit- 
uations pupils purchase only the small 
instruments. Three city administrative 
units purchase all instruments ; and 55 
purchase the large instruments. Band 
uniforms are purchased by 29 city ad- 
ministrative units and are partially 
paid for by four other units. P-TA's 
and other organizations are responsible 
for purchasing band uniforms in 20 
city administrative units. 

The survey also indicates Informa- 
tion relative to funds appropriated by 
boards of education for "current ex- 
penses" for bands. In ten units no 
funds are appropriated ; in 12 units ap- 



propriations range between $250-$600; 
in 18 units the range is $1,000-$2,000 ; 
in four units, $2,000-$3,000 ; and in 
three units, $4,000-$6,000. Six city ad- 
ministrative units include unspecified 
amounts in their budgets. 

Band instructors' salaries range from 
$4,179 to $6,200, according to this in- 
vestigation. Thirty city administrative 
units supplement senior high band in- 
structors' salaries from $600 to $1,500. 

Out-of-town trips range from none to 
eight trips per year ; and in 20 situa- 
tions are financed by band patrons, in 
12 units, by civic organizations ; in 10 
systems, by students ; and in four sit- 
uations, through contests and concerts. 
Among the 60 units responding to Dr. 
Jenkins' questionnaire, 37 indicated 
that they had organizations whose spe- 
cific purpose was that of promoting in- 
terest in the band, financing the band, 
or chaperoning students on trips. 

Five city units offer no credit for a 
year's work in band toward gradua- 
tion ; 23 units allow one-half unit ; 20, 
offer one unit. Maximum credit per- 
mitted varies considerably : 9 systems 
permit only one unit ; 29 systems per- 
mit two units; 4 systems permit three 
units ; and 8 systems permit four units. 



Daniel Jones Joins Staff 
Of Controller's Office 

Daniel W. Jones, former principal of 
Swift Creek School in Wake County, 
joined the Controller's office of the 
State Board of Education, February 15, 
as supervisor of pupil accounting — a 
new position created by the 1959 Gen- 
eral Assembly. 

According to C. D. Douglas, control- 
ler of the State Board, Jones will work 
on average daily attendance records 
submitted to the State Board of Edu- 
cation. He will also work with city and 
county school units in an effort to "im- 
prove uniformity of ADA reports from 
the local units to the State Board of 
Education." Jones will work under the 
direction of J. E. Hunter, head of the 
teacher allotment division. 

The practice of padding ADA reports 
by some school units led to the crea- 
tion of the new post. Teacher allot- 
ments are based on the reports. 

Jones, 31, who went to Swift Creek 
School as principal after graduation 
from East Carolina College, has held 
the position for five years. He is the 
son of Wake Sheriff's Deputy and Mrs. 
AViley P. Jones. 

Science Foundation 
Announces Fellowships 

Several hundred Summer Fellow- 
ships for secondary school teachers of 
science and mathematics will be. 
awarded March 15, 1960, by the Na- 
tional Science Foundation. 

These fellowships will be awarded 
to support individually planned pro- 
grams of study in the mathematical, 
X>hysical, and biological sciences at a 
level that is acceptable by the fellow- 
ship institution toward an advanced 
degree in one of these sciences, science 
here including mathematics. 

Stipends will be computed at the 
rate of $75 per week for each week of 
tenure. Fellows will normally be pro- 
vided an allowance of an additional 
$15 per week for each dependent. 
Travel allowance to institution and re- 
turn not in excess of $80 will also be 
allowed. 

Applications for these fellowships 
should be made not later than January 
15, 1960 to Secondary School Fellow- 
ships, American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science, 1515 Mass. Ave., 
N.W., Washington 5, D. C. Applica- 
tion materials may be obtained from 
the same source. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



U. S. Office Issues 
Television Guide 

The TJ. S. Office of Education recent- 
ly announced the publication of "Edu- 
cation Teleguide," a booklet containing 
up-to-date information on current de- 
velopments in the use of television for 
educational purposes. 

Included in the new publication are 
lists of new books on educational uses 
of television, educational television sta- 
tions, Statewide educational television 
networks, foundations supporting edu- 
cational television, and local school dis- 
tricts which make regular use of tele- 
vision. 

The 70-page booklet may be obtained 
from the Superintendent of Documents, 
U. S. Government Printing Office, 
Washington 5, D. C. The price is 30 
cents. 

Requirements In Math 
To Be Modified At NCS 

Regulations pertaining to entrance in 
North Carolina State College in the 
area of mathematics have been changed 
for those entering September 1960, ac- 
cording to Dr. John Cell, chairman of 
the mathematics department. In addi- 
tion to standards now required and 
now appearing in the current catalog, 
a new criterian has been established : 
Students entering with four years of 
high school mathematics made up from 
algebra, geometry, and trigonometry 
and who demonstrate sufficient capa- 
bility by their performance on the Col- 
lege Board Mathematics test will be 
admitted to North Carolina State Col- 
lege without mathematics deficiency. 

Beginning September 1960 a separate 
course in solid geometry will not be 
mandatory for students entering NCS, 
providing the applicant has had four 
years of mathematics. Applicants, how- 
ever, should have a one-year course in 
geometry which combines plane and 
solid geometry. This newly adopted reg- 
ulation follows one of the recommenda- 
tions of the Commission on Mathemat- 
ics of the College Entrance Examina- 
tion Board. 

Further modification in entrance re- 
quirements in the area of mathematics 
for engineering students are expected 
to be adopted prior to September 1962. 

Dr. Cell also announced that 81 of 
the 103 State freshmen who were 
placed in "special" advanced math 
classes were North Carolinians. 

FEBRUARY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



Clifton T. Edwards Assumes New Duties 
In Department of Public Instruction 



Clifton T. Edwards, principal of Fred 
Olds School in Raleigh since 1954, 
joined the staff of the Department of 
Public Instruction February 15 as su- 
pervisor of teacher recruitment, scholar- 
ships, and placements. This position 
was held formerly by Nile F. Hunt, 
now director of the Division of Instruc- 
tional Service. Miss Frances Parrish 
of Longview Gardens will serve as act- 
ing principal of the Fred Olds School 
for the remainder of the year. 

More than 1,000 prospective public- 
school teachers are currently taking- 
advantage of the scholarship loans, 
which amount to $350 a year. The debt 
can be repaid by teaching. 

Edwards was principal of Thompson 
School in Raleigh before becoming 
principal at Fred Olds in September, 
1954. Prior to coming to Raleigh, he 
was principal of Clark Street School in 
Henderson. 

Edwards, 38, attended Mars Hill Col- 
lege and took his A.B. and M.A. de- 
grees at the University of North Caro- 
lina. He served for three years with 
the TJ. S. Army, a year and a half of 
which was in Europe. 

Edwards is married to the former 
Ann Lobach of Allentown, Pa. The 
family includes two sons, James, 9, and 
Richard, 7. The Edwards live at 3019 
Devonshire Road in Raleigh. 

Special Educators Discuss 
Curriculum Development 

Curriculum Development was the 
theme of the State's Eleventh Annual 
Special Education Conference held in 
Raleigh on November 19-21. 

The Conference was concerned di- 
rectly with the curriculum for the edu- 
cable mentally retarded, trainable, vis- 
ually handicapped, speech handicapped, 
and crippled children. Many leading 
educators in the area of special educa- 
tion discussed topics in general and 
sectional meetings. 

The Conference was sponsored by the 
State Department of Public Instruction 
in cooperation with the Raleigh city 
and Wake county schools, and the 
North Carolina Council for Exception- 
al Children. 

Felix S. Barker, director of Special 
Education for the State Department 
of Public Instruction, was chairman of 
the Conference. 



ASTC Summer School 
Dates Announced 

Dates for Appalachian State Teach- 
ers College's 1960 summer sessions 
have been released by Dr. James E. 
Stone, summer school director. 

The first term begins June 9 and lasts 
through July 16. The second term starts 
July 18 and ends August 19. Dates 
for four short terms are : 

June 20 through July 1 ; July 5 
through July 16 ; July 18 through July 
29 ; and August 1 through August 12. 

Cleveland Disproves 
"Always Promoted" Charge 

The charge that present day schools 
have automatic promotions at the end 
of the year irrespective of achievement 
and effort is effectively disproved by 
the record in Cleveland County Schools. 

On the contrary, the record of fail- 
ures and non-promotions for 1958-59 in 
some schools is such that teachers and 
principals have accepted it as a chal- 
lenge for special attention in 1959-60. 

A total of 289, or 5.6 per cent, of 
pupils in membership in 20 white ele- 
mentary schools were not promoted at 
the end of the 1958-59 school year. In 
the seven Negro elementary schools, 
the number not promoted was 207, 7.7 
per cent. Among the 27 schools, per- 
centage of non-promotions ranged from 
11.6 down to zero. 

Causes of failures, it is pointed out, 
are varied : "Some pupils fail because 
of irregular attendance ; others because 
of some physical or mental handicap. 
In general, however, failures are the 
result of poor student effort, poor 
teaching methods, or high standards 
set up by teachers." 

It is further pointed out that "teach- 
ers and principals should not imply or 
use poor attendance as an explanation. 
They should make every effort to se- 
cure better attendance on the part of 
those inclined to be negligent . . . The 
good teacher confers with student and 
parent, tries to inspire greater effort 
on the part of the student who make 
little or no effort to learn. Teachers 
who fail more than a small percentage 
of her students should immediately 
take a careful inventory of her own 
personality and teaching methods." 



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Molina St ak 
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UNC and State College Extension Divisions 
Offer Studying Opportunities By Mail 



Teachers unable to attend summer 
school this summer may take corre- 
spondence work offered by the Exten- 
sion Divisions of the University of 
North Carolina at Chapel Hill and 
North Carolina State at Raleigh. 

Work through the Extension Divi- 
sions is suitable for the renewal of cer- 
tificates based on a bachelors' degree. 
Any course that does not duplicate a 
course taken previously and is in the 
proper professional field (i.e. high 
school, elementary) is suitable. 

Numerous departments offer a wide 
selection of courses. Each student is 
given individual attention by a faculty 
member of the University of North 
Carolina at Chapel Hill, or State Col- 
lege at Raleigh. Correspondence courses 
offer the advantages of doing the work 
at home, at the student's convenience 



and own rate of speed. The minimum 
time allowed for the completion of a 
course is seven weeks ; the maximum 
time is 13 months. Two courses may be 
taken concurrently. 

Some credit courses are offered on 
television from Channel 4, WUNC-TV. 
These are receivable within a 70-mile 
radius of Chapel Hill. The courses of- 
fered from Chapel Hill are on the un- 
dergraduate level and suitable for re- 
newing A grade certificates. For in- 
formation about the courses offered by 
North Carolina State College in Ra- 
leigh and The Woman's College in 
Greensboro, write directly to those 
campuses. 

Catalogues and detailed information 
will be sent from the Bureau of Corre- 
spondence Instruction at Chapel Hill 
or Raleigh upon request. 



Morrison, Dean of Educational Research 
Confers With SDPI Heads For Two Days 



J. Cayce Morrison, dean of educa- 
tional research scholars in America, 
visited the State Department of Public 
Instruction, January 25-26, as a special 
consultant for the U. S. Office of Edu- 
cation. Dr. Morrison spoke to a pro- 
fessional staff meeting of Department 
members, January 25, and during the 
remainder of the visit conferred with 
individual department heads and 
others. 

In attempting to discover what state 
departments are doing in the area of 
educational research for the purpose of 
preparing an accurate picture of the 
national situation, Dr. Morrison is vis- 
iting state departments throughout the 
Nation. He is likewise seeking pro- 
jected ideas for future efforts in re- 
search. Of particular interest to Dr. 
Morrison as he visits state organiza- 
tions is the degree to which statistical 
information is wisely used for improv- 
ing the educational program. 

Those with whom Morrison conferred 
included Superintendent Charles F. 
Carroll ; Assistant Superintendent J. 
Everette Miller ; Dr. Vester M. Mulhol- 
land, director of research ; Nile Hunt, 
director of the division of instruction- 
al 'services ; G. H. Ferguson, director 
of Negro education ; Dr. J. Warren 
Smith, director of vocational educa- 
tion ; Dr. J. L. Pierce, director of 



school planning; and Dr. J. P. Free- 
man, director of professional services. 

Dr. Morrison also expressed interest 
in how the Department of Public In- 
struction and other State agencies coop- 
erated in the area of research and how 
the Department and institutions of 
higher learning cooperated in their re- 
search efforts. Envisioning the future 
of education in North Carolina, he ex- 
pressed the hope that great interest in 
research would characterize the next 
period of growth in education within 
the State, for "only through research 
can those truths be learned on which 
sound progress is built.'' 

Prior to his present assignment with 
the U. S. Office of Education, Dr. Mor- 
rison had worked at levels of educa- 
tion in a number of states. His chief 
fame rests upon his many notable ac- 
complishments as educational research 
director for the state of New York. A- 
mong his most recent studies is that 
pertaining to the education of Puerto 
Kicans in New York City. 

While in Raleigh Dr. Morrison was 
able to learn about the Research Tri- 
angle project, and expressed tremen- 
dous pleasure in this forward-looking 
effort to improve all levels of living in 
North Carolina. He was also able, for 
the first time, to visit briefly Duke Uni- 
versity and the University of North 
Carolina. 



Eight North Carolina Schools 
Added To Qualifying List 

Five North Carolina public schools 
and one private school were officially 
accredited by the Southern Association 
for Colleges and Secondary Schools at 
its annual December meeting in Louis- 
ville, according to Nile F. Hunt, direc- 
tor of elementary and secondary edu- 
cation of the State Department. Two 
Negro schools were placed on the ap- 
proved list. 

Schools accredited at this time in- 
clude the Walter Hines Page High 
School in Greensboro ; Orrum High 
School ; Robersonville High School ; Sel- 
ma High School; North Rowan High 
School in Spencer; and the Patterson 
School for Boys, a private institution, 
in Lenoir. 

Negro schools qualifying for the of- 
ficial approved list include Carver High 
School in Spindale and the Unity High 
School in Statesville. 

A total of sixty-one schools in eleven 
southern states were accredited at the 
1959 Louisville meeting. 

Marvin Johnson Honored 
By Carolina Architects 

Marvin R. A. Johnson, architect in 
the Division of School Planning, State 
Department of Public Instruction, was 
presented an award for outstanding 
achievement by the North Carolina 
Chapter of Architects, January 30, at a 
banquet which highlighted a three-day 
meeting in Raleigh. 

In presenting the award, President 
Robert L. Clemmer of Hickory empha- 
sized that this distinction was given 
Johnson because of "his ability as a 
school planner, his efforts to improve 
the State through better school design, 
and his work in promoting the school 
planning conferences in 1958 and 
1960." 

Randolph E. DuMont of New York, 
treasurer of the Duke Endowment, was 
honored for his work in stimulating in- 
terest in church architecture. 

"By the year 2000 — only a 40-year 
mortgage away — we must build a 
second America," declared John Noble 
Richards, president of the American 
Institute of Architects. "We must dou- 
ble all the structures which now exist 
and the job must be done before chil- 
dren born in 1959 reach middle age. 
Never have architects and engineers 
faced such responsibility and such op- 
portunity." 



10 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Freeman Elected Director 
Teacher Education Group 

Dr. J. P. Freeman was elected as a 
State director for the Southern Council 
on Teacher Education at its annual 
meeting in Louisville in December. 

♦ Freeman succeeds Dr. James E. Hill- 
man, who is now assistant director of 
the Board of Higher Education. This 
meeting was held in conjunction with 
the annual meeting of the Southern As- 
sociation of Colleges and Secondary 
I Schools. 
Dr. W. H. Plemmons, president of 
Appalachian State Teachers College, 
succeeds Dr. William H. Cartwright of 
Duke University as president of the 
Council. 

"Teacher education in the South and 
in the nation is at the crossroads and 
there is no better agency prepared to 
give voice and movement to the needs 
and issues in this vital area than the 
Southern Council on Teacher Educa- 
tion," declared Dr. Freeman. 

Other State directors for North Caro- 
lina include President Paul A. R'eid of 
Western Carolina College and Presi- 
dent Leo W. Jenkins of East Carolina 
College. 

Kennon Is Consultant 
For Maryland Librarians 

Mary Frances Kennon, associate su- 
pervisor of school library services for 
the Department of Public Instruction, 
served as consultant at the Eastern 
Shore Conference of School Librarians 
in Denton, Maryland, early in January. 
This conference is one of three spon- 
sored annually by the Maryland De- 
partment of Public Instruction for the 
in-service training of librarians. 

While in Maryland Miss Kennon as- 
sisted librarians in the initiation of an 
Asian reading project, an "effort de- 
signed to raise the level of knowledge 
about Asian countries through the 
State," according to Miss Kennon. Miss 
Kennon also participated during this 
conference in a discussion of the new 
national school library standards de- 
veloped by the American Library Asso- 
ciation. By the early part of March 
these standards will be available in 
published form. 

Prior to joining the North Carolina 
Department of Public Instruction, Miss 
Kennon worked as assistant library 
supervisor in the Baltimore city 
schools. 



N. C. English Students Rated "Outstanding" 



Eleven North Carolina high school 
seniors have been selected as outstand- 
ing English students by the National 
Council of Teachers of English. 

The Council, a professional organiza- 
tion of 56,000 members, recently noti- 
fied State Superintendent Charles F. 
Carroll that North Carolina placed 
eleven winners and thirteen runners- 
up in its 1960 Achievement Awards 
Program. 

Each student participating submitted 
to the judges a nomination blank, giv- 
ing pertinent biographical data ; three 
compositions written by the student, 
including an autobiographical sketch, 
an impromptu paper, and an out-of- 
class paper; results of a standardized 
composition test and a standardized 
test of literary awareness ; and two 
supporting letters from a teacher and 
an administrator. 

The North Carolina winners are : 
Nancy Arrington Dunn, Roanoke Rap- 
ids H. S. ; Victoria Ensign Greens, Lee 
Edwards H. S., Asheville; Letitia Dab- 
ney Johnston, North Mecklenburg H. S., 



Huntersville ; Virginia Ann Morton, 
Central H. S., Charlotte; Judy Marga- 
ret Renfro, Cullowhee H. S. ; Emma 
Margaret Rhodes, New Bern H. S. ; 
Deborah Silverton, Lumherton H. S. ; 
Judy Dothard Simmons, Allen H. S., 
Asheville; Elizabeth Earle Speer, East 
Mecklenburg H. S., Matthews; Lucy 
Wilder Taylor, Mills H. S., Louisburg; 
Mary Miller Womack, High Point H. S. 
The runners-up in North Carolina 
are : Cynthia Batte, Concord H. S. : 
Kitty Bernhardt, Lexington Senior 
H. S. ; Frances Dockery Covington, 
Rockingham H. S. ; Joan Bentley Dag- 
gy, North Mecklenburg H. S., Hunters- 
ville ; Faye Irene Dyson, Taylorsville 
H. S. ; Mary Linda Eagle, High Point 
H. S. ; Mary Carol Edwards, Clyde A. 
Erwin H. S., Asheville ; Mary Elizabeth 
Harris, Wilkes Central H. S„ North 
Wilkesboro; Betty Bowman Hooks, 
Fremont H. S. ; James Norris May, 
East Mecklenburg H. S., Matthews; 
Margaret Elaine Moss, Central H. S., 
Charlotte; Arthur P. Saboski, Clare- 
mont Central H. S., Hickory ; and 
Janet Marie Weaver, Bailey H. S. 



J. Edgar Morris Joins Department Staff 
As State Supervisor of Science Education 



J. Edgar Morris, formerly head of 
the Brown High School science depart- 
ment in Atlanta, joined the State De- 
partment of Public Instruction, Febru- 
ary 1, as State supervisor of science 
education. He succeeds Henry Shan- 
non, who is now State coordinator of 
the National Defense Education Act. 
Prior to his Army service, Morris was 
head of the science department in the 
New Hanover High School in Wilming- 
ton and taught physics in this depart- 
ment. 

In his new position, Morris will serve 
as adviser and consultant to secondary 
schools which are attempting to 
strengthen their science programs. He 
will cooperate with institutions of 
higher learning in North Carolina 
which are preparing teachers of sci- 
ence; and will coordinate for the De- 
partment activities pertaining to sci- 
ence fairs. 

A native of Albemarle and the son 
of a Baptist minister, Morris has lived 
throughout the State. He received his 
A.B. and M.A. degrees from the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, where he 
majored in physics and minored in 
chemistry. Subsequently he has done 



additional graduate work at Emory 
University and at Harvard. While at 
Harvard, Morris and Shannon became 
acquainted as they collaborated with 
several others on a brochure, "Critical 
Years Ahead," under a Carnegie Foun- 
dation grant. Since 1953 they have 
kept in touch with each other through 
national scientific meetings and publi- 
cations. 

Morris was retired from the U. S. 
Army as a colonel in 1946 for physical 
reasons after special missions in Ice- 
land, England, Africa, Italy, France, 
Belgium, and the Netherlands. As a 
staff officer, Morris was attached to 
the technical division of the chemical 
corps, taught in the Army Chemical 
Warfare School, and served on the War 
Department General Staff in Washing- 
ton. 

He is married to the former Hazel 
Grogan of Atlanta ; one 13-year-old a- 
dopted daughter completes the family. 
At present Colonel Morris is living 
with his brother, Thomas B. Morris, of 
the Poultry Division of State College. 
Later in the year Mrs. Morris and 
daughter will join Colonel Morris in 
Raleigh. 



FEBRUARY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



11 



Industrial Education Centers' Equipment 
Valued At More Than Two Million Dollars 



Eleven industrial education centers, 
recently established in North Carolina, 
now have equipment valued at $2,174,- 
217.75. 

This equipment has been provided 
from the following : 

From the $500,000 appropriated by 

the General Assembly of 1959 — 

For new equipment $ 412,011.12 

For handling surplus 

property 25,894.27 

For unloading and 

installation ._ 1,355.91! 

Total _$ 439,261.35 

From NDEA (Title III) funds 

for new equipment 257,641.54 

From State aid (regular appro- 
priation) for handling surplus 

and installation ._ 9.319.JH) 

Total cost of equipment to State $ 706,222.49 
Value of surplus property 

secured from State Agency, 

Federal Surplus Property .. 411,033.26 
Loaned or donated by State 

industries 56,962.00 

Loaned by NIER (National 

Industrial Equipment 

Reserve) . 1,000,000.00 

Total $2,174,217.75 

The centers in which this equipment 
is located are : Asheville Industrial Ed- 
ucation Center, Burlington Industrial 
Education Center, Central Industrial 
Education Center (Charlotte), Durham 
Industrial Education Center, Gastonia 
Industrial Education Center, Goldsboro 
Industrial Education Center. Guilford 
Industrial Education Center (James- 
town), Leaksville-Kockingham County 
Industrial Education Center, Wilming- 
ton Industrial Education Center, Wil- 
son Industrial Education Center, and 
Winston-Salem Industrial Education 
Center. 

New equipment purchased from the 
$500,000 appropriation in the amount 
of $412,011.12 was for the types of 
shops : 
Air conditioning, sheet metal 

and refrigeration $ 34.90U.59 

Auto mechanics 73,331.75 

Basic electricity 1,572.00 

Brick masonry 605.49 

Carpentry 802.24 

Classroom furniture 1,545.84 

Cosmetology 3,703.29 

Diesel 6,353.50 

Drafting 16,682.44 

Electronics 71,776.91 

Fire and first aid 371.55 

Knitting machines 23,306.72 

Laboratory equipment 17.379.54 

Laboratory furniture 7.400.70 

Library furniture 796.40 

Machine shop 108,652.33 

Misc. air compressors, waste 

cans, etc 1,197.58 



Office equipment 8,492.55 

Plumbing 1.784.85 

Power sewing 4,332.34 

Shop furniture 4,792.79 

Shop tools 11,252.18 

Upholstery 3.757.99 

Visual aids 2,519.55 

Welding 4,700.00 

New equipment purchased from 
NDEA funds totaling $257,641.54 was 
distributed according to shops as fol- 
lows : 

Air cooled transformers $ 685.44 

Automoti ve 22,257.85 

Drafting 18,301.50 

Electronics 153,913.10 

Laboratory equipment 27,561.68 

Laboratory furniture 9,363.47 

Precision instruments 25.558.50 

Surplus property secured from both 
the State Agency and the NIER con- 
sisted of machine shop equipment. 
Equipment provided by State industries 
was largely for machine shops, auto 
mechanics, and textiles. 

Centralized Elementa 
Subject of National 

The U. S. Office of Education has 
announced a grant of $25,000 to the 
Graduate School of Library Service of 
Rutgers University, under the Coopera- 
tive Research Program, to investigate 
the "Effectiveness of Centralized Li- 
brary Service in Elementary Schools." 
The project will be directed by Profes- 
sor Mary Gaver of the Library School, 
assisted by Professor Franklin Stover 
of the School of Education. 

This pilot project is designed, in its 
initial stage, to determine whether the 
contribution of the library in the ele- 
mentary school can be tested objective- 
ly. If valid methods are found, they 
will later he applied to a sufficient 
group of schools to determine the gen- 
eral effectiveness of elementary school 
libraries. 

In the initial stage, a small number 
of matched elementary schools, with 
and without school libraries, will be 
studied intensively. Analysis will be di- 
rected to the reading of children, their 
competence to use informational and 
library resources, actual utilization of 
such resources, and instructional meth- 
ods adopted by teachers with and with- 



Elizabethtown Observes 
Social Standards Day 

Elizabethtown High School, Bladen 
County, observed Social Standards day 
December 4, 1959. 

On this day, which was sponsored by 
the student body and faculty, a key- 
note assembly was held in the morn- 
ing with Charles W. Phillips of Wom- 
an's College, U. N. C, as the featured 
speaker. In the afternoon an assembly 
on "Love. Courtship, and Marriage" 
was held. The featured address at this 
time was given by Dr. Lyda Gordon 
Shivers, also of Woman's College. 

Following the morning assembly, two 
sections of college conferences were ar- 
ranged, at which representatives from 
the various higher institutions of the 
State were heard. In the afternoon, 
following the assembly period, two sec- 
tions on vocational conferences were 
held. At these conferences speakers 
representing various vocations were 
beard. 

The observance was arranged by a 
number of committees from students 
and faculty. 

ry Library Service 
Research Study 

out access to centralized school libra- 
ries. 

Professor Gaver has stated the sig- 
nificance of the study as follows : "The 
centralized school library is cham- 
pioned by many educators and libra- 
rians as a major influence in the de- 
velopment of reading skills, habits of 
research and a broad range of reading 
on the part of children, as well as a 
service agency to the classroom teacher 
and to the curriculum. At the elemen- 
tary level only limited progress has 
been made in developing and establish- 
ing centralized school library facilities 
and services, with qualified personnel. 
Now is the time to carry out an ob- 
jective study to establish whether or 
not centralized school libraries in ele- 
mentary schools are in fact justified. 

"Rutgers Graduate School of Library 
Service made application for this grant 
at the request of state school library 
supervisors with the endorsement of 
chief state school officers of the United 
States. The results of the study will 
have nation-wide significance for the 
development of library services in ele- 
mentary schools." 



12 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Committee Formulates Plan For Studying 
Teacher Evaluation, Rating, Certification 



Preliminary plans are now under 
way for the National Teacher Exami- 
nation available to North Carolina 
teachers and prospective teachers, ac- 
cording to Dr. W. J. Scott, director of 
the Committee to Study Teacher Eval- 
uation, Rating, and Certification. Test- 
ing centers and dates of examination 
will he announced within a few weeks. 

Stipulations for administering these 
tests were set forth in Resolution 73 
of the 1959 General Assembly which di- 
rected the State Board of Education to 
administer the National Teacher Ex- 
amination or its nationally recognized 
equivalent to (1) every applicant ap- 
plying for initial certification: (2) to 
every applicant applying for a higher 
class of certification; (3) to every ap- 
plicant seeking a different kind of cer- 
tificate ; (4) to every professional em- 
ployee of the public schools, certified 
prior to ratification of this resolution, 
who shall volunteer to take the exami- 
nation. 

"Information obtained from such ex- 
aminations," declared Dr. Scott, "will 
provide normative data which will be 
used as one criteria for determining 
the preparation of teachers. Test scores 
of individuals will be regarded as con- 
fidential and available only for study 
purposes by the committee. No entry 
of individual scores will be made on 
certificates or any person's record. 
These data," Scott emphasized, "will 
be used to study the quality of the 
preparation of teachers and trill not be 
used to attempt measurement of per- 
formance." 

Examinations given for study pur- 
poses will be made available to those 
eligible at no expense to the individual. 

Except for a small number of stu- 
dents and teachers who need test 
scores for applications out-of-State or 
for admission to graduate study, the 
special testing provided under Resolu- 
tion 73 will most likely meet the needs 
of the majority of teachers who desire 
scores for personal use. 

The Committee to Study Teacher 
Evaluation, Rating and Certification is 
working in cooperation with college's 
and universities that prepare teachers 
in studying curricula and programs 
both quantitatively and qualitatively. 

In a two-day conference with the Na- 
tional Testing Service officials of 
Princeton, N. J., Director Scott drew 



up a contract with the National Testing- 
Service relative to the most helpful 
types of analyses to be given the sta- 
tistical data. 

Scott's committee is composed of: 
Charles F. Carroll, Dallas Herring, 
Guy B. Phillips, R. R. Morgan, J. E. 
Huneycutt, Ruth Hoyle, Grace Cop- 
pedge, Lois Edinger, E. E. Miller, 
W. W. Sutton, R. B. Jordan, Mrs. J. Z. 
Watkins, Watts Hill, Jr., Hugh John- 
son, David J. Rose, Hugh Holmau, 
Kenneth Howe. Lois Lambie, and C. J. 
Barber. 



Fink, Associate Editor 
Journal of School Health 

Robert M. Fink, consultant for the 
mental health section of the local 
health division of the State Board of 
Health and formerly a member of 
the State Department of Public In- 
struction, was recently appointed asso- 
ciate editor of The Journal of School 
Health, national publication in this 
particular area. The appointment was 
made by Dr. Delbert. Oberteuffer, edi- 
tor. 

In this capacity as associate editor. 
Dr. Fink will be responsible for solicit- 
ing, screening, and preparing contribu- 
tions for the national journal. 



Derthick Announces N. C. Graduate Programs 



U. S. Commissioner of Education 
Lawrence G. Derthick recently an- 
nounced approval of 19 programs of 
graduate study in three North Carolina 
institutions — Duke University, North 
Carolina State College and the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina. These approved 
programs, involving 61 three-year fel- 
lowships authorized by the National 
Defense Education Act, are designed to 
increase the supply of college teachers 
and to expand graduate facilities. 

The fellowship awards, provided un- 
der Title IV of the National Defense 
Education Act, are for study during the 
1960-61 academic year. All approved 
programs lead to the doctoral degree 
and, as required by the Act, either 
establish new or expand existing grad- 
uate facilities. 



The graduate schools with approved 
programs will receive up to $2,500 per 
year for the cost of educating each Fel- 
low. The Fellow will receive $2,000 
for the first year of study, $2,200 for 
the second, $2,400 for the third, with 
an allowance of $400 for each depen- 
dent. 

Graduate schools with approved pro- 
grams will submit student applications 
for fellowships with recommendations 
to the Commissioner of Education by 
March 5. The fellowship awards will 
be announced shortly thereafter. 

The list of the participating institu- 
tions, the names of the approved pro- 
grams, and the number of Fellows for 
each, follow : 











Number 


Institutions 


Approved Programs 






of Fellowships 


Duke University 


Economics 






o 
o 




Anatomy, Psychology & Physiology 


4 




English (Prep, of College Teachers) 


4 




History (The Commonwealth 


of 


Nations I 


• > 




Religion 






4 


North Carolina 


Agricultural Adjustment and 








State College 


Public Policy 
Animal Ecology 
Bacteriology 
Civil Engineering 
Mechanical Engineering 






6 

o 
3 
3 


University of North 


Anthropology 






3 


Carolina 


Business Administration 
Classics 






3 
3 




International Relations & Conip. 


Govt. 


3 




Mathematical Statistics 






3 




Mathematics 






2 




Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical 


Chemistry 


2 




Russian History 






6 




Soviet Economics 






2 



FEBRUARY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



13 



Summary of Eight 
Conferences Distributed 

Summaries of the eight orientation 
conferences for beginning principals 
were recently distributed to all super- 
intendents, all new principals, partici- 
pants in the regional conferences, and 
members of the continuing committee 
for improving educational administra- 
tion in the State. 

This 34-page bulletin contains the 
following sub-sections : planning the 
project ; what teachers expect of a prin- 
cipal ; leadership responsibilities of 
principals — for supervision of instruc- 
tion, for human relations, for in-service 
growth, for curriculum study ; high- 
lights from question-and-answer peri- 
ods ; evaluation of the eight confer- 
ences ; recent, readable, and reliable ; 
resources and services of the State De- 
partment of Public Instruction ; and in- 
gredients of educational leadership. 

The 1959 summation of orientation 
conferences for beginning principals 
was prepared by Dr. Vester M. Mul- 
holland of the State Department, with 
the assistance of David B. Day, prin- 
cipal of the Morven High School. 

Public Schools Cited 
For Development of 
Driver Education Programs 

The public schools were given cita- 
tions for their progress and achieve- 
ment in driver education at the sixth 
annual meeting of the Governor's Traf- 
fic Safety Council which met in Ra- 
leigh on November 20. 

An award by the Insurance Institute 
for Highway Safety was presented to 
the public schools of the State in recog- 
nition of their overall achievement and 
the sustaining of significant progress 
in the development of secondary school 
driver education programs. The public 
schools also received an award from 
The National Safety Council in recog- 
nition of their outstanding perform- 
ance in school traffic safety education. 
These awards were accepted by State 
Superintendent Charles F. Carroll in 
behalf of the public schools. 

John C. Noe, Adviser in Safety Edu- 
cation, of the State Department of Pub- 
lic Instruction, was presented a certifi- 
cate by The American Automobile As- 
sociation for his outstanding leader- 
ship in the promotion of driver educa- 
tion programs in the public schools of 
the State. 



Stanley A. Simpson To Direct Activities 
Of Newly Established Vocational Lab 



Stanley A. Simpson of Orlando, 
Florida, will join the Department of 
Public Instruction March 15 as coordi- 
nator of the newly established voca- 
tional curriculum laboratory, according 
to Dr. J. Warren Smith, director of the 
division of vocational education. In this 
position Simpson will be responsible 
for preparing courses of study for the 
industrial education centers throughout 
the State and for collecting materials 
for the curriculum laboratory, which 
will be located on the fourth floor of 
the Education Building. 

Simpson, native of Maryland, is an 
A.B. and M. A. graduate of the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, where he 
was a major in history and education. 
For a number of years Simpson was 
connected with Civil Service at Aber- 
deen Proving Grounds in Maryland. 
Later, he became a senior instructor 
and subsequently a training supervisor 
for the Martin Company in Orlando. 
Following this, he was field service 
supervisor for the Martiii Company, 
with 450 employees under his super- 
vision. In this latter position Simpson 
coordinated and supervised all aspects 
of maintenance for Missile Master Air 
Defense Systems throughout the coun- 
try. 



"Simpson comes to the State Depart- 
ment well prepared to render a valu- 
able service. He has had extensive ex- 
perience in preparing training materi- 
als, in developing programs of instruc- 
tion, and in supervising the prepara- 
tion of course materials," declared J. 
Warren Smith. 

The State Board of Education al- 
lotted $14,000 as an initial fund for 
establishing the vocational curriculum 
laboratory, and authorized the creation 
of another position in the division of 
vocational education, one through 
which curriculum materials in agricul- 
ture may also be prepared. 

Supts. and Principals 
Will Hold Joint Meeting 

A joint dinner meeting of superinten- 
dents and principals will be held dur- 
ing the annual convention of the North 
Carolina Education Association which 
meets in Asheville March 16-18. 

According to Mildred Mooneyham, 
secretary-treasurer of the Division of 
Principals, the superintendent-princi- 
pals "get together" will be at 6 :30 p.m. 
at the Lee H. Edwards High School. 
Deadline for ordering tickets at $1.75 
each is March 10. 



Calendar of Professional Meetings 
Conferences, Workshops, Institutes 

February 27-March 2 -.National Association of Secondary School Prin- 
cipals, Portland, Oregon 

February 29-March 4 ..Annual Convention Audio-Visual Instruction De- 
partment NCEA, Cincinnati 

March 1-4 National Association of State Consultants in 

Elementary Education, Washington, D. C. 

March 6-10 Annual Conference, ASCD, Washington, D. C. 

March 11-12 Thirty-Third Annual Meeting of the N. C. Per- 
sonnel and Guidance Association, Raleigh 

March 24 Fourth National Conference on Aviation Educa- 
tion, Denver, Colo. 

March 26-30 Annual Meeting Department of Elementary 

School Principals, St. Louis, Mo. 

March 27-April 2 White House Conference on Children and Youth, 

Washington, D. C. 

April 2 Annual State Meeting ACEI, Raleigh 

April 3-9 National Library Week 

April 7-9 Southeastern Elementary Principals Conference, 

Asheville 

April 11-14 American Personnel and Guidance Association 

Meeting, Philadelphia 

May 22-25 National PTA Congress Convention, Philadelphia 

June 19-22 UNC School Week, Chapel Hill 

July 27-29 Governor's Conference on Aging, Raleigh 



14 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



^lUe AttoXMey Qet&ekal Ruled, . . . 



Bond Issue; Allocation of Funds; 
Changes Permissible. 

In reply to your recent inquiry: With 
your letter of October 30 you enclosed 
copy of the proposition submitted to 
the voters of County at a spe- 
cial election held on June 30, 1959, and 
requested the views of this office as 
to whether the language of the propo- 
sition submitted is broad enough to al- 
low the use of a part of the proceeds 
of the bond issue for the erection of 
an administration building. 

As I understand it, in an administra- 
tion building such as is proposed, the 
offices of the County Board of Educa- 
tion, the County Superintendent of 
Schools and members of his staff to- 
gether with other administrative school 
personnel would be located after the 

consolidation of the City Schools 

with the County Unit is fully 

effected. Traditionally such offices are 
located in the County Courthouse or 
in some similar county building. How- 
ever, it is my understanding that in a 
few county units and in more city units 
there are now separate administrative 
buildings in which are located such of- 
fices as are indicated above. 

The proposition voted upon was 
whether bonds not exceeding eight mil- 
lion dollars should be authorized "for 
the purpose of providing funds for 
erecting additional school buildings and 
other school plant facilities, remodel- 
ing, enlarging and reconstructing exist- 
school buildings and other school plant 
facilities, and acquiring necessary 
land," etc. 

G. S. 153-77 (a) specifically authorizes 
the issuance of bonds for the "erection 
and purchase of school houses, school 
garages, physical education and voca- 
tional education buildings, teacherages, 
lunch rooms, and similar school plant 
facilities." 

On several occasions our Supreme 
Court has discussed the question of 
diverting the proceeds of a bond issue 
to other projects within the general 
purpose for which the bonds were au- 
thorized. Among the cases on this sub- 
ject reaching our Supreme Court are 
WALDROP v HODGES, 230 NC 370; 
FEEZOR v SICELOFF, 232 NC 563; 
ATKINS v McADEN, 229 NC 752 ; and 
MAULDIN v McADEN, 234 NC 501. In 
all these cases the Court held that local 



governing bodies have a limited author- 
ity under certain conditions to trans- 
fer or allocate funds from one project 
to another, included within the general 
purpose for which bonds are author- 
ized. However the Court emphasized 
that the transfer must be to a project 
included in the general purpose as 
stated in the bond resolution and notice 
of election. As you know, G. S. 153- 
107 places heavy penalties against any 
member of a governing body or any 
county officer who shall vote to apply 
or shall apply or shall participate in 
applying any proceeds of bonds or bond 
anticipation notes in violation of the 
provisions of that Section. 

It is the view of this office that an 
administration building such as has 
been described above certainly comes 
within the language of G. S. 153-77 (a) 
as a type of school plant facility for 
which bonds may be issued. The ques- 
tion here presented is whether the 
bond order, the notice of the election 
and proposition voted upon is sufficient 
in language to have included such a 
building. I do not have a copy of the 
bond order or of the notice of election. 
Probably I should have requested you 
to furnish me copies of these docu- 
ments. However, I assume that they 
are in conformity with the proposition 
submitted to the voters and that in 
the preparation of these documents you 
had the advice and assistance of bond 
counsel. 

Unless there is some provision of the 
bond order and the notice to the voters 
which would convey a different im- 
pression, it is the view of this office 
that the language of the proposition 
submitted to the voters is sufficient to 
justify the expenditure of a part of 
the proceeds of the bond issue in ques- 
tion for the erection of such a school 
plant facility as an administrative 
building to serve as a central office for 
the administrative officials of the new 
consolidated unit in Mecklenburg Coun- 
ty. If the County Attorney has any 
hesitancy in advising the County Com- 
missioners of this authority, I agree 
with the suggestion contained in your 
letter that a test case be instituted and 
decided by our Supreme Court before 
such an allocation of funds is actually 
authorized by the County Commission- 
ers. — Attorney General, November 4, 
1959. 



When Plans and Specifications 
Required to be Designed by 
Architect and When by Engineer 
(Addendum to letter of 30 June 
1959 to Dr. Carroll in September, 
1959. PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN) 

In reply to your recent inquiry: This 
office has reviewed its letter to you on 
June 30, 1959 concerning the above re- 
ferred to subject matter in the addition- 
al light of the legislative history of the 
1957 amendment to G. S. 133-1.1. This 
review has led us to the conclusion that 
there should be added to said letter of 
June 30, 1959, immediately after the 
words "the particular job" at the top 
of page 3, the following : 

"However, it is further thought that 
the legislature intended that in those 
instances where the mechanical work is 
very minor in scope and nature and in- 
cidental to the non-mechanical work 
and the registered architect is particu- 
larly qualified by training and experi- 
ence to prepare the necessary mechani- 
cal plans and specifications, as well as 
the non-mechanical, that he could so 
do ; and conversely, when the non-me- 
chanical aspects of the particular proj- 
ect are incidental to the mechanical 
and very minor in scope and nature and 
the registered engineer is particularly 
qualified by training and experience to 
prepare the necessary plans and speci- 
fications for the non-mechanical as well 
as the mechanical, he could so do. 
These conclusions find bases in the 
manner in which the legislature a- 
mended the original bill and in the 
wording of G. S. 133-1.1 wherein it is 
provided that registered architects or 
registered engineers or both shall pre- 
pare plans and specifications but that 
in each instance the person involved 
shall be "particularly qualified by train- 
ing and experience for the type of work 
involved.' It is to be noted that said 
section places upon 'every officer, 
board, department or commission 
charged with the duty of approving 
plans and speeifications or awarding or 
entering into contracts' the duty to re- 
quire that plans and specifications be 
prepared by a registered architect, reg- 
istered engineer or both 'particularly 
qualified by training and experience 
for the type work involved'. Thus it 
appears that in order to comply with 

(Continued on page 16) 



FEBRUARY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



15 



LOOKING BACK 



Five Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, February, 1955) 

A proposed new public school law. 
Chapter 115 of the General Statutes, is 
embodied in the Report of the Commis- 
sion on the Revision of the Public 
School Laws, made public last month by 
Governor Hodges. 

Current shortage of classrooms in 
I lie public elementary and secondary 
school of the nation constitutes an 
alarming situation, according to Dr. 
Samuel M. jJrownell, T T . S. Commis- 
sioner of Education. 

Ten Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, February, 1950) 

Dr. L. E. Spikes and Jean P. Booth. 
Superintendents of Burlington and Kin- 
ston, respectively, were chosen recent- 
ly for four months educational work 
in Japan. 

Paul D. Pendergraft of Chapel Hill 
has been appointed to succeed A. C. 
Davis as principal auditor in the Di- 
vision of Auditing and Accounting, it 
is announced by C. D. Douglas, Con- 
troller of the State Board of Education. 

Fifteen Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, February, 1945) 

J. W. Byers, Superintendent of the 
Red Springs, Robeson County, admin- 
istrative unit since July, 1943, has been 
appointed head of the Asheville school 
unit, succeeding R. H. Latham, who 
has retired. 

B. P. Gentry, retired superintendent 
of the Harnett County Schools, died 
Sunday night. January 1. at Duke Hos- 
pital, where he had just been taken 
after a long illness. 

Twenty Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, February, 1940) 

"According to surveys made in other 
states, it is estimated that there are in 
North Carolina approximately 99,000 
school children with defective vision, 
and that the parents of approximately 
33,000 of these children are unable to 
provide needed medical care." — Clyde 
A. Erwin, State Superintendent of Pub- 
lic Instruction. 

Twenty-eight administrative units 
are now participating in the State-aid 
program of adult education. 



N. C. Guidance Association 
To Meet At State College 

North Carolina's Personnel and 
Guidance Association will hold its 
thirty-third annual meeting at North 
Carolina State College, March 11 and 
12, according to an announcement made 
by Dr. Charles G. Morehead, program 
chairman. 

Principal speakers include Dr. John 
T. Caldwell, Chancellor of North Caro- 
lina State College ; Dr. John W. Shir- 
ley, Dean of the Faculty, North Caro- 
lina State College; Dr. Arthur A. 
Hitchcock, Executive Director of the 
American Personnel and Guidance As- 
sociation, Washington, D. C. ; Ella 
Stephens Barrett, State Guidance Su- 
pervisor, State Department of Public 
Instruction, Raleigh ; and Dr. Seymour 
L. Wolfbein, Deputy Assistant Secre- 
tary, U. S. Department of Labor, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Approximately two hundred members 
of the North Carolina Personnel and 
Guidance Association are expected to 
attend the two-day conference, accord- 
ing to Dr. H. T. Conner, Burke County 
Guidance Director, president of the As- 
sociation. The Association, which is af- 
filiated with the American Personnel 
and Guidance Association, is composed 
of four divisions : the College Personnel 
Association with Dr. Herman Preseren, 
Wake Forest College, chairman ; the 
Guidance Supervisors and Counselor 
Trainers Association with Dr. W. D. 
Perry, University of North Carolina, 
chairman ; the School Counselor Asso- 
ciation with Judy Barrett, Josephus 
Daniels Junior High School, chairman ; 
the Vocational Guidance Association 
with Dr. Roy N. Anderson, N. C. State 
College, chairman. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL RULES 

(Continued from page 15) 
this section in instances where it is 
proper for a registered architect to pre- 
pare plans and specifications for me- 
chanical work and for a registered en- 
gineer to so do as to non-mechanical 
plans and specifications, the involved 
officer, board, department or commis- 
sion must positively determine that the 
registered architect or registered engi- 
neer is particularly qualified by train- 
ing and experience for the type of work 
involved including in the case of a reg- 
istered architect the mechanical phase 
and in the case of a registered engineer 
the non-mechanical phase." — Attorney 
General. January 19, 1960. 



MAKING TODAY'S NEWS 



Greensboro — Residents of Greens- 
boro are going to be asked to raise the 
ceiling on their special school tax — a 
ceiling which is currently at 30 cents 
per one hundred dollars of property val- 
uation. Greensboro Daily News, Jan. 10. 

Onslow — The Onslow County Board 
of Education yesterday afternoon a- 
warded contracts totalling $421,446 for 
the construction of the new Onslow 
County High School on Henderson 
Drive. Daily News, Jan. 6. 

Thomasville — The Thomasville Cham- 
ber of Commerce Committee for school 
consolidation will continue to encourage 
the three-way consolidation of Thomas- 
ville High School, Pilot and Fair 
Grove. Winston-Salem Journal, Jan. 4. 

Durham — A preventive maintenance 
program — during which every bus is 
checked daily for mechanical defects — 
keeps Durham County's fleet of 91 
school buses in "tip top" running con- 
dition to haul children to and from 
school. Durham Herald, Jan. 17. 

Iredell — County Board of Education, 
continuing a series of informal meet- 
ings with various school committees to 
discuss consolidation of the county high 
schools, met with the Cool Springs 
group yesterday for lunch and discus- 
sion. Statesville Reeord and Landmark, 
Jan. 15. 

Wake — At its second meeting the 
Eastern Wake County Committee for 
Better Schools last night compiled in- 
formation gathered from four high 
schools in the area for study in con- 
sidering the possible effect of consoli- 
dation. Raleigh Times, Jan. 19. 

Johnston — In many situations schools 
are trying to do too much with the 
available personnel, Dr. I. E. Ready of 
Raleigh, State Curriculum study direc- 
tor, declared in summarizing the re- 
ports of the Johnston County Curricu- 
lum Study Committee at its second 
meeting Monday night at Wilson Mill's 
School. Smithfield Herald, Feb. 2. 

Montgomery — Montgomery County's 
.$1,750,000 school consolidation and ele- 
mentary improvement program will 
proceed as scheduled. Greensboro Daily 
News, Feb. 7. 



16 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Gs 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL 

BULLETIN 



MARCH, I960 RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA VOL. XXIV, NO. 7 



Approval Given To 643 NDEA Title III Projects 



Approval has been given to 643 Na- 
tional Defense Education Act, Title 
III, projects since the program got un- 
der way late last fall. 

These Title III projects, according 
to Henry Shannon, State NDEA Co- 
ordinator, represent 92 administrative 
units, 54 county and 38 city. Of the 
643 projects approved, 330 were in the 
area of science, 172 in mathematics, 85 
in modern foreign languages, 33 in sci- 
ence, math and modern foreign lan- 
guages, 22 in science and math, and 
one in math and foreign language. It 
is estimated that these projects will 
require an expenditure of $1,797,435.37, 
divided equally between NDEA and lo- 
cal funds. 

Projects approved by the 54 county 
administrative units are as follows : 
Alamance 33, Ashe 3, Avery 3, Bertie 5, 
Buncombe 6, Burke 6, Cabarrus 11. 
Caldwell 21, Carteret 2, Caswell 3, Ca- 
tawba 24, Chowan 3, Cleveland 4, 
Craven 1, Dare 2, Davidson 1, Duplin 
5, Durham 23, Franklin 5, Gaston 7, 
Gates 2, Graham 1, Greene 4, Guilford 

22, Haywood 1, Henderson 12, Iredell 
1, Johnston 10, Lenoir 3, Lincoln 5, 
Macon 3, Martin 6, Mitchell 7, Moore 

23, Nash 4, Orange 3, Pamlico 6, Pas- 
quotank 1, Pender 11, Perquimans 1, 
Person 3, Pitt 3, Robeson 12, Rowan 
22, Rutherford 5, Sampson 3, Stokes 2, 
Surry 5, Swain 6, Transylvania 4, 
Vance 2, Warren 27, Watauga 3, and 
Wayne 4. 

Approved projects from the 38 city 
units are: Burlington 3, Asheville 3, 
Morganton 3, Concord 16, Lenoir 15, 
Hickory 49, Newton 6, Kings Mountain 
1, Shelby 9, Lexington 11, Thomasville 

7, Winston-Salem 4, Oxford 1, Greens- 
boro 8, Roanoke Rapids 1, Henderson- 
ville 6, Statesville 8, Kinston 1, Pine- 
hurst 1, Rocky Mount 13, Chapel Hill 

8, Elizabeth City 5, Greenville 4, Ashe- 
boro 4, Fairmont 3, Lumberton 1, Saint 
Pauls 3, Madison-Mayodan 2, Reids- 
ville 4, Salisbury 3, Clinton 4, Laurin- 
burg 8, Albemarle 3, Monroe 1, Hender- 
son 11, Raleigh 7, Fremont 6, and Wil- 
son 4. 

In addition to these projects under 
Title III for the improvement of the 
teaching of sciejjj ggg &athematics, and 



modern foreign languages in the public 
schools, approval has been given to 
testing projects under Title V (a) in 
90 units, 52 county and 38 city ; and to 
guidance and counseling projects under 
this same title in 51 units, 27 county 
and 24 city. The testing projects in- 
volve an estimated expenditure of $56,- 
083.24, whereas for guidance an esti- 
mated expenditure of $455,320.28 is 
proposed. 



Walker Named Director 
Educational Statistics 

U. S. Commissioner of Education 
Lawrence G. Derthick recently named 
Dr. Virgil R. Walker as Director of 
the Educational Statistics Branch of 
the U. S. Office of Education. Dr. 
Walker's work will be conducted in the 
Office of Education's Division of Sta- 
tistics and Research Services, directed 
by Dr. Roy M. Hall, Assistant Com- 
missioner for Research. 



322 Schools Have Help of 99 Counselors 
As Statewide Guidance Program Expands 



Ninety-nine counselors, of whom 41 
are guidance supervisors with a mini- 
mum of 18 semester hours in guidance 
training, are currently devoting full 
time to counseling duties within the 
State, according to Ella Stephens Bar- 
rett, supervisor of guidance services in 
North Carolina. "A total of 322 public 
high schools are being served by these 
well-trained individuals," declared Miss 
Barrett. One year ago an equivalent 
of 35 full-time counselors were working 
in the State. 

Forty-six county and city administra- 
tive units are now being served by the 
41 guidance supervisors. This is made 
possible in view of the fact that sev- 
eral administrative units now utilize 
the services of one guidance supervisor. 
Murphy, Andrews, and Cherokee Coun- 
ty, for example, jointly have one super- 
visor of guidance. Monroe and Union 
County are operating in the same fash- 
ion. Other counseling patterns which 
emerged in the State are those within 
an administrative unit in which a coun- 
selor works with all schools or with 
a limited number of schools. Last year 
there were six guidance supervisors as 
compared to the 41 of 1960. 

According to Miss Barrett, all of 
these supervisors have a minimum of 
18 semester hours in guidance training 
and are "providing outstanding leader- 
ship to the schools which they serve." 
Eighty-two high schools now have the 
services of halftime or fulltime coun- 
selors who have between 18 and 30 se- 
mester hours of guidance training. 
Fifty-six counselors are employed full 



time in individual schools, and 133 are 
devoting half time or more to guidance 
responsibilities. 

"Through the NDEA a limited 
amount of money is available for guid- 
ance and counseling; this amount has 
provided encouragement and a genuine 
impetus for the expansion of counseling 
services in the State," according to 
Miss Barrett. "For sometime schools 
in North Carolina have been ready to 
move ahead in the area of guidance. 
More than one-third of all teachers and 
administrators in the State have had 
some preparation in guidance. Counsel- 
ing is rapidly coming into its own 
throughout the State ; and in view of 
the interest and effort among adminis- 
trators, it is expected that counseling 
services will continue to increase irre- 
spective of NDEA." 

According to Miss Barrett, "the 
greatest strength of North Carolina's 
present counseling program is the pro- 
vision for qualified counselors to work 
with more than one school, especially 
in those units in which there are 
schools too small to have full-time coun- 
selors. Such supervisors or directors 
of guidance are doing much to strength- 
en the total program in the State, par- 
ticularly in their efforts to encourage 
schools with large enrollments to pro- 
vide full-time counselors." 

Under NDEA regulations counselors 
must have a minimum of IS semester 
hours in guidance training, and must 
be progressing toward counselor certi- 
fication requirements during the next 
four years. 



(Excerpt from address, FOR THE SAKE OF CHILDREN, made before Annual 
Convention, North Carolina Education Association, Asheville, March 16, lOfiO) 

First, children are entitled to a school that is big enough and 
good enough to serve their abilities and their potential interests. 

Second, children are entitled to a decent building in which to 
attend school, coupled with equipment and supplies necessary to 
teaching. 

Third, children are entitled to the benefits that can accrue from 
a supply of professional personnel in excess of the demand. 

Fourth, children are entitled to a school in which there is suffi- 
cient staff. 

Fifth, children are entitled to a teacher-pupil ratio based on the 
amount of individual instruction necessary within a particular grade 
or in a particular subject. 

Sixth, children are entitled to a curriculum that is both ancient 
and recent in its origin. 

Seventh, children are entitled to a full day at school. 

Eighth, children are entitled to a system of bus transportation 
that permits them to arrive at school on time, permits them to stay 
until the end of the last class, and finally, permits them to leave 
home and return home at a reasonable hour. 

Ninth, children are entitled to a school that does not yield to 
the temptation to reduce them to profile charts and a set of 
statistics. 

Tenth, children are entitled to more than the minimum program 
of education provided by State and Federal funds. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 

Official publication issued monthly except June, July and August by the State Department of 
Public Instruction. Entered as second-class matter November 2, 1939, at the post office at 
Raleigh, North Carolina, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 

CHARLES F. CARROLL 
State Supt. of Public Instruction 



Knowledge is power only if used. 

Education makes a people easy to 
lead, but difficult to drive; easy to 
govern, but impossible to enslave. — 
Lord Brougham. 

I view education as the most im- 
portant subject we as a people can 
be engaged in. — Abraham Lincoln. 

We must make automatic and ha- 
bitual, as early as possible, as many 
useful actions as we can. The more 
the details of our daily life we can 
hand over to the effortless custody 
of automatism, the more our higher 
powers of mind will be set free for 
their own proper work. — William 
James. 



We must measure our educational 
efforts as we do our military efforts. 
That is to say, we must not measure 
by what would be easy and conven- 
ient to do, but by what it is neces- 
sary to do in order that the nation 
may survive and flourish. We have 
learned that we are "rich enough to 
defend ourselves whatever the cost." 
We must now leam that we are 
quite rich enough to educate our- 
selves as we need to be educated. — 
Walter Lippmann. 



I know of no safe depository of 
the ultimate powers of the society 
but the people themselves; and if 
we think them not enlightened 
enough to exercise their control with 
a wholesome discretion, the remedy 
is not to take it from them, but to 
inform their discretion by educa- 
tion. — Thomas Jefferson in a letter 
to W. C. Jarvis, 1820. 



Vol. XXIV, No. 7 



EDITORIAL BOARD 

L. H. JOBE, J. E. MILLER 

V. M. MULHOLLAND 



March, 1960 



The strength of American educa- 
tion lies not only in the education 
of those who are brilliant by any 
standards, but also in those students 
of "good but not first rate" ability 
— those in the second echelon who 
fill important, but not commanding, 
positions in our political, social and 
economic life. These are the ones 
who prevent a gap from existing 
such as exists in European countries 
between the educated elite and the 
indifferently educated masses. — Vir- 
gil M. Hancher, President, State 
University of Iowa. 

NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 






Road Block "la Quality 9«Abu4ctw.*t 



Much has been said in recent 
years about quality instruction. It 
has been frequently stated that 
"teaching should be better" and that 
"students should be better qualified 
when they graduate from high 
schools." In general this criticism 
would be defended, even though 
there are some exceptions. On the 
other hand, few people have pro- 
posed a specific plan whereby this 
quality may be improved, or at least 
where the roads to quality instruc- 
tion may be cleared for action on 
the part of both students and teach- 
ers. 

Perhaps the greatest road block to 
better quality in instruction is that 
of pupil-teacher ratio, or, expressed 
another way, in the pupil-hours con- 
sumed by the teacher. Assignment 
of teachers for the various subjects 
is usually on the basis of an average 
of about 30 pupils, without much 
regard to subject area. Certainly, 



the State allotment of teachers does- 
n't take into consideration subject- 
matter areas. Even disregarding the 
variance in time-consuming activi- 
ties of teachers of the various sub- 
jects, an average of 30 pupils per 
class period results in 150 pupil- 
hours for a teacher with five class 
periods per day. Multiplying this 
by five will result in 750 pupil-hours 
per week. This is entirely too much 
for effective teaching in some sub- 
ject areas, even with top-ability 
teachers and students. Add to this, 
however, time for teachers who are 
involved in reading and correcting 
papers, holding individual confer- 
ences with students, and assisting 
with miscellaneous related activi- 
ties, and the time-consuming efforts 
of teachers are spread too thin for 
quality instruction. Reduction of the 
teacher-pupil work load, therefore, 
is a first requisite for quality in- 
struction. 



WUbh QleaikiUtu 9t A Virtue 



Quality in education has many 
facets, one of which is flexibility; 
yet flexibility, by its very nature, 
may or may not be characterized by 
educational virtues. 

If flexibility in organization, pro- 
gram planning, and classroom teach- 
ing is for the designed purpose of 
utilizing teacher strengths and satis- 
fying individual pupil needs, then 
one's feelings for flexibility are jus- 
tifiably positive. On the other hand, 
if flexibility is casually accepted as 
a desirable characteristic of the ed- 
ucational program but seldom uti- 
lized as a definite means of strength- 
ening individual programs, then it 
is likely to become the focal point 
of pedagogical rationalizing and, in 
turn, become associated with nega- 
tive concepts. 

In efforts to meet the eternal 
needs of pupils, successful school 
programs will likely become increas- 
ingly flexible — but always for pur- 



poses which have been cooperative- 
ly defined and agreed upon. In 
schools which are striving to become 
better schools, pupils, more and 
more, are being served in terms of 
their individual capacities, achieve- 
ments, and ambitions. This calls for 
flexibility in many aspects of the 
total program. 

There are indications that sched- 
ule-making is becoming more per- 
sonalized, that assignments are more 
individualized than heretofore, that 
standards are being formulated in 
terms of the individuals involved, 
and that guidance aims at maxi- 
mum development and adjustment 
of individuals. 

Those who feel uncomfortable 
with the concept of flexibility will 
doubtless agree that more function- 
al emphasis is being given the idea 
of individual differences — in pu- 
pils and in teachers — and that in- 
dividual excellence is evervwhere 



coming to the forefront. This, it 
seems, is only another way of stress- 
ing intelligent flexibility. 

Progress in education is so often 
dependent on wise flexibility that all 
those concerned with the education 
of youth should see to it that in 
planning and in execution of plans 
there is always opportunity to do 
that which is best for each individ- 
ual. When flexibility is for this pur- 
pose, it is indeed a virtue ! 

Who. Pay*. ^Ue. ^axel? 

Not only does increased education 
result in high salaries ; it also shows 
a direct correlation with employ- 
ment and unemployment. 

According to a recent report of 
the U. S. Chamber of Commerce 48 
per cent of the persons with less 
than 8 years of education were em- 
ployed full-time in 1957. Those per- 
sons received an average salary of 
$2,012. Of the group with this 
minimum of education 6.9 per cent 
were unemployed. 

Sixty per cent of those persons 
having completed 8 years of educa- 
tion were employed full-time. They 
received an average salary of $3,- 
299 ; 4.4 per cent of the group were 
unemployed. 

Seventy-five per cent of those per- 
sons having completed 4 years of 
high school were employed. They 
received an average of $4,413, and 
3.0 per cent of those in this group 
were unemployed. 

Of those having completed 4 or 
more years of college education, 78 
per cent were employed and .6 of 
one per cent were unemployed. 
Those in this group received an av- 
erage annual salary of $6,038. 

Now, the question : Who pays the 
taxes? Answer: (1) the employed, 
those who make the money and those 
Avho spend the money; (2) those 
who make the most money, as a gen- 
eral rule; and (3) those who have 
the highest education, as a general 
rule. 

Moral: Use more tax money for 
educating more people, who will pay 
more taxes with which to raise the 
educational level of the people. 



MARCH, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



State Board Adopts New School Textbooks 



New basal textbooks were adopted 
by the State Board of Education at its 
regular meeting on February 4. 

The Board adopted new language 
texts for grades 3-7, new music texts 
for grades 1-8, new science books for 
use in grades 9-12, and eight new texts 
for high school students taking busi- 
ness education. 

Language for Daily Use, published 
by World Book Company, was adopted 
at the following retail prices : 

Grade 3, $2.28 

Grade 4, $2.35 

Grade 5, $2.35 

Grade 6, $2.42 

Grade 7, $2.66 

Grade 8, $2.66 

Music for Living Series, published 
by Silver Burdett Company, was a- 
rl opted at the following retail prices : 
Music Through the Day, Teacher's 

Book I, $3.28 
Music in Our Town, Grade 2, $1.79 
Music Now and Long Ago, Grade 3, 

$1.83 
Music Near and Far, Grade 4, $1.86 
Music in Our Country, Grade 5, $2.04 
Music Around the World, Grade 6, 

$2.10 
For grades 7 and 8 the following- 
music texts, published by Prentice-Hall 
Company, were adopted : 

Time for Music, Grade 7, $2. IS 
Music for Everyone, Grade 8, $2.48 
The following new science texts, all 
published by Henry Holt and Company, 
were adopted : 

Science : Discovery In Progress, $4.04 
Modem Biology, $4.73 
Modern Chemistry, $4.55 
Modern Physics, $4.28 
The following new business educa- 
tion texts were adopted : 

Today's General Business, $3.73 
Effective Business English, $2.93 
Applied Business Arithmetic, $2.93 
General Office Practice, $3.59 
Applied Secretarial Practice, $3.59 
20th Century Bookkeeping and Ac- 
counting, First Year Course, $2.89 
20th Century Bookkeeping and Ac- 
counting, Advanced Course, $3.31 
20th Century Typewriting, Complete 

Course, $3.03 
All these new texts will take the 
place of corresponding texts for which 
contracts expire this year. These new 
texts will be available for use begin- 
ning with the 1960-61 school year. 



Appalachian To Hold 
Summer Science Institute 

High school science teachers of south- 
eastern United States are invited to 
apply for the National Science Founda- 
tion Summer Institute to be held at 
Appalachian State Teachers College 
June 9 through July 16, reports Dr. 
I. W. Carpenter, Jr., director. 

The National Science Foundation has 
granted $43,000 for the institute to be 
conducted on Appalachian's campus. 

Fifty teachers of biology, physics and 
chemistry will be selected from appli- 
cations received. 

Successful candidates are entitled to 
a $75 weekly stipend plus an addition- 
al $15 allowance for each dependent 
up to four. Travel allowance is four 
cents per mile. There is no tuition but 
purchase of textbooks is required. The 
maximum stipend is $810 and all stip- 
ends are tax exempt. 

The institute will feature weekend 
field trips to Grandfather Mountain, 
Roan Mountain, Coweeta Watershed, 
Oak Ridge, Tenn., Joyce Kilmer For- 
est, Fontana Dam and Ducktown, 
Tenn. 



Duke Announces 
Various Summer Programs 

In addition to its regular summer 
session, Duke University has announced 
the operation of a number of other 
summer programs for 1960. 

Summer sessions are scheduled for 
two terms : Term I, June 10-July 15 ; 
Term II, July 16-August 20. A num- 
ber of scholarships for attendance at 
these sessions are offered for high 
school and elementary teachers, admin- 
istrators, and supervisors. Applications 
for these scholarships shoidd be made 
on or before April 1. 

Running concurrently with the regu- 
lar summer session, the University will 
operate a Marine Laboratory (its 23rd 
session) at Beaufort. The University 
also announces a summer program in 
Asian Studies for June 10-July 15, 
taught by Dr. Tatsnji Takenchi of Ja- 
pan. Scholarships are also offered in 
connection with this program. 

A Special Program in Elementary 
Education is announced for June 16- 
17. This is the sixth in a series of sci- 
ence conferences under the direction of 
Dr. Thomas Reynolds. 

All correspondence concerning these 
various programs should be directed to 
the Director of the Summer Session, 
Duke University, Durham, N. C. 



Garner Establishes First Language Laboratory 



The first language laboratory in the 
State's public schools was recently 
established in the Garner High School, 
Wake County. 

Spanish and French students are us- 
ing the laboratory under the supervis- 
ion of Mrs. E. C. Smith, teacher. 

"While it is by no means a substitute 
for classroom instruction in grammar, 
in reading translation or writing", Mrs. 
Smith stated, "it will be tremendously 
advantageous in teaching correct pro- 
nunciation and in making students con- 
versationally fluent." 

T. W. Grimes, director of curriculum 
for Wake County schools, stated that 
"there is a tremendous need for better 
communication. We feel that students 
who take French, Spanish, or any other 
modern language should be able to 
speak fluently enough to talk easily 
with the man in the street. The lan- 
guage laboratory will enable us to ac- 
complish this much more successfully 
than we have in the past." 



Since the installation in Garner High, 
another language laboratory has been 
installed in Fuquay Springs, another 
AVake County high school. Currently, 
the county's language teachers are busy 
setting up a program for first-year 
Spanish and French students based on 
the newly-adopted State textbooks. 
Next summer five or six of Wake Coun- 
ty's modern language teachers will be 
sent to institutes sponsored by the U. S. 
Office of Education. Purpose of the 
institutes will be to teach the teachers 
how to use a laboratory and its equip- 
ment. 

The laboratories set up in the coun- 
ty consist of two consoles on either 
side of the teacher's desk and ten 
booths, with headsets, in the rear of 
the room for students. Both conversa- 
tion records and tape may be used. 
Each station may be maintained sep- 
arately by the teacher from the console 
not being used for transcirption of the 
lessons. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Principals 1 Benefit Fund 
Has Over 400 Members 

After one year's operation The Bene- 
fit Fund of the Division of Principals 
of the North Carolina Education As- 
sociation has a membership of more 
than 400, according to C. V. Sigmon, 
principal of the Kernersville High 
School, who is chairman of the Board 
of Trustees. 

Purpose of the Benefit Fund as set 
forth in the Constitution is "to provide 
financial assistance to the beneficiary 
of the deceased principal." Member- 
ship is limited to active or associate 
members of the Principals' Division of 
the NCEA. A registration fee of $5.00 
and a $3.00 assessment at the death of 
any member is required. 

Other officers are : A. Woodrow Tay- 
lor, Vice-Chairman, and M. S. Rose, 
secretary-treasurer, Winston-Salem. 

New Teachers Must Take 
National Teacher Exam 

All college graduates who plan and 
qualify to teach in the public schools 
of the State after April 9, 1960 must 
take the National Teacher Examina- 
tion before they will be issued a cer- 
tificate by the State Department of 
Public Instruction. 

This requirement is contained in 
Resolution No. 73 enacted by the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1957. The require- 
ment also applies to those applicants 
for certificates who after April 9, 1960 
qualify and apply for a higher class of 
certificate, to those who qualify and 
apply for certificates of a different type 
than that which they currently hold, 
and to those not required to but who 
voluntarily request to take the exami- 
nation. The first examination will be 
held in a number of schools and insti- 
tutions throughout the State on April 
9. Those not being able to take the 
examination on April 9 because of sick- 
ness, death in the family, or other un- 
avoidable circumstances will be re- 
quired to take it on the next available 
examination date. Application to take 
the April 9 examination must be made 
by 4 :00 p.m. on March 18. 

Before a new certificate is issued by 
the State Department of Public In- 
struction, evidence must be on file that 
the applicant has taken the examina- 
tion. In accordance with the Resolu- 
tion, however, results of the examina- 
tion will not be entered on the records 
of the applicant. 



North Carolina's Professional Requirements 
For Teaching Lower Than In Other States 



Professional requirements for teach- 
ing in North Carolina public schools 
are among the lowest in the nation. 

Only two states require less than 
North Carolina for those preparing to 
teach in the elementary schools. Seven 
require less than this State for teach- 
ing in the high school. 

Of the 120-125 semester hours re- 
quired for graduation from college with 
the bachelor's degree, the State Board 
of Education requires that only IS shall 
be devoted to professional courses in 
the case of those preparing to teach 
in the public schools. The average pro- 
fessional requirements for the nation 
is 23.4 semester hours for elementary 
teachers and 19 for high school teach- 
ers. The range among the states is 
from 16 to 36 semester hours for ele- 
mentary teachers and from 12 to 27 
for high school teachers. 

Requirements of some other states 
are: Alabama 30 elementary, 24 high 
school; California 24-22; Connecticut 
30-18 ; Delaware 30-18 ; Indiana 30-18 ; 
Kentucky 28-18; Maryland 32-16; 
Mississippi 36-18; New Jersey 30-18; 



Xew York 36-18 ; Ohio 28-17 ; and Vir- 
ginia 24-15. 

Of North Carolina's 18-18 semester 
hours professional requirements, only 
six are what might be termed method- 
ology. This six hours minimum in- 
cludes 3 hours practice teaching. The 
remaining required 12 hours is divided 
into two parts : 6 concerning the pupil 
and 6 concerning the school. The first 
six includes courses concerning an un- 
derstanding of children, intellectually, 
physically, socially, and educationally ; 
individual differences ; process of 
learning; and the mastery of concepts 
essential to the knowledge of children. 
The second six includes courses em- 
phasizing an understanding of the or- 
ganization of the school in a demo- 
cratic society. 

The trend among the states in pro- 
fessional requirements for elementary 
teaching is toward 24 semester hours, 
six hours greater than the North Caro- 
lina requirement. The professional re- 
quirements for high school teaching for 
the nation, on the other hand, appears 
to be the same as for this State. 



Consultants For State-Adopted Texts 
Hold Conferences Throughout State 



Four publishing houses whose books 
are used as State-adopted texts will 
furnish sixteen weeks of consultative 
services in North Carolina during the 
remainder of the 1959-60 school year, 
according to Nile Hunt, director of in- 
structional services. During the fall 
semester thirty-seven weeks of consul- 
tative services were rendered by nine 
consultants representing eight book 
companies. 

Julia Teasley, representing Scott, 
Foresman and Company, whose read- 
ing books in grades 1-6 are used 
throughout the State, will be in North 
Carolina for five weeks beginning Feb- 
ruary 23. Representing Houghton Mif- 
flin Company, whose books in reading 
for grades 7 and 8 are used throughout 
North Carolina, will be Mrs. Isabelle 
Pillow, who will be in the State for five 
weeks beginning February 2. While in 
North Carolina, Mrs. Pillow will assist 
with an in-service television program. 
March 9, on "Improving Reading iu 
the Junior High School," 



From February 1-12, Lorene Novotny 
will serve as consultant for Row, Peter- 
son and Company, whose language 
books are State-adopted for grades 9- 
12. Beginning January 25, Leonard 
Craven of Henry Holt and Company 
will work with North Carolina educa- 
tors who are interested in the State- 
adopted texts for seventh- and eighth- 
grade science. 

According to Mr. Hunt, "superinten- 
dents and principals will determine 
whether it is desirable or possible for 
teachers (staff members) to attend 
these conferences, all of which are 
scheduled to begin at four o'clock." 

During the fall semester consultants 
included, in addition to Miss Teasley of 
Scott, Foresman and Mrs. Pillow of 
Houghton Mifflin, the following: Nedra 
Mitchell, Vincent Alexander, and Frank 
Harrigan of Winston Publishing Com- 
pany ; Richard Drdek and Frank Tay- 
lor of Singer Publishing Company ; Mrs. 
Inez Tanner of Allyn Bacon ; and Iris 
Covey of Row, Peterson and Company. 



MARCH, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 






Essay Contests Educationally Undesirable 
According To National Organization 



In a preprinted article from The 
Bulletin of the National Association of 
Secondary-School Principals, Ablett H. 
Flury indicates the position of the 
NASSP Committee on National Con- 
tests and Activities as one of opposi- 
tion. Entitled "Essay Contests Are 
Educationally Undesirable," the article 
cites the detrimental pressures which 
almost invariably accompany essay eon- 
tests and emphasizes the low educa- 
tional value of such contests. Flury, 
assistant commissioner of education, 
New Jersey State Department of Edu- 
cation, not only expresses the philoso- 
phy of the Committee on Contests and 
Activities but also indicates the cur- 
rent position of the National Associa- 
tion of Secondary-School Principals. 
The article will appear in the Febru- 
ary issue of The Bulletin. 

For more than twenty years the 
NASSP has had a committee studying 
essay contests and ways of reducing 
undesirable pressures on administra- 
tors. Educators in general have ap- 
plauded the continuing efforts of this 
committee. "In a recent survey, more 
than half the high school principals 
consulted said that essay contests were 
planned more for the publicity of the 
sponsor than for the benefit of pupils." 
About 60 per cent of the principals ex- 
pressed strong reactions against them, 
and about 30 per cent refused to par- 
ticipate in any essay contests. Nearly 
all principals indicated a desire to have 
fewer essay contests approved. ". . . 
While a few pupils throughout the na- 
tion may be helped financially if the 
prizes are large enough, the manner 
in which the awards are made and the 
effect of essay contests upon all pupils 
and teachers must be considered." 

In making its national survey, the 
NASSP Committee learned that many 
states and local communities were in- 
creasing their efforts toward control- 
ling essay contests. Eighty-two per 
cent of the state associations have 
adopted the NASSP approved listing of 
national contests, and many states de- 
pend upon some centralized advisory 
agency to set criteria for essay con- 
tests. 

While the organizations which pro- 
mote essay contests nearly always 
stress their educational values, the ex- 
periences of teachers and research into 
the learning process show that essay 
contests are low in educational return 



when compared to the many other in- 
structional techniques commonly used 
in the classroom. Some of the low re- 
turns arise from the following : 

1. The forced competition of an essay 
contest does not grow from a nat- 
ural situation. 

2. Essay contests tend to over-em- 
phasize one form of expression. 

3. Because of the prize, many a 
youngster compromises his convic- 
tions to write in support of an 
idea in which he has little interest 
and less belief. 

4. Participation in essay contests 
generally interrupts the carefully 
planned program of the school. 

5. Plagiarism has been detected of- 
ten enough to make it a known 
risk in essay contests. 

6. Essay contests are often mistaken- 
ly used by the public to judge the 
quality of the school. 

7. Essay contests are often designed 
to throw most of the operational 
burden upon teachers. 

8. Winners of state or national essay 
contests are often required to miss 
several days attendance at school. 

"It is proper that groups with special 
interests should channel the impact of 
their respective points of view through 
the local superintendent of schools to 
the legally constituted boards of edu- 
cation. Organizing essay contests in 
which the schools are invited or pres- 
sured to participate without initial con- 
tact with the local superintendent 
raises a question of ethical considera- 
tion. After the superintendent has had 
opportunity to study the proposal and 
to advise the board in regard to the 
educational value of the proposal, then 
the autonomy of each local board of 
education to make its own decisions 
concerning participation within the lim- 
its of the law should be respected and 
held inviolate. 

"Although the national and state edu- 
cational associations can do much to 
help meet the impact of the promoters 
of essay contests, the local school dis- 
trict is the place of final determina- 
tion. 

"As long as the injurious effects of 
essay contests upon the schools are not 
understood, it is likely that there will 
continue to be sponsoring organizations 
who will continue to try to inject 
themselves into the schools through es- 



U. N. Sponsors Contest 

The 34th annual United Nations High 
School Contest will be held on Thurs- 
day, March 3, 1960, and will be com- 
prised of objective and essay questions. 
Study material for the examination 
will be sent to schools in the form of a 
booklet entitled, "WE THE PEOPLES 
. . ." to be purchased for 50c if more 
than one copy is ordered. Teachers 
register their students for the examina- 
tion. Registration closes February 12, 
1960. Information, study booklets, 
examinations and directions may be ob- 
tained from the American Association 
for the United Nations, 345 East 46th 
Street, New York 17, N. T. 

National prizes include a trip to 
Europe sponsored by the American 
Youth Hostels and The Experiment in 
International Living, or $500; and a 
trip to Mexico, also in cooperation with 
American Youth Hostels, or $200. Lo- 
cal and state awards vary with each 
community and are listed in the Con- 
test announcements sent to schools 
throughout the country during United 
Nations Week, (Oct. 18-24). 



say contests. The better informed or- 
ganizations which really have the wel- 
fare of the pupils at heart will try to 
find means of assistance that are far 
more beneficial than the sponsoring of 
an essay contest." 

The article concludes with sugges- 
tions which organizations may consider 
in lieu of essay contests. 

"The educator's lack of enthusiasm 
for essay contests does not arise from 
antagonism, to commercial enterprises 
or from objection to organizations pro- 
moting worthy causes. In fact, school 
administrators generally recognize that 
schools are most effective when they 
correlate satisfactorily with the life of 
the community . . . Educators general- 
ly object to essay contests because they 
almost always supplant effective in- 
strumental techniques ■ ■ •" 

Though the essay contest is no longer 
one that receives a warm welcome in 
the schools, it is the responsibility of 
each local administrative unit to han- 
dle this matter as it sees fit. Some es- 
say contests of the past have indubita- 
bly been of value to individuals and 
schools, but the growing tide of disap- 
proval for such contests is based on the 
sincere desire of administrators, teach- 
ers, and official boards that education 
have more and more quality for all 
pupils. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Oregon State To Conduct 
Natural Resource Institute 

Oregon State College will conduct a 
Natural Resources Institute during its 
summer session, June 20 to August 12. 
The Institute is open to those teachers 
instructing in fields of resource edu- 
cation and conservation, geography, 
and related earth sciences. The eight 
weeks course will carry 12 credits at 
the graduate level. For a special bul- 
letin of details write to Department 
of Natural Resources, Oregon State 
College, Corvallis, Oregon. 

Illinois Supt. Describes 
Successful Administrator 

Self-Improvement is the administra- 
tor's first responsibility, says Lester J. 
Grant, superintendent of schools in De- 
catur, 111. In Illinois Education for 
March, he writes that the truly suc- 
cessful administrator : 

1. is broadly educated in the many 
aspects of human experience ; 

2. is informed on current affairs, 
social trends, technological ad- 
vances and economics ; 

3. knows educational psychology 
and is familiar with the tools of 
research ; 

4. knows the techniques of curricu- 
lum development, of supervision 
and public relations ; 

5. is a competent speaker, writer — 
and listener ; 

(!. understands the operation of his 
local and state governments — and 
their interconnections ; 

7. knows accounting, budgeting, 
building maintenance, personnel 
administration and the other 
tools of management ; 

S. has the vision to break with tra- 
dition in changing the course of 
his school system ; 

!». provides the organizational ma- 
chinery to tap effectively the re- 
sources of the staff and the com- 
munity ; 

10. demonstrates his willingness to 
lead through his contributions to 
the group effort ; 

11. is able to identify persons with 
ideas, special skills and talents, 
and to use them to best advan- 
tage for the total welfare of edu- 
cation. 

— EDUCATION SUMMARY, April 27, 
H>59. 



What Are College Students Viewpoint(s) 
About Their Preparation In High Schools? 



An effort has been made to find the 
answer to this headline question by 
Professor Jerry A. Hall of the Wake 
Forest College Department of Educa- 
tion. 

Opinions of 403 college students cur- 
rently enrolled in education courses 
were obtained last fall on the general 
question as to how "they felt the high 
school had adequately prepared them, 
as individuals, for college." Ninety-two 
per cent of all students asked this ques- 
tion believed that their high school 
could have done a better job in prepa- 
ration. 

Replies to another question, "How 
the high school failed to prepare me 
for college," brought forth the follow- 
ing: 

1. 61 per cent stated that the high 
school had failed to provide a 
sound basis for intellectual 
thought. 

Some comments on this point 
were : "The high school taught me 
how to be a good parrot, and, upon 
command, to regurgitate a stated 
mass of facts and figures, but 
failed in leading me to be a think- 
ing individual." "The high school 
should have taught us to seek out 
all the available information on a 
project or problem and then make 
our own decision." "Our high 
schools foster an attitude of total 
dependence upon the teacher." 
"Many students are acquainted 
with formulas, but not application 
or understanding." 

2. 42 per cent stated "that the high 
school failed to provide and re- 
quire an adequate basic founda- 
tion in academic subjects." Com- 
ments upon this point were : "I 
didn't have an adequate back- 
ground in English, mathematics, 
or science to do good work as a 
freshman in college." "My high 
school was very enjoyable, but we 
didn't learn anything in an aca- 
demic sense." "I had four years 
of entertainment in high school 
and I suffered for it when I came 
to college." 

3. 34 per cent listed "inadequate 
training in study skills" as their 



high school shortcoming. Some 
representative comments on this 
point were : "As a freshman, I 
didn't know where to find supple- 
mentary material, how to take 
notes, or how to develop a good 
paper, and I almost flunked out 
before I learned." "We seldom, if 
ever, took notes in high school and 
I didn't know how to study when 
I came to college." "I never took 
a book home in four years of high 
school. Our teachers didn't seem 
to care whether we studied or 
not." 

4. 26 per cent "felt that the high 
school was failing to provide 
enough guidance and counseling." 
Some comments were : "Our school 
had no person designated as a 
counselor, so we had to get by the 
best we could." "The high school 
i8 failing in not providing personal 
aa well as vocational guidance." 
"The high school is failing to pro- 
vide information about college re- 
quirements. I had to take plane 
geometry, without credit, in col- 
lege, and had I known that it was 
required. I could have taken it in 
high school." 

5. Other items mentioned by some of 
these college students were: "The 
average high school student has a 
natural aversion to hard work, so 
the high school is failing the stu- 
dent when it permits him to loaf, 
slide by, and 'goof off' during his 
high school career." "Our high 
school's regulations were so loose 
that some of the students didn't 
even bother to go to half of their 
classes." 

As stated at the outset, the opinions 
and comments expressed here are those 
of students, 812 of whom graduated 
from North Carolina high schools, 55 
from high schools of other southern 
states, and 36 from northern stateg. 
They are perhaps justifiable criticisms 
about some high schools. Certainly, 
such criticism does not apply to all the 
high schools of the State. And the fact 
that the students themselves are a very 
definite part of this picture as well as 
the teacher should not be lost sight of. 



MARCH, NINETEEN HUNPRED AND SIXTY 



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Two NDEA Guidance Training Institutes 

Scheduled For State: NCS and NCC 

Two counseling and guidance train- expanding counselor demands of the 
ing institutes, sponsored by the U. S. State of North Carolina. 
Department of Health, Education, and While more emphasis is being placed 
Welfare, 'will be established in North upon the need of guidance and counsel- 
Carolina next summer — one at North ing work in the secondary schools, a 
Carolina State College, the other at study by the State Department of Pub- 
North Carolina College in Durham. A tic Instruction showed that schools in 
similar institute was held at NCS last 18 counties are without any guidance 
summer and was attended by 43 full- personnel and that 14 other counties 
lime members. Dr. Roy H. Anderson have only one counselor each, 
will again serve as director of the Shortage of school guidance person- 
State College Institute, and Dr. Ray nel in North Carolina and the prestige 
Thompson will direct the institute in of the departments of education at 
Durham. NCS and NCC were cited as two of the 

The State College Institute will be chief factors Denind the u - s - 0f£ice of 

held June 13-July 22; and the NCC Education's decision to set up institutes 

Institute in Durham has been sched- at these centers. 

uled for June 6-Julv 16. Plans are ™derway at both institu- 

„ ^. A , .-, tions for announcing selection proced 

According to Lawrence G. Derthick ureg for personnel who wish fo enroll 

U. S. Commissioner of Education 84 4g &aM 

similar institutes will be established , NCC 48 

throughout the country next summer ' At ^ ^ provisions again 

among the 165 institutions which sub- ^ been made fQr d mar 

mitted proposals. Selection of the col- ried and ^^ tQ ugft Br&gaw Dormi 

leges and universities to conduct the tory ag a residence hall Enrolleeg at 

institutes was made with the help of „-,„, ... . „„„ „ „„„„ . „ „„- „ 

, .. . NCC will have access to on- and off- 

18 experts in counselor education who ,. . . ..... 

: ,. + + + , tt q r.f campus living facilities, 

served as consultants to the U. S. Of- 1<The team ach to gllidanoe wiU 

fice of Education Last summer 50 Na- ^ stressed flt NCC am)rdi to Dr 

tional Defense Counseling and Guid- Roge Butler Brown ( . hairman of ^ 

ance Institutes were attended by 2,210 . „_.. . . , .._ . 

„ , . ... education department. "We hope to em- 
counselors. Next summer s institutes -u„„-„ „•«, n ..v. * 

.„ ■ . „ ., , ,, phasize with enrollees the tremendous 

will give preference o those who have , rtance of all resources of home . 

not previously attended. ^^ an(J communitv being utilizp(1 

Public school personnel attending the j n a sc hool guidance program." 
institutes will receive stipends of $75 a 

week plus $15 a week for each depen- School Bond Sale Value 

dent. Private school enrollees may at- . , j,__. nr% , ~ 

tend without charge but will receive no Totaled $174,826,000 From 

stipends State College , officials expect October 1953 To June 1959 
a budset in excess of $40,000 from the 

U. S. Office to operate its program. p,ond 8ales ln Nor th Carolina for 

and NCC expects approximately $48,- Public elementary and secondary school 

qqq purposes during the period from Octo- 

' . , „ , ber 1953 to June 30. 1950 were valued 

This will mark the second conseeu- ^ $174826000 according to stsitisti es 

rive summer that State C ollege has con- re collected „ y the tj. g, office of 

ducted such a program. N. C. State Education 

was one of the pioneering institutions ' N(jrth Carolina , s ,, ond sales were L6 

that offered an institute last summer. per cent flf ^ tota] $10i991 , 484(MH) 

Chief objectives of each institute value for the 48 contiguous states. By 

program in North Carolina will be to periods the North Carolina sales values 

prepare counselors for secondary were as follows : 

schools in North Carolina, to provide 9 m0 nths from October 1953 

professional training to enrollees to to June 30, 1954 $41,153,000 

meet minimum qualifications of the 1954-55 21,612,000 

State Department of Public Instruc- 1955-56 16,163.000 

tion, to offer intensive training in 1956-57 22,807,000 

knowledge and skills in counseling and 1957-58 : 42,152,000 

guidance, and to meet the needs of the 1958-59 30,939,000 



Third State Bulletin 
On Music-Social Studies 
Released By Department 

A third bulletin on Music in the 
Social Studies, prepared for use with 
fifth-grade social studies texts, has 
been released by the State Department 
of Public Instruction. 

The first and second bulletins issued 
under this title were prepared for use 
of pupils in grades four and six, large- 
ly through the efforts of Ruth Jewell 
and Doris Kimel, music consultants. 
This third bulletin was prepared by 
Bobbie Pritchard, the other staff con- 
sultant in music. All three were dupli- 
cated. 

This 28-page fifth grade bulletin is 
intended to assist "the classroom teach- 
er and/or the music specialists in her 
effort to intensify concepts in the So- 
cial Studies Program. The list of ma- 
terials and suggestions is by no means 
exhaustive, but is intended as a sug- 
gestive guide toward a broader pro- 
gram." 

Marvin Johnson On Leave 
To Work In U. S. Office 

Marvin R. A. Johnson, design con- 
sultant in the Division of School Plan- 
ning, is currently on a leave of ab- 
sence from the Department of Public 
Instruction with the U. S. Office of 
Education in Washington, according to 
Dr. J. L. Pierce, director of the Di 
vision of School Planning. Johnson 
joined the U. S. Office February 23 
and will be on this temporary assign- 
ment for three months. 

Johnson's research into what each 
of the states is doing in the area of 
school planning will be compiled in a 
publication which it is hoped will be of 
general use throughout the country. 
While in Washington Johnson will 
work under the supervision of John 
Cameron, chief of school planning and 
former director of the North Carolina 
division. 

In the absence of Johnson from the 
State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion, Jim Milam, local design consul- 
tant and former member of the State 
Department, will work on a part-time 
basis with the division of school plan- 
ning. Cecil Elliot, professor in the 
school of design at North Carolina 
State College, will also work with the 
division on a part-time basis. 



10 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Four North Carolinians 
Make Honors Group 
In Science Talent Search 

Four North Carolina boys and girls 
are listed in the Honors Group in the 
19th Annual Science Talent Search 
conducted by Science Clubs of America. 

The four, two boys and two girls, are 
Mary Elizabeth Milleiuler, Lee Ed- 
wards High School. Asheville; Joseph 
Paul Straley, Chapel Hill High School ; 
Laura Russell Livingston, Myers Park 
High School, Charlotte; and Alan 
James Ramsbotham, Bishop McGuiness 
High School, Winston-Salem. One of 
the four, Joseph Paul Straley was one 
of the 40 top winners who received a 
trip to Washington in competition for 
the Westinghouse Science Scholarships 
and Awards. 

All boys and girls in the Honors 
Group are considered as outstanding 
students. They were picked by the 
judges from among 29,402 contestants. 
They were chosen on the basis of sci- 
ence aptitude examinations, recommen- 
dations, and a written report on "My 
Scientific Project." 

Longer School Year, 
Day, Opposed By Most 

Plans for increasing the school year 
or the length of the school day are op- 
posed by a majority of Americans, ac- 
cording to a recent Gallup poll. There 
is, however, significantly more sup- 
port for a longer day than a longer 
year. 

The Gallup poll showed that only 
23% of the populace favors increasing 
the year for grade schoolers. Opposing 
the idea were 70% of those polled. 
There was more support for a longer 
high school year, with 26% favoring 
this proposal and 67% registering 
their opposition. 

The idea of lengthening the school 
day in grade schools appealed to 32% 
of those asked, while 61% said "no." 
The high school day should be length- 
ened according to 43% while only 
49% expressed opposition to this idea. 

A larger percentage of college-edu- 
cated people (39%) favor extending the 
high school year. Main opposition came 
from small towns and rural areas 
where a lengthened year would cut 
drastically into the time teen-agers 
could spend on the farms. — School 
Management. 



Department Public Instruction Developing 
New and Functional Materials Center 



In the initial stages of realization is 
an instructional materials library for 
the State Department of Public In- 
struction, according to Cora Paul Bo- 
mar, supervisor of school library serv- 
ices, in a talk to the entire profession- 
al staff, February 1. This materials 
center will be supervised by Mrs. Wil- 
lie G. Boone, former librarian in South- 
ern High School in Durham County. 

The instructional materials library 
will include such items as the follow- 
ing : professional books ; professional 
magazines ; current supplementary a- 
doptions ; basal textbooks ; yearbooks, 
curriculum materials, such as bulletins, 
brochures, pamphlets ; encyclopedias 
and ready-reference materials ; and re- 
view materials, such as books and au- 
dio-visual items. "Already, items in 
each of these broad areas are on 
shelves in the north corridors ; and 
staff members are urged to use these 
materials as they are needed," stated 
Miss Bomar. "Moreover, staff members 
are encouraged to donate materials 
which they may wish others to share." 



"During the month of February," ac- 
cording to Miss Bomar, "lists, coope- 
ratively formulated, will be prepared 
indicating needed priority of purchase 
in the several areas indicated above." 
Currently, Mrs. Boone is cataloguing 
and otherwise processing materials on 
hand as well as taking initiative in pre- 
paring purchase lists. 

Another area of assistance which the 
library section hopes to render is that 
of inter-library loan service, whereby 
items desired by staff members which 
are available only through college, uni- 
versity, or big city libraries may be 
secured on short notice. "A teletype 
service maintained between the State 
library on Capitol Square and libraries 
of higher institutions of learning in 
North Carolina makes possible prompt 
compliance with almost any request," 
declared Miss Bomar. "Books from the 
Library of Congress may be secured 
with equal facility." 

"Already the instructional materials 
library is functioning," declared Mrs. 
Boone, "and it is expected to develop 
rapidly during the next few months." 



Criteria For Board Members 

The ten criteria for identification and selection of better qualified 
board members is a major avenue to the improvement of American 
public education, according to the 1956 Research and Development 
Project of the National School Boards Association. The list of cri- 
teria follows : 

1. A board member should be a person who believes implicitly in 
the importance of free and universal public education and is committed 
wholeheartedly to its improvement. 

2. He should have a strong sense of civic responsibility. 

3. He should be intelligent and educated. 

4. He should have a record as a successful business, professional, 
or community leader. 

5. He should be a person of high personal character, motivated by 
integrity, impartiality, and a basic regard for truth and fact. 

6. He should be a person whose willingness to serve is not moti- 
vated by personal, special, partisan, or political reasons. 

7. He should have a sincere concern for children and their welfare. 

8. He should have positive qualities of "progressiveness," being a 
well-informed, open-minded, independent thinker, with real ability and 
desire to work successfully with others. 

9. He should be willing and able to devote sufficient time to do 
a good job as a school board member. 

10. He should be a person with a realistic view of his own deficien- 
cies of information and training in directing public school education, 
and be genuinely willing to give attention and time to learning the 
facts and acquiring the understanding needed for successful leadership 
in such a complicated area of human activity. — The Boardman, 
Louisiana. 



MARCH, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



1) 



Work Conference For 
Scheduled For April 5 

The third State-wide work conference 
for North Carolina Junior High Prin- 
cipals has been arranged for Chapel 
Hill, April 5-6, according to Guy B. 
Phillips, professor of education in the 
UNC. 

"Patterns of Personnel Improve- 
ment" has been chosen as the theme a- 
round which the program will be or- 
ganized. "Such a theme," declared 
James D. Gault of the Charlotte city 
schools who is serving as chairman of 
the steering committee, "should provide 
ample opportunity for a full discussion 
of many of our most persistent prob- 
lems." 

The first session will consider block 
scheduling versus departmentilization ; 
from this point of departure other prac- 
tical problems of interest will also be 
discussed. 

Mrs. Grace Wright of the Office of 
Education in Washington and Dr. Wil- 
lard Goslin of Peabody College will par- 
ticipate in the conference. Other leaders 
will also be secured. The School of Ed- 
ucation staff will serve in various capa- 
cities in planning and operating the 
work - conference, according to Mr. 
Gault. 

The Institute of Government building 
on the UNC campus, which was the 
site of last year's conference has been 
reserved again for this year. 

John Hay Fellowships 
Announced For Summer 

The John Hay Fellows Program will 
sponsor two Summer Institutes in the 
Humanities in July, one at Bennington 
College, Bennington, Vermont, and the 
other at Williams College, Williams- 
ton, Massachusetts. 

Approximately 75 public high school 
teachers and 25 public school admin- 
istrators will participate in these In- 
stitutes, 50 in each. 

Each participant will receive $310 for 
the four-week period, plus $62.50 for 
each dependent to a maximum of four. 
Travel allowance to a maximum of 
$100 for each participant is also pro- 
vided. 

Teachers should discuss application 
with their administrative officers and 
write immediately for application forms 
to : Charles R. Keller, Director, John 
Hay Fellows Program, 9 Rockefeller 
Plaza, New York 20, N. Y. 



Junior H. S. Principals 
-6 In Chapel Hill 

Entrance In Institutional 
On-Farm Training Program 
Terminates April 1 

Enrollment of veterans in the institu- 
tional on-farm training program will 
terminate on or before April 1, 1960. 

This was the notice sent to teachers 
of vocational agriculture supervising- 
veterans programs last month by A. G. 
Bullard, State Supervisor of Vocation- 
al Agriculture. This "action is neces- 
sary," Bullard said, "to facilitate an 
orderly termination of the active pro- 
grams remaining throughout the State. 
It means that any eligible veteran in 
the area of your school who is inter- 
ested in farm training should be en- 
rolled on or before April 1, 1960." 

Bullard also pointed out in his let- 
ter that "approved schools that have an 
enrollment of five or more veterans on 
April 1 may continue their programs 
until such time as the enrollment 
drops below five. When enrollment 
drops below this minimum, steps 
should be taken to close the program 
within one month by transferring and/ 
or terminating the training of the re- 
maining veterans." 



Continuing Education 
Described in Brochure 

Continuing Education, An Evolving 
Form of Adult Education, published by 
the W. K. Kellogg Foundation, de- 
scribes outstanding efforts in the 
United States of this new pattern for 
adult learning and indicates some of 
the especially designed facilities to en- 
hance learning opportunities. 

"Through education which must be 
as modern as the era, there can come 
the development of human resources to 
match what seems an avalanche of 
technological improvements . . . There 
should be retraining and refresher op- 
portunities. The new knowledge result- 
ing from research in many fields must 
be communicated to the people for 
their application and problem-solving. 
Also, a second chance must be given to 
those of our young adults who missed 
earlier opportunities for an education, 
as well as a continuing opportunity to 
senior citizens who, through the mir- 
acles of the health sciences, have had 
years added to their span of useful 
life." 

Centers for continuing education 
which are described in this 63-page 
brochure include those at Michigan 
State University, University of Chi- 
cago, University of Georgia, University 
of Nebraska, and University of Okla- 
homa. 



Scholastic Magazines Announce Art Awards 



Is there a talented young art stu- 
dent, whose work you would like to see 
recognized and exhibited nationally? 
The 33rd Scholastic Art Awards which 
opened recently may well afford 
this opportunity. For the thirty-third 
year Scholastic Magazines, with the 
cooperation of public-spirited sponsors, 
announce the Scholastic Art Awards 
for the encouragement of 6tudent 
achievement in creative art. 

The National Association of Secon- 
dary-School Principals has placed 
Scholastic Art Awards on the approved 
list of national contests and activities 
for the year 1959-60. North Caro- 
lina sponsors are television stations 
WFMY-TV, Greensboro, for the Pied- 
mont Section and WNCT-TV, Green- 
ville, for the Eastern Section. 

Gold achievement keys and certifi- 
cates of merit are given as- regional 
honors. From the work which win gold 
keys, the judges in each region select 
blue-ribbon finalists. These selected fin- 
alists are then forwarded by the re- 
gional sponsors to New York for na- 



tional judging. There are 24 varied 
classifications in the fields of Drawing 
and Painting, Graphics and Design, 
Three-Dimensional Art and Crafts, and 
Photography. Students in grades 7 
through 12 regularly enrolled in pub- 
lic, private or parochial schools in 
areas where regional exhibitions or re- 
gional eliminations are held are eligi- 
ble to enter. 

National judging is done by juries of 
distinguished artists and art educators 
assembled by Scholastic Magazines 
upon recommendations of the National 
Advisory Committee of art leaders. The 
National Honors include 125 tuition 
scholarships granted by art schools and 
colleges and valued at $75,000, gold 
medals, and special awards contributed 
by industry patrons who serve as na- 
tional co-sponsors. This year the Na- 
tional High School Art Exhibition of 
selected work winning national awards 
will be held at the Chrysler Salon, 
Chrysler Building, Lexington Ave. & 
42nd Street, New York City, from May 
2-13. 



12 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Combs Currently Teaching 
UNC School of Education 

A. B. Combs, former director the di- 
vision of elementary and secondary ed- 
ucation in the State Department of 
Public Instruction, is currently serving 
as a staff member in the UNC School 
of Education. His course, "Principles 
of Secondary Education," is part of a 
block of training especially designed 
for prospective teachers — those who 
within a few months will be doing their 
student teaching. Three other staff 
members are also teaching this same 
course at the University. 

"I am delighted to be in the class- 
room as a teacher," declared Combs, 
"and particularly delighted to be work- 
ing with fine young students who are 
looking forward to teaching as a ca- 
reer." 

April 1 Is Deadline 

For Scholarship Requests 

North Carolina high school and col- 
lege students who hope to win a Na- 
tional Foundation Health Scholarship 
must file applications by April 1, 1960, 
it was announced recently by William 
A. Creech, State March of Dimes 
Chairman. 

Fifteen scholarships made possible 
by the New March of Dimes will be a- 
warded in the fields of nursing, physi- 
cal therapy, occupational therapy, med- 
ical social work and medicine. Each 
scholarship is worth $500 a year, or a 
total of $2,000 for four years of college 
training. Awards will be made on the 
basis of academic record, professional 
promise, personal qualifications and fi- 
nancial need. Winners may attend any 
accredited school in the United States. 

High school students who will enter 
college this fall are eligible for schol- 
arships in nursing, physical therapy 
and occupational therapy. College 
sophomores may apply for scholarships 
in medical social work. All college un- 
der-graduates who have been accepted 
for admission to an approved school of 
medicine in 1960 are eligible for schol- 
arships in medicine. 

"Applications for Health Scholar- 
ships have been mailed to all accred- 
ited high schools and colleges," said 
Mr. Creech. "They may also be ob- 
tained from the local Chapter Chair- 
man of The National Foundation. Win- 
ners of these awards will be selected 
early this summer by a State commit- 
tee of leading professionals in the 
health fields." 



Leading Educators Form New Organization 



Leading representatives from Amer- 
ican education, business and philan- 
thropy have joined efforts in forming 
a new educational organization, the 
Learning Resources Institute. Dr. John 
E. Ivey, Jr., former executive vice 
president of New York University, has 
been named as its president. 

Dr. Ivey resigned in September from 
NYU to help form the Institute as well 
as the Midwest Council on Airborne 
Television Instruction, of which he also 
is president. From 1949-57, he was di- 
rector of the Southern Regional Educa- 
tion Board, a 16-state interstate com- 
pact. 

In cooperation with the nation's 
schools and colleges, the Institute will 
begin a review of learning research and 
theory as a base from which to launch 
explorations of new tools for learning. 

Simultaneously, it will devote much 
of its effort to improved instructional 
uses for television, films, radio, learn- 
ing machines and innovations in the 



development and use of written ma- 
terials of all types. 

The Institute already is administer- 
ing, in coooperation with the American 
Association of Colleges for Teacher Ed- 
ucation, the two "Continental Class- 
room" courses for credit — physics, in 
black and white, and chemistry, in 
color — each morning over the Na- 
tional Broadcasting Company television 
network. 

The Institute also is undertaking a 
number of special projects, including: 

— Production of a variety of other 
courses of instruction on film or video 
tape, at the elementary and secondary 
levels, and courses for credit at the 
college level. 

— Establishment at Princeton, New 
Jersey, of a unique center for research, 
development and demonstration of new 
technological improvements for the 
learning process. 

— Provision of specialized education- 
al services to schools, colleges and uni- 
versities. 



Church Investigates Research Activities 
In 47 City Public School Systems 



In studying the status and functions 
of research bureaus in public schools 
in cities of 50,000 to 250,000 popula- 
tion, Dr. Wayne C. Church, director of 
testing and research in the Charlotte 
city schools, developed, with the assis- 
tance of a jury of experts, certain min- 
imum standards for a good program of 
public school research. "These cri- 
teria," declared Dr. Church, "will like- 
ly outlive the evaluations made of re- 
search bureaus in the 47 cities which 
participated in this investigation." 

Standards cooperatively developed by 
Dr. Church and a jury of seven out- 
standing authorities in research are di- 
vided into eight areas: bureau organi- 
zation ; competency of professional 
staff ; financial support ; bureau activi- 
ties ; tests and measurements ; statis- 
tics, reports, and interpretation; ref- 
erence and information; and studies 
and investigations. In each of these 
eight areas specific criteria were de- 
veloped and those items accepted by 
two-thirds of the jury were included 
in these minimum standards. 

Thirty-five of the 47 participating bu- 
reaus reported that 83 projects were 
completed in 1958. Of these, 58 con- 
cerned administration and 25 dealt 
with instruction. Administrative proj- 
ects, as to frequency, ranked as fol- 



lows: school finances, enrollment, pub- 
lic relations, and personnel. Curricu- 
lar projects, in order of frequency, in- 
cluded achievement on standardized 
tests, the gifted, curricular study 
guides, and guidance and counseling 
techniques. 

"The percentage of research bureaus 
which met the minimum standards 
ranged from 36 to 81 per cent for bu- 
reau organization, from 19 to 87 per 
cent for competency of professional per- 
sonnel at the time of their appoint- 
ment, and from 29 to 54 per cent for 
bureau financial support. Approximate- 
ly one-third of the 47 bureaus had of- 
ficially written purposes to encourage 
the four major research functions ; less 
than one-half had adequate bureau 
staff ; about three-fourths were charged 
only with research ; and four-fifths had 
a director who was directly responsible 
to the superintendent," according to 
Dr. Church. 

Dr. Church recommends, as a result 
of his study, among other things, that 
"national organizations should secure 
financial support and should coordinate 
a nationwide study of all public school 
research bureaus and of all university 
programs for training research workers 
for the public schools." 



MARCH, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



13 



Counseling and Guidance Training Institute 
To Be Held June 13 - July 22 At State College 



North Carolina State College, under 
contract with the U. S. Office of Edu- 
cation as authorized by the National 
Defense Education Act of 1958, will 
conduct a Counseling and Guidance 
Training Institute June 13 to July 22, 
1960. 

In cooperation with the State De- 
partment of Public Instruction and 
secondary school counselors and admin- 
istrators, plans have been made for a 
six-weeks institute carrying six semes- 
ter hours of graduate credit. This 
credit may be used toward counselor 
certification. Areas to be emphasized 
by the Institute are: Educational and 
Occupational Information, 3 credits ; 
Counseling Theory and Techniques, 3 
credits ; and Appraisal of the Individ- 
ual-Achievement, Aptitude and Interest 
Testing, 3 credits. 

Each student will enroll for 2 three- 
credit graduate courses. 

As stated in the Act, secondary 
school counselors or teachers prepar- 
ing to become counselors are eligible to 
apply. The following criteria will be 
considered in the selection of enrollees : 

1. Applicant is a counselor or teacher 
who will be designated as a coun- 

Magill Assumes Duties 
With Clinic and College 

Dr. John W. Magill, formerly asso- 
ciated with the Division of Special Ed- 
ucation in the State Department of 
Public Instruction, returned to North 
Carolina in January to become asso- 
ciated with the Mental Health and 
Guidance Clinic in Wilson and with 
Atlantic Christian College as professor 
of psychology. In his new position as 
psychologist for the clinic and the col- 
lege. Magill will work with adults and 
students in areas of testing, guidance, 
and counseling. 

Prior to returning to North Carolina, 
Magill was associated with the Veter- 
ans' Administration hospital in Cbilli- 
cothe, Ohio, as psychologist. Immedi- 
ately before this position, he worked 
with the State Board of Health in Ra- 
leigh and with the State Department 
of Public Instruction. 

Magill, a native of Pennsylvania, did 
his doctoral work at the University of 
Pittsburgh, where he later taught be- 
fore coming to North Carolina for the 
first time. 



selor or teacher-counselor in 1960- 
61. 

2. Applicant has had at least six se- 
mester hours of professional train- 
ing. 

3. Applicants who are already certi- 
fied are not eligible. 

4. Applicant has the recommendation 
of the superintendent and the 
principal. 

5. Applicant plans to continue pro- 
fessional training by working to- 
ward counselor certification. 

6. Applicant must meet the admis- 
sion requirements for graduate 
study in order to receive graduate 
credit. 

7. Applicant must have official tran- 
scripts of all undergraduate and 
graduate work taken sent to the 
Director of the Institute. 



A selection committee of live individ 
uals will review the applications an< 
credentials and make recommendation!: 
Final selection will be based on appli 
cant's background and qualification 
and the potential for utilization of th 
applicant's service to the local school 
In addition to the above criteria, th 
committee will consider the geographi 
cal distribution of applicants. 

Enrollees will receive $75.00 pe 
week and $15.00 per week for each de 
pendent. 

Application blanks should be re 
quested from the Director of the Insti 
tute. Applicants who are selected wil 
be notified by the end of April. Al 
correspondence concerning the Institut 
should be addressed to : Dr. Roy N 
Anderson, Director, NDEA Counselini 
and Guidance Institute, Department o 
Occupational Information and Guid 
ance, School of Education, North Caro 
Una State College, P. O. Box 509C 
Raleigh, North Carolina. 



Calendar 


of Professional Meetings 


Conferences, Workshops, Institutes 


March 16-18 


Annual Convention, North Carolina Education 




Association, Asheville 


March 24. 


Fourth National Conference on Aviation Education, 




Denver, Colorado 


March 26 


State Convention, Future Homemakers Association, 




Raleigh 


March 26-30 


Annual Meeting Department of Elementary School 




Principals, St. Louis, Mo. 


March 27-April 2 . 


White House Conference on Children and Youth. 




Washington, D. C. 


March 28-April 2 


National Science Teachers Association Convention, 




Kansas City 


April 2 


Vnnual State Meeting ACEI, Raleigh 


April 2 


New Homemakers Association Convention, 




Greensboro 


April 3-9 


National Library Week 


April 7-9 


Southeastern Elementary Principals Conference, 




Asheville 


April 7-9 


North Carolina Teachers Association, Annual 




Convention, Raleigh 


April 11-14 


American Personnel and Guidance Association 




Meeting, Philadelphia 


April 19-23 


Meeting, National Council of Teachers of Mathe- 




matics, Buffalo, N. Y. 


April 20-23 


International Convention, Council for Exceptional 




Children, Los Angeles 


April 22-23 


Eleventh Annual Convention N. C. School Food 




Service Association, Morehead City 


April 24-28 


National Conference, AAHPER, Miami Beach, Fla. 


April 26-28 


Annual Convention, N. C. Congress of Parents and 




Teachers, Raleigh 




..Josephine Clanton School Food Service Association, 




Charlotte 


May 22-25 - 


National PTA Congress Convention, Philadelphia 


June 19-22 


UNC School Week, Chapel Hill 


July 27-29 


Governor's Conference on Aging, Raleigh 



14 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



^JAe AttanAttey QeweAxU Hulei . . • 



Administrative Unit Boards of 
Education; Quorums; Right of 
Chairman to Vote. 

In reply to your recent inquiry: This 
will acknowledge receipt of your letter 
of February 3 in which you state that 

the County Board of Education 

consists of five members and that at a 
recent meeting one of the members left 
the same during its progress and that 
thereafter there was a vote of two to 
one in favor of purchasing certain 
property as a school site. You further 
state that the Chairman of the Board 
did not vote. You seek an opinion as 
to whether or not this action of the 
Board is proper authority for the pur- 
chase of a school site and whether or 
not the Chairman is prevented from 
voting except in the case of a tie vote. 

Your attention is called to BOARD 
OF EDUCATION v DIXON, 235 NC 
359, 363 : "Inasmuch as the statute cre- 
ating county boards of education does 
not fix a definite number, a majority 
of the members of a particular county 
board of education constitutes a quo- 
rum and can exercise its power in 
meeting assembled." The Dixon case 
cites HILL v PONDER, 221 NC 58, 
which involved the election of a tax 
manager who was to be elected by the 
chairmen of four boards. One of the 
chairmen was disqualified and thus not 
entitled to vote. The Court said in 
part: "Three of the four chairmen un- 
doubtedly constituted a quorum, and 
two of the three were a majority there- 
of." The Court further says: "It is a 
fundamental rule of parliamentary pro- 
cedure, applicable as well to municipal 
and electing boards, that a majority 
of the members of a body consisting of 
a definite number constitutes a quorum 
for the transaction of business (Art. I 
sec. 5, Cons. U. S., Jefferson's Manual, 
sec. 402), and it is equally well settled 
that a majority of the quorum has 
power to act. STANFORD v ELLING- 
TON, 117 NC, 158, 23 S. E., 250. This 
rule derives from the common law and 
is of universal application unless modi- 
fied by statute or some controlling reg- 
ulation or by-law in the particular in- 
stance." (Citations) 

You will note that the foregoing quo- 
tation from HILL v PONDER, supra, 
cites STANFORD v ELLINGTON, 117 
NC 158 and in this case the Court 



wrote, in part, as follows : "But it 
seems to be conceded that the Speaker 
of the House of Representatives of the 
United States could not compel a mem- 
ber to vote. Nor had he any right to 
count members present and not voting, 
to make a quorum, until the House a- 
dopted a rule to that effect. He then 
counted nonvoting members present to 
make up a quorum, and the Supreme 
Court of the United States sustained 
his action. U. S. v BALLIN, 144 US 
1. So may the Legislature of North 
Carolina adopt a similar rule, as there 
is nothing in the Constitution to pre- 
vent its doing so. But it has not a- 
dopted such a rule, and under the au- 
thority of U. S. v BALLIN, supra, we 
suppose the presiding officers were 
powerless, if a quorum was actually 
present, either to make them vote or 
to count them to make up a quorum. 
This brings us to the consideration of 
what is a quorum. They are of two 
kinds, one fixed by the Constitution or 
power creating the body or assembly. 
In this way a majority of a majority 
may constitute a quorum and do busi- 
ness. But where the quorum is not 
fixed by the Constitution or the power 
that creates the body, the general rule 
is that a quorum is a majority of all 
the members (COTTON MILLS v 
COMMISSIONERS, 108 NC 078; Cush- 
iug, sec. 247; U. S. v BALLIN, supra), 
and a majority of this majority may 
legislate and do the work of the 
whole." 

Thus from these citations it appears 
that in the absence of statutory re- 
quirements the majority of a board of 
education constitutes a quorum and 
that a majority of the quorum may "do 
the work of the whole." 

As to the question of the chairman 
voting in any case except a tie vote be- 
tween other members, this office has 
previously expressed the opinion that 
where the chairman is a member of the 
board and elected or appointed as a 
member, the particular member who is 
denoted by the board as chairman still 
has a vote. — Attorney General, Febru- 
ary 5, 1960. 



Special Funds: Deposit 

In reply to your recent inquiry: Un- 
der date of February 5 you wrote Dr. 



Carroll and set forth the following 
question : "Is there any restriction on 
the investment of surplus funds in a 
school activities account in Building 
and Loan shares, provided the invest- 
ment does not exceed the amount of 
the insurance reportedly carried on the 
individual account in such an organi- 
zation, namely $10,000.00." Dr. Carroll, 
under date of February 15, forwarded 
a copy of your letter to this office with 
the request that we write direct to 
you. 

I take it that the funds with which 
you are concerned are those designated 
in G. S. 115-90(4) as special funds of 
individual schools and you will note 
that this subsection provides that 
"County and city boards of education 
shall, unless otherwise provided by law, 
designate the bank, depository, or trust 
company authorized to do business in 
North Carolina, in which all special 
funds of each individual school shall 
be deposited . . ." It thus appears that 
the Board would be limited to desig- 
nating a "bank, depository or trust 
company" and it is my opinion that a 
building and loan association is not 
within the meaning of the foregoing 
words. I find no authority for these 
special funds to be invested in any 
manner. You will also note that G. S. 
115-91 (3), concerning special funds of 
individual schools, provides that the 
Treasurer appointed as therein pro- 
vided shall make reports "of all money 
received and from what source and all 
money disbursed and for what purpose 
. . ." It appears from this that the 
Legislature did not by this section con- 
template that these funds would be in- 
vested. 

Iu your letter you refer to G. S. 115- 
S0.3 which includes certain building 
and loan associations. However, this 
applies only to the capital reserve fund 
established as is provided in G. S. 115- 
80.1, et seq. 

The foregoing is based on the gen- 
eral law of our State and does not con- 
sider any special act which may apply 
to your situation. Since you call my 
attention to none, I assume that there 
are none. — Attorney General. February 
17, 1960. 



MARCH, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



15 



LOOKING BACK 



Five Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, March, 1955) 

Dr. Santford Martin was named 
chairman of the State Board of Educa- 
tion at its February 3 meeting. 

The State's first educational tele- 
vision station was opened as a part of 
the University of North Carolina op- 
erations early in January. 

Progress is being made throughout 
the nation on plans for the White 
House Conference on Education sched- 
uled for November 28 to December 1. 

Ten Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, March, 1950) 
C. M. Abernethy of Lenoir has been 
nominated for the presidency of the 
North Carolina Education Association, 
it was learned here (Winston-Salem) 
yesterday (January 17). 

Annual meeting of the North Caro- 
lina Congress of Parents and Teachers 
will be held at Charlotte, April 18-20, 
it is announced by R. M. Grumann, 
President. 

Fifteen Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, March, 1944) 
A total of $44,773,368.66 was spent 
during 1943-44 for the operation of the 
public schools, it was learned from a re- 
cent compilation of expenditures from 
the local funds in the various admin- 
istrative units. 

State Superintendent Erwin has 

been honored by being one of nine edu- 
cators asked to write the 1947 Year- 
book of the American Association of 
School Administrators. 

Twenty Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, March, 1940) 

Educational Headlines: Average 
Teacher Has Had 3% Tears College 
Work ; Pensions Study Made on State ; 
Commission to Test Eyesight; 3,500 Ne- 
gro Teachers Convene Here for Session 
in March ; School Men Hear Addition- 
al Year Discussed Here ; Teachers 
Hold Bag in Snowy Weather; Voca- 
tional Teachers Holding Conference; 
Some Schools Open ; Others Delay 
Starting Up Again ; Teachers Body 
Plans Meeting. 



What Is A Counselor? 

A counselor is not an encyclopedia 
containing all the answers, but he is 
a source of information. 

A counselor is not a disciplinarian 
responsible for establishing guilt 
and meting out punishment, but he 
is a person trained to help individ- 
uals identify their own problems. 

A counselor is not an authority 
who can tell one what he ought to 
be or ought to do, but lie is a person 
trained to administer and interpret 
standardized tests. 

A counselor is not a judge who 
will make moral criticisms and 
render a final decision, but he is a 
person one can talk to in confidence. 

A counselor is not a magician or 
saviour who can straighten some- 
one out with a few well-chosen 
words, but he is a person trained to 
help individuals learn hoio to solve 
their own problems. 

A counselor is not employed to 
work only with a few "problem" 
cases, but he is employed to help 
ALL students. 

A counselor is not an infallible, 
omnipotent, omniscient dispenser of 
great wisdom, but he <is a human be- 
ing trained to cooperate with ad- 
ministrators and teachers in helping 
each student attain his highest po- 
tential — academically, physically, 
emotionally, and socially. 

— October Oklahoma Teacher 



More Students Favor 
Ability Grouping 

From a random sampling of 10,442 
students from all parts of the coun- 
try, 48 per cent favor "ability group- 
ing", 32.1 per cent oppose "ability 
grouping", and 19.9 per cent have "no 
opinion". "Ability grouping" means 
placing all bright students in one class, 
average students in another, and slow 
students in a third. 

This poll was made recently by the 
Institute of Student Opinion, sponsored 
by Scholastic Magazines. Students tak- 
ing the poll were drawn from grades 
7-12 in 200 junior and senior high 
schools of all sizes. 

A larger percentage of boys (48.7%) 
than girls (47.4%) favor ability group- 
ing. A larger percentage of girls op- 
pose ability grouping, 34.6% as against 
29.2% for boys. In the "no opinion" 
group 18.0 per cent are girls and 22.1 
per cent, boys. 



MAKING TODAY'S NEWS 



Union. In accordance with the pro- 
cedure required by the State Board of 
Education in consolidating high schools 
the county board of education yester- 
day unanimously adopted a resolution 
requesting the authorities to establish 
high school districts in the northern 
and eastern part of the county. Mon- 
roe Journal, Feb. 2. 

Harnett. County Superintendent of 
Schools Glenn T. Proffit held out a 
possibility today that Harnett County 
may in the future have three, perhaps 
four, large-scale consolidated high 
schools. Dunn Daily Record, Feb. 4. 

Forsyth. A citizens committee study- 
ing consolidation of school systems in 
Forsyth County discussed plans last 
night for a public opinion survey fol- 
lowing recommendation expected from 
a joint study committee of the two 
school boards. Winston-Salem Journal, 
Feb. 11. 

Buncombe. Floor plans for the pro- 
posed new $225,000 Haw Creek-Oteen 
Elementary School were approved Fri- 
day by the Buncombe County Board of 
Education. Asheville Citizen, Feb. 13. 

Anson. A detailed curriculum study 
report submitted by a special commit- 
tee headed by Mrs. Olin S. Anderson 
of Lilesville and the Rev. Clayton Pope 
of Polkton has been accepted by the 
county board of education, clearing the 
way for registration for the county's 
new consolidated school's first year of 
operations beginning in the fall. Anson 
Record, Feb. 11. 

Duplin. The Duplin County Board of 
Education this week proposed a $2,202,- 
000 school construction program for the 
county, which, if approved, would be 
carried out during a six-year period. 
Wallace Enterprise, Feb. 18. 

Thomasville. A public meeting to dis- 
cuss a possible consolidation of the 
Fair Grove, Pilot and Thomasville 
school districts will be held Wednesday 
at 8 p.m. at the VFW Hall on Lexing- 
ton Road. The Thomasville Times, 
Feb. 23. 

Cumberland. Preparation for life- 
time skilled trades is the goal of 93 
Cumberland County training appren- 
tices now taking on-the-job training for 
occupations in which there is an ex- 
treme shortage of qualified personnel. 
FayetteviUe Observer, Feb. 21. 



16 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



7: 7¥/r 



Raleigh 
NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL 

BULLETIN 



a 



'v.* 



APRIL, I960 



RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA 



VOL. XXIV, NO. 8 



Junior Colleges Seen As Great Boon 
To Many Education-Seeking Americans 



Junior colleges are flourishing as 
never before. 

Twenty-five years ago, reports Archi- 
tectural Forum, there were 500 junior 
colleges in the U. S., most of them pri- 
vate, with a total enrollment of 100,- 
000. 

Today there are C r ;'. junior colleges 
and 900,000 students, and enrollment 
is growing at a "fantastic" rate. These 
two-year schools will be needed badly 
because in 1965 an estimated 5 million 
boys and girls (60 per cent of all high 
school graduates) will be seeking to 
further their education at some kind 
of college. 

In trying to find ways to meet this 
demand for more learning, educators 
look upon the junior colleges as a god- 
send. A particularly encouraging de- 
velopment is the explosive growth of 
community colleges — junior colleges for 
specific, local communities. 

According to Forum, the junior col- 
lege offers at least three things which 
other educational institutions don't: 
(1) two years of low cost education 
after high school for the less well-to- 
do; (2) a two-year period in which a 
student may decide whether or not to 
go on to a full-fledged college educa- 
tion; (3) facilities for adult education 
on a scale never before available in 
TJ. S. communities. 

The junior college movement, says 
Forum, has spread "like wildfire" 
through western states, with California 
alone having enrolled 4,000,000 students 
last year. The $250 million bond issue 
voted for education in New York State 
in 1958 will go largely toward the cre- 
ation of junior colleges, and similar 
programs are under way in Illinois, 
Florida, Maryland, South Carolina and 
other states. North Carolina has only 
24 junior-grade institutions, 5 public 
and 19 non-public, with 8,503 (13.5%) 
out of the total 63,022 students en- 
rolled in college this year in these two- 
year institutions. 

The majority of junior colleges 
(more than 40 per cent are independent 
or related to some religious group) are 
controlled by a public authority — us- 
ually a local board supervised by a 
state agency. Junior colleges in this 
category account for nearly 90 per cent 
of all student enrollments. 



Supt. Carroll Named 
1960 J. D. M. Chairman 

State Superintendent Charles F. Car- 
roll has been named State Chairman of 
the 1960 June Dairy Month Activities. 

The North Carolina Dairy Industry 
Promotion Committee, sponsor of the 
June Dairy Month campaign, selected 
Dr. Carroll as this year's chairman in 
recognition for his leadership in the 
fields of health, education and welfare, 
and especially for his support of the 
School Milk Program for recent years. 
As chairman of this campaign, Dr. Car- 
roll will be in charge of organizing the 
12 areas of the State and assisting 
these areas with their dairy industry 
promotional programs. 



Board Makes Agreement 
With Employment Agency 

An agreement between the State 
Board of Education and the Employ- 
ment Security Commission has been en- 
tered into by which the two State a- 
gencies will cooperate in the selection 
and placement of trainees of the re- 
cently established Industrial Education 
Centers. 

Under this agreement, Employment 
Security Commission specialists will as- 
sist directors and counselors in centers 
in the administration, interpretation 
and use of general aptitude tests for 
training in the centers. The local Em- 
ployment Security Commission offices 
will also assist trainees in securing em- 
ployment following their training. And 
the Employment Security Commission 
will assist the staff of the State Board 
of Education in conducting area skill 
surveys to determine training needs for 
specific occupations. 



'We Can Afford Better Public Schools' 



Commenting favorably upon recent 
progress in improving the nation's pub- 
lic schools, the Research and Policy 
Committee of the Committee for Eco- 
nomic Development (CED) recently 
advanced four recommendations for 
achieving further needed improvement. 

"Nobody can give the American peo- 
ple better schools," the statement said. 
"But we can afford better education 
and will get it if we recognize the 
need." 

The four recommendations were : 

(1) Mandatory action by the state 
governments is needed in most states, 
including almost all of the most popu- 
lous states, to bring about "immediate 
reorganization of small school districts 
into effective units of local govern- 
ment." 

(2) The state governments should 
assume a larger share of the financial 
burden of schools now borne by the lo- 
cal districts, and state funds should be 
distributed through foundation pro- 
grams. 

(3) Financial grants of about $600 
million annually should be made by 
the Federal government "to support 
public schools in those states where in- 



come per public school child is substan- 
tially below the national average." 

(4) Better local, state and Federal 
organization of citizens who appreciate 
the need for improved education is nec- 
essary for improvement of the schools 
in order to "generate the energy neces- 
sary for results." Participation by bus- 
inessmen, the report says, often can 
be especially helpful. 

The statement stressed that the CED 
Research and Policy Committee, after 
two years' study, does not believe that 
the present system of school finance 
in the several states "has broken down 
or is about to do so." 

"Therefore, we do not believe that a 
wholly new or radically different meth- 
od of financing schools is needed. What 
is needed, in our opinion, is modifica- 
tion of the existing system . . . and 
more vigorous exploitation of its po- 
tentialities. 

CED is a research organization of 
200 business executives and scholars 
who work together studying national 
and international economic problems in 
an effort to increase employment and 
to promote stable economic growth. 



The changing nature of school administration, plus the fact that general 
interest in quality education is greater than ever before, has caused edu- 
cational administrators, through their official organization, to take formal 
steps toward encouraging better prepared leaders. More than a year ago 
the American Association of School Administrators adopted the following 
amendment to its constitution: 

"Beginning on January 1, 1964, all new members of the 

American Association of School Administrators shall submit evidence 

of successful completion, of two (2) years of graduate study in 

university programs designed to prepare school administrators and 

approved by an accreditation body endorsed by the Executive 

Committee of AASA." 

In implementing this amendment, the AASA has endorsed the National 
Council for the Accreditation, of Teacher Education as the agency to ac- 
credit institutions preparing school administrators. 

This forthright approach on the part of the AASA suggests the positive 
attitude with which administrators hold their professional organization and 
suggests also the vision which school leaders have for the future. The 
AASA recognizes that its recent amendment will not in itself guarantee 
improved educational leadership, but feels that preparation including less 
than two years of graduate work is likely to rob prospective administrators 
of much that is needed for the ever-expanding responsibilities connected 
with their positions. 

For this amendment to be effective in North Carolina, it must of neces- 
sity be understood and, most of all, appreciated and accepted by admin- 
istrators themselves. In addition, it must be understood and accepted by 
school boards throughout the State, for it is these groups which must make 
the decisions relative to the quality of leadership which schools in North 
Carolina will have. PTA groups, other professional groups, civic organiza- 
tions, and the media of mass communication must likewise sense what 
school administrators are trying to do to raise standards of leadership and 
must support these efforts through understanding and encouragement. 

To the end that the several states might plan effective and cooperative 
ways of carrying out the intent of the AASA amendment, regional meet- 
ings of the AASA are now being held throughout the nation to discuss 
issues involved in certification of administrators, issues involved in accredi- 
tation of programs to prepare administrators, and emerging concepts in 
improving programs of preparation for administrators. These regional 
meetings are affording superintendents, college personnel, state depart- 
ment personnel, and representatives of school boards excellent opportuni- 
ties to share opinions and formulate positive plans for cooperative action 
in each of the several states. 

North Carolina, well known for its interest in educational leadership, 
will continue to find ways of developing additional quality in its prepara- 
tion programs for administrators and, at the same time, will find improved 
techniques for enlisting the best potential leadership for administrative 
positions. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 

Official publication issued monthly except June, July and August by the State Department of 
Public Instruction. Entered as second-class matter November 2, 1939, at the post office at 
Raleigh, North Carolina, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 

CHARLES F. CARROLL 
State Supt. of Public Instruction 



The reward of a tiling weil done 
is to have done it! — Ralph Waldo 
Emerson. 






I Avill study and get ready and 
perhaps my chance may come. — 
Abraham Lincoln. 



Education is America's most im- 
portant activity. More depends 
upon it, its quality, effectiveness and 
soundness, than upon any other 
single enterprise. — Dr. Oliver C. 
Carmichael. 



All public institutions in a de- 
mocracy benefit from continuous re- 
assessment. The schools are no ex- 
ception. Educational policy in the 
United States is public policy. — The 
National Citizens Council for Better 
Schools. 



A school program of high quality 
is one in which the curriculum 
makes possible, and the teaching and 
guidance makes real, the promise of 
educational opportunity for each 
pupil. — Educational Policies Com- 
mission. 



Education is a companion which 
no misfortune can decrease, no 
crime destroy, no enemy alienate, no 
despotism enslave, at home a friend, 
abroad an introduction, in solitude 
a solace and in society an ornament. 
It chastens vice, guides virtue and 
gives grace and government to gen- 
ius. Education may cost financial 
sacrifice and mental pain, but in 
both money and life values it will 
repay every cost one hundredfold. — 
Author Unknown. 



Vol. XXIV, No. 8 



EDITORIAL BOARD 

L. H. JOBE, J. E. MILLER 

V. M. MULHOLLAND 



April, 1960 



This is a time of crisis for 
American public education. Yet the 
problems are to be approached with 
confidence that new challenges can 
be met and surmounted and that 
public education will emerge 
stronger, finer, and more closely at- 
tuned to the spirit of democracy. — 
Educational Administration in a 
Changing Community, 1959 Year- 
book, American Association of 
School Administrators. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Wide, Awake, At *1U Switch 



Criticism in recent years has been 
rather widespread that so much em- 
phasis is being placed upon profes- 
sional fields of study in the area of 
teacher preparation that subject 
matter is being neglected. This 
criticism of over-concentration in 
methodology is not borne out by the 
requirements of the several states. 

Elementary teachers in the na- 
tion, on an average, are required to 
take 23.4 semester hours in profes- 
sional education, the range being 16- 
36 hours. The North Carolina re- 
quirement is 18 semester hours. 
High school teachers throughout the 
country, on an average, are required 
to take 18.9 semester hours in pro- 
fessional courses, the range being 
12-27. In North Carolina 18 se- 
mester hours are required. Various 
studies reveal that many institutions 
require far more professional hours 
than certifying agencies require. In 
this connection, however, it should 
be emphasized that state certifica- 
tion requirements are expressed in 
minima and do not necessarily re- 
flect institutional practices. 

In North Carolina, the State's 
professional requirements are among 
the lowest in the Nation ; at the same 
time, North Carolina ranks high a- 
mong the states in its ratio of teach- 
ing field requirements to profession- 
al education requirements. This is 
particularly true in the high school 
area, where requirements in subject- 
matter preparation are above the na- 
tional average in English, modern 
languages, mathematics, social sci- 
ence, and the broad field of science. 
Subject-matter preparation in the 
specific areas of chemistry, physics, 
biology, and general science are 
somewhat below the national aver- 
age, however. Only recently, Time 
Magazine praised North Carolina 
for its requirements in subject-mat- 
ter areas. 

A further analysis of the nature 
of professional courses required in 
North Carolina prior to certifica- 
tion indicates that 12 of the 18 re- 
quired hours might well be classified 
as general education. Six hours in 
the area of "The Pupil" include 
courses relating to an understanding 

APRIL, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



of children from the intellectual, 
physical, social, and emotional 
standpoints. Knowledge of child 
growth and development is essential 
for parents and teachers who desire 
to discharge their responsibilities 
adequately. In view of this fact, it 
might not be unreasonable for all 
prospective graduates to have a 
course in this general area. 

The second six-hour professional 
requirement relates to "The School," 
which includes courses emphasizing 
the place of the school in society — 
its purposes and functions, its role 
as interpreter of ideologies, as a con- 
tributor to the democratic ideal, and 
as a community builder. 

In the area of "Methodology," 
only six semester hours are required, 
and these include student teaching. 
A minimum of six hours in the de- 
velopment of skills necessary for 
teaching does not appear to be ex- 
cessive. There are skills of impart- 
ing knowledge to others, many of 
which can be taught. Failure to in- 
clude courses in this area as require- 
ments for certification would seem 
to suggest that little or nothing has 
been learned through the centuries 
about the art and skill of teaching. 

Fortunately, the climate in North 
Carolina is right for continued study 
on the whole area of certification. 
Institutions of higher learning; the 
State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion; the Commission appointed by 
the Governor to study teacher eval- 
uation, rating, and certification; as 
well as many individuals and agen- 
cies, are vitally concerned that con- 
tinued efforts be made to guarantee 
that certification requirements play 
a positive role in raising the stand- 
ards of the teaching personnel in 
the State. 

It is the State's responsibility to 
see that its youth are provided with 
the best teachers possible. It is the 
purpose of certification to guarantee 
that the teachers provided have the 
qualifications requisite for skillful 
and competent performance. There 
is every reason to believe that North 
Carolina will continue to lead tbe 
Nation in its intelligent approach 
to constant improvement in the area 
of certification. 



In an era in which the explosion 
of knowledge is phenomenal and in 
a period in which emphasis is being 
placed on quality education as it 
pertains to individual needs, many 
efforts are being made to find satis- 
factory avenues of helping young 
people develop their abilities to the 
maximum. 

Acceleration, special grouping, 
honor classes, the advanced place- 
ment program, and the like, are be- 
ing tried with varying degrees of 
success throughout the country. And 
in some areas the summer session 
has taken on such prestige as an ave- 
nue through which development of 
youth can be encouraged that more 
and more communities are showing- 
interest in initiating or expanding 
summer programs. The concept 
that summer school opportunities 
should be primarily for those who 
failed to succeed during the regular 
year is rapidly changing to a phi- 
losophy of providing as many rich 
experiences as possible for all stu- 
dents — those who wish to be ac- 
celerated, those who merely desire 
additional courses, and also those 
who may, for some reason, have 
been unsuccessful during the regular 
term. 

It seems wise for communities 
throughout the State to explore pos- 
sibilities of the summer session as a 
means of enriching learning experi- 
ences for North Carolina youth. 
Joint programs, involving more 
than one administrative unit, might 
be feasible in some situations; tui- 
tion might be necessary in practical- 
ly all situations; and, certainly, the 
necessity for gradual growth in of- 
ferings might be expected. Never- 
theless, the ideals of quality as well 
as quantity in education might more 
nearly be achieved by recognizing 
the summer school approach than al- 
most any other approach. 

Pupils enjoy summer work when 
they recognize and accept as worth- 
while the purposes for which this 
phase of their education is planned. 



New U. S. Office of Education Four-Year 
Study Concerns 9-12 Age Pupils 



What do children ages 9-12 want 
from school? What do they need? How 
are teachers and curriculum-makers 
trying to meet their needs? What is a 
good school program in grades 4, 5, 
and 6? 

The Elementary Schools Section of 
the U. S. Office of Education, as the 
result of a four-year study of school 
programs across the country, found rea- 
sonable answers to these and othei 
questions among 1300 educators who 
work with some of the nearly 8 mil- 
lion children in grades 4, 5, and 6. 

The results of the study have been 
released by the Office of Education in 
a new publication, entitled "Educating 
Children in Grades Four, Five, and 
Six." 

Most children from 9 to 12, educa- 
tors generally agree, want to be use- 
ful, to try out their own powers in 
making and doing things. They want 
to think for themselves, but they also 
want to develop codes of behavior 
which will meet the approval of adults 
around them. 

How a child responds to adults at 
this time seems to depend on relation- 
ships that have developed in earlier 
years, according to teachers— many of 
whom are parents. Children who have 
been accustomed to talking things over 
with their parents and teachers are 
likely to continue doing this, and they 
are able to live comfortably within the 
regulations that have been agreed upon. 

On the other hand, children who 
have not been accustomed to helping 
make decisions, but have, instead, been 
required to live by regulations made 
by adults are likely to rebel against 
authority and to assert their demands 
for independence. Many teachers enlist 
the cooperation of the children in plan- 
ning both the work of the group and 
individual work each schoolday. 

Children do need — and want — to 
know what is expected of them, the 
study points out. It is the not-knowing 
that upsets them. This is especially 
true when parents or teachers are in- 
different to them, or when demands 
made upon them by the adults in their 
lives are not consistent. 

There is a driving need for activity 
at ages 9 to 12, teachers said. Chil- 
dren cannot be still very long. They 
need space for play, both outdoors and 
indoors. Their interests lead them to 



investigate everything in their environ- 
ment, but they like best to do things 
with friends of the same sex. 

Methods by which teachers and cur- 
riculum-makers try to educate children 
in grades 4, 5, and 6, by utilizing 
drives and interests which are charac- 
teristic of these children, make up the 
major part of the report. Both slow 
and gifted children, educators agree, 
can be challenged to learn and to im- 
prove their skills along many lines. 

"Educating Children in Grades Four, 
Five, and Six" may be obtained from 
the Superintendent of Documents at 
the U. S. Government Printing Office, 
Washington 25, D. C. The price is $1.00. 

Rehabilitation Division 
Expands Services 

"During the fiscal year 1958-59 a 
total of 4,369 disabled North Carolin- 
ians were prepared for jobs and placed 
in paid employment. This record num- 
ber represents an increase of 23.5% 
over the year before." 

This paragraph is taken from the an- 
nual report, Rehabilitation at Work, 
recently issued by the Division of Vo- 
cational Rehabilitation, State Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction. 

A realization of what this paragraph 
means is indicated in a second para- 
graph from this report, as follows : 
"Many of these had never worked ; 530 
were on relief rolls at acceptance or 
during the rehabilitation process ; oth- 
ers had lost employment because of di- 
sease or trauma ; all had an employ- 
ment handicap." 

Of the 4,369 rehabilitants, 51.7 per 
cent were women and 57.5 per cent 
were married. Average weekly wage at 
closure was $35. 

Rehabilitation services include the 
following : Locates disabled persons ; 
diagnoses their physical, mental and 
vocational resources ; gives vocational 
guidance and assists in the selection of 
suitable employment ; secures maxi- 
mum physical restoration ; trains dis- 
abled persons for employment"; secures 
or provides services incident to the so- 
lution of personal and family prob- 
lems ; and places disabled persons in 
employment, and follows them up un- 
til their ability to succeed is assured. 



Survey Reveals Trend 
Away From Merit Pay 

School Management's second annual 
merit pay survey reveals a surprising 
trend away from support of merit pay 
among both school board presidents and 
superintendents. The results are pub- 
lished in the magazine's January issue. 

Sixty-seven per cent of the superin- 
tendents and 63 per cent of the school 
board presidents responding to the sur- 
vey indicated that merit pay would not 
come to their districts within the next 
five years. Most cited teacher opposi- 
tion as the main stumbling block. 

On the other hand, almost 50 per 
cent of the district's polled actually 
have plans that award merit pay under 
different names. For example, depart- 
ment heads, grade chairmen, and other 
titles are given to better teachers in 
some school systems. In others, extra 
duties, extra-curriculum supervision, 
committee assignments and summer 
school jobs, are given to superior teach- 
ers in an effort to increase their pay 
above that of their fellows. 

NEA Editors Forecast 
What's Ahead In 60's 

Editors of the Journal of the Na- 
tional Education Association have giv- 
en the crystal ball a hard going over 
in an effort to predict what lies ahead 
for education in the sixties. Forecast 
are the following: 

Teachers will be better educated, 
with at least one year of post graduate 
work at all levels. 

The study of science will extend from 
kindergarten through the twelfth 
grade. 

Russian will become one of the top 
three or four languages studied in the 
schools. 

New grouping techniques will result 
in more individualized instruction. 

Instruments for the measurement of 
intelligence will be vastly improved. 

Closed-circuit television and other 
technological improvements will per- 
vade the tield of education. 

Many secondary schools will provide 
a six year program, incorporating the 
functions of a junior college. 

Educational research will advance on 
all fronts. 

School efforts to prevent malajust- 
ments will result in extensive use of 
mental-health personnel. 

Adult education enrollment will in- 
crease from about four to ten million 
by 1970.— NSBA School Boards. 






4 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Lassiter Chosen President 
Of State Department NCEA 

Homer Lassiter succeeded Cora Paul 
Bomar as president of the State De- 
partment NCEA Unit at its regular 
meeting early in March. William Peek, 
statistician and former superintendent 
in Madison County, was elected vice- 
president for 1960-61 ; and Annie John 
Williams, supervisor in mathematics, 
was chosen secretary-treasurer. 

According to president-elect Lassiter, 
emphasis in the local NCEA next year 
will be with legislative programs per- 
taining to education and continued in- 
service training of the professional 
staff. 

At the same meeting Dr. Vester M. 
Mulholland was selected as official del- 
egate to the Statewide NCEA meeting 
in Asheville. 

Virginia Makes Plans 
For Commemoration of 
1861 "Peace Convention" 

The Virginia Civil War Commission 
has disclosed plans to commemorate 
the "Peace Convention" of 1861, which 
was a last ditch effort to preserve the 
Union and prevent the Civil War. 

All fifty states will be asked to rec- 
ognize the significance of the Peace 
Convention as an effort by men of good 
will to keep the peace. An Act to estab- 
lish the North Carolina Confederate 
Centennial Commission was passed by 
the General Assembly of 1959. This 
Act provides for the appointment of 
the Commission, which shall "plane and 
conduct the centennial commemoration 
programs" to be presented in North 
Carolina. 

The 1861 convention was called by 
Virginia. All 34 states then in the Un- 
ion were invited, but representatives of 
only 21 states attended. It was held at 
the Willard Hotel in Washington, D. C, 
February 4, 1861. According to Major 
General U. S. Grant, 3rd, chairman of 
the National Centennial Commission, 
"every person in America and man in 
foreign countries will be affected by 
the forthcoming 100th anniversary of 
the Civil War." 

All State Centennial Commissions 
will be asked to cooperate with the 
District of Columbia Centennial Com- 
mission in erecting a memorial in 
Washington, D. C, which would be ded- 
icated with appropriate ceremonies on 
the 100th anniversary of the Peace 
Convention, February 4, 1961. 



New Facility Emphasizes Adult Education; 
20 Full Time, 45 Part-Time Instructors 



North Carolina's first industrial edu- 
cation center to operate on a full-scale 
basis is located in Burlington and cur- 
rently serves 720 adults and high school 
pupils. Approximately 85 per cent of 
those enrolled in the more than thirty 
different courses are adults, making the 
Burlington Center the State's largest 
adult training facility at the present. 
The Center has been in operation only 
since March 1, 1959, and already plans 
are under way for an additional wing 
to the $1,250,000 unit. 

"The program at the Burlington 
Center is primarily an adult program," 
emphasized Director Ivan E. Valentine, 
"though we are definitely interested in 
cooperating with the high schools in 
this area." High school students par- 
ticipating in the program, either in 
morning or afternoon classes, spend 
three hours per day in the Center for 
which two units of credit are given by 
the high schools in which pupils are 
enrolled. At the Center practical 
courses as well as related courses are 
offered by 20 full-time teachers and 
forty-five part-time instructors. A ma- 
jority of the part-time instructors come 
from industries, such as Western Elec- 
tric and Burlington Industries. Classes 
operate from seven o'clock in the morn- 
ing until ten-thirty in the evening, five 
days per week. 

Director Valentine, who did his un- 
dergraduate work at South Dakota 
State College and received his Master's 
degree at the University of Colorado, 
served as administrative assistant in 
the Rapid City, S. D., school system 
for eight years prior to coming to 
Burlington. Valentine has done post 
graduate work also at Cornell Univer- 
sity and at the University of Cali- 
fornia. 

Counselor-coordinator and assistant 
director of the Burlington Center is 
A. B. Racster, who was formerly in 
Greensboro as D. O. coordinator. Rac- 
ster completed his undergraduate work 
in Indiana and received his Master's 
degree from Greely, Colorado. 

Courses currently offered at the Bur- 
lington Center include air conditioning 
and refrigeration, auto mechanics, in- 
dustrial design, electronics, microscopy, 
television, industrial chemistry, ma- 
chine shop, tool design, sheet metal, 
knitter fixing, tool and dye making. 



yarn and fabric analysis, textile test- 
ing, loom fixing, electrician apprentice 
course, looper training, and a micro- 
wave course. 

Related instruction is offered in the 
following courses : technical report 
writing, applied mathematics, applied 
general science, applied physics, ap- 
plied chemistry, mechanical drawing, 
and schematics. 

Courses offered for Negroes in a ren- 
ovated elementary school include brick- 
laying, cosmetology, carpentry, and in- 
dustrial cooking and baking. 

Valentine emphasized that the Center 
is a cooperative venture between the 
State and local agencies, as is true in 
all other centers in North Carolina. 
The State owns all equipment and pays 
all salaries of teachers, whereas the lo- 
cal community furnishes the building 
and shares expenses of heat, light, tele- 
phone, and custodial care. "Industry," 
declared Valentine, "has also assisted 
in equipping certain shops, thereby re- 
lieving the State of much heavy ex- 
pense. Our auto mechanic shop, for 
example, has valuable equipment do- 
nated by the Ford Motor Company, 
General Motors, and Western Electric. 
A private individual donated all lock- 
ers for this shop." 

Surry Papers Issue 
Special School Sections 

Both The Mount Airy News and the 
Mount Airy Times issued special school 
sections for American Education Week, 
November 8-14. 

The News with a streamer headline, 
Surry County Schools Progress in Edu- 
cation, also included articles concern- 
ing various school activities in the two 
administrative units, Surry County and 
Mount Airy. The section was liberally 
illustrated with pictures of County 
Superintendent J. Sam Gentry, students 
of various schools, and other phases of 
education in these two units. 

The Times, likewise, displayed a five- 
columned headline as its lead article, 
"American Education Week To Be In 
County Schools Nov. 9 Thru 13." This 
paper, too, was illustrated with pic- 
tures of actual school situations, includ- 
ing the county board in session, a pic- 
ture of bus loading, and other activi- 
ties. 



APRIL, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



Ways To Upgrade School Administration 
Discussed At Regional Meeting of AASA 



More than 60 educators from five 
Southern states attended a regional 
meeting of the AASA in Roanoke, Vir- 
ginia, March 1-3. Twelve North Caro- 
linians representing the superintend- 
ency, institutions of higher learning, 
the State Department, and the School 
Boards Association, took part in this 
conference. 

Purpose of the conference, according 
to Dr. Vester M. Mulholland, State De- 
partment representative, was to discuss 
further ways of implementing the re- 
cent AASA decision — through consti- 
tution amendment - - to upgrade the 
profession in every way possible. 
"Throughout the conference emphasis 
was placed on the necessity for coop- 
erative approach in understanding the 
changing role of the superintendent and 
upon a cooperative effort in planning 
programs for the advancement of 
school administration," declared Mul- 
holland. 

Conference time was divided between 
addresses, discussions, and opportuni- 
ties for individual planning on the part 
of each of the five states represented — 
Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, West 
Virginia, and North Carolina. 



Speakers for the occasion included 
Dr. Hollis A. Moore, Jr., executive 
secretary of the Committee for the Ad- 
vancement of School Administration ; 
Roderick F. McPhee, executive assis- 
tant ; Dr. Daniel E. Griffiths, Teachers 
College, Columbia University ; Dr. 
Louise Combs, director of teacher edu- 
cation and certification, State Depart- 
ment of Education for Kentucky ; and 
Dr. Earl Armstrong, director of the 
National Council for Accreditation of 
Teacher Education. 

State groups formulated tentative 
plans of cooperative action for the im- 
mediate future in the area of finding 
ways to improve educational admin- 
istration, and shared these with the 
total group at the last session of the 
conference. Dr. Everett Spikes, super- 
intendent of the Burlington city 
schools, served as chairman of the 
North Carolina group and Dr. Vester 
M. Mulholland of the State Department 
served as secretary. 

The suggestions of the North Caro- 
lina group were presented to the Di- 
vision of Superintendents of the NCEA 
meeting in Asheville for discussion. 



Practices Re the Awarding of Diplomas 
Now Being Studied Throughout the State 



A status study-opinionnaire relative 
to awarding high school diplomas and 
certificates throughout the State is cur- 
rently being carried on by the State 
Department of Public Instruction un- 
der the supervision of Dr. Vester M. 
Mulholland, director of research and 
statistics. 

Copies of the two-page questionnaire 
were mailed to principals of all union 
schools and all high schools early in 
March, and returns are now being stud- 
ied prior to compiling a summary state- 
ment for Statewide distribution. 

Superintendents of the 174 admin- 
istrative units were likewise sent 
copies of the questionnaire, and are 
cooperating in its execution, according 
to Mulholland. Sample copies of di- 
plomas and graduation "certificates" 
were requested for study along with 
other specific information. 

"The State Department is not only 
interested in knowing current practices 
throughout North Carolina relative to 
the awarding of diplomas, but is also 



interested in knowing current thinking 
and plans for the future," stated Su- 
perintendent Charles F. Carroll. "The 
Department has no intention of dictat- 
ing a policy in this controversial area, 
but does feel obligated to study the 
matter and disseminate whatever facts 
and opinions may result from the sur- 
vey." 

This investigation will reveal types 
of diplomas awarded, units required 
for each type, how widely "certificates" 
are issued, whether the issue is being 
studied locally, and whether change has 
taken place in recent years. Opinions 
are asked relative to the degree of sat- 
isfaction which pupils, parents, and 
teachers feel for the present system of 
awarding diplomas : whether a multiple 
or single type of diploma is preferable : 
what information should be placed on 
the diploma ; and whether "certificates" 
as well as diplomas should be issued. 

According to Mulholland, findings of 
ibis survey should be ready for distri 
button sometime in April. 



Conferences Bulletin 
Condensed For Principals 

A condensed resume of a bulletin a- 
bout the eight orientation conferences 
for beginning principals which were 
held last fall is now being prepared by 
the Division of Principals of the NCEA 
for distribution to the entire member- 
ship, according to Dr. Lloyd Y. Thayer, 
chairman of the professional services 
committee. 

The original bulletin, prepared by Dr. 
Vester M. Mulholland of the State De- 
partment of Public Instruction, in- 
cluded the highlights of discussions 
held at the eight regional meetings on 
such topics as the following : What a 
Teacher Expects of a Principal, Statu- 
tory Responsibilities of Principals, 
Leadership Responsibilities of Princi- 
pals for Supervision of Instruction, 
Human Relations, In-Service Growth, 
and Curriculum Study. 

White House Report 
On Children and Youth 
Sent To Superintendents 

Copies of the bulletin, "Profile of 
North Carolina's Children and Youth," 
were mailed to county and city school 
superintendents last month by State 
Superintendent Charles F. Carroll. 

This bulletin was prepared by the 
North Carolina Committee of the 1960 
White House Conference on Children 
and Youth. It is a summary of reports 
from the White House Committees of 
the 100 counties of the State. 

The "Profile" includes sections on Ed- 
ucation, Health, Social Services, Recre- 
ation, Family Life, Employment, 
Church-Related Activities, and Law En- 
forcement. A Summary points out the 
benefits of the local conferences as well 
as the national White House Confer- 
ence which met this year on March 27- 
April 2 in Washington, D. C. State Su- 
perintendent Charles F. Carroll and Dr. 
J. P. Freeman represented the State 
Department of Public Instruction at 
this Conference. Mrs. Anne W. Maley 
and Marie Moffit, also of the Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction, represented 
the American Food Service Association 
and the American Home Economics As- 
sociation, respectively. 

Additional copies of the North Caro- 
lina bulletin may be obtained from Mrs. 
Tom Grier, North Carolina Conference 
for Social Service, Box 532, Raleigh, 
N. C. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Former Supt. Edwards Dies 

J. S. Edwards, superintendent of 
Montgomery County for 40 years, died 
of a heart attack at his home in Troy 
March 11. 

Edwards retired October 1, 1958, af- 
ter serving 50 years in the public 
schools of the State. 

A native of Mars Hill, he was grad- 
uated from Wake Forest College with 
A.B. and LL.B. degrees in 1912. He 
later did graduate work at Columbia 
University. 

Following graduation from college. 
Edwards took a teaching position in 
Buncombe County. He later served as 
principal of Fair Bluff school in Co- 
lumbus County, Oxford High School, 
and Parkton High School in Robeson 
County. He went to Montgomery Coun- 
ty in 1918, where he served as princi- 
pal of Troy High School along with 
the job of superintendent. 

Survivors include his wife, Mrs. 
Dixie Lamm Edwards ; two daughters, 
Mrs. Ernest King, Jr. of Troy and Mrs. 
Andy S. Griffith of Rye, N. Y. ; two 
sisters, Hattie Edwards and Mrs. Ira 
Hodge, both of Mars Hill; and seven 
grandchildren. 

Charlotte Teacher Awarded 
John Hay Fellowship 

June V. Gilliard, teacher of social 
studies, York Road High School, is one 
of the 83 public high school teachers 
awarded John Hay Fellowships for one 
year of study in the humanities, the 
John Hay Fellows Program announced 
recently. 

There will be 20 more John Hay Fel- 
lows next year than in 1959-60. Most 
of next year's Fellows, who come from 
seventeen states and the District of 
Columbia, teach English and history 
and the other social studies. Others 
are instructors in foreign languages, 
art, music, science, and mathematics. 

Each Fellow will receive a year's 
leave from his school system and will 
study in the humanities at one of six 
universities : California, Chicago, Co- 
lumbia, Harvard, Northwestern, and 
Yale. Fellowships include a sum equiv- 
alent to the teaching salary for 1960-61 
in addition to full tuition, health fee, 
and transportation costs for each Fel- 
low and his family. 

The John Hay Fellows Program, 
established by the John Hay Whitney 
Foundation, now operates on a grant 
from the Ford Foundation. 

APRIL, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



Curriculum Bulletin On Guidance Services 
Distributed Throughout North Carolina 



Guidance Services, the most recent 
bulletin prepared under the auspices of 
the Statewide Curriculum Study, was 
distributed to superintendents, super- 
visors, high school principals, and coun- 
selors early in March. The 44-page bul- 
letin was prepared by Kate Parks 
Kitchin, director of guidance services 
for the Rocky Mount city schools. Miss 
Kitchen was assisted by Dr. Luther R. 
Taff and Dr. Donald G. Tarbet of the 
University of North Carolina ; Dr. 
Hermine Caraway of East Carolina 
College ; and Ella Stephens Barrett of 
the State Department. 

The bulletin is divided into twelve 
sections, which are followed by a six- 
page annotated bibliography, a mini- 
mum list of professional materials for 
the counselor, and a concise list of du- 
ties of the school counselor. Typical 
chapter headings suggest the practical 
approach which Miss Kitchin has 
brought to this topic : "Education and 
Guidance are Based on a Similar Phi- 
losophy" ; "Social and Educational Con- 
ditions Today Make Guidance a Neces- 
sity" ; "A Guidance Program Offers 
Specific Services" ; "Guidance Employs 
Specialized Techniques" ; "Guidance 
Uses Authoritative Materials" ; "Guid- 
ance Contributes to the Structure and 
Design of the Whole Curriculum" ; 
"Group Techniques Can be Used in 
Guidance" ; and "Every North Carolina 
School and Community Must Work 
Constantly to Make a Minimum Pro- 
gram of Guidance Services Possible." 

Miss Kitchin is a graduate of the 
University of North Carolina and Co- 
lumbia University, with additional 
graduate study at Northwestern Uni- 
versity. In commenting on Miss Kitchin, 
Dr. I. E. Ready, director of the Cur- 
riculum Study, states, "Recognized as 
a leader in the held of guidance in 
North Carolina, she is eminently quali- 
fied to write this bulletin." 

Here is another excellent publication 
hi the series, A Guide to Curriculum 
Study. Individuals and schools inter- 
ested in improving guidance oppor- 
tunities should study this publication 
with care and try to move forward in 
light of the sound philosophy and sen- 
sible practices suggested therein. Con- 
gratulations to Miss Kitchin and those 
who assisted her far a superior bulletin. 



Cora Bomar Helps Compile 
Junior H. S. Booklist 

Cora Paul Bomar, supervisor of 
school library services in the Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction, along with 
twelve other educational leaders 
throughout the United States, recently 
served on a committee to revise Your 
Reading, a booklist for junior high 
schools issued every five years by the 
National Council of the Teachers of 
English. 

In preparing this publication the 
committee conferred with teachers, stu- 
dents, and librarians relative to titles 
for inclusion in the 1960 edition. "This 
booklist," according to Miss Bomar. "is 
addressed to junior high boys and girls 
and is arranged to catch their inter- 
ests." More than a thousand titles are 
grouped under the following headings : 
Adventure ; Modern Youth ; Animals ; 
Fun, Fantasy, and Folklore ; Religions ; 
Special Days; The Fine Arts; Science 
and Inventions ; Hobbies, Sports and 
Games ; Careers ; and The Wide World. 

The 1960 booklist offers many new 
titles, hut also includes old favorites, 
such as Tom Sawyer, The Three Musk- 
ateers, Little Women, The Song Of Ro- 
land, The Odyssey of Homer, and Tales 
from Shakespeare. Included among the 
new titles are The Silent World, The 
Fastest Man Alive, The More the Mer- 
rier, Old Yeller, Homer Price, The First 
Book of Jazz, Rocket Man, The Shell 
Collectors Handbook, The Roy Campa- 
ri clla Story, Freedom. The Dnary of 
Anne Frank, At Home in India, The 
Wheel on the School, and Modern 
American Career Women. The commit- 
t ee of thirteen worked for over eighteen 
months before completing the list and 
during this time each person read over 
300 different books designed for junior 
high readers. 

Each title in Your Reading is anno- 
tated and marked so as to indicate its 
reading difficulty. Some are especially 
for pleasure and others particularly for 
information. Any pre-adolescent or ad- 
olescent boy or girl will find titles of 
interest in Your Reading, a 109-page 
booklet published in January by the 
National Council of the Teachers of 
English. 704 South Sixth Street. Cham 
I'rtign. Illinois. 



North 



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Carroll Calls Attention To Three Matters 



School calendar revision clue to in- 
clement weather, summer school at- 
tendance, and extended employment of 
teachers for the 183rd day were all 
considered recently by State Superin- 
tendent Clias. F. Carroll in a letter to 
county and city superintendents. 

In answer to various questions which 
have been raised with reference to 
"making up" days lost because of in- 
clement weather, Superintendent Car- 
roll cites the law. G.S. 115-36. This 
section of the law authorizes the teach- 
ing of school on Saturdays if "the 
needs of agriculture, or other condi- 
tions in the unit or district make it de- 
sirable that school be taught on such 
days." The decision as to whether a 
school shall be taught on Saturday 
rests with the county or city board of 
education. 

The length of the school day is also 
governed by law, Dr. Carroll stated. 
And as to reducing the school term, he 
l>ointed out that such is permitted for 
good and sufficient cause, but "that 
when the operation of any school is 
suspended no teacher therein shall be 



entitled to pay for any portion of the 
suspended term." 

In reply to inquiries with respect to 
what teachers and principals might do 
about summer school attendance, Dr. 
Carroll expressed the hope that "inas- 
much as the public schools are having 
to revise their calendar for the benefit 
of their pupils. . . . that summer schools 
will adjust their schedules for the ben- 
efit of their summer students." He 
stated that he had written a letter to 
all North Carolina colleges and uni- 
versities asking for their fullest co- 
operation in this matter. 

As to the third topic of his letter, 
Dr. Carroll called attention to the rules 
and regulations adopted last August 6 
by the State Board of Education and 
expressed the hope that the use of the 
ISSrd clay of employment of teachers 
would be in accord therewith. "Our 
1959-1960 experience with the extended 
period of employment for teachers," he 
stated, "will constitute the only record 
that can be submitted to the 1961 Gen- 
eral Assembly regarding the use of ex- 
tended employment." 



North Carolina Among Top Ten States 
In Rehabilitating Disabled Persons 
Ranks Fifth In Per Cent of Annual Goal 



In percentage of the number of dis- 
abled persons rehabilitated in propor- 
tion to population in 1958-59, North 
Carolina ranked fifth among. the states. 
according to a recent article "The Top 
Ten", which appeared in the first edi- 
tion of Rehabilitation Record, issued 
by the U. S. Office of Vocational Re- 
habilitation. 

The article is by Mrs. Emily M. Lam- 
horn, chief of the Division of State 
Plans and Grants. North Carolina. 
Mrs. Lamborn points out. has the larg- 
est population of the top ten states re- 
habilitating 70 or more persons per 
100,000 of its population. Average num- 
ber of persons rehabilitated for the 
United States was 46 per 100,000. 

North Carolina ranked fifth among 
the 50 states by rehabilitating 105 per- 
sons per 100,000 population, a total of 
4,766. States ahead of North Carolina 
together with their rale per 100,000 pop- 
ulation were: Georgia 147. West Vir- 
ginia 135, Arkansas 123, and Delaware 



114. The other five states of the "top 
ten," ranking below North Carolina 
were : Virginia 80. Rhode Island 77, 
Alabama 74, Tennessee 7."!, and Missis- 
sippi 70. 

"These States," according to the 
article, "have been successful in plac- 
ing' disabled people in employment in 
all kinds of jobs in both agricultural 
and urban communities. These rehabil- 
itated people are now supporting them- 
selves and their families. They and 
their communities are benefiting, both 
in terms of economic assets represented 
by production, wages and taxes, and 
social and human values." 

The North Carolina Program is ad- 
ministered by the Department of Pub- 
lic Instruction through its Division of 
Rehabilitation under the direction of 
Charles H. Warren. In calling the 
article to Mr. Warren's attention Mary 
E. Switzer, Director of Office of Voca- 
tional Rehabilitation, said, "I am very 
I ) ioud of the way your administrative 
skill and your dedication are reflected." 



Margaret Schell Retired 
As Department Secretary 

Mrs. Margaret Schell, secretary in 
the Division of Professional Services 
since 1925 — and personal secretary 
during the major portion of this period 
to Mrs. Mary Alice Poor, supervisor 
of certification — retired March 25, 
according to Dr. J. P. Freeman, direc- 
tor of the Division. In her capacity as 
secretary, Mrs. Schell has assisted Mrs. 
Poor in numerous ways, seeing to it 
that thousands of certificates were ac- 
curately processed and kept up-to-date. 

"The Department of Public Instruc- 
tion has been most fortunate in having 
the capable services of Mrs. Schell dur- 
ing this long and important period in 
the history of North Carolina educa- 
tion. Her contributions as an efficient 
secretary and her response over and 
above the call of duty have been of tre- 
mendous value to me, the Department, 
and the teaching profession," declared 
Mrs. Poor. "It will indeed be difficult 
to replace her." 

Mrs. Schell, who declares she has en- 
joyed her many contacts with teachers 
and other educators over the years, as 
well as the regular secretarial duties, 
plans now to devote more time to her 
grandchildren, her home, her flowers, 
and the White Memorial Presbyterian 
Church. 

"Working with the Department of 
Public Instruction has enlarged my ap- 
preciation and vision concerning edu- 
cation in North Carolina. I can never 
lose my enthusiasm for the necessity 
of well-prepared, dedicated teachers in 
the classroom," declared Mrs. Schell. 

Watauga County Schools 
Make Plans For 1960-1970 

"Watauga County Schools — An In- 
ventory and an Analysis" — a 22-page 
bulletin was recently prepared by Su- 
perintendent W. Guy Angell, in coop- 
eration with the board of education. 

This bulletin aims at reviewing the 
past accomplishments of the Watauga 
schools, examining various aspects of 
the present program, and looking into 
the future. It is designed especially 
for board members, committeemen, 
teachers, and interested lay personnel. 
It can readily serve as a quick refer- 
ence for important local school data. 
According to Superintendent Angell, 
the report is already being used in 
civic club presentations to great ad- 
vantage. 

(Continued on next page) 



10 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Pitt County Provides 
Personnel Handbook 

Cooperatively prepared under the 
supervision of Mrs. Edna Earle Baker, 
the Personnel Handbook of the Pitt 
County schools for 1959-1960 is unique 
in a number of its features. In its 78 
pages, many of them colored, 49 dif- 
ferent items are discussed. 

Sub-sections not always found in 
other similar bulletins include the fol- 
lowing: "duties of principals and 
teachers," "mental health service." 
"safety education," "faculty meetings," 
"cumulative folders," "scientifically 
thinking," "reading laboratory and 
clinic at East Carolina College," "tips 
on reading," "the National Defense Ed- 
ucation Act," "the State Curriculum 
Study," and "magazines for the ask- 
ing." 

In addition, there are sub-sections 
on "publications of the State Depart- 
ment," "film notes," "excerpts from Dr. 
Conant," and "science fairs." 

Congratulations to all those who as- 
sisted in preparing this attractive and 
useful personnel bulletin. 



Watauga County School Cont'd 

The bulletin is divided into the fol- 
lowing sections: personnel, instruction, 
buildings, finances, lunchrooms, trans- 
portation, and schools for 1960 - 1970. 
Each of these sub-topics is treated in 
the following manner: A detailed in- 
ventory is presented in the lefthand 
column of the page, followed by an 
analysis of this inventory in the right- 
hand column. This format prevails 
throughout the bulletin, thereby en- 
abling the reader to compare the pres- 
ent situation with what the schools 
need and should he like during the 
next ten years. 

"This bulletin is unlike the usual bul- 
letin issued for teachers at the begin- 
ning of each school year," declared Su- 
perintendent Angell, "in that emphasis 
is definitely placed at every point on 
what the schools need to be most ef- 
fective during the next decade." 

Superintendent Angell, his school 
board, and the citizens of Watauga 
County are to be congratulated on this 
positive approach to bring an improve- 
ment to the schools daring the newt 
decade. Since progress is possible only 
on the basis of a well-informed citi- 
zenry, tMs bulletin should be of tre- 
mendous value in paving the way for 
many improvements within the county 
administrative unit. 



Five Curriculum Study 
Recommendations At 

Five special committees working in 
cooperation with the Statewide Cur- 
riculum Study for the past nine months 
are currently scheduled to meet a I 
Wake Forest College for a two-day ses- 
sion, April 22-23, to discuss the five 
reports and make necessary revisions 
before they are presented to the State 
Board of Education. 

Committees to report at this time in- 
clude those working in the areas of 
language arts, social studies, mathe- 
matics, science, and modern foreign 
languages. Fifteen to twenty-five pub- 



Elementary Children 
Learn Foreign Language 

More than 700,000 elementary school 
children in better than 2,000 IT. S. 
schools now study a foreign language, 
some beginning in the 5th grade, others 
in the 3rd, a few in kindergarten. 

This is a trend that should become 
more widespread, according to Mrs. N. L. 
Gilbert, French professor at Appa- 
lachian State Teachers College. 

Mrs. Gilbert admits that learning a 
foreign tongue is a complex skill, but 
credits young children with remarkable 
abilities to learn and retain sound pat- 
terns. In fact, she believes picking up 
foreign words comes naturally to chil- 
dren. Learning to write them, however, 
is another thing and comes at a child's 
later stage in life, possibly the 6th or 
7th grade. 

The best way to learn another lan- 
guage is to keep at it. Once a child 
has begun the study of, say French, he 
should stay with it each year for sev- 
eral years. Continuity is important. 

Language learning periods may be a- 
bout 25 minutes per day in the 5th or 
6th grades, but experts suggest only 15- 
minute sessions for lower grade kid- 
dies. 

The younger the child, states Pro- 
fessor Gilbert, the more readily he 
learns sounds imitation. Adolescents 
(12-16 year olds) lose much of this a- 
bility. That's the reason Mrs. Gilbert 
advocates studying foreign languages 
in the elementary grades. 

As for the language most rewarding 
to a child, Mrs. Gilbert recommends 
French, Spanish, German or Russian, 
depending on the children's interest, 
their background and the teacher's 
skill. 



Committees To Make 
April 22-23 Meeting 

lie school teachers, administrators, and 
college personnel have served on each 
committee, which has met four to seven 
times each. 

"The purpose of these committees," 
according to Dr. I. E. Ready, director 
of the Study, "is to explore and suggest 
possibilities for improving the high 
school curriculum in these particular 
areas for those who are planning to 
attend college. The purpose of the 
forthcoming conference is to share the 
findings and to coordinate the recom- 
mendations of each committee." 

In addition to special committee 
members, the conference will be at- 
tended by those who have prepared the 
several bulletins in the series, A Owidc 
to Curriculum Study, by members of 
the Curriculum Study Advisory Com- 
mittee and by specially invited guests. 

Following this meeting, the recom- 
mendations of the five committees will 
be printed and presented to the State 
Board of Education. Statewide distri- 
bution of these recommendations will 
be made later in the spring. 

Betty Martin Joins Staff 
As Area Lunch Supervisor 

Betty Jean Martin joined the De- 
partment of Public Instruction March 
1 as an area supervisor in the school 
lunch program, according to Mrs. Anne 
W. Maley, State Supervisor. Mis-; 
Martin will work in the South Pied- 
mont area, which comprises fifteen 
counties. 

Miss Martin, a graduate of Lee Ed- 
wards High School in Asheville, at- 
tended Brevard College and has her 
B.S. degree from the Woman's College 
in Greensboro. She served a dietary 
internship in the Cincinnati General 
Hospital : and prior to joining the 
State Department, she was head dieti- 
tian at the Stanly County Hospital. 
Miss Martin Is a registered dietitian 
and a member of the American Dietetics 
Association. 

"The Department of Public Instruc- 
tion and the South Piedmont area are 
quite fortunate in having the services 
of Miss Marl in as a school lunch su- 
pervisor. Her training and experience 
indicate thai she can he of much assis- 
i.uice in planning continued improve- 
ment in school lunch service in this 
area." declared Mis. Maley. 



APRIL, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



11 



300 Vocational Students and Sponsors 
Attend Fifth Statewide Convention 



More than .'!0O high school students 
in the trade and skill fields attended 
the fifth Statewide Vocational Indus- 
trial Club convention in Greensboro. 
April 1-2. Among those attending the 
two - day conference were students 
whose interests include diversified oc- 
cupations, printing, machine work, 
electronics, cabinet making, office prac- 
tice, and other trades and skills. 

Principal speaker for the occasion 
was W. O. Leonard, director of man- 
power and training of the Cone Mills 
Corporation, Greensboro. Other speak- 
ers included Dr. J. Warren Smith, di- 
rector of the division of vocational ed- 
ucation, State Department of Public 
Instruction ; A. Wade Martin, super- 
visor of trade and industrial education ; 
Charles D. Bates, assistant supervisor, 
trade and industrial education ; and 



Dr. Vester M. Mulholland, director of 
research and statistics. 

Dr. Mulholland spoke at the opening 
session of the convention on "Striving 
for a Better Tomorrow Through VIC" ; 
Leonard was the banquet speaker and 
used as bis topic, "Tomorrow Is To- 
day." Bates spoke on "The Future of 
Industrial Education." 

Officers of VIC for the past year 
were Jerry Faulkner, president, Burl- 
ington ; Joyce Terrell, first vice-presi- 
dent, Greensboro ; Bobby Ray, second 
vice-president, Burlington ; Hazel Mar- 
tin, secretary, Greensboro ; and David 
Miller, treasurer, Greensboro. 

Thomas C. Shore, Jr., of the Lexing- 
ton Senior High School, State club ad- 
viser, with the assistance of the trade 
and industrial education teachers in 
Greensboro, planned the convention 
program. 



Elementary Principals of Seven States 
Held Three-Day Meeting in Asheville 



The eleventh annual conference of 
the Southeastern Elementary School 
Principals of the NEA convened in 
Asheville, April 7, 8, 9, with a full 
three-day program centered around the 
theme, "Responsibility of the Elemen- 
tary School Principal for Improving 
the Instructional Program." Repre- 
sentatives of seven states attended this 
conference, according to Grace Cop- 
pedge of Mt. Airy, who was program 
chairman for the conference. 

Out-of-State speakers included Dr. 
Lawrence Derthick, U. S. Commissioner 
of Education ; Dr. Helen Mackintosh, 
U. S. Office of Education; and Robert 
W. Eaves, Executive Secretary, Depart- 
ment of Elementary School Principals, 
NEA. Superintendent Earl Eunderburk 
of the Asheville City schools addressed 
a breakfast session during the confer- 
ence, and Dr. Allan Hurlburt of Duke 
University served as conference sum- 
marizer. 

Seven discussion groups were ar- 
ranged for the conference on ways of 
improving instruction : 1. Through fac- 
ulty cooperative planning, 2. Through 
individual supervision and guidance of 
teachers, 3. Through good school orga- 
nization, 4. Through parent participa- 
tion, 5. Through testing and evaluation, 
C>. Through efforts to meet individual 
needs, and 7. Through the selection 
and use of educational materials. 



Members of the State Department 
and other educators within the State 
served as conference considtants. 



County Commissioners 
Issue 28-Page Brochure 
On County Government 

A 28-page brochure on "North Caro- 
lina County Government, Its History, 
Organization, Activities" has recently 
been issued by the North Carolina As- 
sociation of County Commissioners. 

The booklet was prepared by John 
Alexander McMahon, general counsel, 
in response to many requests for such 
information. Contents include sections 
on the Board of County Commissioners, 
County Finances, Sheriff, Register of 
Deeds, The Courts, Public Welfare, 
Public Schools, Public Health, Libra- 
ries, Hospitals and Airports, Correc- 
tional Institutions, Electrical Inspection, 
Agricultural Extension, Rural Fire 
Protection, Civil Defense, Veterans 
Service Office, Elections, and Miscel- 
laneous Activities. 

Copies have been distributed to 
school superintendents and libraries. 
Individual copies are available from 
I lie Association Office, 205 Lennox 
l'.uilding, Chapel Hill, at $.50 per copy. 



Herring Rejoins Staff 

Of School Lunch Program 

Christine Herring, a registered dieti- 
tian, who formerly worked with the 
State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion, rejoined the Department early in 
the year as an area supervisor in the 
school lunch program, according to 
Mrs. Anne W. Maley, State supervisor. 
Miss Herring will serve in the North 
Piedmont area, which includes 14 
counties. 

During the last four years Miss Her- 
ring has served as city supervisor of 
lunchrooms in Asheville. 

Her education was received at Bre- 
vard College, East Carolina College, 
and the Woman's College in Greens- 
boro, where she is now earning credits 
toward her M.A. degree. Miss Herring 
is a member of the American Dietetics 
Association. 

C. W. Blanchard Retires 
As Department Director 

C. W. Blanchard, director of the di- 
vision of plant operation with the 
State Board of Education, Controller's 
Office, since 1942, retired as of April 1. 
He will be succeeded by C. H. Jourdan, 
who has served as chief engineer for 
the division for the past eleven years. 

Prior to becoming director of the di- 
vision of plant operation, Blanchard 
worked in the auditing department as 
auditor of purchases for materials and 
supplies. This position he held from 
1937-1942. 

Following his junior year at Wake 
Forest College, Blanchard became prin- 
cipal in Harnett County. Later he com- 
pleted his A.B. degree at Wake Forest ; 
and then served with the 317th Motor 
Ambulance Unit of the 80th Division. 
For 13 months he was overseas. 

Following his retirement, Blanchard 
mil move to Sumter, South Carolina, 
to live with his sister, with whom he 
has purchased a home. His new ad- 
dress will be 43 Mason Cross Drive, 
Sumter, South Carolina. 

Members of the State officers and 
school officials throughout the State 
wish for Blanchard many years of hap- 
py retirement. His services to the State 
in helping to develop higher standards 
for school plant operation have been 
felt An every county and city admin- 
istrative unit. In retiring, Blancliard 
should have the satisfaction of know- 
ing that under his leadersMp oppor- 
tunities for improved quality in educa- 
tion have taken a great step forward. 
Congratulations for a job well done! 



12 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Recent, Readable, and Reliable 



Elementary School Leadership. Mc- 
Graw-Hill Book Co., 330 W. 42nd St., 
New York 36, 323 pp. $5.95. 

The elementary school principal ex- 
ists for only one reason : to insure that 
teaching practices in the school are 
constantly being upgraded. If this up- 
grading process is to be successful, it 
must be carried out democratically in 
a purposeful, professional atmosphere. 
So writes William C. Jordan, assis- 
tant to the superintendent of the High- 
land Park (Mich.) Elementary Schools, 
in a new book. 

The most efficient elementary school 
principal, Mr. Jordan says, does not 
seek personal power or occupy himself 
with minutiae. He is willing to seek 
out and accept the advice and wishes 
of his pupils and parents, as well as 
that of his teachers. He is willing to 
accept a new idea — but makes sure 
that he and his co-workers have found 
it to be sensible and practical. 

Though he believes in a democratic 
organization and is amenable to the 
needs and ideas of others, he still re- 
mains in charge. Writes Mr. Jordan : 

"Authority and responsibility must 
reside in one person. Someone must ac- 
cept the obligations of leadership where 
coordination and cooperation are im- 
perative if results are to be achieved. 
Authority strewn about among many, 
or not clearly defined, leads to confu- 
sion and . defeats its purpose as each 
person in turn rejects responsibility for 
fear of overstepping vague boundaries. 
Leadership vested in one person is es- 
sential to any system." — From Educa- 
tion Summary. 

Administration of the Noninstruc- 
tional Personnel and Services. Harper 
& Bros., 49 East 33rd St., New York 
16. 426 pp. $5.50. 

Employees are human, and will re- 
spond to the human touch, advises 
Prof. William A. Yeager in a new book. 
School administrators should always 
keep this in mind when dealing with 
the nonteaching staff, says Yeager, late 
professor of education at the Univer- 
sity of Pittsburgh. A chapter on work- 
ing conditions and ethics has this to 
say: 

"Perhaps no single factor is more de- 
sirable in maintaining morale than the 
development and maintenance of the 
democratic way of living within the 
organization." 

Suggested incentives to good morale 
within the school include : recognizing 
the personality of each person ; devel- 



oping each person's self-confidence 
through a sympathetic approach ; en- 
couraging creativeness ; expressing ap- 
preciation ; bestowing rewards for good 
work. 

On the other hand, Professor Yeager 
warns administrators to avoid such 
negative effects as favoritism, treach- 
ery, double-dealing, violation of confi- 
dences, disinterest and lack of adher- 
ence to established rules. "As to who 
is responsible for maintaining morale," 
he says, "the answer is obvious — every- 
body. There is no substitute for good 
common sense, good work, and wise 
administration at all times." — From 
Education Summary. 

John I. Goodland and Robert H. An- 
derson, The Nongraded Elementary 
School, Harcourt, Brace and Company, 
1959. 

Recognizing the anachronistic nature 
of graded school structure and many 
of the practices which inevitably ac- 
company it, the authors, long-time re- 
search scholars in this area, propose 
and describe an alternative : a non- 
graded structure and a variety of more 
enlightened school practices that are 
related to the absence of grades and 
lock-step. The incompatibility between 
Procrustean standards and present in- 
sights into child development consti- 
tutes the philosophy on which this 
stimulating volume is written. 

Dissatisfaction with promotion poli- 
cies, reporting practices, and other im- 
mediate concerns in the graded school 
has caused educators throughout the 
country to seek ways of improving con- 
ventional set-ups. The authors indicate 
clearly and impressively that the reali- 
ties of child development defy the rig- 
orous ordering of children's abilities and 
attainments into conventional graded 
structure. "... a fifth-grade teacher, 
in spite of his designation, is not a 
teacher of fifth-grade children. At a 
given time, he teaches third, fourth, 
fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, and even 
ninth grades, as far as learner reali- 
ties are concerned, even though all the 
pupils in his room may be labeled 
'fifth grade.' " 

Chapter headings in this realistic ap- 
proach to improving elementary educa- 
tion suggest its scope and possible use- 
fulness: "The Child and Procrustean 
Standards," "To Promote or Not To 
Promote," "Today's Nongraded School 
Emerges," "The Nongraded School in 
Operation," "Modern Theories of Cur- 
riculum and the Nongraded School of 



How Much Does 
College Cost? 

Most parents have no idea of the real 
cost of putting a child through college, 
according to an article appearing in the 
March issue of SCHOOL MANAGE- 
MENT magazine. 

The problem of overcrowded colleges 
may well be "solved," the magazine 
predicts, by the sheer inability of par- 
ents to foot the bill. 

A survey conducted by Elmo Roper 
and Associates for the Ford Founda- 
tion, the magazine states, shows that 
many parents of college-bound young- 
sters had no savings to defray future 
expenses. Almost half of the savings 
programs that are established are too 
small for today's needs and take no 
account of inevitable rises in the cost 
of college education. 

Despite this unrealistic view of ex- 
penses, 69% of the parents surveyed 
expected their under-18 children to go on 
to college. The great majority expected 
scholarship help, and many indicated 
that their children would work their 
way through college. 

Summing up the situation, SCHOOL 
MANAGEMENT pointed a finger di- 
rectly at high school guidance counse- 
lors as the ones who must tell parents 
the truth about the cost of college and 
who must point students toward col- 
leges where they can succeed academ- 
ically and financially. 

Today and Tomorrow," "Reporting Pu- 
pil Progress in the Nongraded School," 
"Toward Realistic Standards and 
Sound Mental Health," "The Establish- 
ment of the Nongraded School," and 
"Toward the Elementary School of To- 
morrow." 

A comprehensive bibliography accom- 
panies the volume ; this in itself makes 
the book indispensable for teachers and 
administrators who are searching for 
improved ways of educating elementary 
pupils. Moreover, there is also a list 
of communities reporting nongraded 
programs in existence. 

For parents, teachers, supervisors, 
and administrators who desire to know 
more about the realities of this vision, 
The Nongraded Elementary School is 
imperative reading. Throughout the 
volume is a persistent challenge of 
what the elementary school might be. 
Excellent reading and timely to the 
nth degree in North Carolina, where 
interest in this topic has become in- 
creasingly widespread in recent years. 



APRIL, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



13 



NEA Bulletin Contains Many 
Practical Suggestions 



Prepared specifically for beginning 
elementary school principals, So Noiv 
You're A Principal, aims at giving real- 
istic suggestions to those educators who 
are in their initial principalships. This 
45-page bulletin, published by the De- 
partment of Elementary School Prin- 
cipals of the NEA, was released in Sep- 
tember 1958. 

This administrative brochure is or- 
ganized under six main headings, each 
of which provides specific aid for the be- 
ginning principal : 1. The Principal and 
Principle ; 2. An Obligation to the Pro- 
fession ; 3. Self-Analysis ; 4. On the Job 
Activities ; 5. Leadership — An Ultimate 
Objective; and 6. Index to the National 
Elementary Principal. 

According to the bulletin, "Every 
principal has at least a threefold re- 
sponsibility to the profession ... to be 
the best principal he knows how to be 
... to acquaint himself with many 
other disciplines . . . and to work di- 
rectly toward the improvement of the 
profession." 

Early in the bulletin emphasis is 
placed on the importance of self-analy- 
sis as a technique worthy of continuing 
application. ". . . the principalship is 
actually no more important than the 
job of the classroom teacher. The prin- 
cipalship merely represents a different 
type of responsibility." Throughout his 
career the principal is advised to ask 
himself the following questions : "To 
what degree am I an autocratic princi- 
pal? A laissez-faire principal? A ste- 
reotype principal? Or, one who utilizes 
democratic procedures in all phases of 
administration?" 

"The democratic administrator, con- 
trary to some beliefs, does make decis- 
ions, does act, does move ahead. Ho 
moves forward together with his faculty 
. . .," the bulletin states. 

Typical situations and problems fac- 
ing the beginning principal constitute 
the major portion of this bulletin. Areas 
considered include "opening of school," 
"special events and situations," "lay 
participation," "machinery for commun- 
ication," "reporting to parents," "use of 
the special teacher," "misunderstand- 
ings — ■ school-parent," "supplies and 
equipment," "policy for handling in- 
juries," substitute teachers," "admis- 
sion to school," "handling behavior 
problems," "secretarial, janitorial, and 
other service areas," "school records 
and reports," "supervision and instruc- 
tional improvement," "community par- 
ticipation by the principal," and "facul- 
ty meetings." 



14 



Perhaps no statement in the bulletin 
is more significant than the following 
quotation from the section on leader- 
ship: "The beginning principal, as a 
rule, is desirous of becoming an educa- 
tional leader. Gradually he will assume 
this status as he gains greater insights 
and understanding in the basic funda- 
mentals of human relations and the 
educative process. The ingredients of 
this thing called 'leadership' are diffi- 
cult to isolate. Nevertheless, the fol- 
lowing cannot be ignored in such an 
analysis : Competence in human rela- 
tions an evolving philosophy of educa- 
tion ; a concept of the aims and objec- 
tives of education ; an understanding 
• if the learning process; a knowledge 
of contemporary society ; understand- 
ing and proficiency in school organiza- 
tion and administration; and a basic 
faith in the value of education. 

In this publication beginning princi- 
pals have an up-to-date, readable, and 
reliable source book. Numerous refer- 
ences are included concerning all as- 
pects of administration and illustrative 
situations are freely interspersed. Every 
beginning principal will find something 
fresh, dynamic, and of value in this re- 
cent bulletin. 

Orders may be sent to the Depart- 
ment of Elementary School Princi- 
pals, NEA, 1201 Sixteenth Street, N.W., 
Washington 6, D. C. The price of this 
bulletin is one dollar 



Four Committees Appointed 

Four committees for planning and 
carrying out specific activities for the 
State Department of Public Instruction 
were appointed early in March by Su- 
perintendent Charles F. Carroll. Activi- 
ties for which immediate planning is 
necessary include the annual Depart- 
ment workshop, which is scheduled for 
May 30-June 3; the Mars Hill confer- 
ence for superintendents, August 9-12 ; 
a series of conferences for principals ; 
and the preparation of a style bulletin 
on accuracy and consistency in writing 
for the Department. 

The Workshop committee is composed 
of T. Carl Brown, Dr. Catherine Den- 
nis, Ray Rhodes, Dr. Frank Toliver, 
Madeline Tripp, and Dr. Vester M. Mul- 
holland, chairman. Those who will 
serve on the committee for planning a 
series of conferences for principals in- 
clude Cora Paul Bomar, A. G. Bullard, 
Cliff Edwards, G. H. Ferguson, Mrs. 
Anne W. Maley, and Homer Lassiter, 
cb airman. 

Planning the Mars Hill conference 
will be A. C. Davis, Arnold Hoffmann, 
Flossie Marshbanks, William Peek, 
Helen Stuart, and L. H. Jobe, chair- 
man. 

Responsible for the style sheet for 
the Department are Mrs. Faye Cole- 
man, Homer Lassiter, Dr. Vester M. 
Mulholland, J. Arthur Taylor, and 
L. H. Jobe, chairman. 



Calendar of Professional Meetings 
Conferences, Workshops, Institutes 

April 19-23 Meeting, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 

Buffalo, N. Y. 
April 20-23 International Convention, Council for Exceptional 

Children, Los Angeles 
April 22-23 Eleventh Annual Convention N. C. School Food Service 

Association, Morehead City 

April 24-28 National Conference, AAHPER, Miami Beach, Fla. 

April 26-28 Annual Convention, N. C. Congress of Parents and 

Teachers, Raleigh 
April 30 National Conference of American Personnel and 

Guidance Association, Philadelphia 
April 30 Josephine Clanton School Food Service Association, 

Charlotte 

May 22-25 National PTA Congress Convention, Philadelphia 

June 6-11 Southern States Work Conference, Daytona Beach, 

Fla. 

June 19-22 T'NC School Week, Chapel Hill 

June 20-25 American Library Association, Montreal, Canada 

July 27-29 Governor's Conference on Aging, Raleigh 

August 9-12 Superintendents Conference, Mars Hill 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



*1he Attosut&if QeHelai (lul&i . • . 



Budgets; Capital Outlay for 
New School Site. 

In reply to your recent inquiry: 
Under date of March 7 you write re- 
questing an opinion as to whether or 
not the Board of County Commission- 
ers may properly consider the request 
of the Board of Education to buy land 
for the purpose of expanding present 
school facilities in a particular place 
when no funds were provided therefor. 
While your question is worded in a 
somewhat different manner from the 
foregoing, I gather from the factual 
situation that the question as herein 
set forth properly presents the matter 
with which you are presently con- 
cerned. 

In your letter you call attention to 
G. S. 115-78 B 1 which contains the 
following provision : "Provided further, 
that no contract for the purchase of 
the site shall be executed nor any 
funds expended therefor without the 
approval of the county commissioners 
as to the amount to be expended for 
the site ;". G. S. 115-80 1 provides that 
all fines, forfeitures, penalties, poll and 
dog taxes or non tax funds shall be in- 
cluded in the current expense fund. 
Thus any of the funds enumerated in 
said subsection would constitute part 
of the countywide current expense fund 
and would not be available for capital 
outlay even when actual revenues are 
in excess of anticipated revenues in 
those areas enumerated in G. S. 115-80 
1. The case of ADMINISTRATIVE 
UNIT v COMMISSIONERS OF CO- 
LUMBUS, 251 NC 826, involved a dis- 
pute between the county board of com- 
missioners and the Whiteville Board of 
Education as to an item of $44,000 
sought to be budgeted for the acqui- 
sition of additional lands for school 
construction. Your attention is called 
specifically to the following language 
in the decision in this case : "There 
has been no adjudication here which 
prohibits the school authorities from 
acquiring the site they desire. What 
has been determined is that it cannot 
be acquired with taxes levied on the 
people of Columbus County. Appellant 
may acquire it as a gift or with funds 
coming from sources other than taxes 
levied by the Commissioners of Colum- 
bus County. Edwards v Board of Ed- 
ucation, 235 NC 345, 70 SE 2d 170." 
In view of the foregoing it appears 
that the funds to be used for the pur- 



chase of a particular site must first be 
included within the school budget and 
as a subsequent step, the Board of Edu- 
cation obtain the approval of the 
County Commissioners when tax funds 
are to be used and under the provisions 
of G. S. 115-78 B 1. 

The Board of Education may submit 
a supplemental budget to the Board of 
County Commissioners containing the 
desired expenditure and the Commis- 
sioners could then consider approval of 
this supplemental budget and if ap- 
proved by them, the first step would 
be completed. 

You further request an opinion as to 
whether or not the resolution, a copy 
of which you enclosed, is in proper 
form and as to whether or not it is 
mandatory for the County Board of 
Commissioners to call an election pur- 
suant to a proper resolution. You re- 
fer to Chapter 115, Subsection 5, Article 
14 of the General Statutes. G. S. 115- 
116(f) provides "Boards of county com- 
missioners are authorized as provided 
hy law to call elections to ascertain 
the will of the voters as to whether 
bonds for school purposes may be is- 
sued." It is my opinion that the words 
underlined in the foregoing quotation 
refer to Article 9, Chapter 153, the 
County Finance Act, and that this Ar- 
ticle must be considered with the pro- 
visions of Article 14, Chapter 115. You 
will note that the first paragraph of 
G. S. 115-118 provides that the county 
board of education may petition the 
county commissioners for an election in 
their respective units ; but that this 
paragraph does not specifically refer to 
bond issues. You will also note that 
G. S. 115-116 (f) concerns itself with 
authorizing the commissioners to call 
an election. It is my understanding 
that the issuance, taxing, etc. for these 
bonds would be under Article 9, Chap- 
ter 153 and that thus it would not be 
mandatory upon the county board of 
commissioners to call for a bond elec- 
tion upon receipt of a proper resolution 
from the county board of education. 

It has always been the experience of 
this office that bond counsel desires to 
draw all resolutions, orders, etc. con- 
cerned with the matter of issuing bonds 
and that an opinion of this office as 
to the validity of such resolutions and 
orders is of no effect since it is a mat- 
ter upon which bond counsel must in- 
dividually pass. In view of this, it is 



suggested that you confer with your 
bond counsel at a very early date in 
order that the various steps may be 
taken in a manner acceptable to them. 
— Attorney General, March 14, 1960. 



County Board of Education Entering 
into Indemnifying Agreement. 

In reply to your recent inquiry: This 
will acknowledge receipt of a letter 
from Dr. C. F. Carroll, State Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction, request- 
ing a reply to your letter of January 
26 to Dr. Carroll. In your letter you 
state that in order to obtain telephone 

service to the School it appears 

that it will be necessary for a tele- 
phone line to be installed upon a line 

owned and operated by the 

Company. You further state that the 
Company is agreeable to this procedure 
upon certain conditions, one of which 
is that the Board of Education enter 
into an indemnification agreement with 
the Company. You request an opinion 
as to whether or not the Board has the 
authority to enter into such an agree- 
ment. From the letter from to 

the Chief Engineer of the Com- 
pany, a copy of which you enclosed 
with your letter to Dr. Carroll, it ap- 
pears that the Company desires a full 
indemnification contract with your 
Board. We have discussed this matter 
at some length and it is my opinion 
that the County Board of Education, 
without specific legislative authority, is 
not under our general law, authorized 
to enter into an indemnification agree- 
ment since said agreement would in 
effect make your Board a surety. — 
Attorney General, February 2, 1960. 



'When He Is Ready 7 

The nationwide trend to raise the 
entrance age for elementary school 
children has at least one exception. The 
Cherry Creek, Colorado, school district 
announced recently that it will be pos- 
sible for younger children to start 
school. Contrary to the practice of 
most other districts — which generally 
adopt the arbitrary rule that the child 
must have reached his sixth birthday — 
the Cherry Creek district will permit 
a child to enter "when he is ready." — 
NSBA School Boards. 



APRIL, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



IS 



LOOKING BACK 



FIVE YEARS AGO 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, April, 1955) 

Taylor Dodson, Adviser in Physical 
Education for the State Department of 
Public Instruction since 1950, recently 
qualified for the Doctor of Physical 
Education degree. 

Dr. Charles F. Carroll, State Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction, made 
the dedicatory address at ceremonies 
dedicating two new buildings on the 
campus of East Carolina College on 
March 8 honoring the memory of Jame9 
Yadkin Joyner and Clyde Atkinson 
Erwin. 

TEN YEARS AGO 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, April, 1950) 

R. P. Martin, principal of the Wind- 
sor High School, Bertie County, has 
been named superintendent of Hertford 
County Schools. 

Dr. R. M. Fink, Consultant in Men- 
tal Hygiene, School-Health Coordinat- 
ing Service, will be one of the Work- 
shop Readers of the Human Relations 
Workshop to be conducted at Bacon 
Health Center, Delaware City, Dela- 
ware, April 30-May 6. 

FIFTEEN YEARS AGO 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, April, 1945) 

All educators of the nation have 
been requested to enlist the help of the 
school children in the collection of 
good used clothing for distribution to 
the needy in the countries devastated 
by war in a letter from Henry J. 
Kaiser, National Chairman, United Na- 
tional Clothing Collection for War Re- 
lief. 

Josiah "W. Bailey, senior Senator for 
North Carolina, disclosed last month 
in a letter to a departmental official 
that he is "opposed to Federal aid to 
help local and State schools." 

TWENTY YEARS AGO 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, April, 1940) 

The February report of the WPA 
Safe Driving Schools show that 4,107 
North Carolina drivers of automobiles 
have satisfactorily completed the pre- 
scribed course in Safe Driving. 

During the current school year, the 
North Carolina Federation of Music 
Clubs has put particular stress on 
music for the children in the public 
schools of the State. 



Yesteryear's Do's and 
Don'ts For Teachers 

Any teacher who may feel that she 
leads a fishbowl existence today might 
do well to look at the two lists below. 
The first list, uncovered by Lionel Or- 
likow, Winnipeg teacher, was contained 
in a 1923 Idaho teacher's contract. 

The contract stated that a teacher 
would be paid $5 a month providing 
she met certain conditions. These in- 
cluded : 

1. Don't get married, and don't keep 
company with men. 

2. Don't be away from home between 
the hours of 8 p.m. and 6 a.m. 

3. Don't loiter in ice cream parlors. 

4. Don't smoke cigarettes, and don't 
drink beer, wine or whiskey. 

5. Don't leave town without permis- 
sion. 

6. Don't ride in a carriage or auto- 
mobile with any man except your 
father or brother. 

7. Don't dress in bright colors, dye 
your hair or use face powder, mas- 
cara or lipstick. 

The second list, Rules for Teachers, 
was posted by a principal in 1872 in 
the city of New York and reprinted 
recently in the "Esso Manhattan." 

1. Teachers each day will fill lamps, 
clean chimneys and trim wicks. 

2. Each teacher will bring a bucket 
of water and a scuttle of coal for 
the day's session. 

3. Make your pens carefully. You 
may whittle nibs to the individual 
taste of pupils. 

4. Men teachers may take one even- 
ing each week for courting pur- 
poses, or two evenings a week if 
they go to church regularly. 

5. After ten hours in school, the 
teachers spend the remaining time 
reading the Bible or other good 
books. 

6. Women teachers who marry or en- 
gage in unseemly conduct will be 
dismissed. 

7. Every teacher should lay aside 
from each pay a goodly sum of his 
earnings for his benefit during his 
declining years so that he will not 
become a burden on society. 

8. Any teacher who smokes, uses li- 
quor in any form, frequents pool 
or public halls, or gets shaved in 
a barber shop will give good rea- 
son to suspect his worth, inten- 
tions, integrity, and honesty. 

— Pilot issue of Overview. 



MAKING TODAY'S NEWS 



Graham. Graham County citizens 
Saturday turned down a $400,000 school 
bond issue. The vote was 1,199 against 
to 905 for the bonds, with 11 of 12 pre- 
cincts reporting. Asheville Citizen- 
Times, Feb. 28. 

Wayne. Representatives of school 
committees in northern Wayne County 
yesterday joined with the Board of Ed- 
ucation in giving plans for the consoli- 
dated Charles B. Aycock High School 
a nod of approval. Ooldsboro News- 
Argus, March 8. 

Onslow. Members of a public schools 
survey team, which toured Onslow 
County Tuesday and Wednesday re- 
leased a statement today through Su- 
perintendent of Schools I. B. Hudson 
declaring that needs "will require the 
expenditure of more funds than the 
county will be able to provide within 
bond potential." Jacksonville Daily 
News, March 3. 

Forsyth. A plan for consolidating 
the Winston-Salem and Forsyth County 
school systems was adopted by the two 
Boards of Education last night. Win- 
ston-Salem Journal, March 4. 

Cleveland. The school year 1960-61 
will be one for Cleveland County, with 
three super high schools in operation 
for the first time in the county's his- 
tory. Shelby Daily Star, March 3. 

Iredell. Supt. J. W. Wilson of 
Mecklenburg County Schools predicted 
last night that school consolidation 
would come to Iredell County and all of 
North Carolina and that no selfish in- 
terests will long stand in the way. 
Statesville Record and Landmark, 
March 4. 

Moore. Iu an address before some 
125 educators and school board mem- 
bers held in the Aberdeen School Tues- 
day night, Everett Miller, Assistant 
State Supt. of Public Instruction, told 
the group that : "We are going to have 
to consolidate our small high schools 
if we are going to educate our young- 
sters." 

Stanly. Residents of Stanly County 
will vote April 23 on a bond issue of 
$3,000,000 which would have as its 
principal purpose the consolidation of 
high schools in the county into three. 
R.aleigh News and Observer, March 13. 



16 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 






North Carolina State Liorary 
NORTH CAROLIN^ a! ^8!?BLIC SCHOOL 



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MAY, 1960 



RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA 



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N. C. PTA Will Sponsor 
Workshop June 20-July 1 

The North Carolina Congress of Par- 
ents and Teachers in cooperation with 
Woman's College, Greensboro, will 
sponsor a Workshop in Parent-Teacher 
Community Relations June 20-July 1. 

This Workshop is designed for par- 
ents, teachers, and administrators who 
desire to study cooperatively the prob- 
lems related to home-schools relations, 
parent education, curriculum interpre- 
tation, and PTA policies, organization 
and program. 

The Workshop carries a credit of 
two semester hours for advanced un- 
dergraduate and graduate students. 

For further information, write Dr. 
K. E. Howe, Director Summer Session, 
Woman's College, U. N. C, Greensboro, 
N. C. 

6,627 Teachers Take 
National Teacher Exams 

National Teacher Examinations were 
taken by 6,627 teachers April 9, accord- 
ing to Dr. W. J. Scott, director of the 
Study Committee on Teacher Evalua- 
tion, Rating and Certification. 

"This number more than doubled the 
initial estimates," Dr. Scott stated. 

Examinations were given at 20 cen- 
ters throughout the State as a part of 
the study authorized by the State 
Board of Education in compliance with 
Resolution No. 73 passed by the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1959. In accordance 
with this Resolution all college gradu- 
ates who plan and qualify to teach in 
the public schools of the State after 
April 9, 1960, must take the Examina- 
tion before they will be issued a cer- 
tificate to teach. This requirement also 
applies to those teachers now holding 
certificates who apply for higher class 
certificates. 

Other teachers could voluntarily take 
the examinations. Dr. Scott estimated 
that approximately one-fourth of those 
taking the tests on April 9 were in this 
category. 

Scores from these examinations will 
be used by the Committee as a part of 
its study. No score will be recorded on 
the teacher's record. 

Another such examination will be 
given next October, Dr. Scott said. Ap- 
proximately 4,300 teachers are ex- 
pected to take the test at that time. 



400 Prospective Teachers To Be Awarded 
Scholarship Loan Funds By SDPI In June 



During the month of June approxi- 
mately 400 scholarship loan funds, val- 
ued at $350 each, will be made availa- 
ble to prospective North Carolina teach- 
ers, according to Cliff T. Edwards, co- 
ordinator of the program for the State 
Department of Public Instruction. Of 
this number, about 100 will be awarded 
to students now in college and the re- 
maining 300 to graduates of the class 
of 1960. Alternates will also be an- 
nounced at this time. 

"More than 1,000 carefully screened 
applications were submitted to the 
State Department for review," declared 
Edwards, "and the fact that each ap- 
plicant had already been carefully se- 
lected made the choice of the final 
reviewing committee quite difficult." 

Each applicant was objectively con- 
sidered by three different groups before 
any decision was finally made on his 
acceptance or non-acceptance. Factors 
considered were aptitude, purposeful- 
ness, scholarship, character, financial 
need, and area or subjects of instruc- 
tion in which the demands for teaching 
are greatest. 

Available applications which were 
complete in every detail were consid- 
ered April 4 and 5 ; others which were 
incomplete or which arrived after the 
March 15 deadline were reviewed April 
25 and 26. According to Edwards, 
March 15 will, of necessity, have to be 
strictly adhered to in the future for all 
applications for loan funds. "Since 
there was apparently a lack of under- 
standing this year on this point, appli- 
cations arriving in time for processing 
and consideration by April 26 were in- 
cluded. 

"Beginning next fall the scholarship 
loan program will begin its fourth year 
of operation, .and approximately 1200 
students will be in North Carolina col- 
leges on this specific scholarship fund," 
declared Edwards. Last year approxi- 
mately 800 students in 41 colleges were 
taking advantage of the loan fund. Be- 
tween 85-90 graduates in. the program 
are now teaching in North Carolina 
schools. 

Provisions of the scholarship loan 
fund make it imperative to repay the 
loans with interest unless the recipient 



teaches in the public schools of North 
Carolina following graduation. Each 
year of teaching cancels one year's 
loan fund. 



Few School Districts 
Have Quality-of-Service 
Salary Provisions 

Despite all the attention focussed on 
merit pay proposals for teachers, rela- 
tively few school districts actually have 
"quality-of-service" salary provisions, 
the National Education Assn. reported 
recently. 

Examining the salary schedules of 
2,722 urban school districts — about 
72 per cent of the nation's total — the 
NEA found that only 451 districts 
"provide rewards, or penalties, or both, 
to recognize quality of service." 

Checking further, the NEA discov- 
ered that although some districts have 
had such provisions for years, most 
merit pay plans now in effect are of 
recent origin. Of the 167 urban dis- 
tricts that took part in this phase of 
the study, 93 adopted quality-of-service 
provisions since 1954, 69 did so between 
1942-53, and only five adopted such 
plans before 1941. 

Moreover, NEA figures for large ur- 
ban districts (over 30,000 population) 
disclosed that apparently far fewer 
systems now provide "superior-service 
maximums" than was the case 20 years 
ago. In 1938-39, 20.4 per cent of the 
large districts examined by the NEA 
research staff had such provisions ; in 
1958-59, the comparative figure was on- 
ly 6.2 per cent. The latter figure, how- 
ever, did represent a gain over the low 
of four per cent in 1952-53. 

Of the school superintendents ques- 
tioned in the recent survey, 38.2 per 
cent said that quality-of-service pro- 
visions had a good effect on the morale 
of most teachers ; 2S.1 per cent said 
that it had little noticeable effect ; and 
29.6 per cent held that the effect was 
good for some teachers but poor for 
others. Only 4.1 per cent believed that 
it had a poor effect on the morale of 
most teachers. — Scholastic Teacher. 



Personnel of professional stature, whether in the area af education or 
otherwise, consider it a responsibility as well as a privilege to improve 
themselves constantly while serving others. Growth of this nature takes 
place in numerous ways, planned and unplanned. On occasions, profes- 
sional growth is imperceptible; again, professional improvement can be 
quite apparent, even over a short span of time. 

The attitude that all experiences may have possibilities for growth is 
basic to continuous improvement. An incidental visit to an elementary 
classroom when a superintendent is inspecting building repairs may be 
the springboard for further investigation on grouping. An evening at the 
theatre enjoying The Diary of Anne Frank may suggest to a teacher the 
possibilities of more creative writing among her students. An overheard 
conversation at a bridge party may remind a supervisor of the importance 
of ethical standards in all of one's relationships. Attendance at a civic 
club may impress a principal with the necessity for improved school-com- 
munity cooperation. 

Though the ever-present attitude of desiring to grow is fundamental if 
professional leaders wish to develop maximally, it seems imperative that 
experiences consciously planned for growth possibilities are also essential. 
Some educators desire to continue their formal preparation during the 
summer months, and this is indeed commendable. Too much emphasis can- 
not be placed on continuous study, whether in the area of so-called pro- 
fessional courses or in the area of other disciplines. What superintendent, 
principal, supervisor, or teacher would not profit from well-taught courses 
in sociology, applied psychology, economics, world geography or public 
relations! 

Superintendents, eternally occupied with the realities of buildings, 
budgets, and buses; supervisors and principals, constantly on the alert 
for ways of helping teachers; and teachers forever trying to understand 
pupils and teach them effectively — often find too little time for reading. 
Yet, from the hundreds of articles, pamphlets, and books which come from 
the educational press, many are decidedly worthy of being read. 

Knowing what to read and finding time to read constitute a real prob- 
lem which educators cannot solve except through careful, individualized 
planning. Acceptance of Bacon's philosophy that "reading maketh a full 
man" should cause every superintendent, supervisor, principal, and teacher 
to formulate a personal program of extensive reading. As demands of 
educators increase, no urgency is greater than that of being well-informed. 
A planned program of reading for the summer— intensive in some aspects, 
extensive in others— would help to set a pattern of professional growth 
which would lift perceptibly the level of education throughout the State. 

To a large extent, the quality of education in North Carolina will im- 
prove in proportion to the success with which educators with purpose and 
determination find ways of growing while serving others. An, innate and 
conscious desire to broaden one's horizons plus a well-designed program 
of reading will do much to strengthen those foundations on which con- 
tinuous improvement is possible. 

NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 

Official publication issued monthly except June, July and August by the State Department of 
Public Instruction. Entered as second-class matter November 2, 1939, at the post office at 
Raleigh, North Carolina, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 

CHARLES F. CARROLL 
State Supt. of Public Instruction 

Vol. XXIV, No. 9 EDITORIAL BOARD May, 1960 

L. H. JOBE, J. E. MILLER 
V. M. MULHOLLAND 



Unless a person has become a self- 
motivated, efficient, critical reader, 
he is not ready to teach. - - Edgar 
Dale. 



Creativity, like virtue, cannot be 
taught, but only caught — if the 
climate is right. The teacher is at 
the center of the process; he has a 
double obligation: to provide the 
conditions in which students may 
create and to be creative in his own 
teaching. — Dr. Edward J. Gordon, 
director of the Yale University Of- 
fice of Teacher Training. 



Education is a two-way street. Un- 
less the teacher can provide original 
and dynamic thought in the student, 
no education will have taken place. 
The student must not merely answer 
questions, he must ask them. The 
word why must be forever on his 
lips. - Roger Burlingame. 



This country has the natural, the 
industrial, and the human resources 
to do almost anything it wants to 
do. It is nonsense to say that we 
cannot afford a better public school 
system. We need to spend not just 
a little more, but a great deal more 
on our schools. — Senator J. "W". Ful- 
bright, Arkansas. 



I think the American public must 
make up its mind to do one of three 
things: (1) use federal aid, with 
some degrees of federal control; (2) 
let the schools in many states stay 
in their present unsatisfactory con- 
ditions; or (3) drastically improve 
state financing. ■ — Dr. .Tamos B. 
Conant. 



People work best when there is a 
challenge to be creative. They work 
best when they have true status and 
clearly defined responsibilities. John 
Q. Taxpayer supports his school sys- 
tem when it is clear to him what the 
system is trying to do. He supports 
the teacher when he knows just how 
she is trying her best to help his 
child. — Administration in a Small 
Community School, 1957 Yearbook, 
Department of Rural Education, 
National Education Association. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



GneaiiueAdnUKid^UuxH, PmhjA&M ^JiSvo-ucjit SeH'/JftpAaUal 



As educators move into the chal- 
lenging Sixties, they will be expected 
to accomplish much by way of cre- 
ative leadership. Such leadership is 
a strange mixture of many ingredi- 
ents — intellectual, spiritual, and 
physical. It demands knowledge of 
sound administrative practices, skill 
in public relations, awareness of cur- 
ricular trends, understanding of the 
learning process, and — above all 
else — faith in the worthwhileness 
of creative and imaginative admin- 
istration as the basis for education- 
al progress. 

Creativity is sometimes regarded 
as the releasing of the best within 
one toward the realization of self- 
accepted goals. If this concept is 
true, then administrators who would 
exercise creative leadership are con- 
stantly being called upon to give 
their utmost to objectives which 
they, in cooperation with others, 
have agreed are most worthwhile. 
This demands that administrators 
be individuals with ideas — ideas 
whose power can shake off the 
shackles of undesirable conform- 
ity, inefficiency, and ineffectiveness. 
When change is needed in the broad 
area of education, it is the admin- 
istrator who must convincingly lead 
the thinking of his community and 
courageously suggest that which 
seems better. 

The public is increasingly inter- 
ested in better human relations; 
improved living conditions; better 
products; and a type of education 
superior to that which at times has 
been characterized by undesirable 
conformity, mediocrity, and lack of 
imagination. 

Creative administration must e- 
volve; it cannot be forced. Though 
its realization is the responsibility 
of many individuals and groups, it 
results primarily as administrators 
demonstrate their enthusiasm for 
continued growth ; as they find ways 
of eliciting imaginative and con- 
structive ideas from others; and as 
they envision a broad educational 
program which meets the real needs 
of individual pupils. 



Growth and progress in individ- 
uals and in organizations is possible 
only when goals seem worthy of 
achieving. This condition comes 
about most often when individuals or 
groups have exercised sufficient self- 
evaluation to feel certain that spe- 
cific improvements are desirable. 
Motivation for doing one's best 
seems to follow efforts at self-ap- 
praisal — whether on the part of 
students trying to improve their hab- 
its, skills, and attitudes; whether on 
the part of teachers trying to im- 
prove their techniques of instruc- 
tion, and the curriculum itself; or 
whether on the part of other groups, 
such as the PTA or the school board, 
in their efforts to bring better edu- 
cational opportunities to the com- 
munity. 

The quality of education being 
achieved by students in a local situa- 
tion can be reasonably well known 
as administrators, teachers, parents, 
and pupils appraise local efforts in 
terms of purposes widely recognized 
as sound and worthwhile. Such hon- 
est and intelligent self-appraisal, 
with the assistance of consultants 
when desirable, can readily indicate 



within a school qualities of strength 
as well as certain deficiencies. Wher- 
ever the philosophy of self-evalua- 
tion prevails, there seems to be a 
cooperative and continuous effort to 
strengthen the quality of education 
throughout the community. This ap- 
proach toward growth and progress 
imposes responsibility where it be- 
longs, but in no way suggests the 
futility of "outside" assistance in 
programs of evaluation. 

Many individuals and schools 
have recognized the positive values 
inherent in self - evaluation for 
years ; but in recent months, 
through efforts carried on in con- 
nection with the ISTDEA, many ad- 
ditional individuals and schools 
have come to regard self-appraisal 
as an invaluable aid to progress. ISTot 
least among the discoveries revealed 
through increasing self-appraisal is 
the fact that every staff possesses a 
rich potential for progress — in 
ideas, attitudes, spirit of coopera- 
tion, desire to improve, and faith in 
education as one sure means of re- 
leasing the creative best in each of 
us. 



Seljj-dealifyatian, 



Self-realization is often declared 
to be one of the primary goals of 
education, though frequently it is 
envisioned as "learning to think," 
"learning to make decisions," and 
"learning to use one's total capabili- 
ties to the maximum." Such an all- 
encompassing purpose in no way 
minimizes the importance of acquir- 
ing knowledge or developing other 
skills, attitudes, and appreciations. 
Self-realization involves all these 
factors and even more. 

In a sense, self-realization is a 
process which is never quite com- 
plete; its achievement is always to 
be desired. Such a goal as this is 
primarily individual and personal; 
for this reason, educational experi- 
ences, to be of greatest value, must 
somehow be planned in terms of the 
individual. Ultimately, this means 
(hat more and more pupil-teacher 



planning is desirable for maximum 
growth. The degree to which teach- 
er and pupil purposes coincide de- 
termines in large measure the 
growth which can be expected from 
pupil as well as from teacher. 

This approach to quality educa- 
tion suggests that guidance and test- 
ing will be increasingly oriented to 
improved learning for the individ- 
ual. This approach also suggests 
that it may be necessary to experi- 
ment with new types of grouping, 
with emphasis on personal growth 
to the limit of one's ability. By im- 
plication this suggests the necessity 
for minimum standards for the in- 
dividual rather than for the group, 
[n the long run, self-realization is 
impossible when pupils are expected 
to do more than they can do, or 
when they are permitted to do less 

(Continued on page 4) 



MAY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



Curriculum Study Gives 13 
Vocational, Business, and 

In a summary of conclusions and 
recommendations with regard to devel- 
oping State policies for vocational, bus- 
iness, and practical arts education for 
the public schools of North Carolina 
presented to the State Board of Edu- 
cation at its April Meeting, the Cur- 
riculum Study gave 13 key points. 

These key-point conclusions and 
recommendations, Dr. I. E. Ready, di- 
rector of the Study reported, were 
"based upon studies conducted by sev- 
eral groups in cooperation with Cur- 
riculum Study, State Board of Educa- 
tion, other studies, and opinions of 
personnel with and consultants to the 
Curriculum Study." Many of the rec- 
ommendations pertain to vocational ag- 
riculture, since more comprehensive 
study has been made in this area than 
in others. 

Key points reported were : 

1. The people of North Carolina 
want vocational educational op- 
portunities through the public 
school system. 

2. Vocational education in the pub- 
lic schools should be expanded 
with strong emphasis on late 
high school and post high school 
education. 



SELF-REALIZATION 

(Continued from page 3) 

than that of which they are capable. 
As Charles Bisch has said so poig- 
nantly : "There is nothing so un- 
equal as the equal treatment of un- 
cquals." 

Self-realization on the part of pu- 
pils involves frequent practice, un- 
der guidance, in making decisions, 
in thinking logically, and in giving 
one's total self to whatever project 
or goal has been accepted as worthy 
uf achievement. As pupils are in- 
creasingly respected in terms of 
their differences, and as efforts are 
made to release the best that lies 
within them, much in the areas of 
administration, teaching techniques, 
evaluation, and teacher preparation 
will need to be altered. 

Self - realisation is possible only 
when pupils are permitted, encour- 
aged, and expected to move forward 
with dignity toward the achieve- 
ment of goals whicb they themselves 
have accepted. 



8. 



10. 



11 



12. 



13. 



Key Points For 
Practical Arts 

The State Plan for vocational, 
business, and practical arts edu- 
cation should emphasize local au- 
tonomy, local planning, and 
should not contain restrictions 
unnecessarily. 

State plans for financing public 
school education should, among 
other things, promote objective 
curriculum development by ex- 
tending to industrial arts the 
same matching basis of financial 
support now used for vocational 
subjects. 

There is a need for sharply in- 
creased aid to vocational, busi- 
ness, and practical arts education 
teachers in helping them develop 
strong instructional programs. 

Competent personnel at all levels 
are basic to strong programs of 
vocational, business, and practical 
arts education. State-level per- 
sonnel are needed in business and 
industrial arts education. 
Improvement of guidance pro- 
cedures relative to enrollment of 
students in vocational, business, 
and practical arts courses is im- 
perative. 

Continued research is basic to 
sound programs of vocational, 
business, and practical arts edu- 
cation. 

Programs of vocational, business, 
and practical arts education 
should be planned in keeping with 
well defined educational objec- 
tives. 

Enrollment in vocational educa- 
tion programs should be limited 
to those persons who have en- 
tered upon or plan to enter upon 
the activity for which the train- 
ing is intended. 

Vocational education is an edu- 
cational program and uot a 
service program. 
The activities of organizations as- 
sociated with the vocational edu- 
cation programs should not im- 
pinge upon the classroom instruc- 
tion time. 

Education provided by vocational 
agriculture for persons entering 
occupations related to farming 
should be similar to that provided 
for persons entering the occupa- 
tion of farming. 



Penn. DPI Recommends 
Class Size In English 

The Pennsylvania Department of 
Public Instruction has suggested that 
the maximum load for English teachers 
be limited to 100 per day or 20 pupils 
per class, and that one period per day 
for planning and paper correcting be 
scheduled. 

Other recommendations of the Penn- 
sylvania DPI call for instruction in 
formal grammar to begin in the sev- 
enth grade ; that the writing of themes 
be a part of the requirements in grades 
four through twelve, and that all orig- 
inal work be evaluated and corrected. 

The Penn. DPI also recommends that 
instruction in English be a school-wide 
project and that all teachers be respon- 
sible for proper English usage by pupils 
under their charge, particularly in the 
grading of written work. 

Wilson County School 
Issues Bulletin 

In connection with the science fair 
and open house held at the Lee Wood- 
ard School in Wilson County, a special 
11-page bulletin was prepared for par- 
ent and other lay consumption. 

Activities and accomplishments of 
the staff, the student body, and alumni 
constitute a major portion of the bul- 
letin. In these sections outstanding ac- 
tivities of the past year are reviewed 
for the benefit of those interested in 
this particular school. Of particular 
interest were the two sections entitled 
"Our Students Achieve'' and "Our 
Alumni Succeed." 

Another section of the bulletin indi- 
cated certain improvements in school 
plant and facilities during the past 
year ; whereas, another portion of the 
bulletin dealt with outstanding needs 
of the school. The final section was an 
explanation of the high school program 
in terms of courses required, electives, 
daily schedule, and the like. 

Those parents and other patrons of 
the Lee Woodard School who take time 
to read this attractive bulletin will 
know a great deal more about the 
school than heretofore; and there is 
every reason to believe that their en- 
thusiasm and loyalty to the school will 
increase because of having become bet- 
ter acquainted with the school. It is 
particularly encouraging to know that 
students in school as well as alumni 
are being recognized for their outstand- 
ing activities. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Schools Dominate County 
Property Tax Picture 

School appropriations continue to 
dominate the county property tax pic- 
ture. 

Thus concludes Alex McMahon, gen- 
eral counsel of the North Carolina As- 
sociation of County Commissioners, 
following a recent study of 1959 county 
tax rates. According to Mr. McMahon, 
over half of North Carolina's 100 coun- 
ties had a higher tax vote in 1959 than 
in 1958. 

"Most counties," he stated, "find it 
necessary to provide for larger appro- 
priations each year. Some counties can 
take care of the larger appropriations 
because they have larger total valua- 
tions, resulting from construction or 
acquisition of additional property. 
Other counties find it necessary to in- 
crease the tax vote. 

"The importance of school appropria- 
tions in the county tax picture is ap- 
parent from the fact that over half 
of the counties devote over half of 
their property tax revenue to the public 
schools in the county. These taxes 
build, maintain, and operate city 
schools as well as schools in rural 
areas." 

Of the 52 counties having increases 
in tax rates, ten had increases of 25 
cents or more, 22 had an increase of be- 
tween 10 and 24 cents, and 20 had an 
increase of less than 10 cents, Mc- 
Mahon stated. "Eleven counties attrib- 
uted their 1959 increase solely to larger 
school appropriations, and 30 other 
counties gave larger school appropria- 
tions as one of the reasons for the in- 
crease." 

Why Teachers Leave 

Out-of-state recruiters of public 
school teachers outnumbered the in- 
state interviewers by more than two to 
one in the "open season" beginning in 
February, Dr. Ben Fountain, director 
of teacher placement in the UNC 
School of Education, reveals. 

Superintendents from 11 states sent 
representatives to Chapel Hill during 
February and March. Recruiters came 
from as far away as Hawaii. 

The average out-of-State salary of- 
fered to beginning teachers : $4,350. 

The North Carolina salary scale be- 
gins at $2,900 a year and goes up to 
$4,500 for first-year teachers — not tak- 
ing into account schools supplementing 
salaries above the State level. — The 
University Report. 



Superintendent Carroll Cites School Needs 



"The educational camera in our State 
is clearly focused upon children." 

State Superintendent Charles F. Car- 
roll made this statement in an address 
to the 76th Annual Convention of the 
North Carolina Education Association 
held March 16-18 in Asheville. 

In his address entitled "For the Sake 
of Children," Superintendent Carroll 
listed ten benefits which children are 
entitled to in the pursuit of their 
education. A summary of these benefits 
was printed in the April number of this 
publication. 

"First," Superintendent Carroll 
stated, "children are entitled to a 
school that is big enough and good 
enough to serve their abilities and their 
potential interests. To achieve desired 
size in many instances, we shall have 
to accelerate the program of school con- 
solidation . . . Population patterns and 
instructional improvement make it es- 
sential that our educational facilities 
be designed without respect to — or un- 
due reverence for — district, city and 
county lines . . . Consolidation is war- 
ranted when it results in improved in- 
struction; otherwise, the consolidation 
represents change for the sake of 
change and not change for the sake of 
progress." 

A second benefit proposed by Super- 
intendent Carroll for children is a de- 
cent building, with necessary equipment 
and supplies. North Carolina, he 
pointed out, will need in the decade 
1958-68 a total of $376,000,000 worth 
of school buildings. In the best inter- 
ests of public education, $180,000,000 
worth of construction should be done 
within the next three years. 

"Third," he stated, "children are en- 
titled to the benefits that can accrue 
from a supply of professional personnel 
in excess of the demand. There can. be 
no selectivity in the employment of 
teachers and other school personnel un- 
less the supply exceeds the demand, 
and unless there is selectivity, the risk 
of mediocrity is inescapable." To 
achieve conditions for selectivity, he 
pointed out the needs (1) for screening 
candidates for teaching at the college 
level, (2) for improving working con- 
ditions, (3) for intellectual and spir- 
itual recognition for a job well done, 
and (4) for a realistic salary schedule. 



( )n this latter point, he suggested a 
range of $3600 to $5600 a year. 

A fourth benefit for the school chil- 
dren, Dr. Carroll stated, "is sufficient 
staff. The schools of North Carolina 
need at least 10 per cent more profes- 
sional personnel ... In addition, they 
need secretarial and clerical assis- 
tants." 

A fifth benefit which children are 
entitled to is an amount of individual 
instruction related to grade or subject 
area. In other words, he pointed out, 
a ratio of one teacher to 30 pupils "ap- 
plied uniformly to all grades and 
classes throughout the school is neither 
justifiable nor defensible . . . Our pres- 
ent uniformity in teacher allottment 
and class assignment must yield to the 
needs of children, and particularly to 
our primary children and our teachers 
of language arts." 

A curriculum that is both ancient and 
recent in origin was the sixth of Dr. 
Carroll's "benefit-suggestions" for chil- 
dren. "There is need to bring up-to- 
date certain aspects of the curriculum," 
he said, "but there is even greater 
need to concentrate on some of that 
which we appear sometimes to have 
forgotten." 

"Seventh," he said, "children are en- 
titled to a full day at school." In this 
connection, he also pointed out that 
"children are entitled to the benefits 
of a continuous session of 180 days of 
instruction without month-long recesses 
for a whole school when only a very 
few children may be required at home 
for planting or harvesting." 

Dr. Carroll's eighth, ninth and tenth 
benefits for children were : a school bus 
transportation system that permits 
them to arrive on time, to stay at 
school until the end of the last class, 
and to leave and return home at a rea- 
sonable hour ; a school that does not 
yield to the temptation of reducing 
children to profile charts and statis- 
tics ; and a minimum program of edu- 
cation provided by State and Federal 
funds. 

Finally, Dr. Carroll stated that "we 
are going to pursue these goals with 
our legislators. Implementation of 
these goals will be reflected in our re- 
quests to the next session of the Gen- 
eral Assembly." 



MAY, NINETEEN HgNDRED ANP SIXTY 



United Forces For Education Adopts 
Child Centered Legislative Program 



A Child Centered Legislative Pro- 
gram to be presented to the General 
Assembly which meets in 1961 was a- 
dopted by the UDited Forces for Edu- 
cation at a meeting held March 21 in 
Raleigh. This program was submitted 
to the State Board of Education on 
April 7 for consideration in its "B" 
budget recommendations to the Advis- 
ory Budget Commission. 

The program is divided into four 
parts : I. Introduction, II. Specifics. 

III. Increased School Personnel, and 

IV. Increase in Services and Salaries. 
UFE includes representation from 

the following State organizations : N. C. 
Congress of Parents and Teachers, 
N. C. Education Association, N. C. Di- 
vision of the American Association of 
University Women, N. C. School Boards 
Association, N. C. Federation of Wom- 
en's Clubs, N. C. State Grange, N. C. 
Farm Bureau, and N. C. Junior Cham- 
ber of Commerce. 

The Program adopted follows : 

I. Introduction 

A. To provide a program which will 
improve the instruction, guidance, 
and supervision of children, house 
them in safe, sanitary, and com- 
fortable buildings, furnish them 
with a curriculum which is con- 
tinuously evaluated and compe- 
tently planned, and give them 
enough healthy, properly-qualified 
teachers will require a substantial 
increase in the present appropria- 
tions for public schools in North 
Carolina. 

B. The United Forces believes it will 
require a minimum increase of $45 
per pupil per year in expenditures 
for current operations for State 
funds over and above the per pu- 
pil expenditure for the fiscal year 
1960-61. From this appropriation of 
some 50 million dollars per year 
will come the allocations to make 
the necessary investment in our 
schools and our children. 

II. Specifics 

A. Instructional supplies and materi- 
als, matching funds for National 
Defense Education Act, and opera- 
tional costs: $2,000,000. 

B. Reduced class size and provisions 
for special services teachers : $10,- 
000,000. 

C. Salary Schedule : 

1. A minimum salary schedule of 



$3,600-$5,60O for teachers hold- 
ing "A" and "G" certificates. 
2. Substantial salary increases for 
principals, supervisors, superin- 
tendents, and non -professional 
school personnel: $32,500,000. 

D. 5 days sick leave for professional 
school personnel: $1,600,000. 

E. Clerical assistance for schools : $1,- 
400,000. 

F. 2 days extended term of employ- 
ment for teachers and 5 days for 
principals : $2,500,000. 

TOTAL: $50,000,000. 

The United Forces strongly recom- 
mends substantial salary increases for 
college teachers. 

The United Forces strongly recom- 
mends the in-school television-teaching 
program be strengthened and expanded. 

III. Increased School Personnel 

A. BECAUSE the United Forces be- 
lieves that children should attend 
schools in which the principal is 
free from mere office routine so 
he can serve as a professional 
counselor, planner, and supervisor ; 
and in which teachers are free 
from the time-consuming clerical 
requirements such as operating 
duplicating machines so they can 
plan their work, teach their pupils 
and grow professionally, its lead- 
ers request that an adequate part 
of our school appropriations be 
used to provide clerical assistance 
for principals and teachers. 

B. BECAUSE the United Forces for 
Education believes that our chil- 
dren should be taught more effec- 
tively according to their varying 
abilities and that their individual 
talents should be not only discov- 
ered but also developed, its leaders 
request that an adequate part of 
our school appropriations be used 
to employ guidance counselors and 
special services teachers, such as 
personnel for music, art, dramatics, 
library work, etc. 

C. BECAUSE the United Forces for 
Education believes that our chil- 
dren should be taught in classes 
that are sufficiently small to per- 
mit them to receive more individ- 
ual attention and thus prevent 
frustration resulting from crowded 
classes, its leaders request that an 
adequate part of our school ap- 
propriations be used to employ 



enough teachers to allow a reduc- 
tion of class size in North Caro- 
lina. 

IV. Increase Services and Salaries 

A. BECAUSE the United Forces for 
Education believes that children 
should be taught by happy, healthy 
teachers free from any illness 
which tends to result in moodiness, 
depression, or outright irritable at- 
titudes, its leaders request that an 
adequate part of our school ap- 
propriations be used to furnish a 
period of sick leave in addition 
to the provisions of the present 
State Board of Education substi- 
tute teacher regulations. 

15. BECAUSE the United Forces for 
Education believes that children 
should be taught by teachers who 
have time to plan ahead for the 
year's work and get ready for the 
opening of schools and time to 
grade papers, make out report 
cards, and evaluate the year's 
work at its conclusion, thus guar- 
anteeing that every child shall be 
taught for 180 full days, its lead- 
ers request that an adequate part 
of our school appropriations be 
used to provide an extended term 
of 2 days beyond the present three- 
day period and 5 additional days 
for principals. 

C. BECAUSE the United Forces for 
Education believes that children 
should be taught in school build- 
ings that are provided with ade- 
quate light, heat, telephones, toilet 
paper, paper napkins, library ma- 
terials, and instructional aids, its 
leaders request that an adequate 
part of our school appropriations 
be used to provide increased State 
support for the operational costs 
of schools. 

D. Finally, BECAUSE the United 
Forces for Education believes that 
our children should be taught only 
by competent and successful teach- 
ers and because strengthened eco- 
nomic security is necessary to the 
getting and keeping of such teach- 
ers, its leaders request that an 
adequate part of our school ap- 
propriations be used to provide a 
substantial salary increase for all 
school personnel in North Carolina. 

Other Pressing Needs 

Adequate classrooms and equipment ; 
popular election of boards of educa- 
tion ; more control centered in local 
school boards, a more uniform system 
(Continued on page 7) 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Annie J. Williams Attends 
National Math Conference 

Annie John Williams, mathematics 
consultant for the State Department 
of Public Instruction, recently attended 
a national conference concerning in- 
service education of mathematics teach- 
ers, sponsored by the Department of 
Health, Education, and Welfare. 

Invitation to attend this conference 
was issued by Commissioner of Educa- 
tion, Lawrence G. Derthick, to approx- 
imately fifty outstanding teachers of 
mathematics in the United States. Pur- 
pose of the three - day conference was 
to develop a pamphlet containing: (1) 
a resume of current problems and pat- 
terns of in-service education of teach- 
ers of high school mathematics, and 
(2) suggestions for a desirable in-serv- 
ice education program for teachers of 
high school mathematics. "This publi- 
cation will be prepared in the immedi- 
ate future," according to Miss Wil- 
liams, "and distributed to administra- 
tors throughout the Nation." 

Outstanding features of the confer- 
ence included three addresses plus 
work sessions on "promising practices 
in in-service education of mathematics 
teachers." Dr. W. L. Duren of the 
University of Virginia spoke on "Need- 
ed Emphasis in the Teaching of Mathe- 
matics and Implications for Teacher 
Re-Education." Dr. Henry Syer of the 
Kent Scnool discussed, "Current Prob- 
lems and Patterns of In-Service Edu- 
cation of High School Mathematics" ; 
Dr. Henry Van Engen of the Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin spoke on this topic: 
"Characteristics of a Desirable In- 
Service Education Program for High 
School Mathematics Teachers." 

Miss Williams was the only North 
Carolinian invited to participate in this 
conference. 

UNITED FORCES FOR EDUCATION 

(Continued from page 6) 
of assessment of property for tax pur- 
poses ; qualified visiting teachers, State- 
supported but locally-employed ; kinder- 
gartens ; public community junior col- 
leger, ; increased retirement benefits ; 
home and farm safety education ; con- 
tinuation and expansion of the present 
programs in school health and voca- 
tional education ; and a thorough study 
of the ratio-relationship of salaries 
among the various levels of profession- 
al school personnel. 

It is also recommended that the State 
Board study the principle cl index sal- 
ary schedule with the maximum salary 
being about twice the minimum salary, 

MAY, NINETEIN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



14 Administrative Units Provide Sick Leave 



Only 14 of the 174 administrative 
units use local funds to provide sick 
leave to 3,270 teachers, according to a 
survey made last fall by the depart- 
ment of research of the North Carolina 
Education Association. 

Under State Board of Education reg- 
ulations, a teacher who is absent be- 
cause of illness, or because she is need- 
ed because of illness in her immediate 
family, or because of death of a near 
relative, is entitled to her full salary 
for the days absent less $8.00 per day. 

Units which provide for payment of 
salaries for illness are the following: 
Durham (city) 5 days annually, cumu- 
lative to 15 ; Edenton 4 ; Elizabeth City 
5, cumulative to 15 ; Hendersonville 5 ; 
Lenoir 5 ; Lexington 5, cumulative to 
15 ; Lincolnton 5 ; Raleigh 5, cumula- 
tive to 12 ; Roanoke Rapids 5 ; Rocky 
Mount 5 ; Southern Pines 3 ; Greenville 
(no deductions); Nash County 5; 
Transylvania County 5 ; and Durham 
County 2. 



In most of these units, the regula- 
tions as to personal illness applies to 
illness or death of a member of the 
immediate family. 

In case of absence due to attendance 
at professional meetings, State Board 
regulations provide for full payment 
for one or more days, when approved 
by the superintendent, but that the 
payment of the substitute shall not be 
made from State funds or be an obliga- 
tion of the regular teacher. In prac- 
tice, according to the NCEA survey, 
114 units indicated that when teachers 
attend meetings approved by the ad- 
ministration, the substitute fee is paid 
either by the local school board, or by 
the local unit of the NCEA, or that a 
member of the PTA or the FTA club 
substitutes without charge. Sixty units 
indicated that no provision is made to 
pay substitute teachers when the regu- 
lar teacher is absent to attend profes- 
sional meetings. 



State PTA Dedicates Headquarters Building 



The new Headquarters Building of 
the North Carolina Congress of Parents 
and Teachers, located in Raleigh, was 
dedicated on April 27. 

The president and other officers, in- 
cluding the secretarial staff, have of- 
fice space in the new building. There 
are also conference rooms, a research 
center, rooms for the issuance of the 
monthly PTA Bulletin, and storage 
space for paper and other necessary 
materials. 

The State PTA has a membership of 
358.936, organized into 1136 local units 
and 54 councils. 

The State organization has four main 
functions : 

1. It seeks to learn all about the 
school and to help improve the 
school as a place where children 
can be educated. Its main efforts 
are directed toward having the 
necessary equipment provided un- 
der the law with tax moneys. Thus 
bond issues and necessary raises 
in taxes have the full support of 
the PTA's when the money is to 
be spent on better-equipped 
schools. The PTA makes an effort 
to see that the teachers of the 
school have a healthy home and 



community life. The PTA has pro- 
grams that permit parents to know 
what and how their children are 
being taught, as well as how par- 
ents might be helpful in the 
school's program. 

2. It seeks to improve the home life 
of children. This is done through 
its adult education programs, 
through establishing counseling 
centers, and through enriched cur- 
ricula (parenthood and child care, 
health and sanitation) in the 
schools. 

3. It seeks to improve the commu- 
nity. This involves supporting 
slum clearance programs, estab- 
lishing parks and proper recrea- 
tional facilities, abolishing vice 
and crime, and establishing stand- 
ards of conduct for children. 

4. It has a strong legislative program 
that supports bills involving any 
of the above aims. It also sup- 
ports legislation that will increase 
teachers' salaries, reduce teacher 
loads, and provide tenure for 
teachers, clerical assistance for 
schools, appropriations for sick 
leave, and funds for additional op- 
erational costs of the schools. 



iNorlh ^.aro.ina Slate uorary, 
Raleigh 



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Board Approves Changes In Athletic Rules K - E - Stokes Resigns 



Four changes were made in the Reg- 
ulations Governing Athletics in the 
Public Schools of North Carolina by 
the State Board of Education at its 
April 7 meeting. 

These four changes were: 

1. During the summer vacation pe- 
riod, not more than two members of 
last year's varsity squad (grades 9 and 
above) are permitted to play together 
in organized basketball competition. 
The ruling as interpreted means that 
in any type of clinic or school no more 
than two members of the varsity squad 
may scrimmage (full or half court) on 
the same side. This is a new rule. 

2. Rule 10 was changed by changing 
the word "any sport" to read "foot- 
ball." This simply means that no foot- 
ball practice may begin prior to 
August 15 or two weeks before school 
opens. 



3. Another new rule approved is that 
"There •shall he no organized basketball 
practice before October 15 and after 
the last regular scheduled or play-off 
game." This is interpreted to mean 
that any basketball activity prior to 
October 14 and after the last inter- 
school game shall be confined to intra- 
mural play. 

4. A fourth change in modifying Rule 
20 states that "There shall be no inter- 
scholastic athletics below the 7th 
grade." This means that there is to be 
no competition play in grades 1-6 in- 
volving two schools. Elementary schools 
are to limit their competition to play 
days, sports days and intramural type 
activities. 

The change made by the Board were 
recommended by the State Advisory 
Committee on Athletics. Superinten- 
dents had previously voted overwhelm- 
ingly in favor of the changes. 



Mecklenburg - Charlotte Consolidate As One 
Administrative Unit On July 1, 1960 



Approval was given by the State 
Board of Education to the consolida- 
tion of the Mecklenburg County and 
Charlotte City systems into one admin- 
istrative unit, effective July 1, 1960, at 
a meeting held April 7. 

Dr. Charles P. Carroll, State Su- 
perintendent of Public Instruction, told 
Board members that the consolidation 
of these units will have a "profound 
Influence on the entire State and even 
other states in the area." 

The Board, in a resolution recogniz- 
ing the "splendid example" set by the 
Mecklenburg-Charlotte unit, indicated 
that other city-county units should give 
similar mergers serious consideration. 

Since passage of the Act providing 
for merger of the Charlotte City Board 
of Education, steps have gradually 
been made to effect this consolidation. 

Legal provisions for the creation of 
one board of education have been met. 
A favorable vote of the people on the 
question of a 54-cent supplementary 
school tax has been recorded. And the 
following other steps have been taken 
toward a consummation of the consoli- 
dated unit : 

Dr. Elmer H. Garinger has been des- 
ignated superintendent of the consoli- 
dated school system. J. W. Wilson is 
to be associate superintendent. Assis- 
tant superintendents thus far desig- 



nated are John Dunlap, J. D. Morgan, 
and Dr. John Otts 

A uniform salary scale for all teach- 
ers in the consolidated system has been 
approved by the two boards of educa- 
tion. 

Attendance areas are now being 
established for each school in the con- 
solidated system. 

Plans for an education center to 
house the consolidated administrative 
and supervisory offices as well as other 
special facilities are being drawn by 
Louis H. Asbury. At present city- 
county school administrative and su- 
pervisory offices are located in 14 dif- 
ferent locations. 

Recommendations for uniform poli- 
cies and procedures for the consolidated 
system are being studied by the city- 
county principals and supervisors. 
These recommendations will be pre- 
sented to the administration and 
boards of education. 

No radical changes will be made in 
the instructional program of either sys- 
tem according to a resolution adopted 
by both boards of education. 

The consolidation committee has au- 
thorized the administration to employ 
a person to head up the building pro- 
gram for the consolidated system. 
Candidates for this position are now 
being interviewed. 



K. E. Stokes, supervisor of the vet- 
erans on-farm training program for the 
eastern part of the State, has resigned, 
according to A. G. Bullard, State super- 
visor of vocational agriculture. He has 
accepted a position as teacher of voca- 
tional agriculture in the Enfield High 
School. 

T. H. Mills, assistant supervisor of 
institutional on-farm training, will as- 
sume responsibility for supervising all 
programs of veterans farmer training 
throughout the State. Mr. Bullard 
stated. Mr. Mills maintains his office 
at Welcome, Box 69, in Davidson 
County. 

N. C. Press Association 
Reports Textbooks Sound 

"While in the minds of some critics 
there are some questionable textbooks 
still in use, the situation as a whole 
as pertains particularly to the North 
Carolina schools and the students 
therein is sound and wholesome." 

This is the conclusion of a committee 
appointed at the January meeting of 
the North Carolina Press Association 
to study the textbooks used in North 
Carolina schools. The committee was 
composed of H. Gait Braxton, chairman, 
of the Kinston Free Press, Hal Tanner 
of the Goldsboro News-Argus, and 
Paul Dickerman of the Wilson Daily 
Times. The study was requested be- 
cause of "allegations by critics that our 
boys and girls were being indoctrinated 
in socialistic and communistic theories 
of government to the detriment of our 
long standing republican form of gov- 
ernment." 

The committee consulted a number 
of well-known educators in its investi- 
gation of the textbooks used in the 
schools of the State, "We were grati- 
fied," the committee stated, "to find 
that these authorities felt as a whole 
our educational system was in good 
hands ; that the textbooks being used 
had been carefully examined and se- 
lected by a capable textbook commis- 
sion and that most of the criticism al- 
leging the teaching of dangerous doc- 
trines was exported, based in a good 
many instances on extracts from text- 
books and not taking into considera- 
tion the entire context and teaching of 
such books." 

The entire report of the Committee 
is published in the Proceedings of the 
North Carolina Press Association, 
Eighty - Seventh Annual Convention, 
held in Morehead City, July 16-18, 1959. 



10 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Should Public Schools 
Be Air-Conditioned? 

Air-conditioned schools may be 
cheaper to build than conventional 
ones, according to an article in the 
April issue of SCHOOL MANAGE- 
MENT magazine. The story points out 
that building designs can be radically 
altered if air-conditioning is intro- 
duced, eliminating many feet of expen- 
sive exterior walls. 

The main objection to air-conditioned 
schools, the magazine finds, is fear of 
public reaction to "an expensive frill." 
But the magazine points out that air- 
conditioning is anything but a frill. 

Advantages cited for air-conditioning, 
in addition to initial construction sav- 
ings, include lower costs of maintenance, 
a better climate for learning in fall 
and spring months, and the opportunity 
to keep schools open through the sum- 
mer, for adult education, extension, 
make-up or regular school courses. 

College Entrance Exams 
To Include Writing Sample 

A writing sample will become part of 
college entrance examinations con- 
ducted next December by the College 
Entrance Examination Board, accord- 
ing to an article in April 6 edition of 
Scholastic Teacher. At least 100 of the 
Board's 287 member colleges have indi- 
cated they will require it, the article 
stated. 

The Board gave this picture of the 
writing sample : 

Only students seeking admission to 
colleges requesting the writing sample 
will be required to complete that por- 
tion of the examination. 

The sample will contain a separate 
heading and students will indicate to 
what colleges they want copies sent. 

Writing will probably be done on a 
pad-like form which will provide sev- 
eral carbon copies. 

Students will be asked to write for 
one hour on a single suggested topic, 
which will require no special reading 
or preparation. Students in all parts 
of the country, then, will write on the 
same topic in a "secure" situation guar- 
anteeing original work. 

The Board will not read or grade 
the samples, but will merely transmit 
them to the colleges. It will be up to 
each college to determine how to use 
the essays. A copy also will go to the 
student's high school. 



47,245 Foreign Students Study In U. S. 



There were 47,245 foreign students 
in American colleges and universities 
in 1958-59, according to the latest for- 
eign student census of the privately- 
supported Institute of International Ed- 
ucation. In addition, there were 1,937 
foreign lecturers or professors in this 
country and 8,392 resident physicians 
and interns in university-affiliated hos- 
pitals. 

The largest percentage of foreign 
students came to this country from the 
Far East — about 34 per cent. The 
second largest number came from Latin 
America — about 21 per cent. 

A 1955 UNESCO survey showed that 
of all foreign students studying in 
countries other than their own, more 
than 25 per cent came to the United 
States. During the academic year 1956- 
57, according to UNESCO, there were 
40,666 foreign students enrolled in col- 
leges and universities in this country. 
France had 16,827 students from other 
countries at that time and the USSR, 
12,565. 

Under an agreement between the De- 
partment of Health, Education, and 
Welfare and the Department of State, 



the Office of Education has the respon- 
sibility for training foreign teachers 
and school administrators who come to 
the United States in various fields of 
education. They receive orientation in 
Washington provided by the U. S. Of- 
fice of Education and the Washington 
International Center. Those who need 
English language refresher training at- 
tend the American Language Center in 
American University before beginning 
their academic work. The Internation- 
al Cooperation Administration and the 
International Educational Exchange 
Service of the State Department have 
contracted with these two Centers to 
provide these services. This Depart- 
ment, through the Office of Education, 
a 1 so provides orientation to the specific 
fields of education to be studied, and 
will serve over 2,000 foreign educators 
in this way during 1960. 

Several universities are selected by 
the Institute of International Educa- 
tion and the Department of State to 
provide orientation and English in- 
struction for foreign students during 
the summer before the beginning of the 
fall semester. 



Personnel of State Department Plan 
Annual Workshop for May 30 -June 3 



Plans for the Department of Public 
Instruction workshop, scheduled for 
May 30-June 3, are now complete ex- 
cept for minor details, according to 
Chairman Vester M. Mulholland, who 
stated that the workshop will feature 
panels, addresses, study groups, and 
certain exhibits and displays. 

A special feature of this year's work- 
shop will be two afternoon sessions for 
secretarial personnel. Joining the gen- 
eral committee for planning this phase 
of the program were Mrs. Alice Phil- 
lips, Ruby Lucas, and Mrs. Wilma 
Knapp. Plans now call for a panel con- 
cerning professional activities in the 
Department, and another panel com- 
posed of secretaries who will discuss, 
"What Is a Good Secretary?" 

Other items on the program include 
a panel by representative superinten- 
dents, principals, supervisors, and 
teachers on "Services Needed from the 
State Department"; and also a panel 
of State Department personnel on 
"Growing While We Seryice," 



Dr. Charles F. Carroll will address 
the group on "Projects of Importance 
for the Next Tear," and this will be 
followed by discussion. Small study 
groups will work during the conference 
on a series of topics such as accredita- 
tion, the junior high school, certifica- 
tion, and improving instruction. Dur- 
ing the workshop division heads will 
discuss issues of current concern to all 
professional staff members. An outside 
speaker, not yet confirmed, will bring 
the keynote address on "The New Role 
of Education in the Years Ahead." 

The several sessions of the workshop 
will be held each morning of the week 
of May 30, thereby leaving the after- 
noons for divisional and sectional meet- 
ings. 

The workshop committee includes 
Dr. Catherine Dennis, Ray Rhodes, Dr. 
Frank Toliver, T. Carl Brown, Made- 
line Tripp, and Dr. Tester M. Mulhol- 
land, chairman. Sub-chairmen include: 
George Maddrey. arrangements; Ruth 
Jewell, flowers ; Christine Herring, re- 
freshments ; and Vester Mulholland. 
publicity. 



MAY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



11 



L. Gilbert Carroll Studies Current Status 
Of Married Students In North Carolina 



The Status of Married Students in 
the North Carolina Public High 
Schools, a dissertation by L. Gilbert 
Carroll of Duke University, includes a 
survey of the current situation rela- 
tive to this matter throughout the State 
as well as recommendations for future 
action. Carroll is a graduate assistant 
in the Duke University department of 
education and was formerly high 
school principal in Ltrmberton. 

In determining the status of married 
high school students in North Carolina. 
Carroll investigated and analyzed court 
decisions and legal opinions concerning 
the problem, studied replies to a ques- 
tionnaire from 100 county and 74 city 
superintendents, and from selected high 
school principals, and carried on per- 
sonnel interviews and correspondence 
with a number of school administra- 
tors. 

During the first month of the 1959-60 
school year, 482 married students were 
enrolled in the high schools included in 
this study; 379 girls, 103 boys. Ninety 
per cent of these students were in the 
eleventh grade or higher. As a matter 
of fact, four per cent of twelfth-grade 
girls in county schools were married 
and three per cent in city schools. 
Slightly over eight per cent of married 
students in school are couples and 
slightly more than 20 per cent of mar- 
ried students in school have children 
of their own. 

Eighty-three of the 174 superintend- 
ents stated that they had definite poli- 
cies regarding married students ; and 
417 of these, or 23.6 per cent of all 
superintendents, indicated that these 
policies were included in the minutes 
of the school boards. All superintend- 
ents in North Carolina stated that mar- 
ried students are permitted to attend 
the schools in their districts. Carroll 
stressed in his dissertation that "the 
legal status of married students is the 
same as that of single students inso- 
far as the right to attend the public- 
schools is concerned." 

Seventy-five, or 54.7 per cent, of the 
principals reported that they have def- 
inite policies regarding married stu- 
dents. Forty-five, or 60 per cent, of 
these 75 principals stated that their 
policies are written in the minutes of 
i he school board. Three principals 
stated that married students are not 
allowed to attend their schools. 

Approximately 40 per cent of the 
principals reported that steps are being 



taken to discourage student marriage ; 
and 61.5 per cent stated that no meas- 
ures are being taken to keep married 
students in school until the completion 
of the twelfth grade. Eighteen per cent 
of the principals indicated that mar- 
ried students are not permitted to par- 
ticipate in extra-class activities. Near- 
ly 22 per cent are not permitted to 
hold office in clubs and classes ; and 
48 per cent are not allowed to repre- 
sent their class or school as sponsors. 

Seventy-one per cent of the princi- 
pals reported that they do not permit 
married pregnant girls to remain in 
school ; and 68 per cent forbid married 
pregnant girls to receive their diplo- 
mas in public during commencement 
exercises. Seven per cent of the prin- 
cipals indicated that married couples 
are not permitted to attend the same 
high school. Ten principals reported 
that students who get married and try 
to keep the fact of marriage a secret 
are suspended from school as soon as 
the fact of marriage is revealed. Some 
systems require married students to 
appear before the school board in mak- 
ing application to remain in school. 

Carroll found that more county stu- 
dents marry than city students, that 
fewer married students take college 
preparatory courses than otherwise, 
l hat married students drop out of 
school more frequently than do unmar- 
ried ones, and that relatively few mar- 
ried high school students continue 
their education in any form beyond 
high school. Married students, accord- 
ing to Carroll, are not subject to com- 
pulsory school attendance laws ; and 
school boards cannot legally suspend 
married students from the public- 
schools permanently on the basis of 
marriage alone. "They can legally sus- 
pend married students temporarily if 
it can be shown that the suspension is 
necessary to the efficiency, progress, 
and management and government of 
the schools." Carroll also found that 
rules and regulations which restrict the 
extra-class activities of married stu- 
dents will be held reasonable by the 
courts if it can be shown that the rules 
and regulations are essential to the 
welfare and progress of the schools. 

In concluding his dissertation, Car- 
roll recommends: (1) School officials 
should take steps to discourage un- 
necessary marriages among high school 
students. (2) There should be no re- 
strictive policy regarding married stu- 



Teacher Ed Conference 
Held April 29-30 

A Statewide Conference on teacher 
education was held in Raleigh, April 
29-30. 

Presidents of North Carolina senior 
colleges, county and city superintend- 
ents, the North Carolina Congress of 
Parents and Teachers, the North Caro- 
lina Congress of Colored Parents and 
Teachers, and the State School Board 
Association attended the Conference. 

Study groups were provided in 21 
areas: (1) general education, (2) pro- 
fessional education (elementary), (3) 
professional education (secondary), 
(4) academic specialization of elemen- 
tary teachers. 

A. Academic specialization of secon- 
dary teachers: (5) agriculture, (6) 
art, (7) commerce (business and dis- 
tributive education), (8) English, (9) 
foreign languages, (10) home eco- 
nomics, (11) industrial arts, (12) 
mathematics, (13) music, (14) physical 
education, (15) science, (16) social 
studies. 

B. Other groups: (17) library sci- 
ence, (18) special education, (19) 
trades and industries, (20) junior high 
school, and (21) principles, aims, ob- 
jectives, philosophy and organization 
of teacher education (level of the in- 
stitution ) . 

The Conference was sponsored by the 
North Carolina College Conference, the 
North Carolina Negro College Confer- 
ence, the State Board of Higher Edu- 
cation, the State Board of Education. 
the State Department of Public In- 
struction, the Cooperative Teacher Ed- 
ucation Curricula Study of North Caro- 
lina Colleges, the North Carolina Edu- 
cation Association, the North Carolina 
Teachers' Association, and the State 
Advisory Cotmcil on Teacher Educa- 
tion. 



dents. In no case should there be a 
policy to forbid married students the 
right to attend public schools. (3) All 
I>olicies regarding married students 
should be written in the minutes of the 
school board. 

Carroll, a native of Weldon, received 
his A.B. degree from East Carolina 
College, his M.A. from Duke Univer- 
sity, and in June of this year will re- 
ceive his Ed.D. from Duke. He is mar- 
ried to the former Anne House of 
Bethel and is the father of two boys. 



12 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Southern School News 

"Six per cent of the three million 
Negroes enrolled in the South's public 
schools are attending classes with 
whites this school year," according to 
Southern School News. 

A survey by Southern School News 
on the status of segregation-desegrega- 
tion in the 17 states and the District 
of Columbia was presented in its April 
1960 number. 

In West Virginia the survey shows, 
an estimated 12,000 of the 24,010 Negro 
students attend schools with whites. 
The District of Columbia, which has a 
current enrollment of 90,403 Negroes 
and 27,481 whites, has 21 all-Negro and 
three all-white schools. 

In eleven states there is partial in- 
tegration. Figures presented by the 
News are as follows : 



Co 





06 *2 
0? 9 




o: 


. 


- o 




SJ)^ 


g 


~ B 


X 


«« 


Arkansas 


104,205 


Delaware 


14,277 


Florida 


192,093 


Kentucky 


42,778 


Maryland 


*126,678 


Missouri 


♦82,000 


North Carolina 


302,060 


Oklahoma 


39,405 


Tennessee 


146,700 


Texas 


*279,374 


Virginia 


203,229 



9,750 
7,576 

25,881 
*32,000 
118,500 
*74,480 

43,506 
*30,000 

13,576 
*33,000 

21,743 



98 

6,328 

512 

*12,000 

28,072 

*35,000 

34 

*10,246 

169 

*3,300 

103 



* Estimated 

In five states — Alabama, Georgia, 
Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Caro- 
lina — with a total Negro enrollment of 
1,391,921, there was complete segrega- 
tion. 

Schools in North Carolina in which 
Negroes attend the same schools as 
whites and the white and Negro enroll- 
ment are reported as follows: 

White Negro 
Craven County 

Havelock Elem. 803 5 

Graham Barden Elem. 846 4 

Wayne County 

Meadow Lane Elem. 
Charlotte 

Garringer High 
Durham 

Brogden Jr. High 

Carr Jr. High 

Durham High 
Greensboro 

Gillespie Elem. 
(Grades 1-9) 
High Point 

Ferndale Jr. High 1,324 1 

Ferndale Sr. High 1,425 1 

Winston-Salem 

Easton Elem. 418 6 

Reynolds High 1,634 1 

Totals 12,054 "34 

MAY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



803 
846 

597 

1,549 

657 

912 

1,364 

529 



Gives Integration Facts Board Allots Bond Funds 

To Industrial Ed Centers 

Bomar Contributes Article „ ,„ . .. . . , . . ^ AM 

Funds in the total amount of $1,491,- 

To National Magazine 000 were allotted to 18 Industrial Edu- 

"North Carolina School Libraries cation Centers by the State Board of 

Move Ahead," an article by Cora Paul Education at a meeting held March 14. 
Bomar in the March issue of School 

Libraries, relates the activities which Tnese ±unds are a P ai-t of the bond 

the State has developed under the Na- J ,f ue ° f ?18,891,000 provided by the 

tional Defense Education Act. Miss Bo- General Assembly of 1959 for capital 

mar, supervisor of library services in improvements and recently approved 

the State Department of Public In- by the ™ters ° f the ffi State - Authorized 

struction, served as a member of the expenditures of the $1,491,000 were for 

committee which prepared the North tne foll °wmg Centers: 
Carolina State Plan for NDEA. 

In this article Miss Bomar describes Alamance-Burlington $ 70,000 

(he flexibility of the North Carolina Buncombe-Asheville 150,000 

plan, its emphasis on local responsi- Catawba-Hickory-Newton .. 80,000 

bility, the integral nature of library Cumberland-Fayetteville .. 70,000 

services in North Carolina's total cur- Davidson-Lexington 40,000 

riculum program, standards for selec- £u rham-Durham ^ 20,000 

tion and acquisition of materials, and Forsyth-W inston-Salem 200,000 

the value of status studies in a planned Gasto^aatania 75.000 

program of progress. (milford-Greensboro- 

The article describes in some detail Hlgn Point 90,000 

how local library projects are most fre- Lee-Sanford 90,000 

quently dovetailed with projects in Lenoir-Kinston 40.000 

mathematics, science, and modern for- Mecklenburg-Charlotte 280,000 

eign languages. New H ™over 20,000 

In concluding the article, Miss Bo- Randolph-Asheboro 120,000 

mar stresses the need for dynamic Hockingham-Leaksville ... 10,000 

leadership on the part of school library ^ ake "^ 1 ^ 11 °' 000 

staffs, at local and State levels, if Wayne-Goldsboro 5,000 

North Carolina libraries are to reach Wilson-Wilson 21,000 

their potential and move ahead under 

NDEA. Total $1,491,000 

Six - Point Quality Education Program 
Outlined By Asst. Superintendent Miller 

A six-point program for achieving 3. We should cultivate respect for 

quality education in the State was out- scholarship and assign priority to 

lined recently by J. E. Miller, Assistant achievement. We must respect all 

State Superintendent of Public Instruc- youngsters who perform in keeping 

tion. with their ability. 

Mr. Miller spoke in Hickory where 

he told some 130 school board members 4 - Teachers should be given materials 

that, "We will have quality education :m<1 equipment with which to do a good 

when each child is afforded education - 10 • 

in accordance with his ability and in- 5 _ We should use our school facilities 

terest. We are affording quality edu- during gummer mon ths and perhaps at 

cation when we meet with needs of night fQI adultg The 180 _ day school 

each child. vear may well De p ast its j^ 

Miller's six-point program fallows : 

1. Need a supply of competent per- 6. Need to spend more money on the 
sonnel, that is, enough teachers for the whole enterprise. At present the State 
number of children and enough teach- spends $220 per child per year for cur- 
ers to afford boards of education a rent expense in education. The nation- 
choice in teacher selection. al average is $340. We're getting our 

2. Need to afford the kind of educa- money's worth, but the children are 
tion to which each child is entitled in not getting all they are worth. People 
accordance with his interest and abil- of the State want their children edu- 
ity. eated for all they are worth. 

13 



Jourdan Becomes Director 
Division Plant Operation 

C. H. Jourdan, formerly an engineer 
with the division of plant operation, 
State Board of Education, became di- 
rector of the division March 29, suc- 
ceeding C. W. Blanchard, who retired. 

Jourdan, who is a registered engineer 
and a licensed heating contractor, has 
been with the Board as an engineer 
since 1949. He is a graduate of North 
Carolina State College in mechanical 
engineering, and has had wide experi- 
ences in active engineering and teach- 
ing. 

Montana Supreme Court 
Upholds Schools' Right 
To Determine Entrance Age 

The Montana Supreme Court has up- 
held the right of school boards to en- 
force reasonable cut-off dates for six- 
year-old children. 

The case arose when a lawyer whose 
daughter became six three days after 
the cut-off date set by Lewiston, Mont., 
schools, cited a clause in the state con- 
stitution that declares: "The public 
free schools of the state shall be open 
to all children and youth between the 
ages of six and 21 years . . ." 

Choosing a literal interpretation of 
the constitution, lawyer Donald E. 
Ronish demanded that his daughter be 
admitted to school on the day she be- 
came six years old. A district judge 
upheld his point of view, but his opin- 
ion was overruled by the Supreme 
Court. 

Foundation Gives $37,000 
To Education Purposes 

The Richardson Foundation has con- 
tributed $37,000 for public school pur- 
poses, it was announced by Governor 
Hodges recently. 

The Foundation, created by a Greens- 
boro family, gave $25,000 to the State 
Board of Education for continuation of 
the curriculum study and $12,000 to 
the N. C. Citizens Committee for Better 
Schools. The Foundation contributed 
$55,000 to launch the curriculum study 
more than a year ago. This study is 
now in process under the direction of 
Dr. I. E. Ready. 

The $12,000 gift to the Citizens Com- 
mittee will be used to carry the "word" 
to the communities and to let the "par- 
ents know what we are teaching and 
are not teaching in the schools," the 
Governor said. 



Duke University Education Department 
Evaluated By Accreditation Agency 



As part of a national program of 
evaluation of institutions which pre- 
pare teachers and administrators, Duke 
University was evaluated by a special 
committee representing the National 
Council for Accreditation of Teacher 
Education, April 20-22, according to Dr. 
William H. Cartwright, chairman of 
the Duke department of education. 

"The purpose of this evaluation," ac- 
cording to Dr. Cartwright, "was to as- 
sess the particular strengths of the 
Duke program in areas such as profes- 
sional preparation, staff, placement, 
follow-up, inter-disciplinary approach, 
and administration." 

Chairman of the evaluation team was 
Dr. Robert J. Schaefer, director, grad- 
uate institute of education, Washing- 
ton University in St. Louis. Others par- 
ticipating in the evaluation were Pro- 
fessor Lawrence O. Haaby, School of 
Education, University of Tennessee, 
Knoxville ; Professor James T. Moore, 
College of Education, University of 
Kentucky, Lexington ; Dean A. D. Al- 
bright, Bureau of Extension and School 
Services, University of Kentucky, Lex- 
ington ; Dr. John Gilliland, Professor 
of School Administration, School of Ed- 
ucation, University of Tennessee, 
Knoxville ; Dr. J. P. Freeman, Direc- 
tor, Division of Professional Services, 
State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion, Raleigh, N. C. ; and Dean Cam- 
eron West, Pfeiffer College, Misen- 
heimer, North Carolina. 

Prior to the evaluation, members of 
the Duke education staff, in cooperation 
with other university representatives, 
prepared a 92-page mimeographed bul- 
letin on Programs of Teacher Educa- 
tion, Duke University, for the benefit 
of the visiting committee. The commit- 
tee itself is now preparing a report to 
submit to the university. 



Carroll Appointed Member 
Accreditation Commission 

State Superintendent Charles F. Car- 
roll has been appointed to the Com- 
mission on Accreditation of Service Ex- 
periences of the American Council on 
Education for a three-year period, 
1960-1962. 

The Commission is an agency con- 
cerned with the evaluation of educa- 
tional experiences of service personnel, 
cooperating with educational institu- 
tions, national, regional, and state ed- 
ucational organizations, the armed 
forces of the United States, and the 
Veterans Administration. Also, the 
Commission is responsible for the pol- 
icy direction of the veterans' testing 
service of the American Council on Ed- 
ucation. 

The Commission was established by 
the Council in December 1945 to assist 
schools and colleges in the evaluation 
of the educational experiences of men 
and women who served in the Armed 
Forces during World War II. In addi- 
tion, the Commission was given the re- 
sponsibility for the policy direction of 
the Veterans' Testing Service of the 
American Council on Education. Al- 
though the Commission was originally 
conceived as a temporary project of the 
Council, it soon became evident that 
there was a continuing need for the 
type of service offered by the Commis- 
sion. Financial support for the Com- 
mission was originally provided by the 
Carnegie Corporation. However, at the 
present time the primary support of 
the work of the Commission is provided 
by funds through contract between the 
Council and the Department of De- 
fense. 



Calendar of Professional Meetings 
Conferences, Workshops, Institutes 

May 22-25 National PTA Congress Convention, Philadelphia 

June 6-11 Southern States Work Conference, Daytona Beach, 

Fla. 

June 19-22 UNC School Week, Chapel Hill 

June 20-25 American Library Association, Montreal, Canada 

June 26-July 1 NEA Annual Meeting, Los Angeles 

July 27-29 Governor's Conference on Aging, Raleigh 

August 9-12 Superintendents Conference, Mars Hill 



14 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



^ke Attoswiedf, QeH&tal dul&i . . . 



Budgets; Capital Outlay for 
Additional Site and Transfer of 
Funds from Current Expense to 
Capital Outlay 

In reply to your recent inquiry: Un- 
der date of March 31 you write refer- 
ring to a letter of March 14 to Mr. Al- 
bert Ellis. You state that the question 
as propounded by Mr. Ellis involved 
G. S. 115-78 Bl whereas the question 
before the County Board of Education 
involves G. S. 115-78 B2, since the 
Board is considering the "purchase of 
additional land at an old site." You 
further state that in your Current Ex- 
pense Budget there are no funds from 
ad valorem tax since the funds are 
from fines and forfeitures and an ad- 
ditional sum "received to date this year 
from the U. S. Office of Education, as 
a result of this being a federally im- 
pacted area, . . ." You ask the follow- 
ing questions : 

"First, would the approval of the 
County Commissioners be required on 
the part of the County Board of Edu- 
cation to expend a reasonable amount 
for land at an old site from funds from 
sources mentioned above? 

"Second, in case such approval were 
required from the Board of Commis- 
sioners would it not be possible, by 
proper resolution of the Board of Edu- 
cation further approved by the Com- 
missioners, to transfer sufficient funds 
from the present Current Expense fund 
to the Capital Outlay funds to cover 
the price of the land to be purchased?" 

As pointed out in your letter, G. S. 
115-78 B2 does not contain the same 
proviso as to the county board of com- 
missioners approving the amount to be 
spent for a site as is contained in G. S. 
115-78 Bl. In connection with this and 
your statement as to Mr. Ellis' letter, 
your attention is called to the fact that 
G. S. 115-78 Bl provides for the "esti- 
mated total cost of new buildings 
including grounds, . . . provided the 
estimated cost of the site shall be in- 
cluded in the total estimated cost of 
the building but not as a separate 
item" ; and then follows the proviso as 
to the county commissioners approving 
a contract for the purchase of the site 
as to the amount to be spent for the 



same. You will note that G. S. 115-78 
B2 does not concern itself with the 
construction of new buildings. Your at- 
tention is also called to the first sen- 
tence of G. S. 115-78 which provides 
"The objects of expenditure for the op- 
eration of the public school system 
shall be listed by county and city 
boards of education in the school bud- 
get under three separate funds . . ." 
In view of the foregoing it is thought 
that if a new building is involved that 
G. S. 115-78 Bl would apply even 
though the new site for the said build- 
ing may adjoin a site previously owned 
by the Board of Education. Even if one 
disregards this conclusion, it is, by vir- 
tue of Article 9, Chapter 115 of the 
General Statutes, required that the 
county board of education submit its 
budget to the county commissioners and 
that the county commissioners act 
thereon. 



In your first question you limit the 
same to purchasing land "at an old site 
from funds from sources mentioned a- 
bove." The funds which you have men- 
tioned are those received from fines 
and forfeitures and from the Federal 
Government. As to the funds received 
from fines and forfeitures, your atten- 
tion is called to G. S. 115-80(1) which 
provides, among other things, as fol- 
lows : "The countywide current expense 
shall include ... all fines and forfei- 
tures . . ." This Subsection further pro- 
vides that in the event that boards of 
education can by economy and manage- 
ment maintain the school plants "for 
a less amount than is placed to the 
credit of the school fund budget law, it 
shall be in the discretion of such board 
of education with the approval of the 
board of county commissioners to use 
such excess to supplement any item of 
expenditures in its current expense 
fund." Thus it definitely appears that 
funds received from fines and forfei- 
tures may not be used for capital out- 
lay purposes and under the provisions 
of G. S. 115-78 old buildings and 
grounds as well as new buildings and 
grounds are capital outlay items. As to 
the funds received from the U. S. Office 
of Education, your attention is called to 
the last proviso of G. S. 115-80(1) 
which provides as follows : "that noth- 
ing in this chapter shall prevent the 
use of Federal or privately donated 
funds which may be made available for 



the operation of the public schools un- 
der such regulations as the State Board 
of Education may prescribe." 

I understand from Dr. Carroll that 
the State Board has not formally a- 
dopted any rules or regulations con- 
cerning Federal money ; however, this 
office has previously expressed the 
opinion that it was the legislative in- 
tent in enacting Article 9, Chapter 115 
of the General Statutes, that all funds 
expended by county or city administra- 
tive school units should be included in 
the budget of such units in order that 
there may be an accurate record of 
receipts and expenditures from all 
sources. Added weight to the forego- 
ing conclusion is the wording of the 
first sentence of G. S. 115-78 as quoted 
above and particularly the words "The 
objects of expenditure for the opera- 
tion of the public school system." 
In addition to all of the forego- 
ing is the important question as to 
whether or not the Federal funds were 
provided solely for the purpose of cur- 
rent expenses. If the funds to which 
you refer were provided to your ad- 
ministrative unit under the provisions 
of 20 U.S.C.A., Chapter 13 for current 
expenses, your attention is called to 
the definition of the words "current ex- 
penditures" in 20 U.S.C.A., Sec. 244 
which defines these words to mean "ex- 
penditures for free public education to 
the extent that such expenditures are 
made from current revenues, except 
that such term does not include any 
such expenditure for the acquisition of 
land, the erection of facilities, interest, 
or debt service." 

As to your second question, the in- 
volved and referred to fund may not be 
transferred from current expense to 
capital outlay for the reasons herein- 
before set forth. 

In general it may be well to keep in 
mind that the Board of Education pre- 
pares its budget and submits the same 
to the County Board of Commissioners 
and that under G. S. 115-81 the tax 
levying authorities must report to the 
administrative unit "filing budgets for 
local funds" their action on the budget 
and if there is disagreement the pro- 
cedure provided in Article 9, Chapter 
115 is followed. — Attorney General, 
April 7, 1960. 



MAY, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



75 



LOOKING BACK 



Five Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, May, 1955) 

Henry A. Shannon, Adviser in Sci- 
ence and Mathematics for the State De- 
partment of Public Instruction was 
appointed general chairman of the pro- 
gram committee for the fourth annual 
National Science Teachers Conference, 
at its meeting in Cincinnati. 

Thirty-one per cent of last year's 
high school graduates entered college 
for the 1954-55 term, according to a re- 
cent survey which accounts for 75 per 
cent of the 36,000 graduates of 1954. 



Ten Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, May, 1950) 

State Superintendent Clyde A. Er- 
win recently announced the appoint- 
ment of Arnold E. Hoffmann as State 
Supervisor of Music Education. 

Mrs. Anne W. Maley, State School 
Lunch Supervisor, was recently ap- 
pointed Chairman of the Facilities 
Committee of the National School Pood 
Service Committee. 



Fifteen Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, May, 1945) 

The estimated income per capita of 
population for North Carolina for 1942 
was $498. In this respect the State 
ranked 42nd among the several states. 
Arkansas, Georgia, South Carolina, 
Alabama, Tennessee, and Mississippi 
ranked below this State. The national 
average was 



Participation in the State Retire- 
ment System was raised by the General 
Assembly of 1945 for a salary of $3,000 
to $5,000, the law becoming effective as 
of April 1, 1945. 

Twenty Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, May, 1940) 

There are ten Future Teachers Clubs 
with 332 members organized in the 
State, according to Clyde Nelon, Secre- 
tary, University of North Carolina. 

There are now more than 600 ac- 
credited elementary schools in the 
State, according to State School Facts 
for April. 



State Board Approves 
Additional NDEA Projects 

Approval was given to 294 addition- 
al NDEA Title III projects at the April 
7 meeting of the State Board of Edu- 
cation. Twenty new testing projects 
under Title V (a) were also approved. 

Title III projects include improve- 
ments in the teaching of science, math- 
ematics, and modern foreign languages 
in the public schools. April's approvals 
bring the total number of such projects 
approved to 937. These are : 

495 Science 

216 Mathematics 

135 Modern Foreign Language 

49 Science, Math and MFL 

41 Science and Math 
1 Math and MFL 

Expenditures for these projects, to 
be borne equally between NDEA and 
local funds, are estimated to be $2,- 
315,204.82. 

Total testing projects have now been 
approved for 110 administrative units, 
66 county and 44 city. These projects 
are estimated to cost $66,849.99, divided 
equally between NDEA and local funds. 

Clemson College To Hold 
Summer Institute For Boys 

The Second Junior Engineers' and 
Scientists' Summer Institute will be 
held at Clemson College June 12-25, 
according to a recent announcement by 
Stanley H. Shirk, Executive Director. 

Boys entering the 11th or the 12th 
grade in September, 1960, who have 
completed at least three courses (by 
the end of the 10th grade) or four 
courses (by the end of the 11th grade) 
of high school mathematics and/or 
science may attend this Institute. In 
1958, when the first Institute was held, 
eleven North Carolina students en- 
rolled. 

The two-weeks JESSI program is de- 
signed to help remove the "Guess" from 
school and college program and career 
decisions by giving interested high 
school juniors and seniors an insight 
into the pure and basic applied sci- 
ences, and some knowledge of the study 
programs and career opportunities in 
the science and engineering fields. 

Particulars may be obtained from 
high school science and mathematics 
teachers, counsellors, and JESSI, Sci- 
entists of Tomorrow, 114 Sylvan Bldg., 
Portland 1, Oregon, where the program 
originated five years ago. 



MAKING TODAY'S NEWS 



Duplin. Dr. Vester M. Mulholland, 
of the State department of education 
(Public Instruction), will be guest 
speaker at the North Duplin High 
School Parent - Teacher Association 
Meeting Monday evening. Mt. Olive 
Tribune, March 25. 

Montgomery. Sam H. Helton, Su- 
perintendent of Montgomery County 
Schools, has been chosen as one of 50 
persons to attend the Conference on 
Education in Mathematics and Science 
sponsored by the University of North 
Carolina (and the) State Department 
of Public Instruction. Montgomery 
Herald, March 24. 

Nash. A Benvenue School bus driver, 
Charlotte Barkley, has been com- 
mended for her good driving judgment 
by J. C. Barnes, Jr., engineer for At- 
lantic Coast Line Railroad Company. 
Nashville Graphic, March 24. 

Cumberland. Fayetteville and Cum- 
berland County voters have overwhelm- 
ingly approved four million dollars in 
school bonds for county and city 
schools. Sanford Herald, March 24. 

Moore. The Aberdeen High School 
auditorium Tuesday night was the 
scene of a lively discussion, and pres- 
entation of the need for consolidation 
of the schools of Moore County. Moore. 
County News, March 31. 

Granville. An exploration of the 
possibilities of projecting a major 
school consolidation involving Oxford 
High and three units in the Granville 
County system will be undertaken as a 
result of accord reached this week by 
committees representing Oxford and 
Granville County Boards of Education. 
Durham Herald, April 2. 

Beaufort. The County Board of Ed- 
ucation took the first step yesterday in 
the setting up of a committee to study 
the advisability of planning for two 
central high schools in the county ad- 
ministrative unit. Washwrjton Daily 
News, April 2. 

Durham. Dr. Charles F. Carroll. 
State Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion, told some 350 young people here 
for the Future Business Leaders of 
America Convention Friday that edu- 
cation was a means of survival for the 
State. Durham Herald, April 2. 



16 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



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SEPTEMBER, I960 



RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA 



7v 

VOL. / 



Superintendent Carroll Names Committee 
To Study School Standards and Accreditation 



A committee from the staff of the 
State Department of Public Instruction 
has been named by State Superintend- 
ent Charles F. Carroll to study school 
standards and accreditation. 

This staff committee will formulate 
the basic philosophy and develop tenta- 
tive standards. This committee will be 
augmented later by consultants and ad- 
visory groups from public school and 
college personnel. 

The committee is divided into three 
parts according to area ■ — elementary, 
junior high, and high school — under 
the coordination of Nile F. Hunt, Di- 
rector of the Division of Instructional 
Services, with the assistance of J. E. 
Miller, Assistant State Superintendent. 

According to Mr. Hunt, it is planned 
to develop revised standards of accredi- 
tation for effectuation with the 1961- 
62 school year. It is anticipated, he 
states, that one or more publications 
will evolve from this study. For the 
current year schools will be evaluated 
on standards as set forth in the 1953 
Handbook for Elementary and Secon- 
dary Schools. 

Committees named to write the ten- 
tative drafts are as follows: Elemen- 
tary — Homer Lassiter and Madeline 
Tripp, co-chairmen, Patsy Montague, 
Robert J. Marley, Mrs. Ruth Lawrence 
Woodson, Felix S. Barker, Mrs. Daisy 
W. Robson, Leonard Johnson, Clifton 
T. Edwards, Frances Kornegay, Mrs. 
Kathryn D. Woodard, Ruth Jewell, 
Allen R. Cohen, and J. B. Wiggins; 
Junior High — Cora Paul Bomar and 
J. L. Cashwell, co-chairmen, Floyd M. 
Woody, Doris Kimel, Marie Haigwood, 
Charles D. Bates, Anna M. Cooke, 
John C. Noe, Helen Stuart, Catherine 
T. Dennis, R. J. Peeler, Christine Her- 
ring, Paul A. Peeples, James E. Hall, 
Ella Stephens Barrett, and W. L. La- 
than ; High School — Vester M. Mulhol- 
land and Mary Frances Kennon, co- 
chairmen, James M. Dunlap, Annie 
John Williams, Frank A. Toliver, Ray- 
mond K. Rhodes, Charles E. Spencer, 
Mrs. Faye T. Coleman, A. G. Bullard, 
T. Carl Brown, Mrs. Gwendolyn K. 
Farrier, Arnold E. Hoffmann, George 
D. Maddrey, J. Arthur Taylor, and 
Marvin R. A. Johnson. 



School Attendance Bulletin 
Revised and Printed 

Publication No. 298, entitled "Child 
Accounting and School Attendance," is- 
sued in 1954, has been revised and is- 
sued as Publication No. 333, according 
to L. H. Jobe, Director of Publications, 
State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion. 

This bulletin includes the revised 
"Rules and Regulations" governing 
compulsory school attendance adopted 
by the State Board of Education at its 
regular July meeting. Other sections 
of the publication are Child Accounting 
Factors, Child Labor Provisions, Child 
Adjustment Services, and an Appendix 
including the compulsory attendance 
law and copies of forms used in the 
enforcement of the law. 

Copies of the publication have been 
sent to superintendents for distribution 
to attendance workers. 



Wake Board Honors 
Former State School Man 

The Wake County Board of Educa- 
tion decided last month to name the 
new elementary school completion in 
Cardinal Hills for A. B. Combs, who 
recently retired as director of the di- 
vision of elementary and secondary ed- 
ucation in the State Department of 
Public Instruction. 

Combs had spent 48 years in the 
North Carolina public school system, 
31 of these years with the State De- 
partment, which he joined in 1927. He 
■became director of the division in 
1953, succeeding the late Dr. J. Henry 
Highsmith. 

A graduate of Wake Forest College, 
class of 1910, Combs served as Latin in- 
structor there in 1911 while working 
toward his master's degree. His public 
school experience began in Elizabeth 
City. He later served as principal of 
the Bryson City High School, and then 
as superintendent of the Andrews city 
administrative unit. He is now serving 
as consultant to Wake county schools 
in matters of curriculum. 



State Now Assisting 1,149 College Students 
Through Prospective Teachers Scholarships 



A total of 1,149 students enrolled 
this fall in 42 State institutions are be- 
ing aided financially through the Pro- 
spective Teachers Scholarships Loan 
Program, according to Clifton T. Ed- 
wards, State Department of Public In- 
struction, who directs this program. 

Each of those students have been 
awarded a $350 scholarship loan, re- 
newable annually for four years, to be 
repaid following college graduation by 
teaching four years in the public 
schools of the State. Four hundred of 
the 1,149 scholarship recipients were 
added this year, Mr. Edwards stated. 

The Program was established by the 
General Assembly of 1957. This year, 
therefore, marks the beginning of the 
fourth year of its operation. During 
this period, 196 persons have graduated 
and are now teaching, 17 have repaid 
their loans in cash, 15 are temporarily 
out of school because of illness or fam- 
ily responsibilities, 14 graduates have 



been granted a year's extension of time 
to do graduate work or take military 
service, 51 cancelled their scholarship 
loans and are repaying in cash, and 
one died while in college. 

The 400 students awarded scholar- 
ship loans this year were selected from 
more than 1,100 high school graduates 
who made application prior to March 
15, this year's deadline. According to 
expected teaching areas, these 400 
ranked in the following order : elemen- 
tary schools, mathematics, English, 
science, social studies, with fewer des- 
ignations for other areas. Average re- 
cipient was in the upper 20 per cent of 
his class as to scholarship. 

Next year, 1961, Mr. Edwards stated, 
the deadline for receiving applications 
for aid from this fund will be February 
15. This change has been made in order 
that there will be sufficient time for 
all material to be reviewed by the 
awards committee when the applica- 
tion is on hand. 



(Excerpts from address, The Importance of Raising Questions, made before the Civitan 
Club, Charlotte, July 22, 1960.) 

In keeping with our democratic ideals and practices and with our 
spiritual heritage and values, the school can help in providing every child 
with the opportunity to develop the skills, the competencies, and the at- 
titudes with which to live successfully. . . . But according to legal theory, 
our schools exist not primarily to confer benefits upon the individual, 
but because the very existence of civil society demands their presence. . . . 
In seeking answers to all our questions pertaining to education, let us 
forever remember that the chief function of education is the welfare of 
all people. As our public schools strive to do the best by and with and 
for every individual, they must at the same time recognize their respon- 
sibilities to society in general and to our own democratic way of life in 
particular. 

Through the years, America has entertained as its educational aspiration 
the education of all the abilities of all the children of all the people. 
Without relinquishing this noble purpose, we must be realistic and admit 
that today, cast in its 1960 context, education is a means of national 
security and survival as well as individual enhancement. There is a rather 
general agreement that the schools should help to transmit an appreciation 
for the culture of our society; that emphasis should be placed on the 
values of the democratic process; that, through reading, writing, and speak- 
ing, the skills of communication should be stressed; that international un- 
derstanding should be the focus of much of our efforts; that skills for 
making a living should be included in the educational program; that mental 
and physical health should be emphasized; and that moral and spiritual 
values should undergird all that we undertake. 

May I make four observations which seem pertinent to the many ques- 
tions I have posed: 

First, there is an emerging demand not only for better education but 
for more education, 

Second, there is likewise an emerging concern for more thoroughness 
in education. 

In the third place, securing and retaining sufficient personnel who are 
qualified to do an excellent job of instructing our youth is a problem 
which touches all the questions I have asked. 

This leads me to my fourth observation,. As effective answers are 
found to the questions I have asked, I am sure you will find that educa- 
tion costs will continue to rise. There is no escaping this fact; and we in 
Morth Carolina and the Nation must somehow comprehend this situation. 
Adequate buildings, facilities, teaching materials, teachers, and the services 
necessary for quality education demand increasing amounts of money. . . . 
As a matter of both personal and national security and survival, it is 
increasingly urgent that more and more of our tax dollars find their way 
into education. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 

Official publication issued monthly except June, July and August by the State Department of 
Public Instruction. Entered as second-class matter November 2, 1939, at the post office at 
Raleigh, North Carolina, under the Aet of August 24, 1912. 



Vol. XXV, No. 1 



CHARLES F. CARROLL 
State Supt. of Public Instruction 

EDITORIAL BOARD 

L. H. JOBE, J. E. MILLER 

V. M. MULHOLLAND 



The greatest clanger to public edu- 
cation is public apathy — Toqueville. 



The object of teaching a child is 
to enable him to get along without 
his teacher. — Elbert Hubbard. 



To say that a teachers' college of- 
fers only methodology is just about 
as ridiculous as to say that liberal 
arts colleges offer only liberal arts. 
— Henry H. Hill, president, Ameri- 
can Association of Colleges for 
Teacher Education. 



All the money in the world will 
not guarantee good education, but 
without money a good education is 
impossible. — James K. Sunshine, 
The Providence Sunday Journal. 



Complacency is the enemy of 
growth. Education is the leaven of 
democracy. — Senior Citizen. 



Improving the quality of reading 
materials is the most effective way 
of combating trashy magazines and 
comic books. Good books must be 
plentiful and at hand. — Dr. L. 
Quincy Mumford, Librarian of 
Congress. 



Our society must raise its sights 
in terms of investment that is being- 
made in education from both public 
and private sources. . . . There is 
no doubt in my mind that the Fed- 
eral Government must assume a 
larger share of the total responsibil- 
ity than it is now assuming. — 
Arthur S. Fleming, Secretary of 
Health, Education, and Welfare. 



September, 1960 



It is sometime argued that the 
school should be charged with noth- 
ing but the intellectual development 
of its pupils. If such a school 
were not psychologically impossible, 
it would be morally irresponsible. 
The human mind is not a separate 
entity, to be trained apart from the 
body or the emotions. — Dr. John H. 
Fischer, dean, Teachers College, Co- 
lumbia University. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOl BULLETIN 



A Aeat Volume, 



With this number of this publica- 
tion we begin a new volume, the 
25th. 

Some of you may remember our 
humble beginning — a duplicated 
24-page format issued for October 
1936. In that first number, State 
Superintendent Erwin in a letter 
addressed "To Superintendents, 
Principals and Teachers" stated: 

In line with a policy followed 
in many other states, we are in- 
augurating this month the 
NOKTH CAROLINA PUBLIC 
SCHOOL BULLETIN. This 
publication, as the name implies, 
will be made up of brief news 
statements concerning public edu- 
cation in this State as well as 
items from other states and the 
nation that will be of interest to 
all school officials engaged in the 
task of educating our youth. 

Through this medium we hope 
to bring to you much information 
formerly made available through 
form and personal letters and con- 
ferences, with the view that such 
items as are pertinent to your 
problems will be disseminated in 
turn by you in serving to improve 
the public schools. Furthermore, 
we hope that the release of such 
information from month to 
month will serve to strengthen 
your relationships with this office 
to the end that mutual benefits 
may be received and the cause 
which we represent may be ad- 
vanced. 

That first number devoted 14 
pages to "Notes and Announce- 
ments," four pages to "Laws, Opin- 
ions and Decisions," and six to the 
cover and letter of the _ State Su- 
perintendent. Using this format, 
eight numbers were issued^ this first 
year; but for the following years 
nine numbers have been issued, from 
September to May. 

Beginning in 1939 the BULLE- 
TIN became, an 8-page printed pub- 
lication. By this time we had added 
a "Book Column," prepared by Mrs. 



Mary Peacock Douglas; a "State 
Museum Circular," prepared by 
Harry Davis, director; and "North 
Caroliniana," prepared by H. 
Arnold Perry. Two columns, pre- 
pared by the editor, were "From the 
Office" and "From the Field." 

With Volume V, September 1940, 
the size of the BULLETIN was in- 
creased to 12 pages, with a picture 
on the front cover. And then with 
Volume VII, we went to 16 pages, 
the present size, with the inclusion 
of STATE SCHOOL FACTS, an- 
other publication of the Depart- 
ment, as its center spread. 

The contents of the BULLETIN 
has varied during its 24-year his- 
tory; but in general for recent years, 
it has appeared in about its present 
form. The number of copies issued 
each month has generally increased 
to the current number 9,000, which 
are mailed to local superintendents, 
principals, board members, libraries, 
State educational institutions, State 
officials, newspapers, members of the 
General Assembly, State commis- 
sioners of education, and others who 
have requested that their names he 
added to the mailing list. 

In issuing this publication, we 
have tried our best to present the 
facts concerning public education. 
We have found it difficult to present 
all of the information available, 
however; and with limited staff, we 
cannot always prepare some of the 
material which we would like to pre- 
sent. Many of our readers have sent 
us articles for publication, for 
which we are thankful. As stated 
in former editorials, we solicit the 
cooperation of all readers in making 
this publication serve the best in- 
terests of the schools. News items 
of State-wide interest, especially 
concerning newly tried projects, will 
be given careful consideration for 
publication. The editors wish also 
to thank all for their complimen- 
tai'y commendations of our efforts. 
We hope, during the ensuing year, 
to continue these efforts along simi- 
lar lines. 



School ^Jinte 

A State-wide effort to limit class- 
room interruptions is being urged 
by Superintendent Charles F. Car- 
roll with the support of the State 
Board of Education, which during 
the summer passed a resolution in- 
cluding a number of specific sug- 
gestions. These suggestions, now in 
the hands of all superintendents, are 
recommended by the Board as typi- 
cal of those which local school 
boards are urged to adopt. 

There is an ever-growing aware- 
ness that the time in the school day 
and year is limited and that the 
subjects taught and the activities 
conducted should be those that can 
make the greatest contribution to 
the educational objectives of the 
school. "Subjects of real but more 
limited educational value should be 
taught in an extended school day or 
year," according to the recommen- 
dation of the Board. "After educa- 
tional experiences have been planned 
to carry out the educational objec- 
tives of the school and the proper 
balance of subjects and activities 
has been established, time for both 
teachers and students to do a quality 
job must be protected. " 

Encroachments on instructional 
time have no doubt lessened the ef- 
fectiveness of the school program in 
too many situations. Increasingly, 
however, cooperative efforts to limit 
class interruptions have been noted. 
Through effective school leadership 
among staff members and members 
of the lay public, many schools have 
evolved programs in which inter- 
ruptions are so limited that quality 
instruction is going on at full pace. 
Problems vary, of course, from 
community to community. Each 
school in North Carolina should fre- 
quently reappraise its purposes and 
its efforts to achieve these purposes, 
and thereby find ivays at all times 
to eliminate the roadblocks to 
progress. At this time particularly, 
every effort should be made to re- 
move those interferences which pre- 
vent pupils and teachers from 
achievino- educational goals. 



SEPTEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



Superintendents Hear National Leaders 
At Annual Mars Hill Work Conference 



More than 400 superintendents, in- 
cluding members of superintendents' 
families, representatives of colleges 
and universities, and a number of spe- 
cial guests, convened at Mars Hill Col- 
lege, August 9-12, for the annual work 
conference sponsored by the State De- 
partment of Public Instruction. Ad- 
dresses by State and national leaders 
in education featured the conference, 
along with progress reports of various 
Statewide committees and commis- 
sions, plus panels and open discussions. 

Superintendent Carroll addressed the 
Conference on "Reflecting and Project- 
ing — The Continuous Task of School 
Administrators." He emphasized the 
increasing necessity for leadership 
among school administrators as the po- 
sition of superintendent becomes more 
involved and more demanding. 

National leaders from the United 
States Office of Education who ad- 
dressed the conference included Dr. 
Wayne O. Reed, Deputy Commissioner 
of Education, who spoke on "Issues and 
Trends in American Education With 
Which School Administrators Should 
Be Acquainted" ; and Dr. Oliver J. 
Caldwell, Director of the Division of 
International Education, who discussed 
"Educational Movements and Programs 
on the International Scene." 

A symposium, featuring two out- 
standing North Carolinians, on 
"Changes in North Carolina and Im- 
plications for School Administrators," 
also featured the four-day conference. 
Dr. Selz Mayo, professor of rural so- 
ciology at North Carolina State Col- 
lege, discussed "Population Trends" ; 
and Henry Kendall, chairman of the 
Employment Security Commission, dis- 
cussed "Employment Trends." 

Following this session, a panel, com- 
posed of eight superintendents who 
have recently served on a committee 
concerned with Statewide school orga- 
nization and personnel, presented the 
following topic : "What Changes Need 
To Be Made in School Organization 
and School Personnel in Order for the 
Schools To Keep Pace with a Changing 
North Carolina?" Superintendents who 
served on this panel included Charles 
C. Erwin, chairman ; C. A. Furr, L. E. 
Spikes, F. D. Byrd, Jr., J. C. Manning, 
J. H. Rose, E. C. Funderburk, and 
J. B. Deyton. 

Reports from study commissions au- 
thorized by the 1959 General Assembly 
were made by S. G. Hawfleld on 



"Twelve Months' Use of Public School 
Buildings and Facilities for Public 
School Purposes" ; by C. Reid Ross on 
"Teacher Pay Based Upon Teacher 
Ability and Implementation of a Re- 
vised Public School Curriculum" ; hy 
Dr. R. R. Morgon on "Teacher Evalua- 
tion, Rating, and Certification" ; and 
by Dr. C. D. Killian, on "Public School 
Education of Exceptionally Talented 
Children." 

An entire morning session was de- 
voted to a "Re-appraisal of Standards 
for Accreditation." This discussion 
was led by staff members of the State 
Department, with Nile F. Hunt, direc- 
tor of instructional services, presiding. 
J. E. Miller, Assistant State Superin- 
tendent and Honorable Glenn L. 
Hooper, Assistant Attorney General, 
led a discussion on "Suggested Changes 
in School Law." 

Entertainment for the conference in- 
cluded a concert by the Brevard Music 
Center Orchestra, under the direction 
of James Christian Pfohl, and a num- 
ber of special features arranged for 
the wives and children of superintend- 
ents. 

The final session of the conference 
was a business meeting of the Divi- 
sion of Superintendents, NCEA, with 
Superintendent C. A. Furr of Cabarrus 
County presiding. 

Department Inaugurates 
Placement Service 

A placement service to aid teachers, 
both in and out-of-State, in securing 
employment with the public schools, 
and to help superintendents and prin- 
cipals in locating teachers for unfilled 
positions has been inaugurated by the 
State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion. Clifton T. Edwards is in charge 
of this service. 

During the summer months Mr. Ed- 
wards received a number of inquiries 
concerning placement service, and at. 
intervals he has prepared and sent to 
city and county superintendents lists 
of the names of available teachers. 
"As this service enlarges and contin- 
ues," Mr. Edwards states, "we hope to 
make a 'teaching area' index in order 
that superintendents may phone for 
names of applicants for a particular 
area and get an immediate response. 
Our primary responsibility will be to 
provide the facts concerning a particu- 
lar applicant and not to recommend." 



Hoffmann Named 
Tar Heel Of Week 

Arnold Hoffman, adviser in Music 
education of the State Department of 
Public Instruction, was named "Tar 
Heel of the Week" in the May 29 edi- 
tion of the Raleigh Neics and Observer, 
one of the State's leading daily news- 
papers. 

"Tar Heel of the Week" is a regular 
feature of the Sunday edition of that 
publication. As the name implies, a 
write-up with photograph of a promi- 
nent current North Carolinian is fea- 
tured in a two-column article. 

Excerpts from the Hoffmann story 
states : 

"Hoffman has held the job (State 
public school music supervisor) since 
it was established in March, 1950. . . . 

"He attended the Cincinnati (O.) 
Conservatory of Music, earned his B.S. 
degree in Education at Miami (O.) 
University and his master's at Ohio 
State and did post-graduate work at 
Colorado State College of Education 
and the University of Colorado. . . . 

"As he began setting up the State's 
public (school) music program, Hoff- 
mann encountered a major problem : 70 
per cent of North Carolina is rural and 
its schools do not have music special- 
ists. Any music a child learns is taught 
by the classroom teacher. 

"This meant, Hoffmann explained, 
that in-service training for teachers 
was and remains one of the biggest 
jobs done by his department. He and 
his three assistants provide the train- 
ing through a series of workshops. . . . 

"The department (of music) is 
unique in the United States — it is the 
only department in a State department 
of education that works in music on 
such a large scale with teachers. 

"Public school music is strictly for 
elementary and junior high school stu- 
dents. The high school offers only per- 
formance groups, band and orchestra, 
which cater to the interested and the 
talented. Public school music is vocal 
music, plus listening and rhythm activi- 
ties. . . . 

"Recently, Hoffmann worked out a 
simplified method of teaching vocal 
music in the classroom that he hopes 
to hegin presenting to teachers when 
the workshop season begins this 
fall. . . . 

"Hoffmann and his assistants work 
closely with school principals, and 
school personnel in all these things, as 
well as in evaluating a school's pro- 
gram. . . ." 



4 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



National Society Launches 
39th Year of Bulletins 

The National Geographic Society 
launches its 39th year of GEO- 
GRAPHIC SCHOOL BULLETINS on 
October 3. This year's BULLETINS, 
according to its editor, will offer the 
same high standards of accurate, read- 
able text and lively, instructive pic- 
tures that have aided millions of edu- 
cators and students since 1922. Nearly 
150 separate articles will continue to 
give new depth and meaning to world 
events for 30 weeks. 

This publication is obtained by writ- 
ing the School Service Division, Na- 
tional Geographic Society, Washington 
6, D. C. Domestic subscription rate is 
$2.00 for the thirty issues, October 3, 
1960, to May 14, 1961. 



Engard To Coordinate 
DO Activities In State 

Richard B. Engard, who for the past 
two years was Diversified Occupations 
coordinator in the Page High School 
in Greensboro, joined the State Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction July 1 as 
assistant State supervisor in trade and 
industrial education in charge of co- 
ordinating diversified occupations 
throughout the State. 

"For some time the State has needed 
a leader in this area in order to im- 
prove further the State-wide D. O. 
program," declared Dr. Gerald James, 
director of Vocational Education; 
"through the new State coordinator 
North Carolina now can be expected 
to move forward in this important 
field." 

Engard, a native of Michigan, re- 
ceived his B.S. degree in education with 
a major in industrial arts from State 
Teachers College in Millersville, Pa. 
He has done graduate work in indus- 
trial education at the University of 
North Carolina and at North Carolina 
State College. 

As a teacher in industrial arts, En- 
gard has had experience in Greensboro 
and Marion, Virginia, where he also 
worked as manager of the school di- 
vision of the Brunswick Company. For 
four years he served with the anti- 
aircraft artillery in the European 
theatre. 

Engard's wife is the former Esther 
Ann Sleigh of Ohio, who is currently 
teaching the fourth grade in Guilford 
County. There are four children in the 
family. 



1960 Department Workshop Featured 
By Guest Speakers and Group Planning 



Dr. Glenn Featherston, assistant 
commissioner of the U. S. Office of Ed- 
ucation, and Dr. Henry Weitz, direc- 
tor of testing and guidance at Duke 
University, were guest speakers at the 
1960 workshop of the State Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction, May 30- 
June 3. Featherston addressed all pro- 
fessional personnel June 3 on the 
topic, "Major Issues Facing State De- 
partments of Education." Dr. Weitz 
discussed "Understanding the Individ- 
ual," June 2. 

Superintendent Carroll, in address- 
ing the group on the opening day of 
the conference on "Goals That Lie 
Ahead," emphasized the need for im- 
proved general and vocational educa- 
tion, with particular emphasis on co- 
ordinated efforts in both areas. 

An outstanding feature of the con- 
ference was a full-morning session 
devoted to "Types of Services Needed 
and Desired from the State Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction." A panel 
consisting of seven school leaders dis- 
cussed this topic prior to small-group 
discussions of the same topic. At the 
conclusion of the morning session each 
group briefly pooled its main ideas at 
a general session presided over by L. H. 
Jobe, director of publications. 

Participating in the panel on this 
occasion were S. H. Helton, Superin- 
tendent, Montgomery County, modera- 
tor; Joe Cashwell, Principal, Albe- 
marle Senior High School ; Conrad 
Hooper, Principal, Josephus Daniels 
Jr. H. S., Raleigh; A. H. Peeler, Prin- 
cipal, J. C. Price School, Greensboro; 
Helen Wolff, Principal, Elmhurst Ele- 
mentary School, Greenville ; Gray 
Hodges, Supervisor, Beaufort County 
Schools ; and Ivan Valentine, Director, 
Burlington Industrial Education Cen- 
ter. 

In his remarks on "Understanding 
the Individual Through Research," Dr. 
Weitz discussed various aspects of ac- 
celeration, the influence of anxiety on 
success in school, the effects of group 
counseling on school success, and the 
effect of having a goal on success in 
college. 

Another feature of the workshop was 
a progress report by Dr. I. E. Ready, 
director of the State Curriculum Study, 
on recent activities of the Study as 
well as plans for the future. In addi- 
tion, each division director in the State 
Department reported on recent serv- 
ices, activities, and problems which are 



of common concern to the entire De- 
partment. A. Wade Martin brought 
the group up-to-date on the Industrial 
Education Centers ; Cliff Edwards dis- 
cussed the scholarship loan fund ; and 
Leonard Johnson explained the instruc- 
tional materials center. 

Two identical meetings were ar- 
ranged for the secretarial staff. Su- 
perintendent Carroll discussed with the 
secretaries at each meeting, "The Team 
Approach to Improved Education" ; 
and a panel on which Mrs. Billie Cook, 
specialist in personality development 
from Hardbarger's Business School, 
discussed "What Is a Good Secretary?" 
Mrs. Blanche Cheek served as chair- 
man of this panel. Others participating 
on the panel were : Mrs. Josephine Mc- 
Donald, Mrs. Helen Parker, Mrs. Vir- 
ginia Hall, Mrs. Barbara Buchanan, 
and Mrs. Betsy Keel. 

The general planning was done by 
T. Carl Brown, Catherine Dennis, 
Frank Toliver, Raymond Rhodes, 
Madeline Tripp, and Vester M. Mulhol- 
land, chairman. Assisting were George 
Maddrey, Patsy Montague, Flossie 
Marshbanks, and Christine Herring. 

At the last session of the workshop 
informal, one-minute evaluations were 
made by eleven individuals. Their 
ideas, along with a summary of the 
week-long conference, were incorpo- 
rated in "Highlights of the 1960 Work- 
shop" and mailed to all participants by 
Chairman Vester M. Mulholland. 

Six Administrative Units 
Have New Superintendents 

Six of the 173 administrative units 
of the State will have new superinten- 
dents this school year : Cherryville, 
Weldon, Iredell, New Hanover, Lum- 
berton, and Asheville. A seventh, 
formed by the merger or the Charlotte 
and Mecklenburg units into one unit, 
has elected E. H. Garhiger, formerly 
superintendent of the Charlotte unit, 
as superintendent and J. W. Wilson, 
formerly superintendent of the Meck- 
lenburg unit, as associate superintend- 
ent. 

New superintendents now serving are 
the following: Cherryville, William H. 
Brown ; Weldon, B. Paul Hammack ; 
Iredell, Frank L. Austin ; New Han- 
over, E. C. Funderburk; Lumberton, 
L. Gilbert Carroll; and Asheville, 
W. P. Griffin. 



SEPTEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



New Peabody Hall Dedicated As Part 
Of 1960 School Week Program at UNC 



III a school-week program built 
around the theme, "Decade of Decision 
in Education," the new Peabody Hall 
at the University of North Carolina 
was dedicated with a series of ad- 
dresses and study groups. 

Dedication of the million-dollar 
structure was made by President Wil- 
liam C. Friday at the opening session 
of school-week activities, June 19, in 
Carroll Hall auditorium. Prior to the 
dedication, short speeches were made 
by Chancellor W. B. Aycock, Dean 
Arnold Perry, and Superintendent 
Charles F. Carroll. More than a thou- 
sand visitors attended open-house cere- 
monies during tlrs annual convocation. 
Out-of-State speakers included Dr. 
Helen Mackintosh of the U. 8. Office 
of Education, who spoke on "The Next 
Ten Tears in Elementary Education"; 
Dr. Frederick J. Moffit, U. S. Office of 
Education, "Education in the Sixties" ; 
and Dr. John Walton, Johns Hopkins 
University, "The Scholar Teacher." 

L. P. McLendon, chairman of the 
North Carolina Board of Higher Edu- 
cation, addressed the conference on 
"Higher Education in the Sixties" ; 
and Dallas Herring, chairman of the 
State Board of Education, spoke to the 
group on "Quality in Public Educa- 
tion." 

In addition to this series of ad- 
dresses, fourteen study groups met 
twice each day during the conference 
with outstanding chairmen and consul- 
tants. Typical topics for the study 
groups included the following: "What 
are the factors involved in evaluating 
the effectiveness of teaching?" "How 
may a local school system plan and 
conduct a curriculum study?" "What 
are the recent developments and cur- 
rent practices in the grouping of stu- 
dents for instruction?" "How may the 
junior high school and its program be 
organized for maximum service to chil- 
dren?" "What is the role of the school 
in providing summer programs for 
children?" and "What types of in-serv- 
ice education programs are most effec- 
tive?" 

Recreational and entertainment fea- 
tures were also planned for school- 
week. These included golf, an art 
show, a special show at the planetar- 
ium, and a barbecue supper. 

Planning committee for school-week 
included Ben E. Fountain, Jr., chair- 
man ; A. K. King ; Charles F. Milner ; 
Annie Lee Jones ; and Mary Turner 
Lane. 



The School of Education of the 
University of North Carolina and the 
citizens of the State are to be congrat- 
ulated- upon the completion and dedi- 
cation of the new Peabody Hall. This 
modern facility, long needed at the 
University, will further increase the 
usefulness of the School of Education 
in its major task of preparing well- 
qualified teachers and administrators. 
The Department of Public Instruction 
joins the many friends of the School of 
Education in wishing the staff many 
years of superior service. 



ASTC Married Students 
Make Higher Grades 

Higher grades and marriage appear 
to be closely related, according to a 
study made by the office of D. J. 
Whitener, dean of Appalachian State 
Teachers College. 

The average grade or quality point 
rating of the 244 married students on 
the Appalachian campus during the 
winter term was 244. Average of the 
entire student body was 223. 

This places the married ASTC co-ed 
about one-fourth of a letter grade 
above the single student. 



Board Recommends Completion of 18 Units 
For Graduation From Four-Year Hiqh School 



Completion of 18 units of work was 
recommended as a requirement for 
graduation and the awarding of a di- 
ploma from a four-year high school 
by the State Board of Education at its 
August 4 meeting. For a three-year 
senior high school (6-3-3 plan), the 
Board recommended the completion of 
13 units of work. 

Present State minimum requirements 
for graduation from a four-year high 
school is 16 units, 12 units from a 
three-year school. The Board recom- 
mended additional units in mathe- 
matics and world history. Present re- 
quirements for graduation from 4-year 
high schools include: 4 units in Eng- 
lish, 1 unit in mathematics, 2 units 
in social studies, 2 units in science, 1 
unit in physical education and health, 
and 6 elective. 

It was pointed out that some local 
boards of education already have 
adopted requirements for graduation in 
excess of the present minimum. It was 
also pointed out that "the recommenda- 
tion of all increase in the number of 
subjects required carries with it the 
imperative that quality of instruction 
and quality of student effort be held to 
a high level of excellence." 

State-wide adoption of the Board's 
recommendation will require time and 
will need to take into consideration 
local conditions. For this reason, the 
Board did not at this time change the 
State minimum requirements for grad- 
uation from high school, but recom- 
mended that local boards move as they 
think best in that direction. 

"In order to meet individual needs 
and to challenge individual excellence 



of effort, the present minimum State 
requirement of the completion of 16 
units for high school graduation seems 
to be too low. The addition of two 
units, one to develop a better under- 
standing of mathematics and one to 
develop a better understanding of 
world relationships, is therefore recom- 
mended. 

Statewide Conference Held 
Re Library Standards 

The School and Children's Section 
of the North Carolina Library Associa- 
tion and the School of Library Science 
of the University of North Carolina, 
in cooperation with the School Library 
Services Section of the Department of 
Public Instruction, conducted a work 
conference on "Standards for School 
Library Programs," August 18-20, at 
the University of North Carolina. 

Addressing the conference were Mrs. 
Mary Peacock Douglas, library super- 
visor for the Raleigh city schools, and 
Nile F. Hunt, director of the Division 
of Instructional Services in the Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction. Mrs. 
Douglas spoke on the topic, "North 
Carolina School Libraries Meet the 
Challenge of the New AASL Stand- 
ards." 

Those in attendance at the work con- 
ference included school librarians and 
library supervisors, along with a lim- 
ited number of teachers and admin- 
istrators. Cora Paul Bomar, Mary 
Frances Kennon and Leonard Johnson 
attended from the Stale Department 
of Public Instruction. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



Miss Montague Attends 
August ACEI Workshops 

Patsy Montague of the Division of 
Instructional Services attended one-day 
workshops and dedication ceremonies 
of the Childhood Education Center of 
the Association for Childhood Educa- 
tion International held August 14-15 in 
Washington, D. C. 

Dr. Eugenia Hunter, Professor of 
Education, Woman's College of the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina is president 
of ACEI. 

Doris Kimel To Join 
Guiiford County Staff 

Doris Kimel, who has been associ- 
ated for the past six and a half years 
with the State Department of Public 
Instruction as music consultant, joined 
the staff of the Guilford County schools 
as music supervisor, August 15. 

Miss Kimel is a native of Winston- 
Salem and a graduate of Salem Acad- 
emy and Salem College. She continued 
her graduate studies at Catawba Col- 
lege and Appalachian State Teachers 
College, where she received her Mas- 
ter's Degree. Additional graduate work 
was also done at Columbia University. 

Her teaching experience has been in 
Tarboro and Spencer ; in Oak Ridge, 
Tennessee ; and in Los Alamos, New 
Mexico. She has also done textbook 
consultant work in Texas and Okla- 
homa. During the summer of 1959 she 
served as music consultant in the 
state-sponsored workshop in Harris- 
burg, Virginia, for Virginia teachers. 

During the past six years Miss Kimel 
has made extensive studies concerning 
the role of the music specialist in 
North Carolina. She has also received 
special recognition for her efforts in 
making music an integral part of the 
total curriculum in the schools of the 
State. 

"In losing Miss Kernel's excellent 
services at the State level, we are 
happy to know that Guilford County 
can look forward to imaginative, crea- 
tive leadership in the entire area of 
music as related to total education," 
declared Superintendent Charles F. 
Carroll. 

Miss Kimel is a member of the North 
Carolina Education Association, Na- 
tional Education Association, and Mu- 
sic Education National Conference. 
She is likewise a member of the State 
Board for the North Carolina Sym- 
phony Society. 



Board Approves Statistical Services Plan 



A plan for the improvement of sta- 
tistical services of the State Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction as provided 
under Title X of the National Defense 
Education Act was approved by the 
State Board of Education on July 7. 
The plan has been approved by the 
Office of Education, Washington. 

General aims, purposes and policies 
of the plan are : 

• To enlarge, expand, and improve 
present facilities for collecting, 
processing, and disseminating all 
needed educational statistics 
through increased centralization, 
better organization, and improved 
coordination of existing services. 

• To provide for the collection and 
utilization of statistical informa- 
tion that is not currently available. 

• To improve techniques and pro- 
cedures for gathering and report- 
ing data, with special emphasis on 
the need for keeping statistical in- 
formation current. 

• To improve the interpretation of 
all statistical data in order to pro- 
vide an optimum base for sound 
educational planning. 



• To provide State and local statis- 
tical reporting personnel with 
forms, manuals, and handbooks of 
a clear and explicit nature, with 
the view of encouraging and ex- 
pediting the prompt submission of 
accurate and complete statistical 
reports. 

• To bring about standardization of 
terminology, definitions, and meas- 
ures in terms of the various hand- 
books issued by the United States 
Office of Education and to devise 
effective means of transition to the 
use of such standard terminology. 

• To provide an increased under- 
standing on the part of all statis- 
tical reporting personnel of the 
importance of statistical data as 
the basis for sound educational 
planning. 

• To provide equipment and person- 
nel necessary to effect a gradual 
transition from hand-tabulation to 
machine-processing methods. 

In order to implement these policies, 
the statistical services will be ex- 
panded by the employment of addition- 
al personnel and the purchase or rental 
of office machines will be made. 



Bomar Participates in National Sessions 
Of ALA and AASL; North Carolina Praised 



Cora Paul Bomar, supervisor for 
State library services, attended the 
joint conference of the American Li- 
brary and Canadian Library Asso- 
ciations, June 18-24, in Montreal, 
Canada, at which time Dr. Ben- 
jamin Powell of the Duke University 
Library, presided over the general ses- 
sions of the ALA. More than 4,500 
American and Canadian librarians at- 
tended the week-long session of 350 
meetings, which were centered around 
the theme of "Breaking Barriers : An 
Inquiry Into the Forces That Affect 
the Flow and Utilization of Knowl- 
edge." 

Main address of the conference was 
given by Dr. F. Cyril James of McGill 
University, who stressed the fact that 
"the barriers which are hardest to 
mount are those that are of the human 
mind." This harrier, he explained, is 
accentuated by science vs the humani- 
ties ; linguistic differences ; cultural 
patterns ; yesterday vs today ; and the 
future position of the Caucasian race. 

Miss Bomar also attended the meet- 
ing of the State School Library Su- 
pervisors at which North Carolina was 



praised for its expanded library serv- 
ices at the State level and the encour- 
agement the State is giving toward the 
strengthening of reference and research 
resources under provisions of Title III 
of the National Defense Education Act. 

Meeting at the same time as the ALA 
was the American Association of 
School Librarians to which Miss Bo- 
mar belongs. The sessions of this 
group were spent in discussing ways 
to implement the suggestions which 
now compose the new publications, 
Standards for School Library Pro- 
grams and its companion volume, A 
Discussion Gioide. 

A member of the executive board of 
the AASL, Miss Bomar helped deter- 
mine the action programs and projects 
which the Association will undertake 
next year. As a member of the Federal 
Relations Committee, Miss Bomar par- 
ticipated in the discussions concerning 
the present status of federal legisla- 
tion relating to public and school 
libraries, postal rates, disposition of 
surplus federal property, juvenile de- 
linquency, and other legislation rela- 
ting to libraries. 



SEPTEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



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Ferguson Retires After 39 Years Service 



C. H. Ferguson, ;i native of Rocking- 
ham County and for 39 years a mem- 
ber of the State Department of Public 
Instruction, retired from active duty 
as of June 30. From 1921-1950 Fergu- 
son was assistant director of the 
Division of Negro education ; and for 
the last ten years has served as direc- 
tor of this division. 

"The greatest contribution I have 
received during these years," declared 
Ferguson, "has been the splendid asso- 
ciation with dedicated people, both lay 
and professional. My work has brought 
me into contact with many excellent 
leaders in education." 

Prior to joining the State Depart- 
ment, Ferguson was superitendent in 
Beaufort and also in Aulander. Previ- 
ous to this he was a teaching-principal 
in Wake Forest. 

A graduate of Wake Forest College 
with an A.B. degree, Ferguson received 
his Master's degree from Teachers Col- 
lege, Columbia University. Since then 
he has done additional graduate work 
at the University of North Carolina, 
Yale University, and Columbia Uni- 
versity. 

When asked about educational 
achievements in North Carolina during 
the last forty years, Ferguson stated : 
"It has been most stimulating to ob- 
serve the unfolding and expanding of 
three great ideas injected into the 
State plan of public education by the 
late Dr. E. C. Brooks and the late Dr. 
A. T. Allen. Truly, a solid foundation 
for continuing progress was laid by the 
adoption of the State salary schedule, 
the State certification plan, and the 
State teacher-training plan initiated in 
the early Twenties. The implementa- 
tion of these concepts over the years 
has done much to improve education 
throughout North Carolina." 

The widespread esteem held for 
Ferguson was expressed by Superin- 
tendent Charles F. Carroll at a recep- 
tion given in his honor and that of 
other retiring members of the Depart- 
ment, when he said, "The intelligence, 
understanding, and enthusiasm which 
have characterized your leadership in 
the State have happily combined to 
make an indelible mark on educational 
progress in all areas. We shall con- 
tinue to desire your wise counsel as 
we move forward in North . Carolina, 
and trust that you will be on call for 
future assistance." 

Ferguson, in anticipating the future 
of education in the State, remarked 
with confidence, "The future of educa- 



tion in North Carolina presents a tre- 
mendous and hopeful challenge to lead- 
ers of ability, preparation, courage, and 
imagination." 

Ferguson will continue to make his 
home in Raleigh with his wife. A 
daughter, Mrs. Ruth Frances Brinkley, 
teaches in Durham; and a son, Dr. 
G. H. Ferguson, Jr., practices medicine 
in Philadelphia. 

Census Card Revised 
New Summary Card 

The Individual School Census Card 
has been revised and a new School 
Census Summary Card devised by the 
State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion. These cards will be printed and 
made available early next month, ac- 
cording to L. H. Jobe, who has charge 
of the printing and distribution of 
forms and publications. 

The revised Census Card, according 
to Jobe, will be printed on one side 
only, providing space for questions con- 
cerning birth, physical defects, etc. 
Since school record information is 
called for on other forms, space for 
this kind of information has been elim- 
inated from the Census Card. The new 
Summary Card will provide a means 
for summarizing the number of boys 
and girls by ages for a given year for 
schools, districts, or for the administra- 
tive unit as a whole. 



Croft Publications To Pick 
Principal Of The Year 

For the third year, Arthur C. Croft 
Publications of New London, Conn., is 
asking the nation's classroom teachers 
to nominate men and women with out- 
standing leadership qualities for the 
honor of principal of the year. 

All classroom teachers in the United 
States and its possessions may partici- 
pate. Basic requirement is that every 
nominating statement be prepared by 
a teacher or teachers in the building 
in which the principal serves. Only 
one nominating statement per principal 
may be submitted by a teacher or 
group of teachers. Statements should 
be 1,000 words or less, typewritten, and 
should include the names of teachers, 
titles and addresses. Deadline is De- 
cember 15, 1960. 

Winner of the Award will be an- 
nounced early in 1961. Final selection 
will be made by a panel of judges com- 
posed of distinguished educators. 

Teachers submitting nominations 
should stress what their principal has 
done and is doing to improve education 
in his school, and the vigorous leader- 
ship he or she demonstrates in getting 
his school and community to work 
towards that goal. 

For more information, write Allan 
Amenta, Editor, Executive Services, 
Arthur C. Croft Publications, 100 Gar- 
field Avenue, New London, Connecticut. 



Instructional Materials Library To Serve 
Department Personnel and Local Educators 



In the process of development, the 
instructional materials library of the 
Department of Public Instruction is 
"intended to serve the personnel of the 
State Department as well as educators 
in the field," according to Cora Paul 
Bomar, supervisor of school library 
services. Materials and services avail- 
able include : 

• reference collection of basic re- 
search tools, such as Educational 
Index and Encyclopedia of Educa- 
tional Research 

• professional books, including year- 
books of educational associations 

• periodicals 

• review copies of new books and 
audio-visual materials 

• sample collections of basal and sup- 
plementary textbooks 

• curriculum bulletins and teaching 
aids 

• audio-visual equipment for loan 



• bibliographies and bulletins on in- 
structional materials 

• interlibrary loans from the State 
library, UNC, Duke, and State Col- 
lege 

Preliminary work in establishing the 
instructional materials library was 
done by Mrs. Willie G. Boone, instruc- 
tional materials consultant, who re- 
signed as of May 31 to become librar- 
ian in the Durham High School. 

Professional personnel in the State 
Department or among teachers, super- 
visors, and administrators in the field 
who need to prepare a speech, plan 
workshops and conferences, answer re- 
quests from local school personnel, de- 
velop a publication, keep abreast of 
current trends in education, conduct 
research, or satisfy one's own intel- 
lectual curiosity, should become famil- 
iar and use the instructional materials 
library," stated Miss Bomar. 



10 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



C. M. Hamilton Appointed 
To Vocational Staff 

C. Merrill Hamilton, a native of 
Indiana, but for the past eighteen 
years connected with the Raleigh pub- 
lic schools, joined the Division of Vo- 
cational Education in the State Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction, August 1, 
as assistant supervisor in trade and 
industrial education. 

In recent years, Hamilton has served 
as director of industrial arts and vo- 
cational education in the Raleigh sys- 
tem ; and prior to this he was a teacher 
and later a part-time supervisor in Ra- 
leigh. 

Hamilton received his B. S. degree 
from Ball State Teachers College in 
Indiana and his M.A. degree from Ohio 
State University. He took additional 
graduate work at North Carolina State 
College and at the University of North 
Carolina. For three years Hamilton 
was editor of the quarterly bulletin for 
the North Carolina Industrial Arts As- 
sociation. 

He is married to the former Selma 
Voyles of Indiana, and is the father of 
one daughter, Sara. The Hamiltons 
live at 1428 Banbury Road. 

Staff Members Attend 
NDEA Conference 

Henry Shannon, Cora Paul Bomar, 
Annie John Williams, and Carlton 
Fleetwood represented the State De- 
partment of Public Instruction at a 
regional conference called by the U. S. 
Office of Education to discuss the ef- 
fectiveness of the National Defense Ed- 
ucation Act in improving instruction 
in science, mathematics and modern 
foreign languages. 

The conference met in Nashville, 
Tennessee, July 11-12. 

State supervisors from Alabama, 
Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, 
Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, 
Virginia, and West Virginia met with 
the North Carolina representatives and 
staff specialists from the Office of Edu- 
cation. They discussed the degree of 
progress made under Title III of the 
Act and means for effecting improve- 
ments. 

William W. Peek, State supervisor of 
statistical services, attended a Confer- 
ence at Peabody College, Nashville, 
Tennessee, to discuss with representa- 
tives of the U. S. Office of Education 
and other State Supervisors the imple- 
mentation of Title X under the NDEA. 



Albemarle Principal Joins State Department 



Joseph L. Cashwell, principal of the 
Albemarle High School, joined the De- 
partment of Public Instruction, July 1, 
as supervisor of supervision and cur- 
riculum in the Division of Instructional 
Services. In this capacity he will work 
directly with fifteen supervisors, Negro 
and white : seven elementary super- 
visors, two general high school super- 
visors, one in curriculum, one in mathe- 
matics, two in science, one in testing 
and pupil placement, and one in mod- 
ern foreign languages. 

With the retirement of G. H. Fergu- 
son, activities of the former Division 
of Negro Education will be admin- 
istered through the Division of Instruc- 
tional Services under the direction of 
Nile F. Hunt. "For all practical pur- 
poses," declared Hunt, "Cashwell will 
supervise instructional activities among 
white and Negro supervisors." 

Cashwell, a native of Sampson 
County, attended Wingate Junior Col- 
lege and received his A.B. degree from 
Western Reserve University in Cleve- 
land. He completed his Master's de- 
gree at East Carolina College and has 
done additional graduate work at the 
University of North Carolina, Western 
Reserve University, and Peabody Col- 
lege. 

For one year Cashwell taught Eng- 
lish, mathematics, and social studies 
in the West Edgecombe High School. 
For the ensuing fourteen years he has 
served as principal in the Arthur 
School in Pitt County, the Grimesland 
School in Pitt County, and the Albe- 
marle High School. 

In 1959-1960 Cashwell served as 
president of the North Carolina Di- 
vision of Principals of the NCEA. For 
two years he has served as a member 
of the Governor's Merit Commission ; 
and last year was elected to the South- 
ern Association Commission on Col- 
leges and Universities. Cashwell is 
also a member of the Rotary club. 

As a lieutenant in the Navy, Cash- 
well served with the amphibious forces 
in the Southwest Pacific after special 
preparation in communications at Har- 
vard University. 

Cashwell, who is married to the 
former Lucille Ruttkamp of Cleveland, 
is the father of two children : Richard 
Gordon, a former Morehead scholar, 
now stationed in Okinawa with the Ma- 
rine Corps ; and Susan Marie, who will 
enter Meredith College in September as 
a freshman. The Cashwells now live 
in their new home on Manuel Street 
in Raleigh. 



Board Allots $1,637,396.96 
To Driver Training Program 

An allotment of $1,637,396.96 was 
made by the State Board of Education 
at a meeting held June 2 to the 173 
local administrative units with which 
to operate driver training and safety 
education programs. 

The distribution to the units was 
based on an allotment of $6.28 per high 
school pupil enrolled for the 1959-60 
school year, and plus balances as of 
May 13 gave the units a total of $2,- 
595,979.43 in State funds for their pro- 
grams of driver training during 1960- 
61. 



McClure Accepts Position 
In Curriculum Laboratory 

W. W. McClure, for the past six 
years teacher of vocational agricul- 
ture at Glendale School in Johnston 
County, joined the State Department of 
Public Instruction, August 1, as sub- 
ject-matter specialist in vocational 
agriculture for the vocational curricu- 
lum laboratory. 

"The Department is fortunate in se- 
curing the services of an experienced, 
dedicated school man to fill this posi- 
tion," declared Dr. Gerald James, di- 
rector of the Division of Vocational 
Education. "Materials needed in voca- 
tional agriculture will be collected or 
prepared under McClure's supervision, 
thereby bringing additional quality to 
the agricultural program." 

McClure formerly taught agriculture 
education at Edward Best School in 
Franklin County and for six years was 
employed by the Department of Public 
Instruction as assistant district su- 
pervisor in the veterans' farmer train- 
ing program. During this time he lived 
in Louisburg. 

With a B.S. and an M.S. degree in 
agriculture from North Carolina State 
College, McClure has been active in 
civic, church, and professional work in 
Franklin and Johnston Counties. For 
three years he served on the Advisory 
Council for the State FFA. He was 
instrumental in organizing and pro- 
moting the first rural community de- 
velopment program in Johnston County. 

The McClures, who have three chil- 
dren. Bill. Jr., Jim, and Frances, now 
reside at 3812 Vesta Drive. Raleigh. 



SEPTEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



11 



James Succeeds Smith As Vocational Head Lee Joins Department 



Dr. Gerald Blaine James, associate 
professor of agricultural education at 
North Carolina State College and as- 
sistant director of the State Curricu- 
lum Study, succeeded Dr. J. Warren 
Smith as director of the Division of 
Vocational Education in the State De- 
partment of Public Instruction, July 
1. He was appointed to this position 
by the State Board of Education upon 
recommendation of State Superintend- 
ent Charles F. Carroll. Smith retired 
after 33 years with the state's public 
schools, including 14 years as head of 
vocational education. 

James, a native of Stanly County, 
attended Wake Forest College and 
North Carolina State, where he re- 
ceived his B.S. degree in agricultural 
education in 1947. One year later he 
was awarded an M.S. degree from State 
College. In 1953, James received his 
Ed.D. degree from the University of 
Illinois His dissertation was "Re- 
definition of the Clientele for Agricul- 
tural Education in the Public Schools." 

For three years James served in the 
Armed Forces with the 100th Infantry 
Division, much of the time in France 
and Germany. His honors included the 
French Croix de Guerre with a silver 
star, the bronze star with oak leaf 
cluster, and others. Following the close 
of the War, he served with the Produc- 
tion Branch of the Food and Agricul- 
ture Section of the American Military 
Government in Southern Germany. 

Prior to his graduate work at the 
University of Illinois, James taught vo- 
cational agriculture at Harrisburg 
High School in Cabarrus County and 
at Millbrook High School in Wake 
County. During this period he also had 
experience with the Wake Farmers' 
Cooperative, Inc. From 1957 to 1960 
James was book review editor for 
Agricultural Education Magazine, na- 
tional publication for agriculture 
teachers. 

Since 1952, James has served on the 
staff of N. C. State College as a pro- 
fessor in agricultural education ; and 
since February 1, 1958, he has served 
as assistant director of the State Cur- 
riculum Study on a part-time basis. 
In the latter position he has served 
as speaker and consultant to groups 
throughout the State in the inter- 
est of curriculum improvement, par- 
ticularly in District II (12 southeast- 
ern counties) and in District V (25 
western counties), where pilot studies 
have been under way. 



James served as a member of the 
State College Faculty Senate from 1957 
to 1959 ; and in May 1960 was publicly 
cited as one of the seven outstanding 
teachers of the year, according to a 
campus-wide poll. "This honor I prize 
more than any other of my educational 
career," declared James. 

James is married to the former De- 
Laurie Brock of Mount Olive, and there 
are three children in the family. 

Foreign Countries Offer 
Graduate Fellowships 

Two hundred fellowships for grad- 
uate study in 13 foreign countries will 
be offered by foreign governments and 
universities through the Institute of 
International Education for the aca- 
demic year 1961-62. 

The Institute announced recently 
that applications for the fellowships 
are now available and will be accepted 
until November 1, 1960. 

The scholarships cover tuition and 
varying amounts of maintenance in 
universities in Austria, Canada, Den- 
mark, France, Germany, Iran, Israel, 
Italy, Mexico, the Netherlands, Poland, 
Sweden and Switzerland. Students ap- 
plying for Italian university awards or 
Austrian, Danish, French, German, Is- 
raeli, Italian or Netherlands Govern- 
ment awards may apply for a Fulbright 
travel grant to supplement their schol- 
arships. Two additional awards, of- 
fered by an American foundation, are 
for study in any country in the Far 
East, South or Southeast Asia and 
Africa. 

General eligibility requirements are 
United States citizenship, a bachelor's 
degree or its equivalent before depar- 
ture, langauge ability sufficient to 
carry on the proposed study, and good 
health. A good academic record and 
demonstrated capacity for independent 
study are also necessary. Preference 
is given to applicants under 35 years of 
age who have not had extensive foreign 
experience. While married persons are 
eligible for most of the awards de- 
scribed above, the stipends are geared 
to the needs of single grantees. 

For further information and appli- 
cation forms, prospective applicants 
should write to the Information and 
Counseling Division, Institute of Inter- 
national Education, 1 East 67th Street, 
New York 21, New York. 



Nevada K. Lee, Jr., joined the De- 
partment of Public Instruction July 1 
as a mechanical engineer with the Di- 
vision of School Planning, according 
to Dr. J. L. Pierce, director of the Di- 
vision. Lee, a native of Wilmington, 
is a graduate of North Carolina State 
College in mechanical engineering. 

Before joining the State Department, 
Lee worked for fourteen years as a 
mechanical contractor in plumbing, 
heating, and air conditioning in New- 
port News, Virginia. Prior to this, he 
had four years experience in the Air 
Force as a relief maintenance officer in 
the Pacific theatre. 

"Lee comes to the Department of 
Public Instruction well prepared to 
render a valuable service to adminis- 
trative units which are planning new 
buildings or remodeling projects," de- 
clared Pierce. 

Lee is married to the former Miss 
Clodagh Burkhead of Kansas. They 
have three children : Geoffrey, Clifton, 
and Susan. 

Mrs. Gladys G. Ingle Joins 
Library Services Staff 

Mrs. Gladys G. Ingle, native of 
Greenville but more recently of Ashe- 
ville, joined the State Department of 
Public Instruction, August 15, as in- 
structional materials consultant in the 
library services section. Mrs. Ingle 
succeeds Mrs. Willie G. Boone, who re- 
signed June 1, to become librarian in 
the Durham senior high school. 

In Asheville, Mrs. Ingle served as 
library supervisor for the city schools 
for a period of five years. Prior to 
this, she was librarian in Jonesville, 
where her late husband, George Z. 
Ingle, was principal. Mrs. Ingle has 
also taught in Elizabeth City. 

"Mrs. Ingle is well qualified to serve 
the schools of North Carolina as in- 
structional materials consultant, and 
will do much in helping librarians and 
teachers improve instruction through- 
out the State," declared Cora Paul 
Bomar, supervisor of State library 
services. 

Her preparation was received in the 
Greenville city schools and in East 
Carolina College, where she has also 
done graduate work. Currently, Mrs. 
Ingle is serving as president of the 
NCEA unit of school librarians. 

Mrs. Ingle and her two children are 
making their home in the Raleigh Club 
Apartments. 



12 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 






Stone Becomes Consultant 
To Curriculum Study 

Raymond A. Stone, former teacher, 
principal, and director of instruction, 
was appointed local unit consultant for 
the State Curriculum Study at the July 
meeting of the State Board of Educa- 
tion. Stone will simultaneously serve 
as executive secretary of the North 
Carolina Citizens Committee for Better 
Schools, of which Holt McPherson is 
chairman. McPherson and Dr. I. E. 
Ready, director of the Curriculum 
Study, agrees that the two positions 
complement each other in an ideal 
manner. 

The Citizens Committee aims "to de- 
velop on the local level an understand- 
ing of the importance of education" 
and at the same time "to develop on 
the local level the intelligence and the 
will to bring about improvements in 
local school programs." In working 
with local lay and professional groups 
in an effort to use the recommendations 
growing out of the Curriculum Study, 
Stone's responsibility — besides that 
of interpretation — will be to assist in 
the development of action programs for 
curriculum improvement. 

Stone's specific responsibilities will 
bring him in contact with education 
committees, school faculties, PTA 
groups, civic groups, as well as with 
regional and State organizations. "In 
a very direct way, Stone's services will 
supplement the efforts of the Citizens 
Committee and at the same time help 
to implement the recommendations of 
the State Curriculum Study," declared 
Ready. According to Ready, efforts 
will be made to organize additional lo- 
cal groups "to study ways in which 
the effectiveness of public school edu- 
cation can be improved." Stone will 
also edit a monthly newsletter for 
State-wide consumption. 

This one-year project is being fi- 
nanced by a $12,000 grant from the 
Richardson Foundation of Greensboro. 

Stone, a native of Franklin County, 
received his undergraduate college 
preparation at Louisburg College and 
at Wake Forest College. He received 
his Ed.M. from the University of North 
Carolina and recently completed all 
course requirements lor the doctorate 
degree at UNC. He has also done spe- 
cial graduate work at North Carolina 
State College. 

Stone has served as a teacher in the 
Wallace High School; as an assistant 
principal in Charlotte ; as principal and 



Controller Douglas Retires 

Clarence D. Douglas, Controller of 
the State Board of Education, retired 
June 30. A. C. Davis, director of the 
Division of Auditing and Accounting, 
was appointed to succeed him. 

Douglas, a native of Surry County, 
had been Controller of the State Board 
of Education since 1949. Prior to this, 
from 1943 to 1949, he was director of 
the Division of Auditing and Account- 
ing. From 1939 to 1943 he was chief 
auditor of the State School Commis- 
sion. When Douglas joined the State 
Department of Public Instruction in 
1920, he was assistant director of the 
Division of Finance and Statistics. He 
became director of this Division in 
1923, which position he held until 1939. 

As Controller of the State Board of 
Education, Douglas' chief responsibility 
has been that of preparing annual edu- 
cational budgets for the State. In ad- 
dition, he has had general supervision 
over six divisions: Auditing and Ac- 
counting, Insurance, Plant Operation, 
Teacher Allotment and General Con- 
trol, Textbooks, and Transportation. 

Douglas attended Duke University 
from which he was graduated in 1920, 
at which time he began his professional 
career with the State's central edu- 
cational agency. 

In commenting on Douglas' retire- 
ment, Dallas Herring, chairman of the 
State Board, remarked, "No person has 
been more vital to the State Board in 
its effort to plan and provide quality 
education throughout North Carolina 
than C. D. Douglas." Superintendent 
Charles F. Carroll remarked, "Clarence 
D. Douglas has been a significant part 
of the evolution of education in North 
Carolina ; his contributions have meant 
much to educational progress in North 
Carolina." 

Davis, a native of Hillsboro and a 
graduate of the University of North 
Carolina, joined the Department of 
Public Instruction in 1936 as an ac- 
countant. He was made an assistant 
to Douglas in 1949, a position which he 
has held since that date. Davis was 
sworn into office July 21. 



sistant superintendent in Wilson ; and 
as an instructor in Atlantic Christian 
College and the University of North 
Carolina. In July 1957, Stone suc- 
ceeded Dr. A. C. Dawson as chairman 
of the legislative committee of the 
NCEA, in which capacity he served 



later as director of instruction and as-until June, 1959. 



Ramos Completes Courses 
In Speech Pathology 

Mrs. Pearle Ramos, supervisor of 
speech and hearing for exceptional 
children in the State Department of 
Public Instruction, attended a seven 
weeks' work conference at the Univer- 
sity of Georgia in speech pathology. 
The institute was under the direction 
of Dr. Stanley Ainsworth, president of 
the American Speech and Hearing As- 
sociation. 

During the summer Mrs. Ramos com- 
pleted work for advanced standing in 
speech therapy with this association. 
She now possesses a certificate for pri- 
vate practice in speech and hearing. 

Mrs. Ramos, a native of Davidson 
County, attended the Woman's College. 
She received her M.A. from the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina in education 
and another M.A. from Northwestern 
University in speech pathology. Prior 
to joining the Department of Public 
Instruction one year ago, Mrs. Ramos 
taught in Charlotte. 

Frances Kornegay Joins 
State Department Staff 

Frances Kornegay, a native of Mt. 
Olive with wide experience in public 
school work in North Carolina, joined 
the staff of the Department of Public 
Instruction, July 1, as health educator. 
According to Charles E. Spencer, direc- 
tor of school health and physical edu- 
cation, the addition of Miss Kornegay 
to the staff will do much to lift the 
level of health education throughout 
the State. 

Prior to joining the Department of 
Public Instruction, Miss Kornegay was 
principal of the Virginia Street Ele- 
mentary School in Goldsboro. Before 
this, she taught in elementary schools 
in Wayne and Johnston Counties, and 
in Mt. Olive and Goldsboro. Her ex- 
periences as school health coodinator 
in Wayne County, Goldsboro, and Fre- 
mont have also given her a rich back- 
ground for outstanding work in her 
present position, according to Spencer. 
For a number of years Miss Kornegay 
was also health educator with the 
State Board of Health. 

Miss Kornegay received her B.S. in 
home economics from Queens College 
and her M.S. degree in physical health 
from the University of North Carolina. 
She has done additional graduate work 
at the Woman's College in Greensboro, 
the University of North Carolina, East 
Carolina College, and Appalachian 
State Teachers College. 



SEPTEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



13 



Maddrey Receives Honor NCEA Names Four Educators To Hall of Fame 



GeOrge Maddrey, for seven years as- 
sociate adviser in safety education for 
the State Department of Public In- 
struction, was awarded a certificate of 
distinction in June by the National 
Water Safety Congress in Omaha, Ne- 
braska, for his preparation of a film- 
strip and narrative report entitled, 
"You Can Help, Even If You can't 
Swim." The award was presented with 
the following citation : "given in recog- 
nition of outstanding effort to prevent 
needless water accidents and drown- 
ings." 

Maddrey, in addition to his duties 
with the State Department, has served 
as safety training instructor in small 
craft ; has instructed in the national 
aquatic school ; and has taught warfare 
aquatics for the Navy. 

The filmstrip and accompanying nar- 
rative report are intended to aid in 
the protection of lives in unguarded 
areas such as ponds, lakes, and the 
like. This audio-visual aid may be used 
in schools, but also with boy scout 
groups, girl scout organizations, the 
Red Cross, 4-H clubs, and other organi- 
zations. 

Copies of the filmstrip and narrative 
guide may be secured from : Supervisor 
of Safety Education, Department of 
Public Instruction, Raleigh, for $2.25. 

Legal Aspects of School 
Of Duke's Annua! Sc 

Centered around the theme of "Legal 
Aspects of School Boards," the fifth 
annual school law conference was held 
at Duke University, June 28-29, with 
more than 200 in attendance at the 
several sessions. As in recent years, 
the conference was planned under the 
supervision of Dr. E. C. Bolmeier, pro- 
fessor of education at Duke University. 

Four panels, one address, one dia- 
logue, and one question-and-answer 
period were featured at the conference. 
Panel topics included "Legal Powers 
of School Boards," "Legal Pitfalls of 
School Boards," "Tort Liability of 
School Boards," and "Legal Aspects of 
School-Board Meetings." 

Superintendent Charles F. Carroll, 
speaker at the first evening session, 
discussed "Knowledge of School Law — 
An Indispensable Aid to the School 
Administrator." 

"Timely Court Cases Affecting Pub- 
lic Education," a dialogue, was pre- 
sented by Lee O. Garber, professor of 
education, University of Pennsylvania, 
and Marlin M. Volz, dean, School of 
Law, University of Louisville. 



Four deceased North Carolina edu- 
cators were named to the State's Edu- 
cational Hall of Fame at the annual 
convention of the North Carolina Edu- 
cation Association held March 16-18 in 
Asheville. 

They were Edward Pearson Moses, 
first superintendent of Raleigh schools ; 
Philander P. Claxton, first superinten- 
dent of Asheville schools and U. S. 
Commissioner of Education ; Charles 
Lee Coon, who served as a member of 
the State Department staff and as su- 
perintendent of Wilson County schools ; 
and John Henry Highsmith, director 
of the Division of Instructional Service, 
State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion. 

The Hall of Fame was established in 
1937. The four additions this year 
brought to 26 the number of outstand- 
ing deceased educators who have been 
named to it. Names of the other 22 per- 
sons are as follows: Edwin Anderson 
Alderman, Charles Brantley Aycock, 
David Caldwell, Braxton Craven, Ed- 
ward Kidder Graham, Elizabeth Kelly, 
Charles Duncan Mclver, Archibald D. 
Murphey, Walter Hines Page, Calvin 
Henderson Wiley, Alexander Graham, 
Robert Herring Wright, Eugene Clyde 
Brooks, Arch Turner Allen, William 

Boards Is Theme 
Law Conference 

Other out-of-State consultants in- 
cluded Newton Edwards, University of 
South Carolina ; Jacob Fox, Newark, 
New Jersey ; Madaline K. Remmlein, 
Washington, D. C. ; O. T. Bonner, Dan- 
ville, Virginia ; and William Henry 
Shaw, Columbus, Georgia. 

North Carolina program participants 
included J. Francis Paschal, Duke Uni- 
versity ; Guy B. Phillips, University 
of North Carolina; Leonard Lloyd, 
Robbinsville ; W. Y. Bryan, Henderson ; 
J. C. Manning, Williamston; Ruth F. 
Dailey, Durham ; William H. Cart- 
wright, Duke University ; J. A. Pritch- 
ett, Windsor; James B. Garland, Gas- 
tonia; J. C. Abbott, Elizabeth City; 
W. M. Jenkins, Hickory ; J. H. Rose, 
Greenville; Glenn Hooper, Raleigh; 
and Paul H. Clyde, Duke University. 

Duke University and Dr. E. G. Bol- 
meier in particular again are to be con- 
gratulated, for making possible the 1960 
School Law Conference. As in past 
years, this conference was informative 
and stimulating; and those in attend- 
ance will be better prepared to serve 
their respective communities because 
of this experience. 



Preston Few, William L. Poteat, Ro- 
land Hill Latham, Marcus Cicero 
Stephens Noble, Julius Isaac Foust, 
Clyde Atkinson Erwin, and James Yad- 
kin Joyner. 

A citation to The Unknown Teacher 
is also included amung these honored 
educators. 

Henry Shannon Resigns 
To Join NCS Faculty 

Henry Shannon, native of Gastonia 
and member of the State Department 
of Public Instruction for eleven years, 
resigned as of September 1 to become 
assistant professor in science and 
mathematics education at North Caro- 
lina State College. For the past year 
Shannon has served as coordinator of 
NDEA activities at the State level. For 
ten years prior to this he was super- 
visor of science and mathematics edu- 
cation. 

Shannon received his B.S. degree at 
Appalachian State Teachers College 
and M.Ed, at the University of Mis- 
souri. He has also done additional 
graduate work at Ohio State Univer- 
sity, the University of North Carolina, 
and Cornell University. During the 
academic year 1958-59 Shannon was an 
instructor in science education at Ohio 
State while pursuing work on his doc- 
tor's degree. 

After joining the State Department, 
following five years of teaching science 
in Gastonia and Forsyth County, Shan- 
non assisted in bringing increased qual- 
ity to science fairs throughout the 
State, and cooperated with the talent 
search and the in-service training pro- 
gram sponsored by the Academy of 
Science at North Carolina State Col- 
lege. In 1958 Shannon was general 
program chairman for the annual con- 
vention of the National Science 
Teachers Association. He is also a 
member of the Science Facilities Com- 
mittee of the National Science Teachers 
Association, as well as its policies 
committee. 

He has contributed articles to the 
High School Journal, North Carolina 
Education, American School and Uni- 
versity Yearbook, and the 60th Year- 
book of the National Society for the 
Study of Education. 

In the Navy Shannon served as a 
communications officer, both in the At- 
lantic and Pacific theatres. He is mar- 
ried to the former Jean Kagay of Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, and is the father of two 
daughters. 



14 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



*7&e AUosmetf Qeti&nxU duleA, . . . 



Special Elections; Effect 
On Supplemental Taxes. 

In reply to your recent inquiry: This 
will acknowledge receipt of your letter 
of July 14 in which you state that the 
Guilford County Administrative Unit 
and the City of Greensboro Admin- 
istrative Unit adjoin one another and 
that each has a supplemental tax un- 
der G. S. 115-116 (d). You further 
state that a petition pursuant to G. S. 
115-116 (c) has been filed by the resi- 
dents of a school area in the county 
unit as a step in the enlarging of the 
city unit to include a school area ad- 
jacent thereto and which is now a part 
of the county. Based upon these facts 
you ask the following questions : 

"(a) May the election be held in the 
school area to be annexed without af- 
fecting the special tax in the county 
unit, or must the election be held 
throughout the county administrative 
unit in order to safeguard the status of 
the special tax in that unit? 

"(b) Since the city administrative 
unit may be enlarged by the proposed 
election, is the consent of the voters 
in the city administrative unit required 
in order to safeguard the status of the 
special tax in that unit?" 

In several cases our Supreme Court 
has held that when a school district 
has voted a supplemental tax upon it- 
self to provide a higher standard of 
schools than is provided by State sup- 
port and that district is then consoli- 
dated with a non-special tax district, 
the supplemental tax cannot be col- 
lected unless the same is approved by 
a majority of the qualified voters in 
the non-special tax district. BIVENS 
v BOARD OF EDUCATION, 187 NC 
769 and SCHOOL DISTRICT COM- 
MITTEE v BOARD OF EDUCATION, 
235 NC 212. These cases were con- 
cerned with the school law as the same 
existed prior to 1955 but in a letter 
under date of 16 April 1959, this office 
expressed as to these cases the follow- 
ing: "The reasoning seems to be that 
the people of a particular geographical 
area have voted upon themselves a sup- 
plemental tax and that when the area 
is enlarged, the unit upon which the 
tax was voted has been destroyed and 
that the tax may no longer be levied 
unless the people in the area which 
has been annexed to the original area 
vote upon themselves the same tax." 



In the BIVENS case the Court said 
"The entire district should be either 
subject to the same or exempt from it." 
In an attempt to get around these de- 
cisions the last sentence of the first 
paragraph of G. S. 115-74 was enacted ; 
however, you will note that this ap- 
plies to a change in district lines as 
between districts. Also your attention 
is called to the second paragraph of 
G. S. 115-122, a part of Article 14, 
which provides, in effect, that when 
the purpose of the election is to enlarge 
a city administrative unit there shall 
be given a legal description of the area 
within which the election is to be held 
and that if the majority of those vot- 
ing "in the area proposed to be consoli- 
dated" shall vote for enlargment such 
area shall be consolidated with the city 
administrative unit effective on July 
1 next following such election. G. S. 
115-122 also provides that after the ef- 
fective date following a favorable vote 
there shall be levied in the area con- 
solidated with the city unit "the same 
school taxes as shall be levied in the 
other portions of the city administra- 
tive unit, including any tax levied to 
provide for the payment of school 
bonds theretofore issued by or for such 
city administrative unit or for all or 
some part of the school area annexed 
to such city administrative unit." 

In view of the foregoing it is not 
thought that the consent of the voters 
present within the city administrative 
unit is required in order to protect the 
special tax existing in that unit. Of 
course, those in the area to be annexed 
will, in effect, vote upon two questions 
and they are as to whether or not they 
will come into the city unit and 
whether or not there shall be levied 
within the new area the same taxes as 
are levied in other portions of the city 
unit. 

While there is certainly some doubt 
in the light of the BIVENS case and 
similar cases as to the answer to your 
first question, I am inclined to the 
view that by adding a portion of the 
county unit to the city unit the special 
tax in the county unit will not be de- 
stroyed. So far as I can determine our 
Supreme Court has not passed upon 
this specific matter ; however, in the 
situation presented by you the remain- 
der of the county unit would be sub- 
ject to the same tax and therefore one 
of the Court's big objections in the 



BIVENS case would be removed in the 
instant situation. — Attorney General, 
July 19, 1960. 

Acquisition of School Site 

In reply to your recent inquiry: This 
will acknowledge receipt of your letter 
of June 16 in which you request an 
opinion as to the legality of the school 
board securing a binding contract from 
the owner of a selected school site to 
sell to the school board a certain num- 
ber of acres a year at a price fixed in 
the contract. You further state that 
the contract would not bind the school 
board to purchase but it would bind 
the owner to sell at a given price. 

It is my opinion that the board can 
enter into a contract as referred to 
above. Of course it must be positively 
provided that the board is not bound 
to make additional purchases in future 
years. Your attention is specifically 
called to G. S. 115-78 B 1 which pro- 
vides in part that the board of county 
commissioners shall first approve the 
contract for the purchase of the site 
and that no funds shall be expended 
therefor without such approval, the 
approval being as to the amount to be 
spent for the site. 

You refer to the fact that there is a 
possibility that the purchase to be 
made each year would not be of suf- 
ficient size to comply with the require- 
ments of any particular "type of school 
site." G. S. 115-125 provides that 
boards of education "may acquire suit- 
able sites for school houses or other 
school facilities." It is thought that 
the school board would not be entitled 
to purchase a tract of land which was 
not of sufficient size for a school fa- 
cility ; however, a minor "school facil- 
ity" would certainly require a small 
amount of land and this problem is for 
the determination of the involved 
school board. If it is made in good 
faith, the conclusion would be binding. 
See KISTLER v BOARD, 233 NC 400. 
While I find no case authority in this 
matter, I feel that the foregoing con- 
clusion is justified at this time. It is 
noted that G. S. 115-126 provides for 
the sale by the involved board of edu- 
cation of "any building, building site, 
or other real property." (Emphasis 
added.) 

We trust that the foregoing will be 
of assistance to you.— Attorney Gen- 
eral, June 24, 1960. 



SEPTEMBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



15 



LOOKING BACK 



Five Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, September, 1955) 
Dr. A. M. Proctor, professor emeri- 
tus of education at Duke University 
and veteran educator of the State, died 
at his home in Durham August 27. 

Dr. W. H. Plemmons assumed his 
duties as president of Appalachian 
State Teachers College September 1, 
after having taught in the School of 
Education at the University of North 
Carolina for the past ten years. 

A. McL. Graham, member of the 
State Board of Education representing 
the second education district, died 
June 22 at his home in Clinton. 

Ten Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, September, 1950) 
J. E. Miller, Associate in the Divi- 
sion of Instructional Service since 
January 1, 1947, and Director of Adult 
Education in 1941-42, has been ap- 
pointed administrative assistant to 
State Superintendent Erwin. 

Dr. N. C. Newbold, Director of the 
Division of Negro Education, retired 
on July 1, after 37 years with the De- 
partment of Public Instruction. 

Holland McSwain resigned Septem- 
ber 1 as Superintendent of Caswell 
County to go with Flora McDonald Col- 
lege, Red Springs. 

Fifteen Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, September, 1945) 
On July 1, 1945, Egbert N. Peeler 
resigned as Director of the Division of 
Textbooks to become Superintendent of 
the State School for the Blind and 
Deaf. Wade M. Jenkins, formerly Su- 
perintendent of the Union County 
Schools, was elected by the State 
Board of Education to succeed Mr. 
Peeler. At the same time A. J. Dickson 
was elected as Assistant Director to 
succeed C. H. Walker, who resigned to 
enter private business. 

Twenty Years Ago 

(N. C. Public School Bulletin, September, 1940) 
The fourth annual "Superintend- 
ents' Conference," sponsored by the De- 
partment, met August 1-3 at Western 
Carolina Teachers College, Cullowhee, 
N. C. 

Edward ~L. Best, Superintendent of 
the Mecklenburg County Schools for 
the past five years, died of a heart at- 
tack July 5, 1940. 

The first printing of 180,000 of the 
new Cumulative Record folders have 
been sold to county and city units and 
an order for an additional 100,000 has 
been placed with the printer. 



Boston Cuts Property Tax 

From The Wall Street Journal, it is 
learned that Boston has cut its 1960 
property tax from $10.12 per $100 of 
assessed valuation of property to $10.07 
last year. This latest cut chiefly re- 
flects an economy drive pushed by the 
city in recent months, officials stated. 





CALENDAR 


September 


15-16 


Annual Meeting, N. C. 




Rehabilitation Associa- 




tion, Raleigh 


October 


2- 6 


American School Food 




Service Association, 




Washington, D. C. 


8-13 


Annual Meeting, Associa- 




tion of School Business 




Officials, St. Louis 


11-14 


National FFA Conven- 




tion, Kansas City 


13-15 


Southeastern Library 




Association Conference, 




Asheville 


19-22 


Southern Regional Meet- 




ing of Guidance Super- 




visors and Counselors j 




Educators, Washington, 




D. C. 


17-21 


American Dietetic Asso- 




ciation, Cleveland, Ohio 


November 


2- 3 


Annual Meeting, Division 




of Principals, 




Fayetteville 


3- 4 


N. C. Dietetic Associa- 




tion, Asheville ! 


4- 5 


N. C. Kindergarten 




Teachers Convention, 




Winston-Salem 


9-11 


Annual Meeting, Division 




of Supervisors and Direc- 




tors of Instruction, 




Durham 


10-12 


N. C. Home Economics 




Association, Charlotte 


24-26 


Annual Meeting, National 




Council for the Social 




Studies, Boston 


28- 


Annual Meeting Southern 




Association of Colleges 




Secondary Schools, 




Memphis 


Decem 


ier 


1 


Annual Meeting Southern 




Association of Colleges 




and Secondary Schools, 




Memphis 


6- 8 


Annual Meeting, Division 




of Superintendents, 




Durham 



MAKING TODAY'S NEWS 

Rowan. Rowan County took a step 
toward establishing an industrial edu- 
cation center here yesterday when the 
Chamber of Commerce completed a sur- 
vey of the training needs and job op- 
portunities of existing industries. 
Winston-Salem Journal, July 14. 

Granville. The Board of Education 
for Granville County, with the State 
Department of Education concurring, 
has reached accord on a site on the 
eastern outskirts of Creedmoor for a 
proposed new building for southern 
Granville County. Durham Morning 
Herald, July 9. 

Wayne. Plans for the proposed con- 
solidated Charles B. Aycock High 
School in northern Wayne County were 
to be looked over today by chairmen 
of the committees from schools in- 
volved in the consolidation. Goldsboro 
News-Argus, July 8. 

Davidson. Davidson County Com- 
missioners were told yesterday that 
school boards in Lexington and 
Thomasville are agreeable in setting up 
a commission to study the feasibility 
of merging all school administrative 
units of the County under a one sys- 
tem plan. Davidson Record, July 7. 

Sanford. Promoters of a proposed 
industrial center for Sanford have ap- 
peared before the Lee County Board 
of Commissioners seeking a building 
which would cost approximately $275,- 
000. Charlotte Observer, July 7. 

Pender. The State Survey Commit- 
tee, headed by Dr. J. L. Pierce, Direc- 
tor of the Division of School Planning, 
North Carolina State Board of Educa- 
tion, who made a survey of the Pender 
County Schools in the month of April 
will make a report to the Pender 
County Board of Education and citi- 
zens on Tuesday, July 12. Wallace 
Enterprise, July 7. 

Forsyth. The County Board of Edu- 
cation will consider at a meeting 
tonight a resolution that would con- 
solidate three school districts in the 
county and pave the way for the erec- 
tion of Forsyth's first senior high 
school. Wmston-Salem Journal, July 
21. 

Orange. The Orange County Board 
of Education turned all of its fire- 
power on the County Commissioners 
Friday night and came away victor in 
its dispute over the purchase of a 100- 
acre site on which to construct the con- 
solidated Northern Orange school sys- 
tem of the future. News of Orange 
County, July 21. 



16 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



r.is/z 



North Carolina State Library N ' C ' 

Raleigh DoC 

NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SC> 

BULLETi. 



^X 



OCTOBER. I960 



RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA 



VOL. XXV. NO. 2 



:-«>. 



What's Happening 

Educationwise 

In Other Countries? 

ARGENTINA. In order to arouse 
interest of the public in technical edu- 
cation, school inspectors have utilized 
the television and radio broadcasting 
systems to give brief talks on technical 
and industrial aspects of automobiles, 
aeronautics and oil industry technical- 
ities. 

AUSTRALIA. A course was intro- 
duced at Caulfleld Technical College, 
Victoria, for the first time in 1959 to 
teach car driving to senior students 
over the age of 17 years. 

CZECHOSLOVAKIA. The Ministry 
of Health has set up a commission for 
its flight against accidents to children. 

EL SALVADOR. In order to remedy 
the shortage of teachers, buildings and 
equipment due to the very high popula- 
tion of the country, a scheme has been 
devised which provides that every 
teacher take two groups of pupils, one 
in the morning and one in the after- 
noon, and devote 20 hours teaching a 
week to each group. 

ETHIOPIA. Adult education classes 
have been attached to many of the 
schools in the Ethiopian empire as a 
consequence of the establishment of a 
scheme for community development. 

GREECE. Hitherto a predominately 
agricultural country, Greece, like so 
many other countries, is now paying 
more attention to technical and in- 
dustrial training, as evidenced by the 
development of the Euclid Technical 
Institute at Salonica. 

HUNGARY. Since September, 1959, 
114 experimental secondary schools 
have introduced a new curriculum pro- 
viding for five days of class work and 
one day in school workshops or gar- 
dens, in industry or in agriculture. 

NETHERLANDS. All children enter- 
ing secondary schools must pass an en- 
trance examination except pupils of 
senior primary schools for whom a 
statement from the primary school 
headmaster is sufficient. 

SWEDEN. Corporal punishment, al- 
ready abolished in other types of 
school, will henceforth also be abol- 
ished in primary schools. 



Superintendent Carroll 
For General Purposes 
Party Platforms Differ 

North Carolina would welcome addi- 
tional Federal money for general pub- 
lic school purposes as long as there 
are no strings of control attached, 
State Superintendent Charles F. Car- 
roll said in a recent interview. 

The State now receives Federal 
grants for vocational education, for in- 
structional purposes under the Nation- 
al Defense Education Act, and for both 
operation and buildings in areas where 
the Federal government has military 
installations. Recently, Congress has 
had bills before it for allotting addi- 
tional funds to the states for the con- 
struction of buildings and for salaries 
of teachers. 

"Needs," Superintendent Carroll 
pointed out, "vary from state to state. 
Some states may need money for sala- 
ries ; others may have a construction 
problem. If money is to be made avail- 
able for salaries, it might be better to 
earmark it for the 'instructional staff' 
instead of 'teachers'. That way we 
could include others in the program 
connected with instruction but not 
necessarily teaching. 

"If we are free to decide for our- 
selves the manner in which we would 
operate . . . the Federal aid program 
would be good," he stated. 

In this connection, it is interesting 
to look at what the two major political 
parties say about education in their 
respective platforms. 

The Republican proposals are : 

1. Federal support of primary and 
secondary school construction. 

2. Strengthening of vocational ed- 
ucation. 

3. Support for adequate library fa- 
cilities. 

4. Support for basic research to 
help the handicapped, retarded 
and gifted students. 

5. Assistance for college housing 
construction. 

6. Extension of student loan and 
graduate fellowship programs. 

7. Consideration of means to offset 
tuition costs through tax laws. 

8. Establishment of a top-level 
commission to advise the Presi- 
dent on Education. 






Favors Federals 
and Without Control 



The Democratic platform pledges: 

1. Federal support for primary 
and secondary school construc- 
tion and teachers' salaries. 

2. Loans and scholarship grants 
"to all qualified young Ameri- 
cans." 

3. Federal grants for construction 
of academic facilities as well as 
dormitories at colleges and uni- 
versities. 

4. Federal support for vocational 
education. 

5. Federal support for libraries 
and adult education. 

6. Federal support "for realizing 
the potential of television." 

7. Federal support for the inter- 
national exchange of students 
and teachers. 

8. Establishment of a Youth Con- 
servation Corps for under-privi- 
lege young people. 



Citizens Committee 
Holds Area Meetings 

Four area meetings for discussion of 
the Recommendations of the Curricu- 
lum Study are being sponsored by the 
Citizens Committee for Better Schools. 

The first of these meetings was held 
September 27 at East Carolina Col- 
lege, Greenville. Other three meetings 
scheduled are : Western Area Meeting, 
October 18, in the Asheville area ; 
South Tiedmont Meeting, October 23, 
at Pfeiffer College, Misenheimer ; and 
Northern Piedmont Meeting, November 
10, at Greensboro. 

School board members, county com- 
missioners, legislators, representatives 
of the press, radio and television, PTA 
members, civic leaders, and all other 
citizens interested in better schools are 
invited to participate in these discus- 
sions. 

The N. C. Citizens Committee has 
been reactivated recently with R A. 
Stone as executive secretary. His office 
lias been set up in Raleigh in connec- 
tion with the Curriculum Study of the 
Shite Board of Education. 



(Excerpts from address, Reflecting and Projecting — The Continual Task of the School 
Administrator, made at the Superintendents' Conference, Mars Hill College, August 10, 1960.) 

Since we were together here last August, many significant develop- 
ments have occurred in the realm of public education in North Carolina. 
More children, demanding more and better education,, have been admitted 
to our schools as evidenced by an increase of 17,000 in our average daily 
attendance . . . Notwithstanding the fact that the number of our per- 
sonnel has increased about 1,300 since last year, approximately 96 per 
cent of the State's professional personnel now meet the minimum require- 
ments of a Bachelor's degree with the prescribed professional training for 
a Class A Certificate. 

For the first time in history, the children of North Carolina have had 
the advantage of 180 full days of instruction . . . Since last August, school 
consolidation programs have been effected in 26 counties, and additional 
consolidations are pending in six other counties. Since we were together 
last year, approximately $40,000,000 has baen expended in behalf of 
better physical facilities for better instructional services. 

Under the impetus of the National Defen.se Education Act . . . 
$3,500,000 has been spent in the purchase of equipment for the better 
teaching of science, mathematics, and modern foreign language. During 
the past year, 158 school administrative units submitted 1,522 projects 
designed to upgrade the quality of instruction in, these three areas of the 
curriculum . . . One hundred and forty-five units participated in the NDEA 
testing program last year. Since last September, more than 400,000 copies 
of standardized tests have been administered in grades 7-12. 

During the last school year, the number (of full-time qualified counse- 
lors) increased from 29 to 100 and we are already sure that 23 additional 
persons will be employed during the coming school year ... Of the 18 
industrial education centers planned for the State, 12 are now in operation 
and plans and specifications for three more are now being reviewed . . . 

Since last August, approximately 11,000 adult farmers have enrolled 
in classes designed to improve agriculture methods and practices . . . 
During the past year, the rules and regulations governing the operation 
(of business, trade, and correspondence schools) and governing the licens- 
ing of their solicitors have been strengthened. 

Since last August, the number of classes (for trainable mentally handi- 
capped) has increased from 49 to 64 and the enrollment from 546 to 
679 . . . Since last August, more than 13,000 handicapped individuals 
in the State have received rehabilitation services at a total cost of nearly 
$2,000,000. 

One hundred and thirty-four school administrative units are offering 
driver-training this summer. These programs are under the supervision 
of 598 teachers working in 521 high schools . . . The Television Experi- 
ment is now in its fourth year, and last year involved more than 25,000 
students. 

(To be continued next month) 



Education is the chief business of 
the State, arid the quality of educa- 
tion the concern of the people of 
the State. — Governor Luther H. 
Hodges. 



The central task of the schools is 
to equip individuals for effective 
lifelong learning. — Dr. Francis S. 
Chase, University of Chicago. 



To an extent far greater than that 
for any other period in human his- 
tory, ours is an age which demands 
not only more education, but new 
kinds of education for young and 
old alike. — Samuel E. Hand. 



I believe that by the right train- 
ing of men we add to the wealth of 
the world. The more men we train, 
the more wealth everyone may cre- 
ate. — Walter Hines Page. 



The function of education today 
is to create a generation skillful 
enough and wise enough to work to- 
gether for the solution of common 
problems, to build together the foun- 
dations of peace. — Oliver J. Cald- 
well, Asst. U. S. Commissioner of 
Education. 



]STo right-minded man can fail to 
believe in the justice as well as the 
wisdom of the policy of training for 
all classes who constitute the body 
of our citizenship. — Edwin A. Al- 
derman. 



To achieve excellence in educa- 
tion, we must know what we want to 
accomplish and need to accomplish 
in education. — Guy B. Phillips. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 

Official publication issued monthly except June, July and August by the State Department of 
Public Instruction. Entered as second-class matter November 2, 1939, at the post office at 
Raleigh, North Carolina, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 



Vol. XXV, No. 2 



CHARLES F. CARROLL 
State Supt. of Public Instruction 

EDITORIAL BOARD 

L. H. JOBE, J. E. MILLER 

V. M. MULHOLLAND 



October, 1960 



A vast majority of high school 
students are interested in vocations 
and trades, not professions, and 
their education should be keyed to 
these ambitions. In our zeal to up- 
grade the schooling of exceptionally 
bright boys and girls, we must not 
forget the needs of all the others. — 
Dr. James Bryant Covant. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



AcdedUtaiian 



fob Quality, 



fyexHebal Aid fab ^Jatal education 



Accreditation of schools is being 
considered more seriously today 
than ever before. This is only nat- 
ural, for the desire to have better 
schools is more widespread than 
ever before. Over the years accredi- 
tation has rightly been associated 
with efforts to improve the quality 
of education. In spite of this, num- 
erous and persistent problems have 
developed in connection with ac- 
creditation. 

Among the perplexing questions 
which now demand reconsideration, 
not only in North Carolina but 
throughout the nation, are these: 
What are the real purposes of ac- 
creditation? What criteria should 
be considered in the accreditation of 
a school? How often should schools 
be accredited? What is the differ- 
ence between an approved school and 
an accredited school? 

There is wide acceptance of the 
idea that standards for what consti- 
tutes a good school should be co- 
operatively formulated by all per- 
sons concerned with the quality of 
education. Accreditation as a pro- 
cess for evaluating a school should 
be shared by the State Department 
and by the school itself. Moreover, 
to guarantee an ever-improving 
school program in which teachers 
do a better job of teaching and pu- 
pils a better job of learning, evalua- 
tion should take place at relatively 
frequent intervals. 

Recognizing the need for State- 
wide stimulation relative to this 
problem, the Department of Public 
Instruction has initiated a study 
which within the next few months 
will engage the interests and efforts 
of school personnel throughout the 
State. Within a reasonable time, re- 
vised standards for what constitutes 
an effective elementary school, an 
effective junior high school, and an 
effective high school will be coopera- 
tively prepared. During this pe- 
riod plans will be perfected rela- 
tive to best ways of using these 
standards as a means of improving 



Elsewhere in this edition of the 
BULLETIN some facts are pre- 
sented concerning expenditures in 
this State under the National De- 
fense Education Act. In accordance 
with the terms of the Act, the Fed- 
eral Government put up one-half of 
this total expenditure, for this year 
(1959-60) the sum of $1,783,253.82. 
The local units provided the other 
half of the funds expended. 

This money was used to strength- 
en the teaching of science, mathe- 
matics and modern foreign lan- 
guages in the public schools and to 
improve the program of testing, 
guidance and counseling. In the 
main, slightly more than $3,000,000 
of the total expended was for the 
purchase of various types of equip- 
ment to aid in the teaching of sci- 
ence, mathematics and modern for- 
eign languages. The sum of $532,- 
281.48 was expended for testing, 
guidance and counseling. 

This is not the first time the 
schools have received money from 
the Federal government. Funds for 
vocational education have been pro- 
vided since 1917, following enact- 
ment of the Smith-Hughes Act. 
Later, during the depression, the 
State accepted half a million dollars 
toward the operation of the schools. 
For more than ten years, funds for 
the operation of a school lunch pro- 
gram have been used. Then, too, Fed- 
eral funds for buildings and for op- 
ration of schools in Federally-im- 
pacted areas have been used. In ad- 
dition to these funds for schools, the 
Federal government has appropri- 
ated funds for roads, for hospitals, 
for welfare, and for many other 
purposes. 



the quality of education in each 
school in North Carolina. 

No recent understating of the 
State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion has given so much promise of 
fruitful results. 



All this money has been accepted 
and used for the purposes for which 
it was made. There has been no out- 
cry that such funds have corrupted 
the people who benefited from its 
use. There has been no "control" 
other than reports on the proper ac- 
counting of the funds expended in 
accordance with laws enacted by 
Congress. And yet every time an ef- 
fort is made to get a bill enacted 
which will provide Federal funds in 
substantial amounts for public edu- 
cation in general, those opposed cry 
"Federal Control", "creeping social- 
ism", "etc." Experience has shown 
that Federal aid has generally im- 
proved education in those areas in 
which funds have been used and 
that such control that has been ex- 
ercised has been only in compliance 
with the laws of Congress as to fund 
accounting and plan approval. In 
fact, there is no more reason why the 
Federal government should assist in 
the education of its citizens than for 
the states to aid the local units. 
There may be some arguments 
against Federal aid ; but they are 
minor when it is realized that the 
Federal government is exercising 
the greatest taxing power, leaving to 
the states and local governments the 
responsibility of providing funds 
for needed services from varying 
sources of taxable wealth. 

Education for defense purposes, 
as the NDEA program purports to 
be, is a worthy consideration. But 
there should be defense in total edu- 
cation. Vocational education is 
good; a school lunch program is 
helpful ; strengthening instruction 
in science, mathematics and modern 
foreign languages, and providing a 
better guidance and counseling pro- 
gram are all worthy programs 
which help to up-grade public edu- 
cation. However, to think in terms 
of education for the national de- 
fense, we should think of Federal 
aid (without Federal control) in 
terms of TOTAL education. 



OCTOBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



Nerth Carolina Stat* Library 
RaUigh 



State Board Adopts Policy Resolution 
Relative To Protection of School Time 



Designed for the protection of school 
time for a quality curriculum, a reso- 
lution of the State Board of Education 
was unanimously adopted at its regu- 
lar July meeting. Copies of this reso- 
lution were immediately sent to county 
and city superintendents with the 
recommendation that they be carefully 
studied and that similar policy state- 
ments be adopted by local boards of 
education. 

Superintendent Charles F. Carroll in 
his communication which accompanied 
this Board resolution stated : "Your 
implementation of this recommendation 
would, in my opinion, clarify the true 
objectives of the school and, at the 
same time, encourage the best utiliza- 
tion of the hours devoted to instruc- 
tion." 

In emphasizing the objectives and 
organization of the curriculum, the 
Board stressed the fact that subjects 
and activities have the same general 
educational objectives. "They differ in 
their methods but not in their aims. 
They should complement each other." 
In order that a quality curriculum 
might be found in each school in North 
Carolina, the Board recommends seri- 
ous consideration at the local level of 
time priorities, subject priorities, and 
priorities for activities. Through the 
Policy Resolution on Protection of 
School Time the Board gives emphasis 
to the elimination of unnecessary class 
interferences. 

Concerning subjects taught the Policy 
Resolution states : "During the regular 
school day and year, the subjects 
taught should be those that can make, 
within the time limits available, the 
greatest contribution to the educational 
objectives of the school. Subjects of 
real but more limited educational value 
should be taught in an extended school 
day or year. They should not be 
squeezed into the curriculum at the ex- 
pense of time needed for quality in- 
struction in the priority subjects, nor 
should students be pulled out of prior- 
ity subject classes for instruction in 
these other subjects." A similar state- 
ment is included relative to activities. 

In conclusion, the Policy Resolution 
emphasizes "that school officials must 
guard jealously the time allotted in the 
school day and year . . . time for both 
teachers and students to do a quality 
job must he protected." 



Perry Contributes Article 
To Educational Forum 

"Teaching by Television in Today's 
Schools," an article by Dr. Arnold 
Perry, dean of the School of Education 
at the University of North Carolina 
appeared in The Educational Forum 
for May, 1960. The article presents a 
survey of the pros and cons of teach- 
ing by TV. 

After examining a number of educa- 
tion TV programs throughout the na- 
tion, Dr. Perry concludes, "In all the 
experiments the emphasis seems to be 
on better instruction and quality pro- 
grams rather than on saving money." 

Dr. Terry emphasizes in this article 
the necessity for continued research 
relative to the values and the cost of 
TV instruction as compared to more 
conventional methods. 



Flynn Becomes Supervisor 
Audio-Visual Education 

Paul S. Flynn has been employed as 
State Supervisor of Audio- Visual Edu- 
cation in the State Department of 
Public Instruction. 

Mr. Flynn came to the North Caro- 
lina Department from the University 
of Virginia where he served as instruc- 
tor and consultant in audio-visual edu- 
cation. Prior to this assignment, he 
was supervisor of instructional mate- 
rials of the Falls Church, Virginia, 
public schools. In that position, he pur- 
chased and maintained the teaching 
equipment and taught classes in the 
construction and utilization of audio- 
visual and other instructional mate- 
rials. 

Mr. Flynn received his bachelor's de- 
gree from Lincoln Memorial Univer- 
sity. He holds a master's degree from 
the University of Virginia, where he 
did additional graduate study last 
year. 



Carlton Fleetwood Succeeds Henry Shannon 
As State Coordinator of NDEA Activities 



Carlton Fleetwood, program auditor 
for the National Defense Education Act 
since December 1959, succeeded Henry 
Shannon last month as coordinator of 
NDEA activities for the State. Shan- 
non accepted a position with North 
Carolina State College as of September 
1. 

In commenting on Fleetwood's pro- 
motion, Superintendent Charles F. 
Carroll stated, "Fleetwood's association 
with the NDEA since its early begin- 
nings in North Carolina, plus his close 
association with Shannon during the 
past nine months, make him specially 
qualified to render a valuable service 
through the State office. Educators in 
the field will find Fleetwood highly 
qualified to render the services needed 
to make NDEA activities an integral 
part of the instructional program." 

Prior to working with the NDEA of- 
fice, Fleetwood was associate adviser 
in safety education with the State De- 
partment for six years. Previously, he 
was principal at St. Pauls School in 
Robeson County for four years. 

Fleetwood has his B.S. and M.A. de- 
grees from East Carolina College and 
has done additional graduate work at 
North Carolina State College, having 
completed much of his doctoral work 
through arrangements between North 
Carolina State and Indiana University. 



John Noe Participates In 
National Safety Congress 

John Noe, supervisor of safety edu- 
cation in the State Department of Pub- 
lic Instruction, participated in two 
programs of the National Safety Con- 
gress at its annual meeting in Chicago, 
October 17-21. 

As program chairman for the School 
and College Section of Safety Educa- 
tion Supervisors, Noe planned this 
year's special program around the 
theme of "Work Schedules for Safety 
Education Supervisors." As a member 
of the executive committee of Safety 
Education Supervisors, Noe also par- 
ticipated in a panel at the Chicago 
meeting entitled, "What Schools Can 
Learn from Industrial Safety Pro- 
grams." 

The National Safety Council consists 
of 28 separate sections, each of which 
meets in Chicago annually for the Na- 
tional Safety Congress and Exposition. 
The Council is concerned with "Safety 
Everywhere — All the Time'' ; there- 
fore, many representatives from indus- 
trial, education, enforcement, engineer- 
ing and other organizations from North 
Carolina and throughout the world at- 
tend each year. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 






SCA Announces 20th 
Annual Talent Search 

Science Clubs of America announces 
its Twentieth Annual Science Talent 
Search with the admonition to seniors 
of 1961 to "start now on your scientific 
project to win." 

Trips to Washington and $34,250 in 
Westinghouse scholarships are among 
the direct awards. Indirect awards in 
cash and honors are provided from 
other sources. Seniors planning careers 
in science are advised to see their sci- 
ence teachers, or write to Science Clubs 
of America, 1719 N. St., N. W., Wash- 
ington 6, D. C. for the rules and regu- 
lations governing this competition. 

Administrative Handbooks 
Studied By U. S. Office 

Characteristics of Administrative 
Handbooks for School Staff Personnel, 
recently released by the U. S. Office of 
Education, is an analysis of the admin- 
istrative handbooks developed by 72 
medium and large-sized school systems 
in various geographic regions of the 
country. John F. Staehle, specialist, 
employed school personnel administra- 
tion, prepared the bulletin. 

Contents of the handbooks which 
were studied fall into ten well-defined 
categories, and these are discussed in 
some detail in this 50-page publication. 
Functions and responsibilities of ad- 
ministrative personnel were found to 
be among the common items in the 
handbooks as were discussions of the 
specific duties of teachers. 

Other areas found in a majority of 
the handbooks included: employment 
practices ; compensation and benefits ; 
employees' time and load ; employees' 
absences ; personnel development ; in- 
structional programs ; supplementary 
services ; facilities and equipment ; pu- 
pil personnel administration and serv- 
ices ; and community relations. 

Written statements of policy concern- 
ing educational ■practices and proce- 
dures tcithin a school system are in- 
creasingly being used as a means of 
effective communication among all per- 
sonnel tcithin a system. As a result, 
administrative handbooks are reflecting 
thoughtful analysis of factors which 
are conducive to an effective educa- 
tional program. This publication from 
the U. S. Office of Education i\s a must 
for those who tcould like to improve 
the quality of their administrative 
handbooks. 



Questionnaire Reveals Favorable Reception 
To N. C. In-School Television Experiment 



Principals feel that in-scbool TV has 
increased the student's ability to listen 
and take notes. 

Teachers think that TV has prompted 
them to work harder in their classes. 

Students report that they learned 
more than in past years. 

Parents note a marked increase in 
interest in subjects by their children. 

These statements summarize the re- 
turns from a questionnaire sent recent- 
ly to persons in the 83 administrative 
units which are participating in North 
Carolina's In-School Television Experi- 
ment. This experiment, which was 
started in 1957 with the aid of a grant 
from the Ford Foundation, last year in- 
cluded 400 schools and over 25,000 stu- 
dents. The programs are broadcast 
from WUNC-TV studios in Chapel Hill 
and relayed to almost all parts of the 
State by six commercial stations. 

One hundred and sixty-five princi- 
pals responded to the questionnaire. Of 
these, 140 declared themselves satisfied 
or very well satisfied with the program. 
One hundred and twelve felt that their 
school had been strengthened by the 
program ; only two felt that it had been 
held back. Only three out of the 165 
asked that the program be reduced and 
only one wished to discontinue it. All 
but four reported that the program had 
promoted professional growth on the 
part of their classroom teachers. 

Reports from around 225 classroom 
teachers felt that pupils using TV had 
benefitted more by being taught by a 
team of classroom and studio teachers. 
They completely denied the often raised 
objection that teacher-pupil relation- 
ships for students using TV are not 
adequate to promote the desired learn- 
ing. Two hundred and nine felt that 
TV should have a permanent place in 
schools, and only 12 did not desire to 
continue TV teaching for the next year. 

The approximately 535 students who 
responded to the questionnaire agreed 
for the most part with their teachers 
and principals. However, they raised 
two important questions about the pro- 
grams. 

More than half felt that the TV 
classes are too large. Classes officially 
participating in the North Carolina ex- 
periment are required to have as many 
as 90 students. This is because of the 
part that North Carolina is playing in 
the nationwide experiment in TV 
teaching conducted by the Ford Foun- 
dation. The students' parents agreed 
with them on this point. 



About an equal number of the stu- 
dents reported that the program did 
not allow enough time for student par- 
ticipation, such as discussion. A fair- 
ly large per cent also felt that the 
half hour allowed to the classroom 
teacher for "follow up" after the TV 
lecture was not long enough. 

In general, however, the students 
were pleased with the program. Four 
hundred and ten considered that they 
had learned more in their subject mat- 
ter on TV than they had the year be- 
fore without TV. Only 54 felt that 
they had learned less. Three hundred 
and thirty-two said they would choose 
TV again for the next year. 

The views of parents showed a close 
correlation with those of their chil- 
dren. Nearly two-thirds declared that 
they would urge their child to take 
other TV courses in the future. 

Almost all the parents saw at least 
some improvement in the general inter- 
est of their child in his subjects as a 
result of lessons on TV. More than half 
reported that their child's interest had 
been challenged enough to carry over 
in experimenting or reading at home. 

Brochure Describes Ways 
To Better Superintendency 

Superintendents in North Carolina 
will be interested in a recent publica- 
tion by the Colorado State Committee 
for the Cooperative Program in Edu- 
cational Administration entitled. Se- 
lection, Preparation, In-Service Devel- 
opment of School Superintendents . . . 
Whose Rfisponsibility? 

This brief brochure, prepared by Dr. 
M. Chester Nolte, is a study of the 
areas of responsibility appropriately 
assumed by state-level organizations 
and agencies for improvement of pro- 
grams. In each broad area considered, 
the responsibilities of four agencies 
within the state for improving the su- 
perintendency are discussed. These in- 
clude state associations of superintend- 
ents, universities and colleges preparing 
school administrators, state depart- 
ments of education, and state associa- 
tions of school boards. 

Requests for copies of this report 
should he addressed to Dr. John M. 
Swenson, Coordinator. Colorado State 
CPEA Committee, State Department of 
Education, State Office Building, Den- 
ver 2, Colorado. 



OCTOBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



63% of Students Expect To Go To College 



Sixty-three out of every hundred sec- 
ondary-school students fully expect to 
go to college upon graduating from 
high school — but only 22 per cent of 
these students will have enough money 
on hand to meet college expenses. 

So reported the Institute of Student 
Opinion, in its recently-completed poll 
of 7,276 secondary-school students from 
135 schools in all areas of the country, 
including Alaska and Hawaii. 

The I.S.O., sponsored by Scholastic 
Magazines, found that 17.3 per cent of 
junior and senior high school students 
do not expect to go to college upon 
graduation ; 19.6 per cent are unde- 
cided ; and 63 per cent expect that they 
will. Somewhat more boys than girls 
expect to go to college. 

Of the students who expect to go to 
college, 35.5 per cent expect to have 
enough money from savings or family 
to cover college expenses ; the remain- 
der are sure that they will not have 
enough money, or are uncertain as to 
whether they will have it or not. 

Of those who appear to need some 
outside financial aid, 79.6 per cent ex- 
pect to finance their college course 
from summer or part-time work. A 
surprising 24 per cent expect to get 
scholarships. Despite the U. S. Student 
Loan Program, only 7.6 per cent ex- 
pect to get college loans. Nearly one 
student in four is not sure how he will 
raise the money. 

A complete breakdown of answers 
on college plans follows : 

Do you expect to go on to college 
upon graduation from high school? 

All 
Girls Boys Students 

Yes 61.5% 64.8% 63.0% 

No 19.2 15.1 17.3 

Undecided 19.2 20.0 19.6 

OF THOSE WHO EXPECT TO GO 
ON TO COLLEGE: 

Do you expect that the money you 
will have, or money from your family 
or friends, will be enough to cover your 
college expenses? 

All 
Girls Boys Students 
Yes 37.0% 33.8% 35.5% 

No 27.0 27.1 27.1 

Uncertain 35.9 39.0 37.4 

OF THOSE WHO WILL NOT 
HAVE ENOUGH MONEY, OR ARE 
UNCERTAIN ABOUT COLLEGE EX- 
PENSES : 

How do you expect to make up the 
difference between the money you have 



available for college, and the money 
it will take to finance a college educa- 
tion? (Some students checked more 
than one item, so figures add up to 
more than 100 per cent.) 

All 
Girls Boys Students 
I expect to get 

a scholarship ..22.8% 25.1% 24.0% 
I expect to apply for a 

student loan .... 6.5 8.7 7.6 

I expect to work 

summers and/or 

part-time 81.3 77.9 79.6 

I am not sure _ 26.8 20.3 23.5 

The Institute of Student Opinion, an 
independent activity sponsored by 
Scholastic Magazines, Inc., is the na- 
tion's largest youth poll. It has been 
conducting nationwide surveys of teen- 
agers since 1943. 

SDPI Planning Division 
Services To Local School 

What school-planning services does 
the State Superintendent of Public In- 
struction and the State Department of 
Public Instruction render to the local 
school units? 

The school law specifies certain du- 
ties of the State Superintendent, but 
in the main these are general. Among 
the specific duties is one which states 
that "boards of education shall not in- 
vest any money in any new building 
that is not built in accordance with 
plans approved by the State Superin- 
tendent as to structural and functional 
soundness, safety and sanitation . . ." 

This particular duty of the State Su- 
perintendent is administered through 
the Department's Division of School 
Planning which is headed by Dr. J. L. 
Pierce. The services rendered to the 
local units by this division may be di- 
vided into four parts : 

1. Architectural. This service in- 
cludes the following: (a) Review of 
preliminary plans and specifications. 
During 1959 the division reviewed 
226 such plans, (b) Consultation re- 
garding plans and specifications, (c) 
Approval of final working drawings. 
During 1959 the division approved 
271 projects, (d) Consultation serv- 
ices to boards of education and their 
architects, (e) Assistance with sur- 
veys and studies, (f) Research in 
the area of school construction. 

2. Engineering, (a) Review and ap- 
prove mechanical plans and specifi- 
cations, (b) Consultation regarding 



Tryon Palace Ready 
For School Visitations 

School children of North Carolina 
are invited to see Tryon Palace, ac- 
cording to a recent letter to State Su- 
perintendent Charles F. Carroll from 
Gertrude Carraway, Director of the 
Tryon Palace Restoration. 

"Now that our new auditorium and 
public facilities are practically com- 
pleted," Miss Carraway writes, "we 
would like to invite all the school chil- 
dren of North Carolina to come to see 
Tryon Palace. . . . 

"Here they can learn lessons in 'Liv- 
ing History,' with an appreciation of 
what our predecessors have done for 
us." 

"It is not necessary but it is most 
helpful," Miss Carraway stated, "if we 
are notified in advance of busloads 
planning to come." 

Provides Many 
Administrative Units 

mechanical plans, (c) Consultation 
services to boards of education and 
their architects and engineers regard- 
ing mechanical problems, (d) Assist 
with surveys and studies, (e) Re- 
search in the area of school construc- 
tion, (f) Final and interim inspec- 
tions of construction upon request; 
for State projects, final inspection 
of all construction. 

3. Surveys and Field Studies, (a) 
Consultation services to boards of ed- 
ucation, including organizing and 
conducting surveys or studies: (1) 
General surveys of all aspects of 
school operation. Sixteen were made 
in 1959. (2) Site studies. The di- 
vision made 23 in 1959. (3) Facilities 
surveys. Nineteen were made in 1959. 
In addition, the division held 20 
meetings with boards of education, 
citizens groups, and public hearings, 
(b) Research in the area of school 
planning and finance. 

4. Liaison with Other Agencies, (a) 
Check and assist with preparation of 
requests and reports for Federal as- 
sistance under P.L. 815 for school 
construction and P.L. 874 for main- 
tenance and operation of schools in 
Federally impacted areas, (b) Co- 
ordinate and work with State Board 
of Health, Insurance Department, 
and Department of Labor with ref- 
erence to water and sewerage sys- 
tems, fire safety regulations, and 
plumbing and boiler inspections. 



NORTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SCHOOL BULLETIN 



James Dunlap Accepted 
In National Organization 

James Dunlap, supervisor of testing 
and pupil classification in the State De- 
partment of Public Instruction, was re- 
cently approved as a member in full 
standing in the National Council on 
Measurements Used In Education, ac- 
cording to an announcement by Wilbur 
L. Layton, secretary-treasurer of the 
national organization, in transmitting 
action of the board of governors. 

Max D. Englehart is president of the 
National Council on Measurements 
Used in Education, whose offices are 
at Iowa State University. 



T. B. Elliott Retires 

T. B. Elliott, district supervisor of 
vocational agriculture for the past 18 
years, retired August 31. 

Mr. Elliott has given the State a long 
tenure of service to public education, 
having served as teacher, county su- 
perintendent, and district supervisor of 
vocational agriculture. 

Mr. Elliott graduated from N. C. 
State College in 1918 with the B.S. de- 
gree in Agricultural Education. He did 
graduate work at Edinborough, Scot- 
land, and at Columbia University, 
where he received the M.A. degree in 
1937. 

Following a year of service in the 
army during World War I, Mr. Elliott 
began his educational career as a 
teacher of agriculture and principal of 
the Castalia School, Nash County. He 
served as teacher of agriculture for 
two years, 1920-22, at Shelby ; seven 
years, 1922-29, as teacher of agricul- 
ture and principal of Moyoek School, 
Currituck County : county agent, N. C. 
Agricultural Extension Service, Curri- 
tuck County, four years ; agriculture 
teacher and principal of Moyoek School 
in 1933-34 ; county superintendent of 
Currituck County, 1934-1937; agricul- 
ture teacher for two years, 1937-39 ; 
Ahoskie School, Hertford County ; and 
then district supervisor. 

According to A. G. Bullard, State su- 
pervisor of vocational agriculture, "The 
outstanding performance of teachers 
and vo-ag pupils in schools under Mr. 
Elliott's supervision is evidence of his 
fine leadership. Although we shall miss 
his leadership, we wish for him many 
more years of good health and happi- 
ness." 

Mr. and Mrs. Elliott, will continue to 
reside at Woodland, N. C. 



Children Learn Earlier About Other Nations 



Children in public elementary schools 
are beginning to gain concepts of inter- 
national understanding at an earlier 
age than ever before in American edu- 
cational history, the U. S. Office of Ed- 
ucation revealed recently. 

Information obtained from state and 
local school systems, professional or- 
ganizations and colleges and universi- 
ties indicates a definite trend in this 
direction, the Office of Education says 
in a new publication, "Social Studies 
in the Elementary School Program." 

Songs and games, stories and books 
are some of the informal methods be- 
ing used to acquaint the children of 
primary grades with the life and cus- 
toms of those in other lands and cli- 
mates. Some social studies units and 
textbooks now include international 
concepts about the interdependence of 
countries and peoples as early as the 
third grade. 

In many schools, the report shows, 
geographic understandings are being 
given increased importance because of 
their significance in an age of tremen- 
dous aerospace developments. This em- 
phasis is found especially in the inter- 
mediate and upper elementary grades. 

Maps and globes are being used or 



made by children at an increasingly 
early age. Kindergarten children be- 
gin to transfer space relationships to 
paper when they paint pictures of their 
own gardens. Some first graders draw 
picture maps of their schoolgrounds or 
neighborhood. By the third grade, 
many children make sketch maps show- 
ing the routes to nearby communities. 
Globes and maps are now commonly 
found and frequently used in the class- 
rooms of primary grade children. 

Children begin to learn the history 
and geography of their own state as 
early as the fourth grade in many in- 
stances. History is made up-to-date 
and interesting by special study of cur- 
rent events. 

To help them learn how representa- 
tive government works, children in 
many schools are encouraged to select 
members of school committees or stu- 
dent councils. These groups help take 
care of and beautify schoolgrounds, em- 
phasize safety practices among stu- 
dents and welcome new pupils. 

The new publication may be obtained 
from the Superintendent of Documents 
at the U. S. Government Printing Of- 
fice, Washington 25, D. C. The cost is 
50 cents. 



Rocky Mount Principals Prepare 
Excellent Bulletin on Economic Concepts 



How We Live In Our Town, prepared 
by Katherine J. Baker and Lillie B. 
Shearin, principals in the Rocky Mount 
public school system, is a manual for 
teaching economic concepts to children 
in the elementary school. Theme of 
the 48-page printed bulletin is "One 
Person's Income Is Another's Expense." 
Realizing the need for increased eco- 
nomic awareness among young people 
and believing that simply expressed 
economic concepts can be understood 
by children, the authors have developed 
a handbook which promises to be of 
great value to elementary teachers. 
Purposes expressed by the authors in- 
clude these : to help teachers realize 
the economic significance of social stu- 
dies and citizenship education ; and to 
transmit the economic significance of 
social studies to children through ac- 
tivities based on their everyday experi- 
ences. 

Each chapter deals with two grades 
and has an individual theme ; more- 
over, each chapter includes concepts to 
be developed, suggested activities, and 
selected books, filmstrips, and films. 
Tbemes are as follows : first and second 



grades, "the home and school work" ; 
third and fourth grade, "the community 
at work" ; and fifth and sixth grades. 
"Americans at Work." 

A section developed especially for 
teachers, designed to assist them in un- 
derstanding economic concepts is en- 
titled, "What A Teacher Should Know." 
The bulletin also includes resource ma- 
terials and sources and a list of read- 
ings in economics. 

Prepared in collaboration with the 
National Schools Committee of the 
American Economic Foundation, this 
bulletin has possibilities of bringing 
purixisefulness to the teaching of eco- 
nomic concepts at the elementary level 
to hundreds of teachers and thousands 
of pupils. North Carolina teachers 
should be grateful to Katherine J. 
Baker and Lillie B. Shearin for their 
excellent publication, whose cover and 
format, incidentally, make the bulletin 
extremely attractive. 

Copies at fifty cents each may be 
ordered from National School Commit- 
tee, 51 East 42nd Street. New York 17. 
New York. 



OCTOBER, NINETEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY 



North Cardina btate LiDrary, 
Raleigh 




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